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taken any notice of him these three days. If you | No. 169.] THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, please to print this he will see it, and, we hope, taking it for my brother's earnest desire to be restored to his favor, he will again smile upon him. Your most obedient servant, T. S."

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"MR. SPECTATOR,

"You have represented several sort of impertinents singly; I wish you would now proceed and describe some of them in sets. It often happens in public assemblies, that a party who came thither together, or whose impertinences are of an equal pitch, act in concert, and are so full of themselves as to give disturbance to all that are about them. Sometimes you have a set of whisperers who lay their heads together in order to sacrifice every body within their observation; sometimes a set of laughers that keep up an insipid mirth in their own corner, and by their noise and gestures show they have no respect for the rest of the company. You frequently meet with these sets at the opera, the play, the water-works,* and other public meetings, where their whole business is to draw off the attention of the spectators from the entertainment and to fix it upon themselves; and it is to be observed that the impertinence is ever loudest, when the set happens to be made up of three or four females who have got what you call a woman's man among them.

"I am at a loss to know from whom people of fortune should learn this behavior, unless it be from the footmen who keep their places at a new play, and are often seen passing away their time in sets at all-fours in the face of a full house, and with a perfect disregard to the people of quality sitting on each side of them.

"

For preserving therefore the decency of public assemblies, methinks it would be but reasonable that those who disturb others should pay at least a double price for their places; or rather, women of birth and distinction should be informed, that a levity of behavior in the eyes of people of understanding degrades them below their meanest attendants; and gentlemen should know that a fine coat is a livery, when the person who wears it discovers no higher sense than that of a footman.

"I am, Sir, your most humble servant."

"Bedfordshire, Sept. 1, 1711.

"MR. SPECTATOR, "I am one of those whom everybody calls a poacher, and sometimes go out to course with a brace of greyhounds, a mastiff, and a spaniel or two; and when I'am weary with coursing, and have killed hares enough,t go to an alehouse to refresh myself. I beg the favor of you (as you set up for a reformer) to send us word how many dogs you will allow us to go with, how many full pots of ale to drink, and how many hares to kill in a day, and you will do a great piece of service to all the sportsmen. Be quick, then, for the time of coursing is come on. Yours in haste,

T.

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ISAAC HEDGEDITCH." *This was the Water-theater, a famous show of those times, invented by one Mr. Winstanley, and exhibited at the lower end of Piccadilly; consisting of sea-gods, goddesses, nymphs, mermaids, tritons, etc., playing and spouting out water, and fire mingled with water, etc., performed every evening between five and six.

† Enow.

Sic vita erat: facile omnes perferre ac pati:
Cum quibus erat cunque una, his sese dedere
Eorum obsequi studiis: adversus nemini;
Nunquam præponens se aliis. Ita facillime
Sine invidia invenias laudem-
TER. Andr., act 1,

His manner of life was this: to bear with ever

humors; to comply with the inclinations and purs those he conversed with; to contradict nobody; neve sume a superiority over others. This is the ready gain applause without exciting envy.

MAN is subject to innumerable pains an rows by the very condition of humanity, an as if nature had not sown evils enough i we are continually adding grief to grief, an gravating the common calamity by our cruel ment of one another. Every man's natural of afflictions is still made more heavy by the malice, treachery, or injustice of his nei At the same time that the storm beats up whole species, we are falling foul upo another.

Half the misery of human life might be guished, would men alleviate the general they lie under, by mutual offices of compa benevolence, and humanity. There is no therefore, which we ought more to encour ourselves and others, than that dispositi mind which in our language goes under th of good-nature, and which I shall choose f subject of this day's speculation.

Good-nature is more agreeable in conver than wit, and gives a certain air to the co ance, which is more amiable than beauty shows virtue in the fairest light, takes off in measure from the deformity of vice, and even folly and impertinence supportable.

There is no society or conversation to be k in the world without good-nature, or som which must bear its appearance, and sup place. For this reason mankind have been to invent a kind of artificial humanity, wh what we express by the word good-breeding if we examine thoroughly the idea of wh call so, we shall find it to be nothing else imitation and mimicry of good-nature, other terms, affability, complaisance, and e of temper reduced into an art.

These exterior shows and appearances of nity render a man wonderfully popular a loved, when they are founded upon a real nature; but without it, are like hypocrisy gion, or a bare form of holiness, which, wh discovered, makes a man more detestabl professed impiety.

Good-nature is generally born with us; prosperity, and kind treatment from the w the great cherishers of it where they find nothing is capable of forcing it up, where not grow of itself. It is one of the blessin happy constitution, which education may in but not produce.

Xenophon, in the life of his imaginary whom he describes as a pattern for real always celebrating the philanthropy or g ture of his hero, which he tells us he brou the world with him, and gives many rem instances of it in his childhood, as well a the several parts of his life. Nay, on hi bed, he describes him as being pleased, tha his soul returned to him who made it, h should incorporate with the great mothe things, and by that means become benefici mankind. For which reason he gives his

Xenoph. De Cyri Instit., lib. viii, cap. vii, ec. 3, Ern. 8vo., tom. i, p. 550.

positive order not to enshrine it in gold or silver, but to lay it in the earth as soon as the life was gone out of it.

An instance of such an overflowing of humanity, such an exuberant love to mankind, could not have entered into the imagination of a writer, who had not a soul filled with great ideas, and a general benevolence to mankind.

In that celebrated passage of Sallust, where Cæsar and Cato are placed in such beautiful, but opposite lights, Caesar's character is chiefly made up of good-nature, as it showed itself in all its forms toward his friends or his enemies, his servants or dependents, the guilty or the distressed. As for Cato's character, it is rather awful than amiable. Justice seems most agreeable to the nature of God, and mercy to that of man. A being who has nothing to pardon in himself, may reward every man according to his works; but he whose very best actions must be seen with grains of allowance, cannot be too mild, moderate, and forgiving. For this reason, among all the monstrous characters in human nature, there is none so odious, nor indeed so exquisitely ridiculous, as that of a rigid, severe temper in a worthless man.

No. 170.] FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1711.
In amore hæc omnia insunt vitia: injuriæ,
Suspiciones, inimicitiæ, induciæ,

Bellum, pax rursum TER. Eun., act i, sc. 1.
In love are all these ills: suspicions, quarrels,
Wrongs, reconcilements, war, and peace again -COLEMAN.
UPON looking over the letters of my female
correspondents, I find several from women com
plaining of jealous husbands, and at the same
time protesting their own innocence; and desir-
ing my advice on this occasion. I shall therefore
take this subject into my consideration; and the
more willingly, because I find that the Marquis
of Halifax, who in his Advice to a Daughter, has
instructed a wife how to behave herself toward a
false, an intemperate, a choleric, a sullen, a covet-
ous or a silly husband, has not spoken one word
of a jealous husband.

"Jealousy is that pain which a man feels from the apprehension that he is not equally beloved by the person whom he entirely foves." Now because our inward passions and inclinations can never make themselves visible, it is impossible for a jealous man to be thoroughly cured of his suspicions. His thoughts hang at best in a state of doubtfulness and uncertainty; and are never This part of good-nature, however, which con- capable of receiving any satisfaction on the adsists in the pardoning and overlooking of faults, vantageous side; so that his inquiries are most is to be exercised only in doing ourselves justice, successful when they discover nothing. His and that too in the ordinary commerce and occur-pleasure arises from his disappointments, and his rences of life for in the public administrations life is spent in pursuit of a secret that destroys of justice, mercy to one may be cruelty to his happiness if he chance to find it.

others.

tion in nature.

An ardent love is always a strong ingredient

It is grown almost into a maxim, that good-in his passion; for the same affection which stirs natured men are not always men of the most wit. This observation, in my opinion, has no foundaThe greatest wits I have conversed with, are men eminent for their humanity. I take, therefore, this remark to have been occasioned by two reasons. First, because ill-nature among ordinary observers passes for wit. A spiteful saying gratifies so many little passions in those who hear it, that it generally meets with a good reception. The laugh rises upon it, and the man who utters it is looked upon as a shrewd satirist. This may be one reason, why a great many pleasant companions appear so surprisingly dull, when they have endeavored to be merry in print; the public being more just than private clubs or assemblies, in distinguishing between what is wit, and what is ill-nature.

Another reason why the good-natured man may Sometimes bring his wit in question, is, perhaps, because he is apt to be moved with compassion for those misfortunes or infirmities, which another would turn into ridicule, and by that means gain the reputation of a wit. The ill-natured man, though but of equal parts, gives himself a larger field to expatiate in; he exposes those failings in human nature which the other would cast a vail over, laughs at vices which the other either excases or conceals, gives utterance to reflections which the other stifles, falls indifferently upon friends or enemies, exposes the person who has obliged him, and in short, sticks at nothing that may establish his character as a wit. It is no wonder, therefore, that he succeeds in it better than the man of humanity,+ as a person who makes use of indirect methods is more likely to grow rich than the fair trader.-L.

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up the jealous man's desires, and gives the party beloved so beautiful a figure in his imagination, makes him believe she kindles the same passion in others, and appears as amiable to all beholders. And as jealousy thus arises from an extraordinary love, it is of so delicate a nature, that it scorns to take up with anything less than an equal return of love. Not the warmest expressions of affection, the softest and most tender hypocrisy are able to give any satisfaction where we are not persuaded that the affection is real, and the satisfaction mutual. For the jealous man wishes himself a kind of deity to the person he loves. He would be the only pleasure of her senses, the employment of her thoughts, and is angry at everything she admires, or takes delight in, be

side himself.

Phædra's request to his mistress, upon his leaving her for three days, is inimitably beautiful and natural:

Cum milite isto præsens, absens ut sics:
Dies noctesque me ames: me desideres:
Me somnies: me expectes: de me cogites:
Me speres: me te oblectes: mecum tota sis:
Meus fac sis postremo animus, quando ego sum tuus.
TER. Eun., act i, sc. 2.

Be with yon soldier present, as if absent.
All night and day love me: still long for me:
Dream, ponder still "on" me: wish, hope for me
Delight in me: be all in all with me:

Give your whole heart, for mine's all yours, to me.
COLEMAN.

The jealous man's disease is of so malignant a nature, that it converts all it takes into its own nourishment. A cool behavior sets him on the rack, and is interpreted as an instance of aversion or indifference; a fond one raises his suspicions, and looks too much like dissimulation and artifice. If the person he loves be cheerful, her thoughts must be employed on another; and if sad, she is certainly thinking on himself. In short, there is no word or gesture so insignificant, but it gives him new hints, feeds his suspicions,

and furnishes him with fresh matters of discovery: so that if we consider the effects of his passion, one would rather think it proceeded from an inveterate hatred, than an excess of love; for certainly none can meet with more disquietude and uneasiness than a suspected wife, if we except the jealous husband.

But the great unhappiness of this passion is, that it naturally tends to alienate the affection which it is so solicitous to engross; and that for these two reasons, because it lays too great a constraint on the words and actions of the suspected person, and at the same time shows you have no honorable opinion of her; both of which are strong motives to aversion.

leave nothing to chance or humor, but are s for deriving every action from some plot or c trivance, for drawing up a perpetual scheme causes and events, and preserving a constant respondence between the camp and the coun table. And thus it happens in the affairs of 1 with men of too refined a thought. They pt construction on a look, and find out a design i smile; they give new senses and significati to words and actions; and are ever torment themselves with fancies of their own raisi They generally act in a disguise themselves, therefore mistake all outward shows and app ances for hypocrisy in others; so that I beli no men see less of the truth and reality of thi than these great refiners upon incidents, who so wonderfully subtile and over-wise in their ceptions.

Nor is this the worst effect of jealousy; for it often draws after it a more fatal train of consequences, and makes the person you suspect guilty of the very crimes you are so much afraid of. Now what these men fancy they know of It is very natural for such who are treated ill and men by reflection, your lewd and vicious 1 upbraided falsely, to find out an intimate friend believe they have learned by experience. T that will hear their complaints, condole their have seen the poor husband so misled by tr sufferings, and endeavor to soothe and assuage and artifices, and in the midst of his inqui their secret resentments. Beside, jealousy puts so lost and bewildered in a crooked intrigue, t a woman often in mind of an ill thing that she they still suspect an underplot in every fen would not otherwise perhaps have thought of, action; and especially where they see any and fills her imagination with such an unlucky semblance in the behavior of two persons, idea, as in time grows familiar, excites desire, apt to fancy it proceeds from the same design and loses all the shame and horror which might both. These men therefore bear hard upon at first attend it. Nor is it a wonder if she who suspected party, pursue her close through all suffers wrongfully in a man's opinion of her, and turnings and windings, and are too well acqua has therefore nothing to forfeit in his esteem, re-ed with the chase, to be flung off by any f solves to give him reason for his suspicions, and to enjoy the pleasure of the crime, since she must undergo the ignominy. Such probably were the considerations that directed the wise man in his advice to husbands: "Be not jealous over the wife of thy bosom, and teach her not an evil lesson against thyself."*

And here among the other torments which this passion produces, we may usually observe that none are greater mourners than jealous men, when the person who provokes their jealousy is taken from them. Then it is that their love breaks out furiously, and throws off all the mixtures of suspicion which choked and smothered it before. The beautiful parts of the character rise uppermost in the jealous husband's memory, and upbraid him with the ill-usage of so divine a creature as was once in his possession; while all the little imperfections, that were before so uneasy to him, wear off from his remembrance, and show themselves no more.

We may see by what has been said, that jealousy takes the deepest root in men of amorous dispositions; and of these we find three kinds who are most overrun with it.

The first are those who are conscious to themselves of any infirmity, whether it be weakness, old age, deformity, ignorance, or the like. These men are so well acquainted with the unamiable part of themselves, that they have not the confidence to think they are really beloved; and are so distrustful of their own merits, that all fondness towards them puts them out of countenance, and looks like a jest upon their persons. They grow suspicious on their first looking in a glass, and are stung with jealousy at the sight of a wrinkle. A handsome fellow immediately alarms them, and everything that looks young, or gay, turus their thoughts upon their wives.

steps, or doubles. Beside, their acquainta and conversation has lain wholly among the cious part of womankind, and therefore it i wonder they censure all alike, and look upon whole sex as a species of impostors. But if, withstanding their private experience, they get over these prejudices, and entertain a fa able opinion of some women; yet their own l desires will stir up new suspicions from ano side, and make them believe all men subjec the same inclinations with themselves.

Whether these or other motives are most pr minant, we learn from the modern historie America, as well as from our own experienc this part of the world, that jealousy is no nort passion, but rages most in those nations tha nearest the influence of the sun. It is a mi tune for a woman to be born between the trop for there lie the hottest regions of jealousy, w as you come northward cools all along with climate, till you scarce meet with anything it in the polar circle. Our own nation is temperately situated in this respect; and i meet with some few disordered with the viol of this passion, they are not the proper gr of our country, but are many degrees neare sun in their constitutions than in their clima

After this frightful account of jealousy, an persons who are most subject to it, it wi but fair to show by what means the passion be best allayed, and those who are poss with it set at ease. Other faults indeed an under the wife's jurisdiction, and should, if sible, escape her observation; but jealousy upon her particularly for its cure, and des all her art and application in the attempt. side she has this for her encouragement, tha endeavors will be always pleasing, and tha will still find the affection of her husband i A second sort of men, who are most liable to toward her in proportion as his doubts and this passion, are those of cunning, wary, and dis-picions vanish; for, as we have seen all a trustful tempers. It is a fault very justly found in histories composed by politicians, that they

* Ecclesiasticus, ix, 1.

there is so great a mixture of love and jealou is well worth the separating. But this sh the subject of another paper.-L.

Love is a credulous passion.

OVID. Met., vii, 826.

No 171.] SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1711, will believe there is more in it than there should be. And here it is of great concern, that you preCredula res amor estserve the character of your sincerity uniform and of a piece; for if he once finds a false gloss put upon any single action, he quickly suspects all takes a false hint, and runs off with it into several the rest; his working imagination immediately remote consequences, till he has proved very ingenious in working out his own misery.

HAVING in my yesterday's paper discovered the nature of jealousy, and pointed out the persons who are most subject to it, I must here apply my self to my fair correspondents, who desire to live well with a jealous husband, and to ease his mind of its unjust suspicions.

The first rule I shall propose to be observed is, that you never seem to dislike in another what the jealous man is himself guilty of, or to admire anything in which he himself does not excel. A jealous man is very quick in his applications; he knows how to find a double edge in an invective, and to draw a satire on himself out of a panegyric on another. He does not trouble himself to consider the person, but to direct the character; and is secretly pleased or confounded, as he finds more or less of himself in it. The commendation of anything in another stirs up his jealousy, as it shows you have a value for others beside himself; but the commendation of that, which he himself wants, inflames him more, as it shows that in some respects you prefer others before him. Jealousy is admirably described in this view by Horace in his ode to Lydia:

Quum tu, Lydia, Telephi

Cervicem roseam, et cerea Telephi
Laudas brachia, væ mecum

Fervens difficili bile tumet jecur:
Tunc nec mens mihi, nec color

Certa sede manet; humor et in genas
Furtim labitur, arguens

Quam lentis peditus macerer ignibus.

1 Od., xiii, 1.

When Telephus his youthful charms,
His rosy neck and winding arms,
With endless rapture you recite,
And in the pleasing name delight;
My heart inflamed by jealous heats,
With numberless resentments beats:
From my pale cheek the color flies,
And all the man within me dies:
By turns my hidden grief appears
In rising sighs and falling tears,
That show too well the warm desires,
The silent, slow, consuming fires,
Which on my inmost vitals prey,
And melt my very soul away.

The jealous man is not indeed angry if you dislike another; but if you find those faults which are to be found in his own character, you discover not only your dislike of another but of himself. In short, he is so desirous of engrossing all your love, that he is grieved at the want of any charm, which he believes has power to raise it; and if he finds by your censures on others that he is not so agreeable in your opinion as he might be, he naturally concludes you could love him better if he had other qualifications, and that by consequence your affection does not rise so high as he thinks it ought. If therefore his temper be grave or sullen, you must not be too much pleased with a jest, or transported with anything that is gay and diverting. If his beauty be none of the best, you must be a professed admirer of prudence, or any other quality he is master of, or at least vain enough to think he is.

If both these methods fail, the best way will be for the ill opinion he entertains of you, and the to let him see you are much cast down and afflicted disquietudes he himself suffers for your sake. There are many who take a kind of barbarous pleasure in the jealousy of those who love them, their charms, which are able to excite so much that insult over an aching heart, and triumph in uneasiness:

Ardeat ipsa licet, tormentis gaudet amantis.

Juv., Sat. vi, 208.
Though equal pains her peace of mind destroy,
A lover's torments give her spiteful joy.

But these often carry the humor so far, till their
affected coldness and indifference quite kills all
the fondness of a lover, and are then sure to meet
in their turn with all the contempt and scorn that
it is very probable a melancholy, dejected carriage,
is due to so insolent a behavior. On the contrary,
the usual effects of injured innocence, may soften
the jealous husband into pity, make him sen-
sible of the wrong he does you, and work out of
his mind all those fears and suspicions that make
you both unhappy. At least it will have this
good effect, that he will keep his jealousy to him-
self, and repine in private, either because he is
sensible it is a weakness, and will therefore hide
it from your knowledge, or because he will be apt
to fear some ill effect it may produce in cooling
your love toward him, or diverting it to another.

There is still another secret that can never fail, if you can once get it believed, and which is often practiced by women of greater cunning than virtue. This is to change sides for a while with the jealous man, and to turn his own passion upon himself; to take some occasion of growing jealous of him, and to follow the example he himself hath set you. This counterfeited jealousy will bring him a great deal of pleasure, if he thinks it real; for he knows experimentally how much love goes along with this passion, and will beside feel something like the satisfaction of a revenge, in seeing you undergo all his own tortures. But this, indeed, is an artifice so difficult, and at the same time so disingenuous, that it ought never to be put in practice but by such as have skill enough to cover the deceit, and innocence to render it excusable.

I shall conclude this essay with the story of Herod and Mariamne, as I have collected it out of Josephus ;* which may serve almost as an example to whatever can be said on this subject.

Mariamne had all the charms that beauty, birth, wit, and youth, could give a woman, and Herod all the love that such charms are able to raise in a warm and amorous disposition. In the midst of this his fondness for Mariampe, he put her brother to death, as he did her father not many years In the next place, you must be sure to be free after. The barbarity of the action was represented open in your conversation with him, and to to Mark Antony, who immediately summoned let in light upon your actions, to unravel all your Herod into Egypt, to answer for the crime that designs, and discover every secret, however trifling was there laid to his charge. Herod attributed or indifferent. A jealous husband has a particu- the summons to Antony's desire of Mariamne, lar aversion to winks and whispers; and if he whom, therefore, before his departure, he gave does not see to the bottom of everything, will be into the custody of his uncle Joseph, with private sure to go beyond it in his fears and suspicions.

and

He will always expect to be your chief confidant;

Antiquities of the Jews, book xv, chap. 3, sect. 5, 6, 9,

and where he finds himself kept out of a secret, chap. 7, sect. 1, 2, etc.

15

orders to put her to death, if any such violence who now lay under the same suspicions a was offered to himself. This Joseph was much tence that Joseph had before him, on the 1 delighted with Mariamne's conversation, and en-casion. Nor would Herod rest here; but deavored, with all his art and rhetoric, to set out the excess of Herod's passion for her; but when he still found her cold and incredulous, he inconsiderately told her, as a certain instance of her lord's affection, the private orders he had left behind him, which plainly showed, according to Joseph's interpretation, that he could neither live nor die without her. This barbarous instance of a wild unreasonable passion, quite put out, for a time, those little remains of affection she still had for her lord. Her thoughts were so wholly taken up with the cruelty of his orders, that she could not consider the kindness that produced them, and therefore represented him in her imagination, rather under the frightful idea of a murderer than a lover.

her with great vehemence of a design up life, and, by his authority with the judg her publicly condemned and executed. soon after her death grew melancholy and d retiring from the public administration of into a solitary forest, and there abandonin self to all the black considerations, whic rally arise from a passion made up of 1 morse, pity, and despair. He used to rave Mariamne, and to call upon her in his di fits: and in all probability would soon h lowed her, had not his thoughts been sea called off from so sad an object by public which at that time very nearly threatened b

tudinis- -PLATO apud TULL.

As knowledge, without justice, ought to be called rather than wisdom; so a mind prepared to meet excited by its own eagerness, and not the public serves the name of audacity, rather than that of fo

Herod was at length acquitted and dismissed by Mark Antony, when his soul was all in flames No. 172.] MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 17 for his Mariamne; but before their meeting he was Non solum scientia, quæ est remota a justitia, not a little alarmed at the report he had heard of potius quam sapientia est appellanda; verum etia his uncle's conversation and familiarity with her paratus ad periculum, si sua cupiditate, non utili in his absence. This therefore was the first dis-muni, impellitur, audacia potius nomen habeat, qu course he entertained her with, in which she found it no easy matter to quiet his suspicions. But at last he appeared so well satisfied of her innocence, that from reproaches and wranglings he fell to tears and embraces. Both of them wept very tenderly at their reconciliation, and Herod poured out his whole soul to her in the warmest protestations of love and constancy; when amidst all his sighs and languishings she asked him, whether the private orders he left with his uncle Joseph were an instance of such an inflamed affection. The jealous king was immediately roused at so unexpected a question, and concluded his uncle must have been too familiar with her, before he would have discovered such a secret. In short, he put his uncle to death, and very difficultly prevailed upon himself to spare Mariamne.

After this he was forced on a second journey into Egypt, when he committed his lady to the care of Sohemus, with the same private orders he had before given his uncle, if any mischief befell himself. In the meanwhile Mariamne so won upon Sohemus by her presents and obliging conversation, that she drew all the secret from him, with which Herod had intrusted him; so that after his return, when he flew to her with all the transports of joy and love, she received him coldly with sighs and tears, and all the marks of indifference and aversion. This reception so stirred up his indignation, that he had certainly slain her with his own hands, had not he feared he himself should have become the greater sufferer by it. It was not long after this, when he had another violent return of love upon him: Mariamne was therefore sent for to him, whom he endeavored to soften and reconcile with all possible conjugal caresses and endearments; but she declined his embraces, and answered all his fondness with bitter invectives for the death of her father, and her brother. This behavior so incensed Herod, that he very hardly refrained from striking her; when in the heat of their quarrel there came in a witness, suborned by some of Mariamne's enemies, who accused her to the king of a design to poison him. Herod was now prepared to hear anything in her prejudice, and immediately ordered her servant to be stretched upon the rack; who in the extremity of his torture confessed, that his mistress's aversion to the king arose from something Sohemus had told her; but as for any design of poisoning, he utterly disowned the least knowledge of it. This confession quickly proved fatal to Sohemus,

THERE can be no greater injury to hu ciety than that good talents among the me be held honorable to those who are endow them without any regard how they are The gifts of nature and accomplishment are valuable but as they are exerted in the of virtue, or governed by the rules of hon ought to abstract our minds from the obs of an excellence in those we converse with have taken some notice, or received some formation of the disposition of their mind wise the beauty of their persons, or the ch their wit, may make us fond of those w reason and judgment will tell us we o abhor.

When we suffer ourselves to be thus away by mere beauty or mere wit, Omn with all her vice, will bear away as much good will as the most innocent virgin, or est matron; and there cannot be a mo slavery in this world, than to dote upon think we ought to condemn. Yet this our condition in all the parts of life, if w ourselves to approve anything but what the promotion of what is good and honora we would take true pains with ourselves sider all things by the light of reason and though a man were in the height of yo amorous inclinations, he would look up quette with the same contempt, or indiffe he would upon a coxcomb. The wanton in a woman would disappoint her of the tion she aims at; and the vain dress or of a man would destroy the comelines shape, or goodness of his understanding the goodness of his understanding; for less common to see men of sense comme combs, than beautiful women become in When this happens in either, the favo naturally inclined to give to the good they have from nature should abate in pr But however just it is to measure the valu by the application of their talents, and ne eminence of those qualities abstracted fr use: I say, however just such a way of ju in all ages as well as this, the contrary vailed upon the generality of manking many le es have been preserved f

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