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modern meal? would not he have thought the master of a family mad, and have begged his servants to tie down his hands, had he seen him devour a fowl, fish, and flesh; swallow oil and vinegar, wines and spices; throw down salads of twenty different herbs, sauces of a hundred ingredients, confections and fruits of numberless sweets and flavors? What unnatural motions and counter-ferments must such a medley of intemperance produce in the body? For my part, when I behold a fashionable table set out in all its magnificence, I fancy that I see gouts and dropsies, fevers and lethargies, with other innumerable distempers, lying in ambuscade among the dishes.

any series of kings or great men of the number. If we consider these ancient sag great part of whose philosophy consisted temperate and abstemious course of life, would think the life of a philosopher and th of a man were of two different dates. Fo find that the generality of these wise men nearer a hundred than sixty years of age, a time of their respective deaths. But the mo markable instance of the efficacy of tempe toward the procuring of long life, is what me with in a little book published by Lewis Co the Venetian; which I the rather mention, be

it is of undoubted credit, as the late Venetia bassador, who was of the same family, att more than once in conversation, when he re in England. Cornaro, who was the author o little treatise I am mentioning, was of an i constitution, until about forty, when by obst

Nature delights in the most plain and simple diet. Every animal, but man, keeps to one dish. Herbs are the food of this species, fish of that, and flesh of a third. Man falls upon everything that comes in his way; not the smallest fruit or excrescence of the earth, scarce a berry or a mush-ly persisting in an exact course of temperan room, can escape him.

recovered a perfect state of health; insomuch at fourscore he published his book, whic been translated into English under the ti Sure and Certain Methods of Attaining a and Healthy Life. He lived to give a thi fourth edition of it; and after having passe hundredth year, died without pain or agony like one who falls asleep. The treatise I me has been taken notice of by several en authors, and is written with such a spirt of fulness, religion, and good sense, as are the n concomitants of temperance and sobriety. mixture of the old man in it is rather a r mendation than a discredit to it.

Having designed this paper as the sequ that upon exercise, I have not here consi temperance as it is a moral virtue, which I make the subject of a future speculation, bu as it is the means of health.-L.

No. 196.] MONDAY, OCTOBER 15, 11
Est Ulubris, animus si te non deficit æquus.
HOR. 1 Ep.

It is impossible to lay down any determinate rule for temperance, because what is luxury in one may be temperance in another; but there are few that have lived any time in the world, who are not judges of their own constitutions, so far as to know what kinds and what proportions of food do best agree with them. Were I to consider my readers as my patients, and to prescribe such a kind of temperance as is accommodated to all persons, and such as is particularly suitable to our climate and way of living, I would copy the following rules of a very eminent physician. "Make your whole repast out of one dish. If you indulge in a second, avoid drinking anything strong until you have finished your meal; at the same time abstain from all sauces, or at least such as are not the most plain and simple." A man could not be well guilty of gluttony, if he stuck to these few obvious and easy rules. In the first case there would be no variety of tastes to solicit his palate, and occasion excess; nor in the second, any artificial provocatives to relieve satiety, and create a false appetite. Were I to prescribe a rule for drinking, it should be formed upon a saying quoted by Sir William Temple: "The first glass for myself, the second for my friends, the third for good-humor, and the fourth for mine enemies." But because it is impossible for one who lives in the world to diet himself always in "THERE is a particular fault which I ha so philosophical a manner, I think every man served in most of the moralists in all age should have his days of abstinence according as that is, that they are always professing his constitution will permit. These are great re- selves, and teaching others, to be happy. liefs to nature, as they qualify her for struggling state is not to be arrived at in this life, the with hunger and thirst whenever any distemper or I would recommend to you to talk in a hu duty of life may put her upon such difficulties; strain than your predecessors have done and at the same time give her an opportunity of instead of presuming to be happy, instruct u extricating herself from her oppressions, and re- to be easy. The thoughts of him who wo covering the several tones and springs of her dis- discreet, and aim at practicable things, tended vessels. Beside that, abstinence well-timed turn upon allaying our pain, rather than p often kills a sickness in embryo, and destroys the ing our joy. Great inquietude is to be av first seeds of an indisposition. It is observed by but great felicity is not to be attained. The two or three ancient authors, that Socrates, not- lesson is equanimity, a regularity of spirit, withstanding he lived in Athens during that great is a little above cheerfulness and below plague which has made so much noise through all Cheerfulness is always to be supported if ages, and has been celebrated at different times by is out of pain, but mirth, to a prudent man, such eminent hands; I say, notwithstanding that always be accidental. It should naturally he lived in the times of this devouring pestilence, out of the occasion, and the occasion seld he never caught the least infection, which those laid for it; for those tempers who want m writers unanimously ascribe to that uninterrupted temperance which he always observed.

And here I cannot but mention an observation which I have often made, upon reading the lives of the philosophers, and comparing them with

Diogenes Laertius, in Vit. Socratis.-Eliam in Var. Hist. lib. xiii, cap. 27, etc.

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True happiness is to no place confined,
But still is found in a contented mind.


be pleased, are like the constitutions whic without the use of brandy. Therefore, I s your precept be, 'be easy. That mind is lute and ungoverned, which must be hurri of itself by loud laughter or sensual pleas else be wholly inactive.

"There are a couple of old fellows of quaintance who meet every day and smoke

and by their mutual love to each other, though take Tom for fear of losing Will's estate, nor enter they have been men of business and bustle in the upon Will's estate, and bid adieu to Tom's person. world, enjoy a greater tranquillity than either I am very young, and yet no one in the world, could have worked himself into by any chapter dear Sir, has the main chance more in her head of Seneca. Indolence of body and mind, when than myself. Tom is the gayest, the blithest we aim at no more, is very frequently enjoyed; creature! He dances well, is very civil, and dibut the very inquiry after happiness has some- verting at all hours and seasons. Oh! he is the thing restless in it, which a man who lives in a joy of my eyes! But then again Will is so very series of temperate meals, friendly conversations, rich and careful of the main. How many pretty and easy slumbers, gives himself no trouble about. dresses does Tom appear in to charm me! But While men of refinement are talking of tranquil- then it immediately occurs to me, that a man of lity, he possesses it. his circumstances is so much the poorer. Upon the whole, I have at last examined both these desires of love and avarice, and upon strictly weighing the matter, I begin to think I shall be covetous longer than fond, therefore if you have nothing to say to the contrary, I shall take Will. Alas, poor Tom! "Your humble Servant, "BIDDY LOVELESS."

"What I would by these broken expressions recommend to you, Mr. Spectator, is, that you would speak of the way of life which plain men may pursue, to fill up the spaces of time with satisfaction. It is a lamentable circumstance, that wisdom, or, as you call it, philosophy, should furnish ideas only for the learned; and that a man must be a philosopher to know how to pass away his time agreeably. It would therefore be worth your pains to place in a handsome light the relations and affinities among men, which render their conversations with each other so grateful, that the highest talents give but an impotent pleasure in comparison with them. You may find descriptions and discourses which will render the fireside of an honest artificer as entertaining as your own club is to you. Good-nature has an endless source of pleasure in it: and the representation of domestic life filled with its natural gratifications, instead of the necessary vexations which are generally insisted upon in the writings of the witty, will be a very good office to society.

"The vicissitudes of labor and rest in the lower part of mankind, make their being pass away with that sort of relish which we express by the word comfort; and should be treated of by you, who are a spectator, as well as such subjects which appear indeed more speculative, but are less instructive. In a word, Sir, I would have you turn your thoughts to the advantage of such as want you most; and show that simplicity, innocence, industry, and temperance, are arts which lead to tranquillity as much as learning, wisdom, knowledge, and contemplation.



No. 197.] TUESDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1711.
Alter rixatur de lana sæpe caprina,
Propugnat nugis armatus: scilicet, ut non
Sic mihi primo fides; et, vere quod placet, ut non
Acriter elatrem? Pretium ætas altera sordet.
Ambigitur quid enim! Castor sciat, an Docilis plus,
Brundusium Numici melius via ducat, an Appi.
HOR. 1, Ep. xviii, 15.-

On trifles some are earnestly absurd;
You'll think the world depends on every word.
What! is not every mortal free to speak?
I'll give my reasons, though I break my neck!
And what's the question? If it shines or rains;
Whether 'tis twelve or fifteen miles to Staines.-PITT.

EVERY age a man passes through, and way of life he engages in, has some particular vice or imperfection naturally cleaving to it, which will require his nicest care to avoid. The several weaknesses to which youth, old age, and manhood are exposed, have long since been set down by many both of the poets and philosophers; but I do not remember to have met with any author who has treated of those ill habits men are subject to, not so much by reason of their different ages and tempers, as the particular professions or business in which they were educated and brought up.

I am the more surprised to find this subject so little touched on, since what I am here speaking of is so apparent, as not to escape the most vulgar observation. The business men are chiefly conversant in does not only give a certain cast or turn to their minds, but it is very often apparent in their outward behavior, and some of the most indifferent actions of their lives. It is this air diffusing itself over the whole man, which helps us to find out a person at his first appearance; so that the most careless observer fancies he can scarce be mistaken in the carriage of a seaman, or the gait of a tailor.

The liberal arts, though they may possibly have less effect on our external mien and behavior, make so deep an impression on the mind, as is very apt to bend it wholly one way.

"I am, Sir, your most humble Servant, "T.B." Hackney, Oct. 12. "I am the young woman whom you did so much justice to some time ago, in acknowledging that I am perfect mistress of the fan, and use it with the utmost knowledge and dexterity. Indeed the world, as malicious as it is, will allow, that from a hurry of laughter I recollect myself the most suddenly, make a courtsey, and let fall my hands before me, closing my fan at the same instant, the best of any woman in England. I am not a little delighted that I have had your notice and approbation; and however other young women may rally me out of envy, I triumph in it, and demand a place in your friendship. You must therefore permit me to lay before you the present state of tuy mind. I was reading your Spectator of the The mathematician will take little else than de 9th instant, and thought the circumstance of the monstration in the most common discourse, and ass divided between the two bundles of hay, the schoolman is as great a friend to definition which equally affected his senses, was a lively re- and syllogisms. The physician and divine are presentation of my present condition; for you are often heard to dictate in private companies with to know that I am extremely enamored with two the same authority which they exercise over their young gentlemen, who at this time pretend to me. patients and disciples: while the lawyer is putting One must hide nothing when one is asking advice, cases, and raising matter for disputation, out of therefore I will own to you, that I am very amor- everything that occurs. ous, and very covetous. My lover Will is very I may possibly some time or other animadvert rich, and my lover Tom very handsome. I can more at large on the particular fault each profeshave either of them when I please; but when I sion is most infected with; but shall at present debate the question in my own mind, I cannot wholly apply myself to the cure of what I last

mentioned, namely, that spirit of strife and contention in the conversations of gentlemen of the long robe.

This is the more ordinary, because these gentlemen regarding argument as their own proper province, and very often making ready money of it, think it unsafe to yield before company. They are showing in common talk how zealously they could defend a cause in court, and therefore frequently forget to keep their temper, which is absolutely requisite to render conversation pleasant

and instructive.

Captain Sentry pushes this matter so far, that I have heard him say, "he has known but few pleaders that were tolerable company."

plead in company, upon every subject that started.

Having the entire manuscript by me, I perhaps, from time to time, publish such part it as I shall think requisite for the instructio the British youth. What regards my present pose is as follows:

while you scarce affirm anything, you cau h be caught in an absurdity; and though pos you are endeavoring to bring over anoth your opinion, which is firmly fixed, you only to desire information from him.

Avoid disputes as much as possible. In c to appear easy and well-bred in conversation, may assure yourself that it requires more wi well as more good humor, to improve tha contradict the notions of another: but if yo at any time obliged to enter on an argument, your reasons with the utmost coolness and desty, two things which scarce ever fail of The captain, who is a man of good sense, but ing an impression on the hearers. Beside, if dry conversation, was last night giving me an ac- are neither dogmatical, nor show either by count of a discourse, in which he had lately been actions or words that you are full of yoursel engaged with a young wrangler in the law. "I will the more heartily rejoice at your vic was giving my opinion," says the captain, "with- Nay, should you be pinched in your argur out apprehending any debate that might arise you may make your retreat with a very from it, of a general's behavior in a battle that grace. You were never positive, and are was fought some years before either the templar or glad to be better informed. This has made myself were born. The young lawyer inmedi-approve the Socratical way of reasoning, w ately took me up, and by reasoning above a quarter of an hour upon a subject which I saw he understood nothing of, endeavored to show me that my opinions were ill-grounded. Upon which," says the captain, "to avoid any further contests, I told him, that truly I had not considered those several arguments which he had brought against me, and that there might be a great deal in them." "Ay, but," says my antagonist, who would not let me escape so, "there are several things to be urged in favor of your opinion which you have omitted" and thereupon began to shine on the other side of the question. "Upon this," says the captain, "I came over to my first sentiments, and entirely acquiesced in his reasons for my so doing. Upon which the templar again recovered his former posture, and confuted both himself and me a third time. In short," says my friend, "I found he was resolved to keep me at sword's length, and never let me close with him; so that I had nothing left but to hold my tongue, and give my antagonist free leave to smile at his victory, who I found, like Hudibras, could still change sides, and still confute.'

For my own part, I have ever regarded our inns of court as nurseries of statesmen and lawgivers, which makes me often frequent that part of the town with great pleasure.

In order to keep that temper which is so cult, and yet so necessary to preserve, you please to consider, that nothing can be mor just or ridiculous, than to be angry with an because he is not of your opinion. The inte education, and means by which men attain knowledge, are so very different, that it is in sible they should all think alike; and he h least as much reason to be angry with yo you with him. Sometimes, to keep yourself it may be of service to ask yourself fairly, might have been your opinion, had you al biases of education and interest your adve may possibly have? But if you contend fo honor of victory alone, you may lay down th an infallible maxim, that you cannot make a false step, or give your antagonists a greate vantage over you, than by falling into a pass

When an argument is over, how many we reasons does a man recollect, which his hea violence made him utterly forget!

It is yet more absurd to be angry with a because he does not apprehend the force of reasons, or gives weak ones of his own. I argue for reputation, this makes your victor easier; he is certainly in all respects an obje your pity, rather than anger; and if he ca comprehend what you do, you ought to t nature for her favors, who has given you so the clearer understanding.

Upon my calling in lately at one of the most noted Temple coffee-houses, I found the whole room, which was full of young students, divided into several parties, each of which was deeply engaged in some controversy. The management of the late ministry was attacked and defended with great vigor; and several preliminaries to the peace were proposed by some, and rejected by others; the demolishing of Dunkirk was so eagerly insisted on, and so warmly controverted, as had like to have produced a challenge. In short, I observed that the desire of victory, whetted with the little prejudices of party and inter-ever you meet with a fool or a knave. est, generally carried the argument to such a height, as made the disputants insensibly conceive an aversion toward each other, and part with the highest dissatisfaction on both sides.

The managing an argument handsomely being so nice a point, and what I have seen so very few excel in, I shall here set down a few rules on that head, which, among other things, I gave in writing to a young kinsman of mine, who had made so great a proficiency in the law, that he began to

*Part i, cant. 1, ver. 69, 70.

You may please to add this consideration among your equals no one values your a which only preys upon its master; and per you may find it not very consistent either prudence or your ease, to punish yourself v

Lastly, if you propose to yourself the tru of argument, which is information, it may seasonable check to your passion; for if search purely after truth, it will be almost ferent to you where you find it. I cannot in place omit an observation which I have made, namely, That nothing procures a more esteem and less envy from the whole pany, than if he chooses the part of mode without engaging directly on either side in a pute. This gives him the character of impa furnishes him with an opportunity of s

things to the bottom, showing his judgment, and of sometimes making handsome compliments to to each of the contending parties.

I shall close this subject with giving you one caution. When you have gained a victory do not push it too far; it is sufficient to let the company and your adversary see it is in your power, but that you are too generous to make use of it.-X.

I might very much enlarge upon this subject, but shall conclude it with a story which I lately heard from one of our Spanish officers, and which may show the danger a woman incurs by too great familiarities with a male companion.

An inhabitant of the kingdom of Castile, being a man of more than ordinary prudence, and of a grave composed behavior, determined about the fiftieth year of his age to enter upon wedlock. In order to make himself easy in it, he cast his eye upon a young woman who had nothing to

No. 198.] WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1711. recommend her but her beauty and her education,

Cervæ luporum præda rapacium,

Sectamur ultro, quos opimus

Fallere et effugere est triumphus.

HOR. 4 Od. iv, 50. We, like "weak hinds," the brinded wolf provoke, And when retreat is victory,

her parents having been reduced to great poverty by the wars, which for some years have laid that whole country waste. The Castilian having made his addresses to her and married her, they lived together in perfect happiness for some time; when at length the husband's affairs made it neRush on, though sure to die.-OLDISWORTH. cessary for him to take a voyage to the kingdom THERE is a species of women, whom I shall dis- of Naples, where a great part of his estate lay, tinguish by the name of salamanders. Now a The wife loved him too tenderly to be left behind salamander is a kind of heroine in chastity, that him. They had not been a-shipboard above a treads upon fire, and lives in the midst of flames day, when they unluckily fell into the hands of without being hurt. A salamander knows no an Algerine pirate, who carried the whole comdistinction of sex in those she converses with, pany on shore, and made them slaves. The Casgrows familiar with a stranger at first sight, and tilian and his wife had the comfort to be under is not so narrow-spirited as to observe whether the same master; who seeing how dearly they the person she talks to be in breeches or petti- loved one another, and gasped after their liberty, coats. She admits a male visitant to her bed-side, demanded a most exorbitant price for their ranplays with him a whole afternoon at picquet, som. The Castilian, though he would rather walks with him two or three hours by moonlight, have died in slavery himself, than have paid such and is extremely scandalized at the unreasonable- a sum as he found would go near to ruin him, ness of a husband, or the severity of a parent, that would debar the sex from such innocent liberties. Your salamander is therefore a perpetual declaimer against jealousy, an admirer of the French good breeding, and a great stickler for freedom in conversation. In short, the salamander lives in an invincible state of simplicity and innocence. Her constitution is preserved in a kind of natural frost. She wonders what people mean by temptations, and defies mankind to do their Worst. Her chastity is engaged in a constant ordeal, or fiery trial; like good Queen Emma, the pretty innocent walks blindfolded among burning plowshares, without being scorched or singed by them.

It is not therefore for the use of the salamander, whether in a married or a single state of life, that I design the following paper; but for such females only as are made of flesh and blood, and find themselves subject to human frailties.

As for this part of the fair sex who are not of the salamander kind, I would most earnestly advise them to observe a quite different conduct in their behavior; and to avoid as much as possible what religion calls temptations, and the world opportunities. Did they but know how many thousands of their sex have been gradually betrayed from innocent freedoms to ruin and infamy and how many millions of ours have begun with flatteries, protestations, and endearments, but ended with reproaches, perjury, and perfidiousness; they would shun like death the very first approaches of one that might lead them into inextricable labyrinths of guilt and misery. I must so far give up the cause of the male world, as to exhort the female sex in the language of Chamont in the Orphan :

Trust not to man, we are by nature false,
Dissembling, subtle, cruel, and inconstant:
When a man talks of love, with caution trust him:
But if he swears, he'll certainly deceive thee.

All the editions of Horace read cervi; the Spectator altered it to cervæ, to adapt it more peculiarly to the subject of this paper.

was so moved with compassion for his wife, that he sent repeated orders to his friend in Spain (who happened to be his next relation), to sell his estate, and transmit the money to him. His friend hoping that the terms of his ransom might be made more reasonable, and unwilling to sell an estate which he himself had some prospect of inheriting, formed so many delays, that three whole years passed away without anything being done for the setting them at liberty.

There happened to live a French renegado in the same place where the Castilian and his wife were kept prisoners. As this fellow had in him all the vivacity of his nation, he often entertained the captives with accounts of his own adventures; to which he sometimes added a song, or a dance, or some other piece of mirth, to divert them during their confinement. His acquaintance with the manners of the Algerines enabled him likewise to do them several good offices. The Castilian, as he was one day in conversation with this renegado, discovered to him the negligence and treachery of his correspondent in Castile, and at the same time asked his advice how he should behave himself in that exigency: he further told the renegado, that he found it would be impossible for him to raise the money, unless he might go over to dispose of his estate. The renegado, after having represented to him that his Algerine master would never consent to his release upon such a pretense, at length contrived a method for the Castilian to make his escape in the habit of a seaman. The Castilian succeeded in his attempt; and having sold his estate, being afraid lest the money should miscarry by the way, and determined to perish with it rather than lose one who was much dearer to him than his life, he returned himself in a little vessel that was going to Algiers. It is impossible to describe the joy he felt upon this occasion, when he considered that he should soon see the wife whom he

Viz: one of the English officers who had been employed in the war in Spain.

so much loved, and endear himself more to her, ter to him, whom I call Oroondates ;* because by this uncommon piece of generosity.

do not succeed, it shall look like romance; and
I am regarded, you shall receive a pair of glo
at my wedding, sent to you under the name


The renegado, during the husband's absence, so insinuated himself into the good graces of his young wife, and so turned her head with stories of gallantry, that she quickly thought him the finest gentleman she had ever conversed with. To be brief, her mind was quite alienated from "After very much perplexity in myself, and the honest Castilian, whom she was taught to volving how to acquaint you with my own se look upon as a formal old fellow, unworthy the ments, and expostulate with you concerning yo possession of so charming a creature. She had I have chosen this way; by which means I ca been instructed by the renegado how to manage at once revealed to you, or, if you please, lie herself upon his arrival; so that she received him cealed. If I do not within a few days find with an appearance of the utmost love and gra- effect which I hope from this, the whole a titude, and at length persuaded him to trust their shall be buried in oblivion. But, alas! what common friend the renegado with the money he I going to do, when I am about to tell you th had brought over for their ransom; as not ques- love you? But after I have done so, I am to tioning but he would beat down the terms and sure you, that with all the passion which ever negotiate the affair more to their advantage than tered a tender heart, I know I can banish they themselves could do. The good man ad- from my sight forever, when I am convinced mired her prudence, and followed her advice. I you have no inclinations toward me but to wish I could conceal the sequel of this story; dishonor. But, alas! Sir, why should you s but since I cannot, I shall dispatch it in as few fice the real and essential happiness of life to words as possible. The Castilian having slept opinion of a world, that moves upon no o longer than ordinary the next morning, upon his foundation but professed error and prejud awaking found his wife had left him. He imme- You all can observe that riches alone do not n diately arose and inquired after her, but was told you happy, and yet give up everything else w that she was seen with the renegado about break it stands in competition with riches. Since of day. In a word, her lover having got all world is so bad, that religion is left to us things ready for their departure, they soon made women, and you men act generally upon pr their escape out of the territories of Algiers, ples of profit and pleasure, I will talk to carried away the money, and left the Castilian without arguing from anything but what ma in captivity; who, partly through the cruel treat-most to your advantage, as a man of the w ment of the incensed Algerine his master, and partly through the unkind usage of his unfaithful wife, died some few months after.-L.

No. 199.]

And I will lay before you the state of the supposing that you had it in your power to n me your mistress or your wife, and hope to vince you that the latter is more for your inte and will contribute more to your pleasure.

THURSDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1711. you were now in expectation of the approac

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"Though you are everywhere in your writings a friend to women, I do not remember that you have directly considered the mercenary practice of men in the choice of wives. If you will please to employ your thoughts upon that subject, you would easily conceive the miserable condition many of us are in, who not only from the laws of custom and modesty are restrained from making any advances toward our wishes, but are also, from the circumstance of fortune, out of all hopes of being addressed to by those whom we love. Under all these disadvantages I am obliged to apply myself to you, and hope I shall prevail on you to print in your very next paper the following letter, which is a declaration of passion to one who has made some faint addresses to me for some time. I believe he ardently loves me, but the inequality of my fortune makes him think he cannot answer it to the world, if he pursues his designs by way of marriage; and I believe, as he does not want discerning, he discovered me looking at him the other day unawares, in such a manner, as has raised his hopes of gaining me on terms the men call easier. But my heart was very full on this occasion, and if you know what love and honor are, you will pardon me that I use no further arguments with you, but hasten to my let

"We will suppose, then, the scene was laid, evening wherein I was to meet you, and be ca to what convenient corner of the town you tho fit, to consummate all which your wanton in nation has promised to you in the possession putation of innocence. one who is in the bloom of youth, and in th You would soon

enough of me, as I am sprightly, young, gay, airy. When fancy is sated, and finds all the mises it made itself false, where is now the i cence which charmed you? The first hour are alone, you will find that the pleasure of bauchee is only that of a destroyer. He blast the fruit he tastes; and where the brute has devouring, there is nothing left worthy ther of the man. Reason resumes her place after gination is cloyed: and I am with the utmost tress and confusion to behold myself the caus uneasy reflections to you, to be visited by ste and dwell for the future with two companions most unfit for each other in the world) soli and guilt. I will not insist upon the shan obscurity we should pass our time in, nor run the little short snatches of fresh air, and commerce, which all people must be satisfied whose actions will not bear examination, but them to your reflections, who have seen en of that life, of which I have but a mere idea.

"On the other hand, if you can be so good generous as to make me your wife, you may mise yourself all the obedience and tende with which gratitude can inspire a virtuous man. Whatever gratifications you may pro yourself from an agreeable person, whatever

* A celebrated name in Mademoiselle Scudery's F romance of The Grand Cyrus, etc.

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