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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

1

U.S. Congress. House
SELECT COMMITTEE ON POSTWAR

MILITARY POLICY
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SEVENTY-NINTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

PURSUANT TO

H. Res. 465

A RESOLUTION TO ESTABLISH A SELECT COMMITTEE

ON POSTWAR MILITARY POLICY

PART 1

JUNE 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, AND 19, 1945

Printed for the use of the Select Committee on

Postwar Military Policy

45-1731335

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1945

73951

M

SELECT COMMITTEE ON POSTWAR MILITARY POLICY

CLIFTON A. WOODRUM, Virginia, Chairman ANDREW J. MAY, Kentucky

WALTER G. ANDREWS, New York CARL VINSON, Georgia

JAMES W. WADSWORTH, New York SCHUYLER OTIS BLAND, Virginia

LEO E. ALLEN, Illinois
PATRICK H. DREWRY, Virginia

D. LANE POWERS, New Jersey
ALFRED L. BULWINKLE, North Carolina JAMES W. MOTT, Oregon
R. EWING THOMASON, Texas

DEWEY SHORT, Missouri
J. BUELL SNYDER, Pennsylvania

LESLIE C. ARENDS, Illinois HARRY R. SHEPPARD, California

STERLING COLE, New York LYNDON B. JOHNSON, Texas

GEORGE J. BATES, Massachusetts OVERTON BROOKS, Louisiana

BERNARD W. KEARNEY, New York JOHN J. SPARKMAN, Alabama MICHAEL J. BRADLEY, Pennsylvania

BETTY Fox, Clerk

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Statement of:

Hon. Joseph C. Grew, Acting Secretary of State...

Col. Jay Cooke, president of the Citizens Committee for Military

Training for Young Men, Inc.

Mrs. Ernesta Barlow, vice president, the Citizens Committee for Mili-

tary Training for Young Men, Inc...

Statements by Kathleen Norris and Margaret Culkin Banning

were filed for the record by Mrs. Barlow

Mrs. Barbara Skau, domestic nurse, Jackson Heights, Queens, N. Y.

Mr. Philip A. Carroll, director, the Citizens Committee for Military

Training for Young Men, Inc.

Dr. Franklin Clarke Frye, president, United Lutheran Church of

America...

Captain Paul Hammond, director, Citizens Committee for Military

Training for Young Men, Inc.,

Mrs. John Weinstein, president, New York City Federation of

Women's Clubs

Letter from Sgt. John D. Scarlett, Liege, Belgium, was read into the record

by Chairman Woodrum at this point..

Statement of:

Mr. Charles G. Bolte, chairman, American Veterans' Committee..

Maj. George Fielding Eliot, commentator, Columbia Broadcasting

System.

Col. John Thomas Taylor, director, national legislative committee, the

American Legion..

Mrs. Lorena Hahn, former national president of American Legion

Auxiliary and present chairman of the Legion's postwar committee.-

Maj. Gen. Ellard Walsh, president, National Guard Association of the

United States..

Hon. Edward Martin, Governor, State of Pennsylvania

Omar B. Ketchum, national legislative representative, Veterans of

Foreign Wars of the United States.

Col. William B. Tuttle, legislative chairman, board of trustees, Reserve

Officers' Association of the United States

Mr. William B. Mathews, editor, Arizona Daily Star, Tucson, Airz.

Mrs. Willard Steele, chaplain general, Daughters of the American

Revolution...

Vernon A. Eagle, honorably discharged commando-

Dr. Harrop A. Freeman, professor of law, College of William and Mary,

Williamsburg, Va., as read by Dr. Theodore A. Paullin, assistant

professor of history, Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pa..

Archibald G. Thacher, Attorney, New York City --

Dr. A. J. Brumbaugh, vice president, American Council on Education.

Dr. William J. Miller, president, University of Detroit, representing

Michigan Council to Oppose Peacetime Conscription --

Judge William Hastie, National Association for Advancement of

Colored People...

Dr. Gould Wickey, executive secretary, national commission on

Christian higher education, Association of American Colleges ---

Dr. John L. Davis, executive secretary, board of higher education,

Disciples of Christ..

Mr. Benjamin C. Marsh, executive secretary, People's Lobby, Inc.

Dr. James Mendenhall, chairman, legislative committee, department

of supervision and curriculum development of National Education

Association

Dr. William Heard Kilpatrick, Liberal Party of New York State

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123

129

130

Statement of-Continued

Mr. Mark Wiseman, commander, Willard Straight Post, American

Legion.

Dr. Walter E. Hager, American Association of Teachers Colleges_

Statements from Dr. John Purdy, chairman, Ohio College; Mr.

Robert Forsberg, president of student body of Wooster College;

and Mary Ann Brown, chairman of public opinions committee of

Wooster College, Wooster, Ohio, were filed for the record by

Dr. Hager

I etter from Mr. G. 0. Aubrey, chairman, committee on work with high-

school youth, National Council of the Young Men's Christian Associa-

tions...

Statements of:

Dr. Herbert J. Burghstahler, president, Ohio Wesleyan University,

Delaware, Ohio, testifying for the Federal Council of Churches of

Christ in America

Very Rev. Msgr. Howard J. Carroll, general secretary, National

Catholic Welfare Conference --

Mr. Huber F. Klemme, executive secretary of the commission on

Christian social action, Evangelical and Reformed Church --

Dr. Ganse Little, pastor, Broad Street Presbyterian Church, Colum-

bus, Ohio..

Mrs. Glen L. Swiggett, legislative representative, National Congress of

Parents and Teachers.

Dr. Robert Gordis, president, Rabbinical Assembly of America -

Dr. Joseph Zeitlin, Rabbinical Assembly of America ---

Mr. Byrl A. Whitney, director of education and research and assistant

general counsel, Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen..

Rt. Rev. Herman R. Page, bishop, diocese of Northern Michigan,

Episcopal Church..

Mr. D. Robert Yarnell, vice chairman, American Friends Service Com-

mittee..

Rev. T. T. Brumbaugh, executive secretary, Detroit Council of

Churches.

Mr. Ensworth Reisner, representing Citizens Committee of Buffalo,

Erie County, and Western New York on Peacetime Conscription

Dr. Karl T. Compton, president, Massachusetts Institute of Tech-

nology

Mrs. Thomasina W. Johnson, legislative representative, national non-

partisan council on public affairs of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority-

Mr. Ernest Angell, representing Civil Liberties Union

Dr. Paul E. Flicker, executive secretary, National Association of

Secondary-School Principals of National Education Association ---

Rev. F. W. Burnham, of the Christian Churches of America.--

Mr. Frederick J. Roy, national vice commander, Catholic War Vet-

erans Association.

Mr. Roscoe S. Conkling, attorney, New York City

Mr. Norman Thomas, president, 'Postwar World Council.

Prof. Alonzo F. Myers, chairman, National Council Against Peace-

time Conscription Now..

Mr. Milton Friedman, free labor committee, Workers Defense League.

Rev. Phillips Packer Elliott, chairman of board of Presbyterian

Tribune..

Dr. Edward C. Elliott, president, Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind..

Rev. Edwin F. Lee, Methodist bishop and director of General Com-

mission for Army and Navy Chaplains -

Mr. Arthur L. Williston, retired educator and engineer, Dedham,

Mass..

Mr. Stanley J. Quinn, American Defense Society, Inc-

Mr. Leslie J. Tompkins, American Defense Society, Inc.

Brig. Gen. Albert L. Cox, retired, Washington, D. C..

Brig. Gen. Henry I. Reilly, retired

Dr. Charles Clayton Morrison, editor, Christian Century, representing

the Chicago Committee to Oppose Conscription..

Mrs. Mary Dingman, member, Women's Committee to Oppose

Conscription..

Statement of-Continued

Mrs. Charles D. Rockel, member, Women's Committee to Oppose

Conscription..

Letters from Maj. Gen. Norman T. Kirk, Surgeon General of the Army,

and Vice Admiral Ross T. McIntire, Surgeon General of the Navy,

with reference to Mrs. Rockel's testimony -

Mrs. Johanna M. Lindlof, member, Women's Committee to Oppose

Conscription.

Mrs. Annie B. Whitner, Roanoke, Va-

Miss Elizabeth A. Smart, National Woman's Christian Temperance

Union...

Hon. Josephus Daniels, former Secretary of the Navy, editor, the

News and Ohserver, Raleigh, N. C..

Mr. John W. Hershey, Downingtown, Pa.

Rev. Donald B. Cloward, executive secretary, Council on Christian

Social Progress, Northern Baptist Convention..

Mr. Harold S. Bender, assistant secretary, the Mennonite Central

Committee

Mr. B. F. McLaurin, international field organizer, Brotherhood of

Sleeping Car Porters.--

Dr. Leslie W. Kindred, Greater Philadelphia Committee Against War-

time Enactment of Peacetime Conscription.

Mr. William F. Saunders, High School Teachers Association of New

York City, Inc.

Dr. Raymond Walters, chairman, Association of American Colleges.-

Dr. Daniel L. Marsh, president, Boston University, member Associa-

tion of American Colleges -

Dr. Guy E. Snavely, executive director, Association of American Col-

leges...

Mr. Walter Johnson, chairman, national legislative committee, Mili-

tarv Order of the Liberty Bell..

Dr. Donald DuShane, secretary, Commission for the Defense of De-

mocracy Through Education, National Education Association...

Hon. Maury Maverick, Chairman, Smaller War Plants Corporation.

Mr. Ralph McDonald, executive secretary, Department of Higher

Education, National Education Association..

Resolution from the State of North Carolina, with reference to universal

military training --

Letter from the Citizens Medical Reference Bureau, Inc., with reference

to universal military training...

Statement of:

Miss Dorothy K. Funn, labor secretary, National Negro Congress -

Mr. Eric Hass, Socialist Labor Party of America -

Dr. Ralph E. Himstead, American Association of University Profes-

sors.

Mr. Otto Steele, National Conference of Methodist Youth Fellow-

ship.

Mr. H. W. Brown, president, International Association of Machinists -

Rev. Kenneth L. Patton, pastor of the First Unitarian Society of

Madison, Wis., representing the Wisconsin Council of Churches..

Dr. Paul H. Bowman, president, Bridgewater College, and vice chair-

man, Brethren Service Committee.

Mr. Charles C. Rohrer, dairy farmer, Manchester, Ind

Dr. S. V. Sanford, chancelor, University System of Georgia

Mrs. Dorothy Groeling, secretary, National Board for International

Education, Young Women's Christian Associations of the United

States..

Mr. Fred Bailey, legislative counsel, the National Grange

Mr. Edward C. M. Richards, representing the War Resisters League

in Opposition to Peacetime Conscription

Statement by Dr. Evan W. Thomas, chairman, War Resisters

League, read for the record by Mr. Richards.

Mr. Russell Smith, legislative secretary, National Farmers Union.

Mr. Homer E. Woodbridge, representing Middletown Committee

Against Wartime Passage of Peacetime Conscription.

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