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But is it not possible so to accommodate it, by my own particular índustry? If to accommodate màn and beast, hèaven and earth, if this be beyond me, it is nòt possible. What consequence, then, follows? or can there be any other than this?—If I seek an interest of my own, detached from that of others, I seek an interest which is chimérical, and can never have existence.

Hów, then, must I detèrmine? Have I no interest at áll? If I have not, I am a fool for staying hère; 'tis a smòky house, and the sooner out of it the bètter. But why no interest? Can I be conténted with nòne but óne sèparate and detached? Is a sócial interest, joined with others, such an absúrdity as not to be admítted? The bée, the beaver, and the tribes of hérding animals, are enough to convince me that the thing is somewhere, at least, pòssible. How, then, am I assured that 'tis not équally true of màn? Admít it; and what follows? If so, then hónour and jùstice are my interest then the whole train of móral vìrtues are my interest without some portion of which, not èven thieves can maintain society.


But farther still-I stop not hére-I pursue this sócial interest as far as I can trace my séveral relations. I pass from my own stock, my own neighbourhood, my òwn nátion, to the whole race of mankind, as dispersed throughout the earth. Am I not related to them all, by the mútual àids of cómmerce, by the gèneral íntercourse of arts and létters, by that cómmon nàture of which we all partícipate?

Again--I must have food and clothing. Without a proper gènial warmth, I ínstantly pèrish. Am I not related, in this view, to the very earth itself? To the distant sún, from whose beams I derìve vígour? To that stupendous course and order of the ìnfinite host of heaven, by which the tímes and séasons ever uniformly pass ón? Were this order ònce confounded, I could not probably survive a mòment; so àbsolutely do I depend on this common general welfare. What, then, have I to dó, but to enlarge vírtue into piety? Not only honour and jústice, and what I owe to mán, is my interest; but gràtitude also, acquièscence, resignàtion, adorátion, and all I owe to this greàt pólity, and its greàter Góvernor, our common Pàrent. Harris.


Retire. The world shut out. Thy thoughts call home. Imagination's airy wing repress.

Lock up thy senses.

Wake all to reason.

Let no passion stir;

Let her reign alone

Then, in thy soul's deep silence, and the depth
Of Nature's silence, midnight, thus inquire:
What am I? and from whence? I nothing know
But that I am; and, since I am, conclude
Something eternal. Had there e'er been nought,
Nought still had been. Eternal there must be.
But what eternal? Why not human race,
And Adam's ancestors without an end?
That's hard to be conceived, since every link
Of that long-chain'd succession is so frail;
Can every part depend, and not the whole?
Yet grant it true, new difficulties rise :

I'm still quite out at sea, nor see the shore.
Whence earth, and these bright orbs? Eternal too!
Grant matter was eternal; still these orbs

Would want some other father. Much design

Is seen in all their motions, all their makes.
Design implies intelligence and art:
That can't be from themselves—or man.

That art,

Man scarce can comprehend, could man bestow,—
And nothing greater yet allowed than man?
Who, motion, foreign to the smallest grain,
Shot through vast masses of enormous weight?
Who bid brute matter's restive lump assume
Such various forms, and gave it wings to fly ?
Has matter innate motion? Then, each atom
Asserting its indisputable right

To dance, would form a universe of dust.

Has matter none? Then, whence these glorious forms
And boundless flights, from shapeless and reposed?
Has matter more than motion? Has it thought,
Judgment, and genius? Is it deeply learned
In mathematics? Has it framed such laws,


Which, but to guess, a Newton made immortal?
If art to form, and counsel to conduct,
And that with greater far than human skill,
Resides not in each block-a GODHEAD reigns;
And if a GOD there is-that God how great!



Owe Heaven a death! 'Tis not due yet; and I would be loath to pay him before his day. What need I be so forward with him that calls not on me! Well, 'tis no matter-honour pricks me But how if honour prick me off when I come on? How then? Can honour set to a leg? No: Or an arm? No: Or take away the grief of a wound? No. Honour hath no skill in surgery then? No. What is honour? A word. What is that word honour? Air: a trim reckoning. Who hath it? He that died a Wednesday. Doth he feel it? No. Doth he hear it? No. Is it insensible then? Yea, to the dead. But will it not live with the living? No. Why? Detraction will not suffer it. Therefore I'll none of it. Honour is a mere 'scutcheon-and so ends my catechism.-Shakspeare.



RULE.-The Parenthesis takes the modulation of the preceding member, is pronounced quicker and lower than the rest of the sentence, and is preceded and followed by a pause sufficient to give it an isolated and independent character.

A parenthesis or explanatory clause is a member inserted in the body of a sentence, of which the other members are altogether independent. The parenthesis should be carefully tested by this principle, since the sign is sometimes inserted, through inadvertency or ignorance, where no parenthesis is involved. It should be remembered also that the parenthe


tical clause is not always so denoted—the curves or brackets being now generally dispensed with, and the comma or dash used in place of them. The principle is the same in all: whatever member is not necessary to the leading idea, but merely of an explanatory nature, is to be considered parenthetical, and read accordingly.

As the parenthesis is commonly connected with the introductory division of a sentence, its modulation will generally be rising; the only exceptions being in the case of its ex-pressing some important distinction or affirmation, in which, instances the falling may be adopted.

EXAMPLES.- "The fair and happy mílkmaid makes her hand hard with lábour, and her heart sóft with pity; and when winter evenings fàll éarly (sítting at her mèrry whéel) she sings a defíance to the giddy wheel of fòrtune. The lìning of her apparel (which is herself) is fàr bétter than outsides of tissue; fór, although she is not arrayed in the spirit of the glowworm, she is décked in ìnnocency, a fár better wearing."

"If énvious people were to ask themselves whether they would exchange their entíre situàtions with the pèrsons énvied-I mean their minds, pàssions, nòtions, as well as their pérsons, fórtunes, dígnities-I presúme the sélf-lòve cómmon to human nature would gènerally make them prefer their own condition."

"The business of an òrator is not to convince, but to persuade; not to infórm, but ròuse the mind; to build upon the habitual préjudices of mankìnd (for rèason of itself will do nothing); and to add feèling to préjudice, and action to feeling."

“At léngth, sòme píty wärmed the master's breast;
('Twas then his threshold fírst received a guest)
Slow creaking turns the door with jealous cáre,
And hálf he welcomes in the shivering pàir."

There are certain colloquial phrases which the reader is apt to class with the parenthesis, but which do not properly belong to it. These occur in such passages as the Story of Le Fevre, in which the familiar phrases, "says he," "says the landlord," "added the corporal," are frequent; all of which are to be read elliptically, that is, without modulation, running them into the inflection of the preceding member.

The Principle of the Parenthesis recommends itself to the particular notice of the student on this account, that it takes up the intermediate members of sentences; those to which the preceding rules do not apply. They refer chiefly to concluding members, or to certain well-defined introductory divisions about which there can be no misapprehension, as in the Suspension; whereas Principle Fifth applies entirely to the loose intermediate clauses; those numerous insertions that serve to compose the body of a sentence. These, if of a purely explanatory character, are all parenthetical, by whatever punctuation they are denoted, and must be read accordingly.

The following Extracts exemplify this Principle, in which the parenthetical division may occasionally be detected without the parenthetical curves—the dash or comma being now more generally substituted.


My uncle Toby was a man patient of ìnjuries—not from wánt of courage-I have told you in a fórmer chapter that he wàs a man of coúrage: and I will add hére, that where just occasions presénted or called it fórth, I know nò man under whose arm I would have sooner taken shèlter. Nor did this arise from any insènsibility or obtùseness of his intellectual párts, for he felt as féelingly as a man could dò. But he was of a peaceful, plácid nàture; no jàrring élement ìn him: all was mixed up so kíndly with him, my uncle Toby had scarce a heart to retaliate upon a flỳ.

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