Obrázky stránek

love and discourse; and apply herself to mány different éxercises and ùses."

The distinction of Simple and Compound Series is unnecessary; as is also still more that of the Series of Serieses. The understood principle of the Harmonic Inflection serves all the purpose of the former-the latter occurs so rarely as to require no special notice.

When the several particulars of a Series rise in importance, each member increasing in sense or argument, it then assumes the character of a Climax, and requires a proportional increase of voice and modulation. "Queen Mary was of a height that rose to the majèstic; she danced, she walked, and róde with équal gràce." "In her family, in her court, in her kingdom, Elizabeth remained équally mìstress."

The student will perceive that the rule of the Series is of little practical use as a separate Principle, its modulations being all reducible to those of the previous rules, taken in connection with Principle Seventh.

Exercises on Principle Sixth :


There are few pèrsonages in history who have been more exposed to the càlumny of énemies and the adulation of friends, than Queen Elizabeth; and yet there scarce is any whose reputátion has been more cèrtainly determined by the unanimous consent of postèrity. The unúsual lèngth of her administration, and the strong features of her character, were able to overcome áll prèjudices; and oblíging her detràctors to abate much of their invectives, and her admirers sòmewhat of their pánegyrics, have, at lást, in spite of political factions, and what is more, of religious animósities, produced a ùniform júdgment with regard to her cònduct. Her vígour, her constancy, her magnanímity, her penetrátion, vìgilance, and addréss, are allowed to merit the highest pràises, and appear not to have been surpassed by any person that ever filled a thròne: a conduct lèss rígorous, lèss impérious, mòre sincére, more indulgent to her people, would have been requisite

to form a pérfect character. By the force of her mínd, she controlled all her more active and stronger qualities, and prevented them from rúnning into excèss. Her héroism was exempted from all temèrity, her frugálity from àvarice, her friendship from partiàlity, her enterprises from túrbulence and vain ambition; she guarded not herself, with èqual cáre or èqual succéss, from lèss infirmities: the rivalship of beaùty, the desire of admiràtion; the jealousy of love, and the sállies of ànger.

Her singular talents for government were founded equally on her témper, and on her capacity. Endowed with a great command over herself, she soon obtained an uncontrolled ascendant over the people; and while she merited all their esteem by her réal virtues, she also engaged their affection by her pretènded ōnes. Few sovereigns of England succeeded to the throne in more difficult círcumstances, and none ever conducted the government with such uniform success and felicity. Though unacquainted with the practice of tolerátion, the true secret for managing relígious fāctions, she preserved her people by her supèrior prúdence from those confusions in which theològical cóntroversy had involved all the neighbouring nàtions: and though her enemies were the most powerful princes of Europe, the most active, the most enterprísing, the least scrúpulous, she was able by her vígour to make deep impressions on their stàtes; her own greatness, meanwhile, remaining untouched and unimpàired.

The wise mínisters and bràve warriors who floùrished during her reign, share the praise of her succéss; but, instead of lessening the applause due to her, they make great addition tò it. They owed, all of them, their advancement to her chòice; they were supported by her cònstancy; and, with all their ability, they were never able to acquire an undue ascéndant òver her. In her family, in her court, in her kingdom, she remained equally mistress. The force of the tender passions was great over her, but the force of her mind was still supèrior; and the combat which her victory visibly cost her, serves only to display the firmness of her resolútion, and the lóftiness of her ambitious sèntiments.

The fame of this princess, though it has surmounted the prejudices both of faction and of bigotry, yet lies still exposed to another prejudice, which is mòre dúrable, because móre nàtural; and whích, according to the different views in which we survey her, is capable either of exàlting beyond méasure, or dimìnishing

the lustre of her character. This prejudice is founded on the consideration of her sèx. When we contemplate her as a woman, we are apt to be struck with the highest admiration of her qualities and extensive capacity; but we are also apt to require some more softness of disposition, some greáter lènity of témper, some of those àmiable weaknesses by which her sex is distinguished. But the true method of estimating her merit, is to lay aside all thése considèrations, and to consider her merely as a rátional bèing, placed in authority, and entrusted with the government of mankind. We may find it difficult to reconcile our fancy to her as a wife, or a mistress; but her quàlities as a sóvereign, though with some considerable excéptions, are the object of undisputed applause and approbàtion.-Hume.

Heavens! what a goodly prospect spreads around,
Of hills and dales, and woods and lawns, and spires,
And glittering towns and gilded streams, till all
The stretching landscape into smoke decays!
Happy Britannia! where the Queen of Arts,
Inspiring vigour, Liberty abroad

Walks, unconfin'd, even to thy farthest cots,
And scatters plenty with unsparing hand.
Rich is thy soil, and merciful thy clime;
Thy streams unfailing in the summer's drought;
Unmatch'd thy guardian oaks; thy valleys float
With golden waves; and on thy mountains, flocks
Bleat numberless; while roving round their sides,
Bellow the blackening herds in lusty droves,
Beneath, thy meadows grow, and rise unquell'd
Against the mower's scythe. On every hand
Thy villas shine. Thy country teams with wealth;
And property assures it to the swain,

Pleased and unwearied, in his guarded toil.

Full are thy cities with the sons of Art;

And Trade and Joy in every busy street,
Mingling are heard; even Drudgery himself,
As at the car he sweats, or dusty hews

The palace stone, looks gay. Thy crowded ports,
Where rising masts an endless prospect yield,
With labour burn, and echo to the shouts
Of hurried sailor, as he hearty waves
His last adieu, and, loosening every sheet,
Resigns the spreading vessel to the wind.
Bold, firm, and graceful are thy generous youth,
By hardship sinew'd, and by danger fired,
Scattering the nations where they go: and first,
Or on the listed plain, or stormy seas.
Mild are thy glories, too, as o'er the plans
Of thriving peace thy thoughtful sires preside,
In genius and substantial learning high;
For every virtue, every worth renown'd;
Sincere, plain-hearted, hospitable, kind;

Yet, like the mustering thunder, when provok'd,
The dread of tyrants, and the sole resource
Of those that under grim oppression groan.
Thy sons of glory many! Alfred thine,
In whom the splendour of heroic war,
And more heroic peace, when govern'd well,
Combine! whose hallow'd name the Virtues saint;
And his own Muses love; the best of kings.
With him thy Edwards and thy Henrys shine—
Names dear to fame; the first who deep impress'd
On haughty Gaul the terror of thy arms,
That awes her genius still. In statesmen thou,
And patriots fertile: Thine a steady More,
Who, with a generous, though mistaken zeal,
Withstood a brutal tyrant's direful rage;
Like Cato firm, like Aristides just,
Like rigid Cincinnatus nobly poor,

A dauntless soul erect, who smiled on death.
A Hampden too is thine, illustrious land!
Wise, strenuous, firm, of unsubmitting soul,
Who stemm'd the torrent of a downward age,
To slavery prone, and bade thee rise again,
In all thy native pomp of freedom bold.
Thine is a Bacon; hapless in his choice;
Unfit to stand the civil storm of state,

And through the smooth barbarity of courts,
With firm but pliant virtue, forward still

To urge his course; him for the studious shade
Kind nature form'd, deep, comprehensive, clear,
Exact and elegant: in one rich soul,

Plato, the Stagyrite, and Tully join'd.
Let Newton, pure intelligence, whom God
To mortals lent to trace his boundless works
From laws sublimely simple, speak thy fame
In all philosophy. For lofty sense,
Creative fancy, and inspection keen,

Through the deep windings of the human heart,
Is not wild Shakspeare thine and Nature's boast!
Is not each great, each amiable Muse,

Of classic ages in thy Milton met?
A genius universal as his theme;
Astonishing as chaos, as the bloom

Of blooming Eden fair, as Heaven sublime!
May my song soften, as thy daughters I,
Britannia, hail! for beauty is their own,
The feeling heart, simplicity of life,
And elegance, and taste; the faultless form,
Shaped by the hand of harmony; the cheek,
Where the live crimson, through the native white
Soft shooting, o'er the face diffuses bloom,
And every nameless grace; the parted lip,
Like the red rosebud moist with morning dew,
Breathing delight; and under flowing jet;
Or sunny ringlets, or of circling brown,
The neck slight shaded, and the swelling breast;
The look resistless, piercing to the soul,
And by the soul inform'd, when dress'd in love,
She sits high smiling in the conscious eye.
Island of bliss! amid the subject seas,
That thunder round thy rocky coasts, set up,
At once the wonder, terror, and delight
Of distant nations; whose remotest shores
Can soon be shaken by thy naval arm;
Not to be shook thyself, but all assaults
Baffling, as thy hoar-cliff the loud sea wave.

« PředchozíPokračovat »