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-on colonization in Africa. Exempty. To Mr. Livingston-Roads and ment. To Major Cartwright on the 1 of La Fayette in the United States nal Joy. Donation suggested by Mr.
ERRATA TO VOL. I.
Page 103, line 4, for prescribe, read proscribe.
116, 5, for uninterruptible, read uninterrupted.
10, after France, insert he.
2, for (A p. 77,] read (A p. 79.]
farther grants from the Legislature.
Letters to Mr. Giles coneerning Presi: Madison. His pecuniary difficulties. es to the Legislature for leare to dispose
His hopes of the University. Letter rinciples of National Law. Plan of his
Other schemes of relief attempted. hington. His last illness and death,
ERRATA TO VOL. II.
of South Carolina and Louisiana. and Debts. His Descendants. His
Page 2, line 23, for directors, read directory.
ment to have,
» 27, insert In, before The.
» 29, before never, insert we. 26, , 16, for their, read its.
14, dele it. 34,
1, dele have.
4, dele not.
» 20, for it, read he. 82,
» note, for Appendix C., read Appendix B. 95, 1, read which was made an object of their earnest wishes, as
6 of note, read more than one parody was written.
for has, read had.
Page 118, line 9, before secured, insert it.
2, for with, read within.
17, dele and, 123,
9, after proposes, insert to add. 124, last, for learnt of the, read learnt the. 152, 10, read others offered by Mr. Breckenridge of Kentucky,
and authorizing the President, &c. 158, 14, for merely, read really.
19, read urges on them.
20, for of, read by. 170,
5 from bottom, dele the. 219, 8, for literal, read liberal.
7, for convential, read conventional.
18, for were read was. 231, 30, dele then. 240, 10, read was not however received until Monday the 26th by
the House, where it met with a very different fate.
insert it. 1 within.
LIFE OF THOMAS JEFFERSON.
s, insert to add. of the, read learnt the. offered by Mr. Breckenridge of Kentucky, worizing the President, &c. read really. n them. y.
ut however received until Monday the 26th by se, where it met with a very different fate.
Difficulties of the New Administration. Mr. Jefferson's friendly ad
vances towards Mr. Adams. The recommendations of his new office. His arrival in Philadelphia. Interview with the President. Letter to Mr, Madison on Public Affairs. State of Parties--their foreign predilections. Mr. Adams's Cabinet. Letter to Colonel Burr. The Government sends envoys to France. Mr. Jefferson consults Mr. Madison concerning the letter to Mazzei. Appointed President of the American Philosophical Society.
We have seen that Mr. Jefferson, in noticing the recent election to his friends, always spoke of its result as a matter of congratulation rather than of regret, and that the chief reason which he assigned for his satisfaction was the very embarrassed state of our foreign affairs. Nor did he overrate their difficulties. From the moment of Mr. Jay's mission to England, symptoms of jealousy and mistrust were manifested by the French government, that the treaty was dictated by a wish to form a closer connexion with England, and that its consequences would be injurious to the interests of France and her influence in the United States. When that treaty moreover was concluded, and it was seen that the fears previously entertained were confirmed, and that a large part_apparently a majority, of the nation-disap
proved it, the French government no longer concealed its i dissatisfaction.
Whilst one of the grounds of complaint against the administration was, their want of attachment to France, and their leaning towards England, it was natural for the French government to adopt the same feelings, if from no other motive, for the sake of preserving and increasing their influence in the United States. And although Mr. Genet's intemperate course was not justified, yet the spirit which dictated it was transmitted to his successors, and they endeavoured, by more discreet means, to keep alive all that popular favour towards France and her cause, and hatred of her great rival and enemy, which the people of this country had recently evinced. There had therefore never been a cessation of remonstrance and complaint against some of the measures of the administration; nor any occasion lost of paying court to the people; nor of inflaming their prejudice against Great Britain. It was no doubt intended as a stroke of policy to counteract this discontent, that Mr. Munroe, who was known to be warmly attached to the French revolution, the confidential friend of Jefferson, and one of the opponents of the administration, had received his appointment.
The measure had its intended effect; but the benefit was merely temporary. The directors reiterated the complaints which their friends here had made against the British treaty, and pressed them with so much earnestness that we see not how the United States could take any course which must not either openly violate the treaty, or exasperate the French government, and alienate their friends in the United States.
The blame of this state of things was thrown by many on the unwise councils of the government, which were attributed to its predilection for Great Britain over France. But they seem rather due to the conflict between those nations ; for when we consider the bitter animosity which was felt by both
THE LIFE OF THOMAS JEFFERSON.
THE LIFE OF THOMAS JEFFERSON.
e of the grounds of complaint against the adwas, their want of attachment to France, and towards England, it was natural for the French to adopt the same feelings, if from no other he sake of preserving and increasing their inne United States. And although Mr. Genet's course was not justified, yet the spirit which as transmitted to his successors, and they eny more discreet means, to keep alive all that ur towards France and her cause, and hatred of al and enemy, which the people of this country evinced. There had therefore never been a ces. monstrance and complaint against some of the
the administration; nor any occasion lost of t to the people; nor of inflaming their prejudice at Britain. It was no doubt intended as a stroke
counteract this discontent, that Mr. Munroe,
nations, it was scarcely practicable how the government could have steered clear of a war with either England or France, and the question only to be considered was, which would have most affected the honour, and most impeded the prosperity, of the country. Had the government not firmly resisted and diligently counteracted the popular sentiment towards France, or had not many of the causes of collision been removed by the British treaty, a war with England would have been inevitable; but after that treaty, no course of mere neutrality would probably have restored the confidence and friendly feelings of France. In short, encouraged by the known partiality of the American people, nothing would have satisfied France apparently, but war against Great Britain : and her unfriendly sentiments were yet further excited by the recall of Mr. Munroe, whose only offence was supposed to be his too kind feelings towards France.
Mr. Jefferson showed his aversion to ceremony and parade, by requesting one of the senators from Virginia to dispense with the practice, which had been observed on a former occasion, of sending a special deputation to notify his election. He thinks that it would always be better to make the communication by the post, as the least troublesome, the quickest, and the surest.
He notices on the same day to Mr. Madison, the doubts which had been expressed as to the validity of the Vermont election, and expresses a wish that Mr. Madison would declare that on every occasion, foreseen or not foreseen by him, he was in favour of the choice of the people, substantially expressed, and anxious to prevent “the phenomenon of a pseudo-president at so early a day.” In a subsequent letter to the same gentleman he reciprocates the feelings of friendship which he learns that Mr. Adams has expressed towards him; but adds, “ as to participating in the administration, if by that he meant the Executive Cabinet, both duty and
jwn to be warmly attached to the French revoconfidential friend of Jefferson, and one of the f the administration, had received his appoint
ure had its intended effect; but the benefit was sorary. The directors reiterated the complaints friends here had made against the British treaty,
them with so much earnestness that we see 2
United States could take any course which her openly violate the treaty, or exasperate the rnment, and alienate their friends in the United
of this state of things was thrown by many on incils of the government, which were attributed ition for Great Britain over France. But they ue to the conflict between those nations ; for der the bitter animosity which was felt by both