Taking Nature Into Account: A Report to the Club of Rome : Toward a Sustainable National Income
Springer Science & Business Media, 1995 - Počet stran: 332
Indicators used to direct ecomonic policy (GDP, national income, etc.) are based on a number of factors ß but nowhere in their calculation is there an acknowledgement of the degradation of natural resources. The numbers may look good, but continued deterioration of the environment is leading us closer to crises; meanwhile, policymakers and the public are basing decisions on dangerously incomplete information. In Taking Nature into Account, a number of the world's leading experts make the ethical, historical, economic, and ecological arguments for including environmental factors when measuring fiscal health. Initiated by the Club of Rome (an international group of influential businesspeople, statesmen, and scientists), and written in cooperation with the World Wide Fund for Nature, the report reviews existing methodologies and makes recommendations for adjusting the way we think about and measure the economy.
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achieve approach assessment billion calculated Chapter Club of Rome concept consumption curve defensive expenditures degradation depletion depreciation developing countries ecological Economic Accounting economic activities economic growth economists emissions energy environmental accounting environmental costs environmental functions environmental sustainability environmentally adjusted estimate factors Figure flow forests framework global gross Hueting human impact implementation important improve increase indicators industrial inputs Institute Integrated Environmental intermediate consumption investment ISEW loss measures ment methodologies monetary National Accounts national income national product natural capital natural environment natural resources net domestic product nomic nonproduced natural assets output percent physical policies pollution population problems progress reflect ronmental scarcity sector SEEA Serafy social statistical sustainable development Sustainable National Income System of National tion trade U.N. Handbook United Nations user cost valuation value added wealth World Bank