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NICARAGUA.

1867. TREATY OF FRIENDSHIP, COMMERCE, AND NAVIGATION, AND AS TO

ISTHMIAN TRANSIT. Concluded June 21, 1867; ratification advised by the Senate January 20, 1868; ratified by the President February 7, 1868; ratifications exchanged June 20, 1868; proclaimed August 13, 1868. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 779.)

This treaty, containing twenty-one articles, denounced by Nicaragua to take effect October 24, 1902.

1870.

EXTRADITION CONVENTION. Concluded June 25, 1870; ratification advised by the Senate with

1871; ratifications exchanged June 24, 1871; proclaimed September 19, 1871. "(Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 787.)

This treaty, containing seven articles, denounced by Nicaragua to take effect April 24, 1902.

1900. PROTOCOL WITH NICARAGUA FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF AN INTER

OCEANIC CANAL.

Concluded December 1, 1900. It is agreed between the two Governments that when the President of the United States is authorized by law to acquire control of such

ble and necessary on which to construct and protect a canal of depth and capacity sufficient for the passage of vessels of the greatest tonnage and draft now in use, from a point near San Juan del Norte on the Caribbean Sea, via Lake Nicaragua to Brito on the Pacific Ocean, they mutually engage to enter into negotiations with each other to settle the plan and the agreements, in detail, found necessary to accomplish the construction and to provide for the ownership and control of the proposed canal.

As preliminary to such future negotiations it is forth with agreed that the course of said canal and the terminals thereof shall be the same that were stated in a treaty signed by the plenipotentiaries of the United States and Great Britain on February 5, 1900, and now pending in the Senate of the United States for confirmation, and that the provisions of the same shall be adhered to by the United States and Nicaragua.

In witness whereof, the undersigned have signed this protocol and have hereunto affixed their seals. Done in duplicate at Washington, this first day of December, 1900.

JOHN HAY [SEAL.]
LUIS F. COREA (SEAL.]

NORTH GERMAN UNION.

(SEE ALSO GERMAN EMPIRE AND PRUSSIA.)

1868.

NATURALIZATION CONVENTION.

Concluded February 22, 1868; ratification advised by the Senate with

amendment March 26, 1868; ratified by the President March 30, 1868; ratifications exchanged May 9, 1868; proclaimed May 27, 1868.

, , 790.

ARTICLES. I. Naturalization recognized.

IV. Renunciation of naturalization. II. Punishment for offenses prior to V. Duration. naturalization.

VI. Ratification. III. Extradition.

The President of the United States of America and His Majesty the King of Prussia in the name of the North German Confederation, led by the wish to regulate the citizenship of those persons who emigrate from the North German Confederation to the United States of America, and from the United States of America to the territory of the North German Confederation, have resolved to treat on this subject, and have for that purpose appointed plenipotentiaries to conclude a convention, that is to say:

The President of the United States of America, George Bancroft, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from the said States near the King of Prussia and the North German Confederation, and his Majesty the King of Prussia, Bernhard König, Privy Councillor of Legation, who have agreed to and signed the following articles:

ARTICLE 1.

Citizens of the North German Confederation who become naturalized citizens of the United States of America and shall have resided uninterruptedly within the United States five years shall be held by the North German Confederation to be American citizens and shall be treated as such.

Reciprocally; citizens of the United States of America who become naturalized citizens of the North German Confederation and shall have resided uninterruptedly within North Germany five years shall be held by the United States to be North German citizens, and shall be treated as such. The declaration of an intention to become a citizen of the one or the other country has not for either party the effect of naturalization.

This article shall apply as well to those already naturalized in either country as those hereafter naturalized.

a Terlinden v. Ames, 184 U. S., 270.

ARTICLE 2.

A naturaiized citizen of the one party on return to the territory of the other party remains liable to trial and ponishment for an action punishable by the laws of his original country and committed before his emigration; saving always the limitations established by the laws of his original country.

ARTICLE 3

The convention for the mutual delivery of criminals, fugitives from justice, in certain cases, concluded between the United States on the one part and Prussia and other states of Germany on the other part, the sixteenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two, is hereby extended to all the states of the North German Confederation.

ARTICLE 4.

If a German naturalized in America renews his residence in North Germany without the intent to return to America, he sball be held to have renounced his naturalization in the United States. Reciprocally: if an American naturalized in North Germany renews his residence in the United States, without the intent to return to North Germany he shall be held to have renounced his naturalization in North Germany. The intent not to return may be held to exist when the person naturalized in the one country resides more than two years in the other country.

ARTICLE 5.

The present convention shall go into effect immediately on the exchange of ratifications and shall continue in force for ten years. If

of its intention then to terminate the same, it shall further remain in force until the end of twelve months after either of the contracting parties shall have given notice to the other of such intention."

ARTICLE 6.

The present Convention shall be ratified by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, and by His Majesty the King of Prussia in the name of the North German Confederation; and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Berlin within six months from the date hereof.

In faith whereof the Plenipotentiaries have signed and sealed this Convention. BERLIN, the 22nd of February, 1868.

GEORGE BANCROFT [SEAL.]

BERNHARD KÖNIG (SEAL.) S. Doc. 318, 58-2438

NORWAY
(SEE SWEDEN AND NORWAY.)

1893.

EXTRADITION CONVENTION. Concluded June 7, 1893; ratification advised by the Senate November

1, 1893; ratified by the President November 3, 1893; ratifications exchanged November 8, 1893; proclaimed November 9, 1893. (U.S. Stats., vol. 28, p. 1187.)

ARTICLES,

III. Procedure.
IV. Provisional detention.

V. Nondelivery of citizens.
VI. Political offenses.
VII. Limitations.

VIII. Prior offenses.
IX. Property seized with fugitives.
X. Persons claimed by other coun-

tries.
XI. Expenses.
XII. Duration; ratification.

The United States of America and His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, being desirous to confirm their friendly relations and to promote the cause of justice, have resolved to conclude a new treaty for the extradition of fugitives from justice between the United States

purpose the following Plenipotentiaries:

The President of the United States of America, W. Q. GRESHAM, Secretary of State of the United States, and

His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, J. A. W. GRIP, His Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States, who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:

ARTICLE I.

The Government of the United States and the Government of Norway mutually agree to deliver up persons who, having been charged with or convicted of any of the crimes and offenses specified in the following article, committed within the jurisdiction of one of the contracting parties, shall seek an asylum or be found within the territories of the other: Provided, that this shall only be done upon such evidence of criminalty as, according to the laws of the place where the fugitive or person so charged shall be found, would justify his or her apprehension and commitment for trial if the crime or offense had been there committed.

ARTICLE II.

Extradition shall be granted for the following crimes and offenses:

1. Murder, comprehending assassination, parricide, infanticide and poisoning; attempt to commit murder; manslaughter, when voluntary.

2. Arson.

3. Robbery, defined to be the act of feloniously and forcibly taking from the. person of another money or goods, by violence or putting him in fear; burglary.

4. Forgery, or the utterance of forged papers; the forgery or falsification of official acts of government, of public authorities, or of courts of justice, or the utterance of the thing forged or falsified.

5. The counterfeiting, falsifying or altering of money, whether coin or paper, or of instruments of debt created by national, state, provincial, or municipal governments, or of coupons thereof, or of bank notes, or the utterance or circulation of the same; or the counterfeiting, falsifying or altering of seals of state.

6. Embezzlement by public officers; embezzlement by persons hired or salaried, to the detriment of their employers; larceny.

7. Fraud or breach of trust by a bailee, banker, agent, factor, trustee, or other person acting in a fiduciary capacity, or director or member or officer of any company, when such act is made criminal by the laws of both countries and the amount of money or the value of the property misappropriated is not less than $200 or Kroner 740.

8. Perjury; subornation of perjury. 9. Rape; abduction; kidnapping.

10. Willful and unlawful destruction or obstruction of railroads which endangers human life.

11. Crimes committed at sea:
(a) Piracy, by statute or by the law of nations.

(6) Revolt, or conspiracy to revolt, by two or more persons on board a ship on the high seas against the authority of the master.

(c) Wrongfully sinking or destroying a vessel at sea, or attempting to do so.

(d) Assaults on board a ship on the high seas with intent to do grievous bodily harm.

12. Crimes and offenses against the laws of both countries for the

Extradition is also to take place for participation in any of the crimes and offenses mentioned in this Treaty, provided such partici

Norway by imprisonment at hard labor.

ARTICLE III.

Requisitions for the surrender of fugitives from justice shall be made by the diplomatic agents of the contracting parties, or in the absence of these from the country or its seat of government, may be made by the superior consular officers.

If the person whose extradition is requested shall have been convicted of a crime or offense, a duly authenticated copy of the sentence of the court in which he was convicted, or if the fugitive is merely charged with crime, å duly authenticated copy of the warrant of arrest in the country where the crime has been committed, and of the depositions or other evidence upon which such warrant was issued, shall be produced.

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