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ARTICLE VIII. These provisions apply only to the documents and works published after the date of the present Convention.
ARTICLE IX. The States which have not taken part in the present Convention are admitted to adhere to it on their request.
This adhesion will be notified diplomatically to the Belgian Government and by that Government to all the other signatory States.
ARTICLE X. The present Convention will be ratified and the ratifications will be exchanged at Brussels, as soon as practicable. It is concluded for ten years, from the day of the exchange of ratifications, and it will remain in force beyond that time, so long as one of the Governments shall not have declared six months in advance that it renounces it.
In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have thereunto affixed their seals. Done at Brussels in eight copies the 15th of March, 1886.
LAMBERT TREE [SEAL.]
SEAL. ALPHONSE RIVIER (SEAL.]
1886. CONVENTION FOR THE IMMEDIATE EXCHANGE OF OFFICIAL JOURNALS,
PARLIAMENTARY ANNALS, AND DOCUMENTS. Concluded at Brussels March 15, 1886; ratification advised by the
Senate June 18, 1888; ratified by the President July 19, 1888; ratifications ecchanged January 14, 1889; proclaimed January 15, 1889. (U. S. Stats., vol. 25, p. 1469.)
journals, parliamentary annals, III. Ratification; duration.
The President of the United States of America, Mr. Lambert Tree, Minister Resident of the United States of America at Brussels,
His Majesty the King of the Belgians, The Prince de Caraman, His Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the Chevalier de Moreau, His Minister of Agriculture, Industry and Public Works,
His Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, The Count de Villeneuve, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the Belgians,
Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain, Mr. de Tavira, Chargé d'Affaires, ad interim, of Spain at Brussels.
His Majesty the King of Italy, The Marquis Maffei, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the Belgians,
His Majesty the King of Portugal and of the Algarves, the Baron de Sant'Anna, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of His Very Faithful Majesty,
His Majesty the King of Servia, Mr. Marinovitch, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near His Majesty the King of the Belgians.
Who, after having communicated between themselves their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles:
Independently of the obligations which result from Article 2 of the General Convention of this day, relative to the exchange of official documents and of scientific and literary publications, the respective Governments undertake to have transmitted to the legislative chambers of each contracting State, as fast as their publication, a copy of the Official Journal as well as of the parliamentary Annals and Documents, which are given publicity.
The States which have not taken part in the present Convention are admitted to adhere thereto on their request.
This adhesion will be notified diplomatically to the Belgian Government, and by that Government to all the other signatory States.
The present Convention will be ratified and the ratifications will be exchanged at Brussels as soon as practicable. It is concluded for ten years from the day of the exchange of the ratifications and it will remain in force beyond that time, so long as one of the Governments shall not have declared six months in advance that it renounces it.
In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have thereunto affixed their seals. Done at Brussels, in seven copies the 15th of March, 1886.
LAMBERT TREE SEAL.
SEAL. Bon DE SANT ANNA SEAL. J. MARINOVITCH (SEAL
GENERAL ACT FOR THE REPRESSION OF AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE. Signed July 2, 1890; ratification advised by the Senate January 11,
1892; ratified by the President January 19, 1892; ratification deposited with Belgian Government February 2, 1892; proclaimed April 2, 1892. (U. S. Stats., Vol. 27, p. 886.)
(The original of this treaty is in the French language and the text here given is from the translation submitted to the Senate and attached to the proclamation.)
CHAPTER I.—Slave-trade countries.—Measures to be taken in the places of origin.
I. Measures to counteract slave IX. Regulations for use of firetrade.
arms. II. Duties of stations, cruisers,
X. Transit of arms and ammuand posts.
nition. III. Support of powers.
XI. Information to be furnished. IV. National associations.
XII. Legislation to punish ofLegislation to be enacted.
fenders. VI. Return of liberated slaves.
XIII. Prevention of introduction VII. Protection of fugitive slaves.
of firearms. VIII. Importation of firearms pro
XIV. Duration of firearms provihibited.
CHAPTER II.-Caravan routes and transportation of slaves by land.
XV. Stoppage of convoys. XVI. Posts on caravan routes. XVII. Prevention of sales, etc.
XVIII. Care of liberated slaves.
CHAPTER III.— Repression of slave trade by sea.
Section 1.—General provisions.
XXVII. International Bureau at
war. XXIV. Effect of present conventions.. XXIX. Release of slaves on native XXV. Unlawful use of flag.
vessels. XXVI. Exchange of information.
Section II.- Regulations concerning the use of the flags and supervision by cruisers. 1. Rules for granting the flag to native vessels, and as to crew lists and manifests
of black passengers on board. XXX. Control over native vessels. I XXXVII. Entry of vessels. XXXI. Definition of native vessels. XXXVIII. Negro passengers not alXXXII. Native vessels which may
lowed on native vessels. carry flag.
XXXIX. Vessels excepted. XXXIII. Renewal of authority.
XL. Forfeiture of license.
XLI. Forms to be issued.
2.—The stopping of suspected vessels.
XLVII. Report of detentions. XLIII. Boarding.
XLVIII. Communication to InternaXLIV. Papers to be examined.
tional Bureau. XLV. Examination of cargo.
XLIX. Disposal of seized vessels. XLVI. Minute of boarding officer.
3.-Of the examination and trial of vessels seized.
cisions. LV. Choice of arbitrators.
CHAPTER IV.-Countries to which slaves are sent, whose institutions recognize the
existence of domestic slavery.
LXII. Prohibition of slave trade. LXIII. Disposition
LXIX. Assistance by Shah of Per
LXV. Sales declared void.
and consular officers. LXXII. Liberation office. LXXIII. Exchange of statistics.
CHAPTER V.-Institutions intended to insure the execution of the general act.
Section 1.-Of the international maritime office. LXXIV. International office at Zanzi- LXXVII. Objects. bar.
LXXVIII. Archives; translations. LXXV. Organization.
LXIX. Branch offices. LXXVI. Expenses.
LXXX. Annual reports.
Section II.–Of the exchange between the Governments of documents and informa
tion relative to the slave trade.
LXXXI. Exchange of information. LXXXII. Central exchange office. LXXXIII. Reports from Zanzibar of
Section II1.-Of the protection of liberated slaves.
children. LXXXIX. Protection of freed slaves.
CHAPTER VI.—Measures to restrict the traffic in spirituous liquors.
XC. Prohibited zone.
XCIII. Excise duty.
CHAPTER VII.-Final provisions.
XCVI. Contrary stipulations re
IN THE NAME OF GOD ALMIGHTY.
The President of the United States of America;
the German Empire; His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, &c., and
Apostolic King of Hungary; His Majesty the King of the Belgians; His Majesty the King of Denmark; His Majesty the King of Spain, and in his name Her Majesty the
Queen Regent of the Kingdom; His Majesty the Sovereign of the Independent State of the Congo; The President of the French Republic; Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland, Empress of India; His Majesty the King of Italy; His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxem
burg; His Majesty the Shah of Persia; His Majesty the King of Portugal and the Algarves, &c.; His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias; His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, &c.; His Majesty the Emperor of the Ottomans; and His Highness, the Sultan of Zanzibar; Being equally actuated by the firm intention of putting an an end
slaves, of efficiently protecting the aboriginal population of Africa, and of securing for that vast continent the benefits of peace and civilization;
Wishing to give fresh sanction to the decisions already adopted in the same sense and at different times by the powers, to complete the results secured by them, and to draw up a body of measures guaranteeing the accomplishment of the work which is the object of their
Have resolved, in pursuance of the invitation addressed to them by the Government of His Majesty the King of the Belgians, in agreement with the Government of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India, to convene for this purpose a conference at Brussels, and have named as their plenipotentiaries: THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Mr. Edwin H. Terrell, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo
tentiary of the United States of America near His Majesty the
King of the Belgians, and Mr. Heury Shelton Sanford; Ilis MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF GERMANY, KING OF PRUSSIA, IN THE
NAME OF THE GERMAN EMPIRE, Frederic John, Count of Alvensleben, His Chamberlain and Actual
Privy Councillor, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni
potentiary near His Majesty the King of the Belgians, and Mr. William Goehring, His Privy Councillor of Legation, Consul
General of the German Empire at Amsterdam; HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA, KING OF BOHEMIA AND
APOSTOLIC KING OF HUNGARY,
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near his Majesty the