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2. As regards the payment of the quotas of the contracting parties:
The delegates declare that it shall take place at Brussels during the first quarter of each fiscal year in coin that is a legal tender in Belgium.
3. As regards the date at which the Convention is to go into operation, which has been fixed at April 1st, 1891:
The delegates declare that it shall, if possible, be preceded by a notification of definite adhesion on the part of the Governments interested; that this formality is, nevertheless, not indispensable, and that the countries by whose representatives this Convention has been signed shall be kept on the list of adherents unless they shall, on or before April 1st, 1891, have formally expressed the intention of withdrawing.
In testimony whereof, the delegates have affixed their signatures to these final declarations.
Done at Brussels, July the 5th, one thousand eight hundred and ninety.
For the Argentine Republic, For the United States of America,
CARLOS CALVO Y CAPDEVILA. EDWIN H. TERRELL—ad referFor Austria-Hungary,
For France and her Colonies, For Belgium,
A. BOURÉE. - LAMBERMONT,
For Great Britain and sundry LEON BIEBUYCK,
British Colonies, KEBERS.
MARTIN GOSSELIN, For Bolivia,
A. E. BATEMAN. JOAQUIN CASO.
For British India, For Chili,
A. E. BATEMAN.
For West Australia,
MANUEL M. DE PERALTA. For the Cape of Good Hope,
A. E. BATEMAN.
J. G. DE AGÜERA.
A. E. BATEMAN.
FRANCIS DILLON BELL. For Queensland,
A. E. BATEMAN. For Newfoundland,
A. E. BATEMAN. For Victoria,
GRAHAM BERRY. For Greece,
P. MULLE. For Guatemala,
G. DE DEKEN.
J. DE RENZIS.
EDM. VAN DEN WYNGAERT. For Nicaragua,
J. F. MEDINA.
L. E. UYTTENHOOVEN.
Fco. SUSVIELA GUARCH.
LUIS LOPEZ MENDEZ.
1901. FINAL PROTOCOL ENTERED INTO BETWEEN THE PLENIPOTENTIARIES
OF VARIOUS POWERS AT THE CONCLUSION OF THE SO-CALLED
“BOXER” TROUBLES IN 1900. Concluded at Peking, September 7, 1901. (Appendix, For. Rel. l'. S.,
VII. Legation quarter.
IX. Points occupied. (b) Suspension of official exami- X. Publication of imperial edicts. nations.
XI. Amendments to commercial treaIII. Assassination of Japanese chan
ties; improvement of rivers. cellor.
XII. Office of Foreign Affairs; evacuaIV. Erection of monuments.
tion of Peking, etc. V. Importation of arms, etc.
FINAL PROTOCOL. The plenipotentiaries of Germany, His Excellency M. A. Mumm yon Schwarzenstein; of Austria-Hungary, Ilis Excellency M. M. Czikann von Wahlborn; of Belgium, Ilis Excellency M. Joostens; of Spain, M. B. J. de Cologan; of the United States, His Excellency M.
W. W. Rockhill; of France, His Exeellency M. Paul Beau; of Great Britain, His Excellency Sir Ernest Satow; of Italy, Marquis Salvago Raggi; of Japan, His Excellency M. Jutaro Komura; of the Netherlands, His Excellency M. F. M. Knobel; of Russia, His Excellency M. M. de Giers; and of China, His Highness Yi-K’uang Prince Ching of the first rank, President of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and His Excellency Li Hung-chang, Earl of Su-i of the first rank, Tutor of the Heir Apparent, Grand Secretary of the Wen-hua Throne Hall, Minister of commerce, Superintendent of the northern trade, Governor-General of Chihli, have met for the purpose of declaring that China has complied to the satisfaction of the Powers with the conditions laid down in the note of the 22d of December, 1900, and which were accepted in their entirety by His Majesty the Emperor of China in a decree dated the 27th of December. (Annex No. 1.)
ARTICLE I. By an Imperial Edict of the 9th of June last (Annex No. 2), Tsai Feng, Prince of Ch'ün, was appointed Ambassador of His Majesty the Emperor of China, and directed in that capacity to convey to His Majesty the German Emperor the expression of the regrets of His Majesty the Emperor of China and of the Chinese Government for the assassination of His Excellency the late Baron von Ketteler, German minister.
Prince Ch'ün left Peking the 12th of July last to carry out the orders which had been given him.
ARTICLE ID. The Chinese Government has stated that it will erect on the spot of the assassination of His Excellency the late Baron von Ketteler a commemorative monument, worthy of the rank of the deceased, and bearing an inscription in the Latin, German, and Chinese languages, which shall express the regrets of His Majesty the Emperor of China for the murder committed.
Their Excellencies the Chinese Plenipotentiaries have informed His Excellency the German Pienipotentiary, in a letter dated the 22nd of July last (Annex No. 3) that an arch of the whole width of the street would be erected on the said spot, and that work on it was begun the 25th of June last.
ARTICLE II". Imperial Edicts of the 13th and 21st of February, 1901 (Annexes Nos. 1, 5, and 6), inflicted the following punishments on the principal authors of the outrages and crimes committed against the foreign Governments and their nationals:
Tsai-I Prince Tuan and Tsai Lan Duke Fu-kuo were sentenced to be brought before the autumnal court of assize for execution, and it was agreed that if the Emperor saw fit to grant them their lives, they should be exiled to Turkestan and there imprisoned for life, without the possibility of commutation of these punishments.
Tsai Hsün Prince Chuang, Ying Nien, President of the Court of censors, and Chao Shu-Chiao, President of the Board of punishments, were condemned to commit snicide.
Yü lsien, Governor of Shanhshi, Chi Hsiu, President of the Board of rites, and Hsü Cheng-yu, formerly senior vice-President of the Board of punishments, were condemned to death.
Posthumous degradation was inflicted on Kang Yi, assistant Grand Secretary, President of the Board of works, Hsü Tung, Grand Secretary, and Li Ping-heng, formerly Governor-General of Szn-ch'uan.
An Imperial Edict of February 13th, 1901 (Annex No. 7), rehabilitated the memories of Hsü Yung-yi, President of the Board of war, Li Shan, President of the Board of works, Hsü Ching-cheng, senior vice-President of the Board of works, Lien Yuan, vice-Chancellor of the Grand Council, and Yuan Chang, vice-President of the Court of sacrifices, who had been put to death for having protested against the outrageous breaches of international law of last year.
Prince Chuang committed suicide the 21st of February, 1901, Ying Nien and Chao Shu-chiao the 24th, Yü Hsien was executed the 22nd, Chi Hsiu and Hsü Cheng-yu on the 26th. Tung Fu-hsiang, General in Kan-su, has been deprived of his office by Imperial Edict of the 13th of February, 1901, pending the determination of the final punishment to be inflicted on him.
Imperial Edicts dated the 29th of April and 19th of August, 1901, have inflicted various punishments on the provincial officials convicted of the crimes and outrages of last summer.
ARTICLE II.a An Imperial Edict promulgated the 19th of August, 1901 (Annex No. 8), ordered the suspension of official examinations for five years in all cities where foreigners were massacred or submitted to cruel treatment.
ARTICLE III. So as to make honorable reparation for the assassination of Mr. Sugiyama, chancellor of the Japanese legation, His Majesty the Emperor of China by an Imperial Edict of the 18th of June, 1901 (Annex No. 9), appointed Na-Tung, vice-President of the Board of revenue, to be his Envoy Extraordinary, and specially directed him to convey to His Majesty the Emperor of Japan the expression of the regrets of His Majesty the Emperor of China and of his Government at the assassination of the late Mr. Sugiyama.
The Chinese Government has agreed to erect an expiatory monument in each of the foreign or international cemeteries which were desecrated and in which the tombs were destroyed.
It has been agreed with the Representatives of the Powers that the legations interested shall settle the details for the erection of these monuments, China bearing all the expenses thereof, estimated at ten thousand taels for the cemeteries at Peking and within its neighborhood, and at five thousand taels for the cemeteries in the provinces, The amounts have been paid and the list of these cemeteries is enclosed herewith. (Annex No. 10.)
China has agreed to prohibit the importation into its territory of arms and ammunition, as well as of materials exclusively used for the manufacture of arms and ammunition.
An Imperial Edict has been issued on the 25th of August, 1901 (Annex No. 11), forbidding said importation for a term of two years. New Edicts may be issued subsequently extending this by other successive terms of two years in case of necessity recognized by the Powers.
ARTICLE VI. By an Imperial Edict dated the 29th of May, 1901 (Annex No. 12), His Majesty the Emperor of China agreed to pay the Powers an indemnity of four hundred and fifty millions of Haikwan Taels. This sum represents the total amount of the indemnities for States, companies or societies, private individuals, and Chinese referred to in Article VI of the note of December 22nd, 1900.
(a) These four hundred and fifty millions constitute a gold debt calculated at the rate of the Haikwan tael to the gold currency of each country, as indicated below. Haikwan tael=marks ...
3.055 =Austro-Hungary crown
3.595 =gold dollar.
3.750 =pound sterling
3s. Od. =yen
1.407 =Netherlands florin
1.796 =gold rouble (17.424 dolias fine)
1.412 This sum in gold shall bear interest at 4 per cent per annum, and the capital shall be reimbursed by China in thirty-nine years in the manuer indicated in the annexed plan of amortization. (Annex No. 13).
Capital and interest shall be payable in gold or at the rates of exchange corresponding to the dates at which the different payments fall due.
The amortization shall commence the 1st of January, 1902, and shall finish at the end of the year 1940. The amortizations are payable annually, the first payment being fixed on the 1st of January, 1903.
Interest shall run from the 1st of July, 1901, but the Chinese Government shall have the right to pay off within a term of three years, beginning January, 1902, the arrears of the first six months, ending the 31st of December, 1901, on condition, however, that it pays compound interest at the rate of 4 per cent per annum on the sums the payments of which shall have thus been deferred. Interest shall be payable semiannually, the first payment being fixed on the 1st of July, 1902.
(b) The service of the debt shall take place in Shanghai, in the following manner:
Each Power shall be represented by a delegate on a commission of bankers authorized to receive the amount of interest and amortization which shall be paid to it by the Chinese authorities designated for that purpose, to divide it among the interested parties, and to give a receipt for the same.
(c) The Chinese Government shall deliver to the Doyen of the Diplomatic Corps at Peking a bond for the lump sum, which shall subsequently be converted into fractional bonds bearing the signatures of the delegates of the Chinese Government designated for that purpose. This operation and all those relating to issuing of the bonds shall be performed by the above-mentioned Commission, in accordance with the instructions which the Powers shall send their delegates.
(d) The proceeds of the revenues assigned to the payment of the bonds shall be paid monthly to the Commission.
(e) The revenues assigned as security for the bonds are the following:
1. The balance of the revenues of the Imperial maritime Customs after payment of the interest and amortization of preceding loans