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In this genus the head is truncated in front, and senting in its family what the vampire does in provided on each side with a pointed, wing-like the bat family. This specimen was again de process, separate from the pectoral fins, and ca- scribed by Lesueur in the “Journal of the Acad. pable of independent motion; these processes, emy of Natural Sciences” (vol. iv., 1824), as C. however, seem sometimes to be prolongations giorna (Lacép.). Cuvier and Dekay consider of the pectorals, and give the name to the ge- the latter a distinct species, rarely exceeding nus, which signifies wings upon the head. The the weight of 50 lbs. The devil-fish is occapectorals are of great breadth, triangular, re- sionally seen by the fishermen on the coast of sembling wings, and making the transverse diam- the southern states in summer and autumn, and ter of the fish greater than the longitudinal, many wonderful stories are told of its strength with the tail included; the jaws are at the end and ferocity, its extraordinary shape and size of the head; the lower are the most advanced; having transformed a powerful but inoffensive the eyes are prominent and lateral; the tail is animal into a terrible monster in the eyes of armed with one or two serrated spines, and is those who cannot see the admirable adaptation long and slender; in front of the spine is a of means to ends even in the most hideous small dorsal fin with 36 rays; the teeth are creatures. Other species of the genus are met small, numerous, flat, and arranged in many with in the tropical parts of the Atlantic and rows; the small nostrils are placed near the an- Pacific, both in mid ocean and on sandy coasts, gles of the mouth, and openings (probably the which they approach to bring forth their young; auditory) are situated on the dorsal aspect of and doubtless many of the marvellous stories of the appendages to the head, behind the eyes; the sea serpent and other marine monsters have the branchial openings are 5 on each side, large, arisen from the sight of these animals sporting linear, near each other, the 5th being the small- on the surface of the water, or dimly seen beest; the ventral fins are small, rounded, near the neath the vessel's keel. They are not uncombase of the tail; the skin is rough to the touch, mon in the West Indies, and Dr. Bancroft, in like that of some sharks ; the skeleton is carti- vol. iv. of the “ Zoological Journal,” describes laginous. The old genus cephaloptera has been one which was captured in 1828 in the harbor divided by Müller and Henle, and the genus ce- of Kingston, Jamaica, after a resistance of severratoptera added. In the first the mouth is on al hours, which had strength sufficient to drag 3 the ventral aspect, and the pectorals are pro- or 4 boats fastened together at the rate of 4 miles longed forward to a point beyond the head, an hour. In this specimen, which was smaller resembling horns; 4 species are described. In than the one described by Mitchill, the mouth the second the mouth is at the end of the was 27 inches wide, opening into a cavity 4 snout, the upper jaw is crescentic, and the feet wide and 3 feet deep, and so vaulted that it under convex; there are no teeth in the upper could easily contain the body of a man. He jaw, and they are small and scale-like on the named it O. manta, which is doubtless a synounder; the pectorals are separated from the pre- nyme of C. vampyrus (Mitch.). In Anson's cephalic fins by e rayless space; this includes 3 “Voyage round the World” there is an 8cspecies, and among them, probably, the one men- count of an immense fish which, “ broad and tioned below as caught at Kingston, Jamaica. long, like a quilt, wraps its fins round a man that The devil-fish mentioned by Catesby, in his happens to come within its reach, and immedi“Natural History of Carolina,” is probably the ately squeezes him to death.” Another writer, same as the gigantic ray described by Mirchill in says that it is so inimical to the pearl diver that vol i. of the " Annals of the Lyceum of Natural it darts at him “immediately that he submerges, History of New York,” under the name of the and envelops and devours him.” The fish thus “ vampire of the ocean” (C. vampyrus, Mitch.). characterized is, no doubt, the ray called devilThis specimen was taken in the Atlantic, near fish, but it is anatomically impossible that it can the entrance of Delaware bay, in 1823, and was so seize its prey; the accounts above mentioned so heavy as to require 3 pair of oxen, a horse, are mere traditions, as it does not appear that and several men to drag it on shore; it was any one has ever been a witness of such an estimated to weigh about 5 tons, and measured event. The pectoral fins of the devil-fish are 177 feet long and 18 feet wide; the skin on the too thick at their base and anterior margin, and back was blackish brown, and on the belly their cartilages are too rigid, to allow of their black and white, and very slimy; the mouth being so bent downward as to enfold a man or was 24 feet wide, the greatest breadth of the any other prey in the manner alluded to; they skull 5 feet, and the distance between the eyes 44 are composed of a great number of joints, more feet; the cranial appendages were 21 feet long than 600, and must be capable of a considerable and a foot wide, tapering, supported internally variety of motions calculated to impel the aniby 27 parallel cartilaginous articulated rays, al- mal through the water with great strength and lowing free motion in almost all directions, and speed; any one who has caught a skate, anal probably used as prehensile organs ; the im- experienced the resistance of a fish 2 or 3 feet mense pectorals were attached to the scapular in diameter, can readily believe that an aniarch, and contained 77 articulated parallel car- mal 18 feet in extent of fins might, if entangled tilaginous rays, and were used like wings to fly in the cable of a small vessel, draw it for miles through the water. The specific name of this with considerable velocity, as was observed by ray was given by Mitchill from its size, repre- Catesby, and has since happened in the harbor

of Charleston, S. O.; it is equally conceivable division ou partage de terres, from the Latin that by means of the immense pectorals they divido. The instrument by which lands are could raise a great commotion on the surface devised is called a will; the disposition of perof the water, and even leap entirely out, yet sonal estate to take effect after the death of the the pectorals must be considered as organs person making it is in legal language a testaof locomotion, and not of prehension. The ment; but the common appellation, where both appendages to the head can hardly be used in real and personal estate are included, is last will locomotion; Lieut. St. John, who has watched and testament. The Roman testamentum apattentively the movements of this fish, says plied equally to the disposition of real or perthat these flaps are used in driving a large sonal estate, and the same rules were observed quantity of water toward the mouth when the in either case. But the mode of executing a animal is at rest, feeding; they can be bent in will has been always more formal in England front of, and even into the mouth, and are prob- than was required for the validity of a testaably prehensile organs for various purposes; ment. For a further explanation of the prinwhen swimming, the flexible ends are coiled ciples applicable to devise, see Will. op. The nature of the teeth, and the narrow- DEVIZES, a parliamentary borough and Dess of the gullet, also render it improbable market town of Wiltshire, England, built on a that this fish feeds upon any thing but small fine eminence on the Kennet canal, 82 m. S. W. fry, which it sweeps toward the mouth by its of London; pop. in 1851, 6,554. It has 3 silk faccranial flaps. The truth appears to be that the tories; the woollen manufacture, once carried on, devil-fish, though powerful and hideous, is a is now extinct. The town is supposd to owe its timid and harmless creature, avoiding rather origin to a strong castle built here in the reign than attacking man; but when attacked and of Henry I. by. Roger, bishop of Salisbury, and defending itself

, the serrated spine of the tail dismantled toward the close of the reign of would prove a dangerous weapon, inflicting & Edward III. The grain market held here every deep, lacerated, and possibly fatal wound to man Thursday has been famous ever since the time or fish within its range. They are gregarious, of Henry VIII. and are pursued by fishermen for the oil which DEVONIAN, the name of one of the great the liver contains.-Another large and hideous geological formations, including the old red fish, sometimes called sea devil and devil-fish, sandstone, and the groups below it to those of is the lophius piscatorius (Linn.), which will bé the upper silurian. It is named from South described under the title of Goose Fisu.

Devon in England, where its strata were first DEVIL'S ADVOCATE. See ADVOCATUS distinguished in 1837 from those of the siluDIABOLI.

rian and carboniferous by Prof. Sedgwick and Sir DEVIL'S BRIDGE, & remarkable stone R. Murchison. The formation is recognized by bridge over the Reuss, in Switzerland. It is its fossils and relative position in various parts on the road from Germany to Italy, over the of Europe; but it is nowhere found so largely pass of St. Gothard, and crosses the river from developed as in the United States. In the New mountain to mountain, a distance of about 75 York system of the rocks it includes the followfeet. It is one of the most ancient structures ing groups, though it is thought by Prof. Hall of the kind in Switzerland, though there are that the fossils of the 3 last named nearly reothers which surpass it in height, length, and semble those of the Ludlow group of Murchison, width. The surrounding country abounds in and that these should consequently be referred romantic and beautiful scenery.

to the upper silurian : DEVIL'S WALL, a name given during the

Approximate thickmiddle ages to the remains of some Roman fortifications designed to protect the Roman settle- Catskill group, or old red sandstone..... 2,000 feet

Chemung ments on the Rhine and the Danube against the inroads of the free German tribes. These de- Genesees fences originally consisted of a row of palisades,


15 € Hamilton.

1,000 in front of which extended a deep ditch. Tho

50 emperor Probus strengthened them by the erec

Onondaga tion of a wall 368 m. long, passing over rivers and mountains, and through valleys, and protect


10 ed by towers placed at intervals. The only por

Oriskany sandstone......

...5 to 80 tions of tbis wall now distinguishable are be- Of these groups, some of the thickest thin away tween Abensberg, in Bavaria, and Cologne, on in other states, while others, as the calcareous the Rhine. In some places the ruins are over- strata of the corniferous and Onondaga groups, grown with oaks, in others they form elevated which together seldom exceed 50 feet in thickroads or pathways through dense forests, while ness in New York, spread out over the western not unfrequently modern edifices have been built states between the great lakes and the Ohio and above them.

Tennessee rivers in almost continuous strata DEVISE. By this term is designated the of coralline rocks. Sir Charles Lyell notices a disposition of lands to take effect after the death fine display of these calcareous rocks at the falls of the devisor. It is of Norman origin, and sig- of the Ohio at Louisville. In the horizontal nified at first any division of lands, marque do water-worn strata, “the softer parts having de


ness in N. Y.


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composed and wasted away, the harder calca- and vast docks or basins at Point Keyham for reous corals stand out in relief, their erect stems fitting and repairing war steamers, commenced sending out branches precisely as when they in 1844, and embracing an area of 72 acres. The were living." Fine specimens of various species immense roofs over the docks, consisting of of coralline are obtained at this locality, and single arches, without buttresses or pillars, are new are continually brought out by the action wonders of architectural skill. A canal 70 feet of the river upon the rocks, and may be col- wide runs nearly through the yard, communilected at low stages of the water. But only 6 cating with the boat pond. On the S. side species found in this country in the whole De- are an outer mast pond and mast house, timber vonian series are identified with the 46 British berths, saw pits, à smithery with 48 forges, an Devonian corals described in 1853 by Milne- inner mast house and mast locks, a building in Edwards and Jules Haime. The formation which planks are steamed and curved, a hemp abounds with the greatest variety of fossil mol- magazine, and a rope factory, consisting of 3 luscous animals and crinoïdea, the genera of stone and iron buildings, each 1,200 feet long which, and some of the species, are identified and 3 stories high. The number of men enwith the Devonian fossils of Europe.

ployed in the whole establishment sometimes DEVONPORT, a parliamentary and muni- amounts to 3,000. cipal borough and naval arsenal in Devonshire, DEVONSHIRE, a maritime co. of England, England, built on the Tamar, where that river second in size only to that of York, its greatmakes a bold sweep toward the E., and widens est extent from N. to S. being 71 m., from E. into the fine estuary called the Hamoaze, just to W. 72 m.; area, 2,585 sq. m.; pop. in 1841, before its entrance into Plymouth sound, 218 m. 532,959; in 1851, 567,098. It is boanded on 8. W. of London, and 13 m. W. of Plymouth; the N. and N. W. by the Bristol channel; on pop. in 1851, 50,159. Its harbor, one of several the W. by the river Tamar and Marsland-ws. remarkable natural havens opening into the ter, which separate it from Cornwall; on the S. sound, is 4 m. long, 1 m. wide, from 15 to 20 and S. E. by the British channel; and on the E. fathoms deep, perfectly safe, and capable of and N. E. by the counties of Dorset and Somsheltering the whole British navy at once; but it erset. The rivers of Devon are the Taw, Toris difficult of entrance. The town is bounded ridge, Tamar, Dart, Teiga, Exe, Tavy, Plytn, S. and W. by the river, and E. by a creek Yealm, Erme, Avon, Otter, Sid, Axe, and Lyn. which separates it from Stonehouse, contiguous Trout are found in great plenty in most of these; to Plymouth. With these two places it is so the Tamar and Tavy furnish valuable salmon fisbclosely connected, that the 3 may almost be said eries; the Exe salmon are thought the best in to form a single city, and it was not until 1824 England; and at the mouths of the various that Devonport acquired separate municipal priv- streams are found plaice, kingfish, torpedoes, and ileges, and changed its old name of Plymouth cuttle fish. The county has 3 canals: the Great Dock for that which it now bears. Å fluted Western, 35 m. long, connecting the S. E. coast column of the Doricorder, approached by a flight with the Bristol channel, the Tamar canal, and of 140 steps, was erected in commemoration of the Tavistock canal. The Bristol and Exeter and the event. There are 6 churches, 2 chapels of the South of Devon railways also traverse the ease, 17 places of worship for dissenters, 17 prin- county. Devonshire is a rich mineral country, cipal schools, including a naval and military free furnishing copper and lead in considerable abusschool, and an institution in which 100 girls are dance, with smaller quantities of tin, iron, biseducated and clothed, a public library, orphan muth, and many other mineral substances, be asylums, and a theatre. Water is brought from side coal and marble. It is supposed that the Dartmoor, in a winding conduit nearly 30 m. inhabitants worked the iron and other metallic long. With the exception of some breweries mines before the arrival of the Romans. The tin and soap-boiling houses, Devonport contains no mines were anciently numerous and valuable, factories of importance. The density of the but are now nearly abandoned, those of Cornpopulation is greater than that of any other wall being so much richer. There are several place in England, there being no fewer than varieties of lead ore, one of which is very rich 26,000 people living on } of a sq. m., with an in silver. Cobalt, antimony, and native silver average of 10 individuals to each house, where- have been found in considerable quantities. The as the proportion in Liverpool is but 7, and in marbles quarried from the limestone rocks on the Manchester but 6. Devonport is fortified on E, and s. coasts are of fine colors and beautithe N., S., and E. by a wall, a breastwork, and fully veined, hard, susceptible of a good polish, a deep ditch, while the entrance from the sea and much resemble Italian marble. Fine pipe is commanded by several heavy batteries. These clay, potters' clay, which is esported to other works were began by George II. The chief countries, and slate of excellent quality, are feature of the town is the dock yard, commenced found abundantly. The agriculture of Derooby William III., who built the basin and 2 shire is in a fourishing condition. Of the docks. It has a river front of 3,500 feet, and a 1,654,400 acres of land, about 1,200,000 are maximum breadth of 1,600 feet, the area en- under cultivation. The S. and S. E. parts of closed being about 96 acres. There are 2 dry the county contain extensive wastes, the sordocks, one double and one single dock for ships faces of which are covered with immense rocks of the line, one graving dock, 5 building slips, and detached masses of granite. To the N.

and N. W. are found large tracts of swampy sessed to property tax, 1850–51, was £2,736,361. ground and many peat bogs of great depth. The county town is Exeter, where the assizes aro The vale of Exeter, containing about 200 sq. m., held. The county is in the episcopal see of Execonsists of some very fine land, and is one of ter, and is included in the western circuit. It the richest valleys in the kingdom. The dis- returns in all 22 members to parliament, viz.: 4 trict called South Hams, extending from Tor- for the county (2 for the northern and 2 for the bay round to Plymouth, is known as the gar- southern division), 2 for each of the towns of den of Devonshire, and is finely diversified Barnstaple, Tiverton, Exeter, Devonport, Honiand very productive. In the vale of Exeter ton, Plymouth, Tavistock, and Totness, and 1 , are raised wheat, beans, barley, peas, and flax. each for Ashburton and Dartmouth. It has 1,614 The pasture lands are chiefly devoted to dairy day schools, with 64,266 scholars, and 772 Sunuses, though some attention is paid to raising day schools, with 58,408 scholars; 1,297 places sheep and cattle. In West Devon of the en- of worship, of which 549 belong to the establishclosed lands are alternated with corn and vari- ed church. The county gives the title of duke ous kinds of grasses, such as red clover, rye to the Cavendish, and of earl to the Courtegrass, white clover, and trefoil. Irrigation is nay family. There are ancient ruins in various cominonly practised, as also peat burning; or- parts of the county, among which are several chards and apple trees in hedges are common, abbeys, and numerous old British cairns. The and oats, turnips, and potatoes are raised in many chief noblemen's and gentlemen's seats are Casdistricts. The yield of wheat is from 16 to 25 tle hill, seat of Earl Fortescue; Stover lodge, bushels per acre; of barley, from 35 to 50. that of the duke of Somerset; Endsleigh, of the Devonshire is celebrated for the quantity and duke of Bedford; Saltram, of the earl of Morley; quality of its cider. Butter is made in consider- Mount Edgecumbe, of the earl of Mount Edgeable quantities, the average produce of cows be- cumbe; Bagtor manor, of Lord Cranstoun; ing a pound per day. Devonshire cows are noted Exeter palace, of the bishop of Exeter ; Bicton, throughout England, and have been imported of the late Lord Rolle; Haldon house, of Sir L. into the United States. The purest breeds are dis- Palk, bart. ; and Escot, of Sir J. Kennaway, bart. tinguished by a high red color, without white DEVRIENT, the name of a distinguished spots; they are fine in the bone and clean in family of German actors, of whom the most the neck, thin skinned, and silky in handling; eminent are: I. LUDWIG, born in Berlin, Dec. have horns of medium length bent upward, à 15, 1784, died Dec. 30, 1832. His father, a silk small tail set on very high, a light dun ring mercer, intended him for a mercantile life, but around the eye, and are noted for feeding at an in obedience to his instincts he forsook the paterearly age. A good Devonshire cow will yield, nal mansion at the age of 18, joined a company for the first 20 weeks after calving, about 3 of strolling actors, and made his first appeargallons of milk per day. The cows weigh from ance upon the stage in Schiller's “Bride of Mes420 to 460 lbs., the oxen from 700 to 820 sina." He afterward travelled with the same lbs. The North Devon cattle, another variety, company through Saxony, and in 1806 accepted are in great demand for the firm grain of their an engagement at the court theatre of Dessau, meat, and the superior qualities of the oxen from which he was tempted to retire on the for work. The native horses are small, bat promise of his father to pay his debts if he hardy, and much accustomed to the pack sad- would renounce the stage. Devrient, however, dle. The breed of sheep is various, but mostly rejected the offer. Soon after the demands of his of the Dorsetshire kind. Landed property creditors compelled him to take refuge in Bresin Devonshire seems to be more regularly di- lau, where he acted with great success for several vided than in most other counties, there being years. At the suggestion of the actor Ifand, few very large freeholds; the farms are held who at the close of his career recognized in generally by leases of 3 lives, or for 99 years. Devrient a fit successor to himself, he was inAs the lives drop, new ones are put in, on pay. duced to go to Berlin, where in 1815 he apment of an adequate sum. Farms average peared for the first time as Franz Moor, in from 100 to 200 acres. Devonshire formerly Schiller's “Robbers." From that time until his manufactured thin woollen goods, and carried death he stood at the head of his profession in on a considerable woollen trade with Spain, but Germany, and was in the highest degree poputhis branch of industry has greatly declined ; lar with Berlin audiences. A fatal passion for the spinning and weaving of a species of serge, spirituous liquors, which he had indulged for known as long ells, being the only remains of many years, brought him to a premature grave. it. The spinning of linen yarn, and manufacture Devrient was not less esteemed for his amiaof linen goods, have superseded the former indus- ble and almost childlike character than for his try; also, in and about Tiverton, great quanti- histrionic powers. His eminence as an actor ties of lace and lace net are made, which find a was the offspring of his natural genius, rather market on the continent of Europe. Ship-build- than the result of study or reflection. He was ing is another branch of labor giving employment equally great in comedy and tragedy. He was to numbers of men. The chief ship yard is the married at the outset of his career, but left no royal dock yard at Devonport. The county con- children. II. Kari August, nephew of the tains 33 hundreds, 465 parishes, and 36 market preceding, born in Berlin, Aug. 5, 1798. He towns. The annual value of real property as- served in a regiment of hussars, in the campaign





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of 1815 against France, and was present at the surfaces with which it comes in contact. The battle of Waterloo; was afterward engaged in atmosphere always contains within it more or mercantile pursuits, and ir 1819 made his debut less aqueous vapor in an invisible form. The on the stage at Brunswick. In 1823 he was vapor appears to be dissolved in it, as salt is married to the celebrated singer, Wilhelmine held dissolved in clear sea water; and as the Schroeder, from whom he was divorced in 1828. capacity of a fluid to hold salts in solution de He has acted in all parts of Germany, but for pends commonly on its temperature, so does many years past has been established at Hano- that of the air to retain vapor. If the temper

He was long celebrated for his spirited ature be depressed, the vapor begins to appear. personation of leading parts in genteel comedy. When a body of warm air strikes the summit III. PHILIPP EDUARD, brother of the preceding, of a cold mountain, the moisture is precipitated born in Berlin, Aug. 11, 1801. He commenced in the form of rain. Partially cooled, it takes his artistic career as a bariton singer, but after- the form of mist or fog, and floats in a dense ward appeared almost exclusively in the spoken cloud in the low places where the soil is warmer drama. He has less natural genius than any than the air. A current of warm air dissolves of his family, but is a careful and cultivated the vapor, and the fog “ lifts.” Dew is the sactor, a successful writer of dramas, and an au- por of the air, extracted by the greater cbilliness thority on all that pertains to the profession. of the surfaces upon which the moisture is deHis chief works were published in 6 vols., in posited. It may be made to separate from the Leipsic, in 1846–9, under the title of Drama- apparently dry air of a warm room, by placing tische und dramaturgische Schriften, and in- in it a pitcher of cold water. The air in oonclude several plays, miscellaneous publications tact with the pitcher sheds its moisture, which relating to the stage, and a history of the drama collects in minute drops, and more is added from in Germany. IV. Gustav Emil, brother of adjoining strata of air, so long as the tempersthe preceding, born in Berlin, Sept. 4, 1803. ture of the pitcher is kept sufficiently below Like his two brothers and his uncle, he was that of the room. The degree of temperature intended for the mercantile profession; but an to which the air must be reduced for it to begin irresistible inclination led him in 1821 to the to deposit its moisture, is called the dew point. theatre, where he soon rose to great eminence. It varies with the greater or less quantity of He is well known on almost every stage in Ger- moisture which the atmosphere happens to conmany, and has assumed with success many of the tain for its actual temperature. If it has jest parts, both in tragedy and comedy, with which been deprived of a considerable proportion, and his uncle Ludwig's name is identified. His wife, has acquired a higher temperature, it must be Dorothea Boehler, from whom he was divorced reduced to as great a degree of cold as before in 1842, was an excellent comic actress, and ably to part with any more moisture; but if already seconded her husband for many years. On Nov. saturated with as much moisture as it can code 11, 1857, the 98th anniversary of Schiller's birth- tain at its temperature, any chilliness being day, 3 members of the Devrient family, Gustav induced will cause its precipitation to comEmil

, Karl August, and Karl's son, appeared to- mence. Dew is not therefore, as it has been gether at Hanover, in the play of“ Don Carlos.” generally described by poets, a shower “which V. WILHELMINE SCHROEDER DEVRIENT, a well- falls like gentle rain from heaven." Alue known singer on the German stage, born in Ham- universally its nature has been misconceived. burg, Oct. 6, 1805. From her mother, the cele- Horace speaks of rores plurii; Virgil says: mobrated actress Sophie Schroeder, she inherited rantia vidimus astra; and Pliny: cum ros teciconsiderable dramatic talent, and in 1820, having disset ; and our common form of expression at from the age of 5 upward distinguished herself in this day speaks of the dew drops. Aristotle alone children's parts, and in the corps de ballet, she appears to have conceived its true nature, when appeared in Vienna as Aricie in Schiller's trans- he describes it as the moisture separated from lation of the Phèdre of Racine. She soon after the cold air. Mysteriously appearing upon the devoted herself to the study of music, and in 1821 blades of grass, and refreshing the vegetation in made her debut as Pamina in Mozart's Zauber- climates where rain rarely if ever falls and

flöte. The beauty of her voice, her artistic skill gathering upon the herbage in sparkling bee's and dramatic powers, soon placed her in the while it avoided the barren and rocky surfera, first rank of German prime donne, and for many the simple peasant might well look upon its years she had no superior on the German stage a special blessing sent like manna direct from in such parts as Donna Anna in Don Giovanni, heaven, and possessed of wonderful virtues, lar Leonora in Fidelio, the Vestale in Spontini's transcending those of other crystal waters, lor. opera of that name, the Euryanthe of Von ever pure. Hence it came to be prescribed for re Weber, and others of a similar character. She storing to the features the fresh charms of youth, has also sung in Paris and London, but her chief and by the alchemists to be used in their prolaurels have been gained in Germany. She was cesses as a solvent of subtle and mysterious married in 1823 to Karl August Devrient, was powers. And when at the close of life the alldivorced from him in 1828, and in 1850' con- cient patriarch confers his blessing in the words: tracted a second matrimonial engagement with “God give thee of the dew of heaven," the a Livonian nobleman, named Von Bock. simple dew drop seems to typify all beareo's

DEW, the humidity of the air deposited on choicest gifts. The phenomena attending the

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