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old poets have ascribed to the oak grove at Do- later Period, from Drawings by the late Edward dona the power of speech. The temple was de- Dodwell

, Esq., F.S.A., &c., intended as a Supstroyed by the Ætolians under Dorimachus, 219 plement to his Classical and Topograpbical Tour B. C., but it was afterward rebuilt, and is men- in Greece," &c. tioned by Pausanias as standing in the 20 cen- DODWELL, HENRY, an Irish writer, born in tury of our era. According to the account given Dublin about 1642, died in Shottesbrook, Berkby Lucretius, the fountain in the neighborhood shire, June 7, 1711. He was graduated at Trinity of the temple at Dodona was inflammable. college, Dublin, and settled in London in 1674.

DODSLEY, ROBERT, an English publisher He was for about 3 years Camden professor of and miscellaneous author, born in Mansfield, history at Oxford, but lost this office on account Nottinghamshire, in 1703, died in Durham, of his refusal to take the oath of allegiance to Sept. 25, 1764. He was originally a servant, William and Mary. He is known especially as but having produced in 1732 a volume of po- a writer on classical and religious subjects. etical pieces, under the title of the "Muse in Among his works may be mentioned Annales Livery," and subsequently a dramatic piece call- Thucydidei et Xenophontei ; Annales Velleiani, ed the “ Toy Shop,” which met with the appro- Quintiliani, Statiani ; De Veteribus Græcobation of Pope, and was acted with great success rum, Romanorumque Cyclis, obiterque de Cyclo at Covent Garden theatre in 1735, he was soon Judæorum ac Ætate Christi, Dissertationes; and in a position to abandon his humble vocation "An Epistolary Discourse, proving from the and embark in business as a bookseller. Patron- Scriptures and the first Fathers, that the Soul is ized by Pope, his shop became in time one of a principle naturally mortal, but immortalized the leading establishments in the British me- actually by the pleasure of God, to punishment tropolis. In 1737 he brought out a farce styled or to reward, by its union with the divine baptis“The King and the Miller of Mansfield,” which mal Spirit; wherein it is proved that none have was received with applause at Drury Lane; and the power of giving this divine immortalizing a few years subsequently a ballad farce entitled Spirit since the Apostles, but only the Bishops." the "Blind Beggar of Bethnal Green.” In This work, as might be supposed, raised a great 1746 he projected “The Museum, or the Liter- outcry against the author, who would thus exary and Historical Register," which numbered clude the larger part of mankind from any anong its contributors some of the most eminent future existence. See “Life of Dr. Henry Dodliterati of the day. In 1748 he started another well,” by Francis Brokesby (London, 1715). periodical called the “Preceptor," the preface DOG, a digitigrade carnivorous mammal, beof which was written by Dr. Johnson, and in longing to the genus canis, and to the family 1749 he paid the latter 15 guineas for his “ Van- canido, which also include the wolf, fox, and ity of Human Wishes.” În 1750 he published jackal. The species of this family are so nearly a work styled the “ Economy of Human Life," alike in structure that the genera canis, lupus, which, though ascribed by some to Lord Ches, vulpes, &c., have been established on characters terfield, was from the first generally supposed, considered of inferior importance in other famand is now universally admitted, to have been ilies; even the intellectual and instinctive fachis own production. In 1768 his tragedy of ulties have been employed by F. Cuvier and “ Cleone was represented at Covent Garden others in distinguishing the species, the domestheatre, on which occasion Dr. Johnson declared tic dogs being regarded as derived from several that "if Otway had written it, none of his other distinct though nearly allied wild canines. Expieces would have been remembered.” In the cept in the size of the bones, there is nothing in same year, in connection with Edmund Burke, he the osteology of this family which can be made projected and started the “Annual Register," characteristic of the wild species or of the dowhich is still published. He was the first to col- mestic races when compared with each other, lect and republish the "Old English Plays," by though as a family group they are collectively his selection of which (1st ed. edited by T. 'Cox- quite distinct from other digitigrades. In the eter, 1744; 2d ed. by Isaac Reed, 12 vols. 8vo., skulls, the different species of wolf differ more 1780) his name is now most frequently recalled from each other than do many domestic dogs He retired from business in 1763 with a hand- from the wolves ; as a general rule, the cranial some fortune. A collected edition of Dodsley's cavity bears a greater proportion to the face as dramas, in one volume, appeared in 1748, and the intelligence of the animal is more marked. a 2d volume, entitled “ Miscellanies," in 1772. The teeth of dogs, which are largest in the wild

DODWELL, EDWARD, an English author, species, consist, in the upper jaw, of 6 incisors born in the latter part of the 18th century, died in the intermaxillary bones; 2 canines, strong, in Rome, May 14, 1832. In 1819 he published curved, and separated by an interval from the in 2 quarto volumes “A Classical and Topo- incisors; and 6 molars on each side, the first 3, in graphical Tour through Greece during the years interrupted series, being small, but with cutting 1801, 1805, and 1806." Dodwell made numer- edges, and called also false molars; the 4th or ous drawings of ruins and scenery in Greece and carnivorous tooth is bicuspid, with a small tuberItaly, and after his death a collection of some clo anteriorly on the inner side; the 5th is less of them was published, entitled “Views and cutting, bicuspid, with a large internal tubercle ; Descriptions of Cyclopean or Pelasgio Remains the 6th and last is small and tubercular. In the in Greece and Italy; with Constructions of a lower jaw there are 6 incisors; 2 canines, continuous in the series, and 7 molars on each side, the wildest, are capable of some degree of do of which 4 are false, the 4th being bicuspid; the mestication; as the companions of man, dogs 5th or carnivorous tooth has its tubercular 3d are found under all circumstances of human lobe entirely posterior ; behind this are 2 tuber- existence. ---It would be useless here to introcular teeth, the last being very small and fre- duce anecdotes proving the sagacity, faithfulquently absent in the adult animal. The incisors ness, affection, gratitude, courage, velocity, and are regular, the outer being the largest, and other useful qualities of the dog ; these bave nearly perpendicular in the upper jaw; the been known from remote antiquity, and are reclower canines shut in front of the upper; the ognized in the earliest systems of pagan theoltubercular character of the other teeth indicates ogy and astronomy. From books, inscriptions, a less carnivorons propensity than in the cat and monuments, we know that in the remotest family, and that their natural diet is not ex- historic period the domestic dogs were not unclusively animal, being better suited for carrion like the present races; and anterior to written and broken bones than for the flesh of a living history there must have been a long period prey. In some species, as the buansu and the during which the wild originals were educated dhole, the 2d tubercular tooth is constantly to be useful companions. What these wild oriwanting, according to Hamilton Smith. The ginals were it is impossible to settle definitely. brain cavity is comparatively small; the crests Some naturalists would make the wolf, others the of the skull and the large temporal fosso indi- fox, the stock from which our dogs have come; cate powerful muscles of mastication; the eyes these opinions can now hardly be seriously enare directed forward; the nostrils are largely tertained; the most that can be asserted with opened in a movable glandular muzzle; the confidence is that no one animal can claim the tongue is soft, thin at the edges, and capable of exclusive paternity of these useful races. We considerable extension beyond the teeth, as is know that there are several species of wild dogs seen during rapid breathing in warm weather; in different parts of the earth, all of which may the pupil is round, as in other diurnal canidæ. have been pressed into the service of man; the The fore feet have 5 toes, the hind feet 4 or 5; crossings of these with each other, with the the 2 middle toes are the longest and equal; the wolf in the north, the jackal in the east, the 5th toe, when present, does not reach the ground; aguara canines in the south, the fennec in Afrithe claws are blant, strong, not retractile, and ca, and the fox everywhere, with the care of formed for digging; the soles are furnished with man to develop special breeds according to his tubercles, and in some arctic dogs with hair to wants, are sufficient, though they cannot be folprotect them from cold. The hair is of 2 kinds, lowed in their details, to account for all and soft and woolly near the skin, longer and coarser more than the varieties of our domestic dogs. externally ; some of the dogs of India have the When restored to the wild state, they approxiskin entirely naked, this condition originating mate more or less closely to their original type, probably from some mangy disease. The tail is whether it be wolf, fos, jackal, or other wild generally long, and is curled upward; the number canine. Dogs differ in stature, in the shape of of mammæ varies from 6 to 10; the size, form, their ears and tails, and in the number of their and color are different according to the variety: caudal vertebræ; some have an additional claw The young are born with the eyes closed, and on the hind foot, or an extra false molar tooth open them on the 10th or 12th day; the 1st on one side ; the hair differs in color, texture, teeth begin to be shed at the 4th month, and the and length; and all these differences may re growth ceases at about 2 years of age; gesta- main as permanent varieties, like some human tion is about 9 weeks, and the duration of life races, as long as the circumstances which gave is about 10 years, though sometimes prolonged rise to them continue essentially the same. to 20. Though strong, they are not courageous We shall see that there are several undoubted in proportion to their strength; hearing is species of wild dogs, to say nothing of wolves, acute, and the senses of smell and vision are foxes, and jackals, and the capacity for variaproverbially delicate, the former in the blood- tion within definite limits is certainly great in hound, the latter in the greyhound; taste is so all domestic animals; and it may be true that, dull or perverted that even luxuriously fed pets if we begin to make species, we shall not know will not disdain a meal of decaying flesh. Dogs exactly when to stop; still

, the necessary, comare not so cleanly in their habits as cats; they plication of these only shows how vague is the drink by lapping, require water often, and turn meaning of the word species, and how difficult round frequently before lying down; their it is to draw the line between species and vahabits of defecation and micturition are char- rieties, especially when the former are very acteristic and well known; their bark is very nearly allied. If the wild original be a wolf, who different from the howl of wild canines, and ex- will indicate what species of wolf is the true presses by its intonation fear, sorrow, anger, and only one ? and so of the other assumed joy, and other feelings. Dogs, like all canines, types. There is no other instance in the whole seem to have a natural antipathy to the cat range of mammals where man has been able family. All canines, both wild and domesti- to develop and combine such different and op. cated, and the nearly allied hyæna, are subject posite faculties and forms as are seen in doto the terrible disease, hydrophobia. They are mestic dogs, unless the typical species were in spread over all parts of the earth, and all, ever possession of the rudiments; neither food, por

climate, nor human contrivances, could so widen der than the buansa, higher on the legs, with a or truncate the muzzle, elevate the frontal bones, sharper muzzle, long close-haired tail, and large diminish the delicacy of smell, and elongate dark ears; the color is a light bay. The dhole the limbs, unless different types had furnished of Ceylon (C. Ceylonicus, Shaw) is an allied, if the properties which man has modified to suit not the same species. The pariah cur dogs of his purposes. In the absence of positive proof, India are not merely degraded mongrels, but we have every reason to doubt that our domestic are the offspring of an indigenous wild species dogs can be referred to any single wild original; living in the jungles and in the lower Himalaya it is much more reasonable to admit several range; this resembles the jackal more than the aboriginal species, with the faculty of intermix- wolf, but is more bulky in body and lower on ing, including, beside wild dogs (like the buansa, the legs; the voice is yelping and howling: dingo, &c.), the wolf

, jackal, and fox, as parents Other red wild dogs are found in Sumatra and of our dogs; that a dhole or a thous may have Java. The New Holland dingo (C. Australasio been the father of the greyhound races; that a of authors) is a wild dog which has been parlost or undiscovered species, allied to canis tri- tially domesticated by the natives, and is no color or hyæna venatica, may have been the doubt an indigenous inhabitant, not introduced source of the short-muzzled, strong-jawed mas- by man; in its native wilds it howls in a meltiffs. Hamilton Smith classes the dogs accord- ancholy manner, and it is more than a match ing to their apparent affinities with wild canines for a domestic dog of the same size; it hunts in corresponding latitudes; the arctic dogs with in small packs, sometimes in pairs, and is very wolves; the dogs of the south with the jackal active and fierce. It stands about 2 feet high; in the old world, and with the aguara canines the color above is fulvous, spotted with white, in South America. The Indian dogs may be paler on the sides and throat, and whitish botraced to the prairie wolf and the Mexican low; it carries the tail horizontally, and runs coyotl, and in Asia to the jungle koola. What- with the head high and the ears turned for ever may have been their originals, it is alto- ward. The genus thous, of which the typical gether probable that the primitive dogs, like the species is the wild dog of Egypt (C. anthus, other domestic animals, were very different F. Cuv.), resembles the wolf on a small scale, from any of the present races, and

perhaps from being not more than 18 inches high, of a light any now existing canines.—The first genus of structure, with rather short tail, close, ochry wild dogs is lyciscus (Smith), embracing the fur, barred or pencilled with black and white; prairie wolf and coyotl of North America, and the species do not burrow, and are not gregathe koola of India; the head is broad, the muz- rious, seldom howl, and have no offensivo zle pointed, ears erect, fur short, tail bushy; smell; they all have the tip of the tail black, stature about 26 inches; the disposition is more and prefer rocky, sandy districts, where there peaceable than that of the wolf; the voice bark- are bushes and water. Hamilton Smith is of the ing; they are gregarious and live in burrows. opinion that the greyhound of the desert was It is probable that the aboriginal Indian dog is originally derived from one of the species of derived from the first two; the color is ashy this section. It is found from Egypt and Arabia gray, with some white on the tail and breast; to the cape of Good Hope. South America, and, when hunting in packs, these animals are when first discovered by the Spaniards, had its hardly to be distinguished from domestic dogs. indigenous canines, all with a tendency to ellipThey are named L. latrans, L. cagottis, and L. tical pupils, though less so than in true foxes; tigris. The red wild dogs, forming the genus among these are the aguara dogs, genus dusicyon chryseus (Smith), are found in the warmer

parts (Smith). These are between the wolf and fox of Asia, Africa, and the Australian islands; the in form, with bulky body and short legs; they muzzle is less pointed than in lyciscus, and the burrow and are more social and gentle than the tail less bushy; they are shy and fierce, seldom aguara wolf (C. jubatus, Desm.). burrow, hunt in troops, and bark, and are about seems to represent the thous of the old world, 24 inches high; they want the 2d tubercular though the forehead is more rounded, and tho tooth in the lower jaw, and are said to have the tail consists of an imperfect brush; the presoles of the feet hairy; they destroy many of vailing color is fulvons brown, often with a the young of the larger cats; they differ from hoary tinge; the face looks like that of the fox; wolves and jackals in their habits and instincts, they are not very shy, and are capable of being and approximate the domestic dog in the small domesticated; they are great thieves, with a size of the anal glands. The presence of one of propensity to conceal objects of no use as food; these species in Europe probably gave rise by beside the usual articles of diet, they will eat their nightly hunting to the German legend

of fish, crabs, reptiles, insects, small birds, and even the wild hunter and his demon hounds. The mollusks and berries; they are generally silent buansu of Nepaul (C. primævus, Hodg.) is of a animals, and hunt by day or by moonlight; they deep rust color above and yellowish below; it are good swimmers. There are several species is intermediate in size between a wolf and jack- described, ranging from Surinam to the Falkland al, hunting by day or night by the scent chiefly, islands; the domesticated specimens differ but in small troops; there are several varieties in little from the wild originals, except in the tail the wooded mountains of British India. The being less bushy; the average height is from dhole of India (C. scylar, Smith) is more slen- 14 to 16 inches; there are 5 toes to each foot,

VOL. VI.-35

This group

and the gape of the mouth is large and wolf- the place of horses during the winter season, like; they hunt pacas, agoutis, and wild galli- travelling over the snow, attached to the dog naceous birds. All these wild dogs cross with train, transporting provisions, merchandise, and the domesticated ones of the country, forming even the mails; they are hardy, easily managed, the most complicated intermixtures.-Before strong, bearing abuse, scanty food, and fatigue proceeding to the proper domesticated dogs, it without murmur ; they are invaluable to the will be well to notice certain varieties which hunter, Indian, half-breed, and traveller in these have relapsed into a wild state, and, subsisting snow.clad regions; no particular breed is sought for several generations by their own resources, for, the only qualities valued being strength and have resumed most if not all of the original endurance. The Newfoundland dog (C. Terra characteristics of that state. In Asia Minor Nova, Smith) seems to be indigenous to Amerithere is a race of these feral dogs (as Hamilton ca; it is longer than the Esquimaux dog, less Smith calls them), of nearly the size of the local compact, with a wider muzzle, drooping ears, wolf, and resembling the shepherd's dog except and with long hair disposed to curl; it is a that they have a more bushy tail, sharper nose, handsome and powerful dog, very intelligent and the fur rufous gray, and that they hunt in and trusty, and of a kind disposition; the pure packs in open day. A smaller breed is found in breed is almost semi-palmated, making them the Russia. In St. Domingo there is a large feral best water dogs; crossed with the hound, they dog of the race of hounds formerly used by the attain an enormous size ; the general color is Spaniards in their western conquests; this dog black, with some fulvous about the eyes, nose, is of large size, about 28 inches high, with a throat, and joints, and white about the feet and head like a terrier, and the general color pale end of the tail. Anecdotes of the sagacity of bluish ash; its scent is very fine, and it follows this well-known breed are innumerable. The its prey with great speed, attacking it with Nootka dog (C. laniger, Smith) is noted for its ferocity when overtaken ; flocks sometimes suf- thick and matted fur, which the natives mix fer from its depredations; it is believed that it with wool and make into garments; the dewas introduced into Spain from the north, such scriber of this species thinks that it indicates is its resemblance to the Danish dog. In the that the Esquimaux and Newfoundland races pampas of South America are troops of feral were derived from Asiatic originals, perhaps dogs, a mixture of all the breeds of the country; from the dog of Siberia. At the head of the their ears are erect as in true wild canines; they list of the domestic canines of temperate Europe are bold and cunning, destroying many of the stands the shepherd's dog (C. domesticus, Linn.), young of the wild herds of cattle and horses; still with the wolf-like stature, head, and hair; when redomesticated, they are remarkable for its appearance is rather unpromising; its shaggy their courage, sagacity, and acute sense of smell. hair is generally varied black and gray, the -Of the true domesticated races, the arctic dogs ears are short and erect, and the tail is bushy of both hemispheres are of large size, wolfish and curved; having been trained from time aspect, with pointed nose, erect ears, and long immemorial to the care of flocks, its peculiar hair of mixed black and white colors; they are faculties seem to be instinctive, and its sagafierce in their dispositions, bold, and strong; city, fidelity, and courage are not excelled by they swim excellently, burrow in the snow, and any species of dog; the height is not quite 2 will drag the native sledges for hours at a time feet, but the form is muscular. This breed is several miles an hour. The recent arctic voy- confined to temperate and southern Europe. ages in search of Sir John Franklin have made The true shepherd's dog attends the flocks, the reader familiar with the habits and valuable keeps them together, and protects them from properties of the Esquimaux dogs, and eren violence. A variety called the drover's dog, their appearance is well known from specimens somewhat larger and more rugged, is of great brought home by the returned explorers. This assistance in driving sheep and cattle to market. species (canis borealis

, Desm.) is probably the The great wolf-dog (C. Pomeranus ? Linn.) has same as the Siberian dog. The Hare Indian dog all the sagacity of the shepherd's dog, with a (C. lagopus, Rich.), according to Sir John Rich- strength which enables him to resist successardson, is peculiar to the region of the Macken- fully the attack of a wolf; it is of large size, zie river and Great Bear lake; it is interme- whitish clouded with brown, with pointed nose, diate in size between the wolf and fox, has erect erect ears, and long silky hair; it is most comears, bushy tail, and a general gray color, with mon in southern Europe. The Alpine or dog white and black markings; the hair is long, and of St. Bernard is universally known for his ser. at its base, as in all arctic dogs, is a thick wool; vices in discovering and assisting snow-bewil. it is about 14 inches high, and is used for dered travellers in the higher Alps; the old hunting and not for draught; it is playful and race resembled the Newfoundland dog, but the affectionate, though not very docile. These arc- present dogs are short-haired, with very broad tic canines, if not pure wild species, are prob- feet, and generally of a fawn color ; their bark ably the result of a mixture of the wolf and is uncommonly loud and deep. They are traiothe lyciscan dogs before described. In the ed to carry food, wine, and warm coverings, atterritory of the Hudson's bay company, in Can- tached to their bodies and necks; they depart ada, and in the Lake Superior mineral disc in the morning, after violent snow storms, in trict, there is a mongrel raco of dogs which take search of buried travellers, and are followed by

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the monks. Many lives have been saved through much of their elevation above the brate to their instrumentality ; but at the present time, the possession of the dog. That man has been when the roads are better and more easily fol- able to make such extensive use of this animal lowed, and the inhabitants in the upper valleys must depend on innate qualities in the races, as, more numerous, their services are less frequent- for instance, keenness of scent and the desire to ly called for. In the subdivision of the watch chase, in the hound; the impulse to seek obdogs of F. Cavier are found some of the largest jects, in the spaniel and pointer; the tendency canines, and especially the fierce races mention to watch and guard, in the shepherd's dog and ed by ancient authors; they have short hair mastiff. The activity of their brain is shown and a wide muzzle, but in their skulls they re- by their proneness to dream, during which state semble the wolf; the typical color is rufous, they go through all the mental exercises they which is more or less mixed with black and would use when awake. It is said that the white; occupying the northern temperate zone, ancients were fond of the flesh of dogs; it is they are probably descended from the lyciscan well known that the Polynesians, Chinese, and dogs, mixed toward the south with the mastiff American Indians consider it a great delicacy; race. They are less docile and sagacious than when fed principally on vegetable food, it is palthe former groups, but more watchful and noisy, atable and nutritious, as many a traveller in the and with considerable courage, and are there- Rocky mountains and in the northwest territofore generally kept by the humbler elasses to ries has had occasion to experience. The monprotect their farms ; from this cause they are uments of Egypt show that dogs, like men, were greatly crossed, and are doubtless the progeni- as distinct in their

races thousands of years ago tors of the mongrel races of western Europe; as at the present day; and it becomes interestfrom their moderate powers of smelling they ing to inquire if there are fossil dogs. Fossil caare of little use in hunting. The Sulioto dog (C nines have certainly been found, but these have Suillus, Gmel.), sometimes called boar hound in without examination been referred as a matter Germany, is one of the largest and fiercest breeds; of course to wolves, foxes, and jackals, and not it has been known to be nearly 4 feet high at to dogs; these are chiefly met with in the pliothe shoulder. Resembling this is the Danish cene caves, in the drift, and in the alluvium. It dog (C. glaucus, Smith.), but smoother, with has been already mentioned that it is very diffishorter ears, and of a slaty blue color. The cult to distinguish the different species of canmatin dog (C. laniarius, Linn.) has the head ide by their skeletons, except by the size of the elongated and the forehead flat, the ears pendu- bones. The teeth of the domestic dog have the lous at the tips, the hair rugged, of a yellowish last tubercular tooth wider than that of the wolf, fawn color with blackish rays; the height is and the teeth of many of the cave dogs differ about 2 feet; being bold, strong, and active, it from those of the domestic races only in being is valuable for a house and sheep dog. The Poe larger. Dr. Lund discovered fossil dogs larger dog (C. Pacificus, Smith), seems to be indige- than any now living in the caves of Brazil

, assonous to the South sea islands, and once was ciated with an extinct monkey; a similar assovery abundant in the Sandwich group; the ciation has been found in a stratum of marl, muzzle is pointed, the ears erect, the back long, under compact limestone, in the Pyrénées. Dr. the limbs crooked, and the hair smooth and Schmerling has described several fossils of the .tan-colored ; its food is vegetable, with a little true dog, evidently belonging to 2 distinct vafish, and it is much esteemed by the natives rieties, differing in size from those of the wolf as an article of diet; the aboriginal race is and fox found in the same locality. Cuvier says now lost, from mixture with the imported of the bones of a fossil canis from the cave of dogs of Europe. The dogs of Patagonia are as Gaylenreuth, that they resemble those of the large as fox hounds, and wolf-like in appear- dog more than the wolf, yet he does not posiance; those of Terra del Fuego are smaller, re- tively declare them to belong to the former. sembling a cross between the fox, shepherd's Marcel de Serres has described 2 species of dog, and terrier; their dogs are of great value dogs found in a marine tertiary limestone, to the natives of these regions. In France and one resembling the pointer, the other much several other countries, especially Holland, dogs smaller. The frontal elevation in the skull of are frequently employed as draught animals, the dog is greater than that of the wolf, and the and in Kamtchatka and Greenland, almost ex- skull of a small canine with this character clasively for the same purpose. From the strongly marked, from a bone cave in England, above remarks it must be evident that the was pronounced by Mr. Clift that of a small dogs are the most complete and useful con- bull-dog or a large pag. Distinct traces of at quest ever made by man; all their faculties least 4 types of dogs have been found in a fossil have been rendered subservient to him, for state, the Canary dog, the pointer, the hound, his pleasure and profit, for his safety against and the bull-dog, with a smaller one classed by his own kind and other animals. Cuvier has Schmerling with the turnspit; and as many of asserted that the dog was perhaps necessary these are known to be hybrids, the list must for the establishment human society; though probably be further enlarged. The certain anthis may not be apparent in the most highly tiquity of these bones, whether they have been civilized communities, a moment's reflection referred to the proper race of dogs or not, is will convince us that barbarous nations owe sufficient to destroy the claims of the wolf, or

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