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render with his whole force—an event known and published pamphlets, among which was an as the capitulation of Baylen, and stigmatized essay Sur l'éducation nationale dans les États as shameful by Napoleon. He was arrested on Unis d'Amérique (Paris, 1812). On the first his return to France, and by an imperial decree overthrow of the empire he was appointed secof 1812 was degraded from his rank, sentenced retary to the provisional government. On the to imprisonment, and sent to the fort of Joux in return of Napoleon he left France in disgust, rethe Jura. The fall of the empire restored him paired to the state of Delaware, where his sons to liberty, and his supposed hatred of the em- had established a manufactory of gunpowder, peror led to his appointment as minister of war, and passed his latter years there. and the cancelling of all the proceedings against DUPPA, BRIAN, an English bishop, born in
but he was soon dismissed from that office. Lewisham, Kent, in 1588, died in Richmond in After the 2d restoration he was appointed mem- 1662. He was educated at Westminster school, ber of the privy council. His native depart- and at Christchurch, Oxford, and after taking ment elected him several times to the chamber orders travelled in France and Spain. He was of deputies. A man of literary taste, he wrote successively dean of Christchurch, chancellor of several poems and a translation in verse of the the diocese of Salisbury, chaplain of King Charles odes of Horace; he also published pamphlets on I., tutor to Charles, prince of Wales, and his brothe recruiting system and the campaign of Aus- ther James, duke of York, bishop of Chichester, tria, and critical observations upon Montgaillard's and in 1641 bishop of Salisbury. He accompaHistoire de France.
nied Charles I. during the conflicts of the civil DUPONT (DE L'EURE), JACQUES CHARLES, & war, and was highly esteemed by that monarch. French politician, born in Neubourg, department He lived in retirement during the protectorate, of Eure, Feb. 27, 1767, died in Paris, March 3, but was promoted by Charles II. to the bishopric 1855. First an attorney at the parliament of of Winchester, and inade lord high almoner. A Normandy, he became a magistrate, and was short time before his death he received a visit finally promoted in 1811 to the presidency of from Charles II., and gave his blessing to that the high court at Rouen, which post he held king with great solemnity. He published sevuntil 1818. He commenced his political career eral works of practical piety, of which the in 1798 in the council of 500, was a member of “Soul's Soliloquies,” a sermon preached before the legislative corps in 1813, and deputy to the Charles I., is the most important. chamber in 1814. His motions and speeches DUPRÁT, PASCAL, a French publicist, born during this period pointed him out as an un- in 1812, was professor of history at Algiers from flinching adherent of liberal institütions. He 1839 to 1844, and wrote an Essai historique sur was constantly reëlected by his department from les races anciennes et modernes de l'Afrique sep1817 to 1848, and during this long political tentrionale (Paris, 1845). Coöperating with Lacareer won the esteem of both friends and oppo- mennais and other reformers, he was sent to the nents. On the revolution of 1830, he was pre- national assembly in 1848, and on June 24 he vailed upon by Lafitte to take the ministry of moved the resolution which conferred the execujustice; but his independence and rigidness of tive power upon Gen. Cavaignac. After the principle could hardly please Louis Philippe, coup d'état of Dec. 2, 1851, he was arrested, and and he left the office at the end of 4 months to banished from France in 1853. He has since reresume his seat among the opposition in the sided in Brussels, and more recently in Lausanne. chamber of deputies. In Feb. 1848, he was DUPREZ, Gilbert Louis, a tenor singer, upanimously elected president of the provisional born in Paris, Dec. 6, 1806. He was educated government, but old age interfered with his ac- at the conservatoire, and made his debut at the tivity. He was elected, however, to the constit- Odeon in Dec. 1825. His success not fulfilling uent assembly, and in 1849 retired to private life. his expectations, he went to Italy in 1828, and
DUPONT DE NEMOURS, PIERRE SAMUEL, for 9 years sang in the principal cities with cona French economist, born in Paris, Dec. 14, stantly increasing reputation. In 1837 he was 1739, died in Delaware, Aug. 6, 1817. An ad- able to return to Paris and dictate his own terms herent of Quesnay, he became the expounder to the director of the grand opera, where he of his doctrine. He was the assistant of Tur- made his first appearance as Arnold, in the got during his short tenure of the ministry of opera of “William Tell,” April 17. His predefinance, 1774-6. Under the ministry of Ver- cessor, Nourrit, a celebrated tenor singer, was gennes he was employed in framing the treaty so affected by the applause which greeted this of 1783, in which the independence of the representation, that he eventually committed United States was formally recognized by Eng. suicide. Thenceforth, until his retirement from land. In the constituent assembly in 1789 he the stage, Dec. 14, 1849, the career of Duprez was advocated liberal principles, but opposed tho a series of triumphs. No tenor singer has ever harsh measures of the revolutionists; after the been held in higher estimation by French audifall of the Girondists he was imprisoned, but ences, among whom his manner of sounding the Was saved by the revolution of the 9th Thermi. Ut de poitrine in “ William Tell” produced an dor. In the council of 500 he was suspected of extraordinary effect. Duprez is an accomplishfavoring the royalists. In 1795 he repaired to ed musician, and has published a work entitled the United States, and returning to France in the Art du chant. Several tenor róles have been 1802, became a contributor to several periodicals, written for him. A new opera for which he furnished the music and his brother Edouard the but was rebellious to discipline, abandoned Latin libretto was accepted by the manager of the Ly- for the sciences, and became enthusiastic only ons opera in 1859.-His daughter CarolINE after undertaking the study of medicine. Res (born in Florence in 1832, and married in 1856 peating the words of Cæsar, that it is better to to M. Van den Heuvel) made her debut in 1850 be first in a village than second at Rome, he in the Sonnambula at the Italian opera, and has resolved to be unsurpassed in the art of surgery. held since 1852 a leading position at the opéra At the age of 18 he was appointed assistant discomique in Paris.
sector in the école de santé; and in 1801, after & DUPUIS, CHARLES FRANÇOIS, a French schol- brilliant examination, he became chief of the ar and philosopher, born at Trie-le-Château, faculty of medicine. The indisputable superiNormandy, Oct. 16, 1742, died near Dijon, Sept. ority of Bichat at this time was a spur to his 29, 1809. The son of a country schoolmaster, ambition, and he displayed an unprecedented he was first instructed in mathematics and land skill and activity in dissections. He became surveying; and afterward, through the protec- successively surgeon of the second class in the tion of the duke de la Rochefoucauld, was en- Hôtel Dieu; inspector-general of the university; abled to complete a course of collegiate studies professor of medical practice; and in 1815 surat Paris. He was made professor of rhetoric at geon-in-chief of the Hôtel Dien. Having now the Lisieux college when only 22 years of age, absolute power in the oldest and wealthiest hosand delivered in 1780, in the name of the uni- pital of France, he regularly passed 5 hours in versity of Paris, a funeral oration in honor of the morning in performing operations in the the empress Maria Theresa. In 1787 he was presence of over 400 students. With a severe promoted to the chair of Latin eloquence in the exterior, and a grave and mysterious manner, he college of France. Meanwhile he attended the kept his audience in perfect stillness. With scientific lectures of the great astronomer La- scalpel in hand and the patient before him, he lande, with whom he became intimately ac- delivered lectures which were unequalled in quainted; and these studies, combined with his Paris for clearness of exposition, elegance of thorough knowledge of ancient mythology, led expression, or novelty of ideas. He was never him to undertake to trace the origin of all reli- gentle, and never smiled except when he sought gions to astronomy. Ancient divinities, he as- to draw from a patient the symptoms of his serted, were but constellations; the names of malady; he seemed to possess only practised mythological gods were those of the stars; and senses and a severe logic; and the masterly unthe strange adventures ascribed to the former concern with which he framed his discourses in merely an allegorical account of the various the midst of suffering and death, gained for bim motions of the latter, and their relations to each a peculiar reputation. Upon the assassination other. The theory was first presented by him of the duke de Berry, in 1820, Dupuytren was in several papers which appeared in the Journal called to the Tuileries for consultation, and 3 des savants ; was more fully expounded in a 4to. years later he was made first surgeon to the volume printed in 1781, under the title of Me. king. But though the transition from the Hotel moire sur l'origine des constellations et sur l'ex- Dieu to the court increased his renown, yet his plication de la fable par l'astronomie ; and then, proud, silent, and capricious character became after 14 years of unremitting labor, was unfolded the object of innumerable epigrams and calumin all its mysteries and particulars in the bulky nies. His health failed in 1883, and he repaired work, L'origine de tous les cultes, ou la religion to Italy, but could not be restrained from reuniverselle (3 vols. 4to., Paris, 1795). This newing his studies and observations in Rome. performance did not command the popularity He died after much suffering, which excited which its author had anticipated; he therefore, rather his curiosity than complaints or disquiein 1796, published an abridgment, which was tude, and left a part of his large fortune for the more acceptable, and has been frequently re- foundation of a chair of pathological anatomy printed. Amid his literary pursuits, Dupuis in the faculty of medicine in Paris, and of a ħad been somewhat unwillingly drawn into museum which now bears his name. His prinpolitics. A deputy to the convention, he acted cipal works have been collected in an edition with the moderate party; he was a member of entitled Leçons orales. He simplified many surthe council of 500, and a candidate for the di- gical operations, and made some valuable innorectorship. On the establishment of the empire vations in the art. he returned to private life, and in 1806 published DUQUESNE, ABRAHAM, & French naval his Dissertation sur le zodiaque de Tentyra ou officer, born in Dieppe in 1610, died in 1688. Denderah, which forms the complement of his He was the son of a seaman, was educated in great work.
his native town, early entered the naval service, DUPUYTREN, GUILLAUME, a French sur- and gained distinction in several encounters geon, born at Pierre-Buffière, Oct. 6, 1777, died with the Spaniards, especially in 1637 off the in Paris, Feb. 8, 1835. He attracted attention Lerins isles, in 1641'off Tarragona, and in 1643 in his boyhood by his beauty, intelligence, and off Cape Gata. On the suspension of hostilities haughty character, and at the age of 12 was he offered his services to Sweden, then at war placed by a military officer, who was fascinated with Denmark, received the rank of vice-admiral, by his peculiarities, in the college of La Marche and completely defeated the Danish fleet under at Paris. He there engaged in literary studies, the command of King Christian IV. He then fitted out a squadron at his own expense, with Spanish drama. He has edited a very importwhich he prevented the Spaniards from entering ant collection of Moorish, miscellaneous, and Bordeaux, then the stronghold of the rebellious historical ballads, and ballads of chivalry (Madprinces. This act of patriotism and daring was rid, 1828–'32; republished in Paris in 1838, and rewarded by his promotion to the rank of com- in Barcelona in 1840; a new edition, forming modore, while he received as an indemnity for part of the extensive Biblioteca de autores Eshis outlay the island and the chateau of Indret, pañoles, Madrid, 1849—51). He has also written near Nantes. He continued his successful oper- a history of the Spanish drama from its origin ations against the Spaniards until the peace of to the middle of the 18th century, which is not 1659; then he served against the pirates on the yet published. coast of Africa. He was made a naval lieuten- DURAND, ASHER Brown, an American ant-general in 1667, and in the war against Hol- painter and engraver, born in Jefferson, N. J., land was twice engaged against De Ruyter in Aug. 21, 1796. His paternal ancestors were 1676 in the Mediterranean, first off Stromboli, French Protestants, who emigrated to America and afterward in sight of Mt. Etna. In both en- after the revocation of the edict of Nantes. gagements the Dutch were defeated, and in the From early childhood he manifested a taste for latter they lost their commander. A few weeks drawing, and was fond of studying and copying later Duquesne destroyed the remains of their trees, foliage, and other attractive objects of fleet, and thus for a while secured the suprema- nature. His art education, however, properly cy of France upon the sea. Louis XIV. bestow- commenced in the shop of his father, a skilful ed upon him the estate of Du Bouchet with the watchmaker, where he learned to cut ciphers title of marquis. He was afterward ordered to on spoons and other household implements, clear the Mediterranean of the Barbary pirates; and, chiefly by his own efforts, acquired some defeated the Tripolitans off the island of Scio in knowledge of the elementary processes of en1681; attempted in 1682 the bombardment of graving. His first attempts at the production Algiers, which he was obliged to abandon on of prints were made with plates hammered out account of stormy weather; resamed it the of copper coins, and with tools of his own connext year, and forced the dey to sue for peace. Struction, his models being the cards inserted in The first condition imposed by Duquesno was the cases of watches. A French gentleman, the liberation of a considerable number of struck with the talent which some of these Christian slaves, and the last the sending of an evinced, employed him to copy a portrait paintembassy to Versailles to implore pardon from ed on the lid of a snuff box, and the success with Louis XIV. In 1684 Duquesne led a successful which this commission was executed encouraged expedition against Genoa, and soon after retired him to make engraving his profession. In 1812 to his native city.
he was apprenticed to Peter Maverick, one DURAM, or DURÃO, JOZE DE SANTA RITA, of the most prominent engravers of the time, a Brazilian poet, born near Mariana in the prove with whom, after the expiration of his term ince of Minas Geraes in 1737, died in Lisbon in in 1817, he entered into partnership. For a 1783. He qualified himself for the service of long time his employment consisted in copying the church by his studies at Rio Janeiro and at prints from English books, and working on Coimbra in Portugal, was graduated doctor of plates for bank notes. His engraving of Trumdivinity at the university of the latter city, and bull's “Declaration of Independence," the first joined the religious order of St. Augustine. In work which he attempted on a large scale, and the course of his travels in Spain and Italy he which cost him 3 years' labor, brought him into became acquainted with Alfieri and other emi- general notice, and thenceforth for many years nent men of letters, and subsequently during his graver was in constant demand for portraits his residence at Coimbra composed a poem of various dimensions, and figure pieces. Of the founded upon the story of the Galician adven- former, the “National Portrait Gallery" affords turer Diogo Alvarez Correa, surnamed Caramu- the best example, while his “Musidora" and ru, the legendary hero of Bahia. This poem “Ariadne," the latter engraved from Vanderwas published at Lisbon in 1781, under the title lyn's picture, are among the most creditable of Caramuru, poema epico do descobrimento da specimens of the art produced in this country. Bahia, and a French version appeared at Paris He had always, however, entertained the idea in 1829. On its first appearance the poem was of ultimately becoming a painter, and in 1835, not highly estimated, but since then it has risen having for the previous 10 years been a regular to the rank of a national epic in Brazil.
contributor of portraits, small figure pieces, or DURAN, AGUSTIN, a Spanish scholar, porn landscapes in oil, to the exhibitions of the in Madrid about 1793. He received a univer national academy of design, he finally abansity education with a view of embracing the doned engraving as a profession. For several profession of the law, but a handsome fortune years afterward he painted principally portraits which fell to his lot permitted him to devote and landscapes, and occasionally figure pieces, a bimself to letters. He paid much attention to class of subjects to which he would willingly the study of foreign, especially to French lit- have devoted himself had the opportunities for erature, and in 1828 published anonymously a studying from life or from models been suffipamphlet on the influence which modern criti- ciently abundant. As landscape painting, howcism has exercised on the decline of the ancient ever, accorded with his early tastes, and was
not liable to this objection, he soon began to and other Indian tribes, who overran the coungive his exclusive attention to it, and for many try at certain seasons, pillage the settlements, years has been an industrious contributor to this drive off the cattle, and massacre all who come department of his art. From the outset he has in their way.-Durango, or VICTORIA, the capbeen a close student of nature, giving great at- ital of the state, is situated on an elevated plain tention to the forms of trees, the different species at the foot of the Sierra Madre, 7,295 feet above of which he carefully distinguishes in his pic- the level of the sea; pop. in 1853, about 8,000. tures
, and elaborating the objects of a landscape It is the see of a bishop, contains several good with scrupulous exactness. His pictures, em- buildings, and enjoys an extensive trade in cattle bracing some of the finest mountain and valley and leather. It is in the vicinity of iron mines, scenery in the country, are eminently pleasing and has a mint. The general appearance of the and true in color and tone, and frequently have town is picturesque, but it is excessively dirty, an idyllic beauty characteristic of the artist's infested by scorpions, and has, of late years, turn of mind. "Those representing woodland rapidly declined in population. It was founded scenes are conceived with much poetic feeling, in 1551. and present fine studies of trees and foliage. DURAZZO (anc. Epidamnus or Dyrrachium; His collected works, many of which are of Turkish, Dratch ; Alb. Duraessi), a maritime large dimensions, and some of which have been town of European Turkey, in the province of engraved, would convey an unusually correct Albania, on the E. coast of the Adriatic, 50 m. idea of American scenery under many different S. W. of Scutari; pop. about 7,000. It is strongaspects. Of his figure pieces, which are the ly fortified, has a safe and commodious harbor, rarest of his works, the principal are “Harvey and carries on a considerable trade in corn, toBirch and Washington ;"" An Old Man's Rem- bacco, and British manufactured goods, which iniscences;" “The Wrath of Peter Stuyve are imported from Trieste. It occapies the site
;" “God's Judgment on Gog;" “The Dance of the ancient Epidamnus, which was founded on the Battery;" “The Capture of Major by a colony of Corcyreans and Corinthians in André," &c. Among his earlier landscapes may the 7th century B. O. The feuds of its pobles be enumerated: "The Morning and Evening and people were one of the immediate causes of Life," a pair ; “Lake Scene--Sunset;" “ The of the Peloponnesian war. In the Roman times Rainbow;'
;** “ Wood Scene,” &c. During the it became one of the chief points of communilast few years he has produced “Primeval For. cation between Italy and the East. During the est” (1853); “In the Woods” (1854); “The civil war of Pompey and Cæsar it was occuSymbol," from Goldsmith's “Deserted Village” pied by the former, who obtained in its vicinity (1856); “Franconia Mountains” (1858); and a victory over the forces of his antagonist. In
Reminiscences of Catskill Cloves" (1859). In the 11th century it was captured by the Nor1854 he painted a portrait of William C. Bryant, mans, and subsequently by the Venetians, from the engraving from which, published in 1858, whom it was taken by the Turks about the end received its finishing touches from his hand. of the 15th century. Mr. Durand is one of the few remaining origi. DURBIN, JOHN Price, D.D., an american nal members of the national academy of design, clergyman, born in Bourbon co., Ky., in 1800. and upon the resignation of Prof. Morse was After receiving the elements of education in a chosen the president, a position which he still district school, he entered the ministry of the holds. He has resided in New York during the Methodist Episcopal church in 1819, was sent to greater part of his life.--His son, John DURAND, Limestone circuit, Ky., and the next year was has for several years conducted the “ Crayon," received into the Ohio conference and stationed a monthly publication specially devoted to the on Greenville circuit, Ohio. He availed himinterests of the fine arts.
self of every opportunity for study, and with DURANGO, an inland state or department his grammar and commentary, by the light of of Mexico, 280 m. long from N. to s., and 150 pine knots in the log cabins of the wilderness, m. broad; area, 48,489 sq. m.; pop. in 1851, he spent his evenings in mastering their con162,218. It was formerly sometimes called New tents. He was soon after stationed in Hamilton, Biscay. The surface is rocky and mountain- 0., 12 miles from Oxford, the seat of the Miami ous, being traversed by the Sierra Madre, which, university. He entered this institution, pursuunites the plateau of Anahuac with the Rocky ing his studies from Monday until Saturday, mountains. There are a few small streams, the when he would attend to his duties as pastor, principal of which is the Rio de las Nases, bnt and then return to his studies in college. While no large rivers. In the valleys of these streams stationed subsequently in Cincinnati he was are some fertile and well cultivated tracts, pro- admitted to the Cincinnati college, where he reducing good crops of rice, maize, and corn, but ceived the degree of A.B. in 1825, and subsethe general character of the soil is barren and quently that of A.M. Soon after this he was incapable of much improvement. There are elected professor of languages in Augusta colsome pasture lands, however, and considerable lege, Ky. In 1829 he was nominated as chapnumbers of cattle are reared. The mountains lain to the senate of the United States, and only furnish gold, silver, and iron, which are exten- failed of election by the casting vote of Mr. sively and profitably mined. This department Calhoun, which that distinguished statesman is subject to frequent inroads of the Comanches afterward regretted. His friends, without his
DUREAU DE LA MALLE
knowledge, again secured his nomination in are seen the evidences of a reflective mind. He 1831, and he was elected by a large majority. stands in a dignified attitude, and his hair falls His sermon in the capitol on the centennial an- in beautiful profusion over his shoulders. In niversary of Washington's birth was one of his his last portrait, a woodcut of the year 1527, most successful efforts. In 1832 he was elected the face is marked by lines of care, and the head professor of natural science in the Wesleyan is shorn of the flowing locks in which the artist university, and in 1833 was appointed by the was wont to take a complacent pride. In 1498 general conference editor of the “ Christian Ad- appeared his
first great series of woodcuts, illusvocate and Journal," New York. The follow- trating the Revelation of St. John; a work of ing year he was elected president of Dickinson singular power, in which the artist's imagination, college, Penn., where he continued until 1842. however, is controlled by the fantastic element He then made a journey through portions of the which then pervaded German art. Throughout old world, and returning the next year, published the series the wonderful and monstrous meet in “Observations in Europe, principally in France living bodily forms. In 1506, by the aid of his and Great Britain” (2 vols. 12mo., New York, friend Wilibald Pirkheimer, Dürer made a 1844), and “Observations in Egypt, Palestine, journey to northern Italy, and remained a conSyria, and Asia Minor” (2 vols. 12mo., New York, siderable time at Venice, Bologna, and other 1845), which had a large sale. He was a member places, for the purpose of improving himself in of the general conference of 1844, and took an his art; but so firmly was he grounded in his important part in the debate which resulted in peculiar style, that the graceful productions of the division of the Methodist Episcopal church. the Italian schools had no influence upon him. In 1845 he resigned the presidency of the col- From the time of his return to Nuremberg, in lege, and was stationed in Philadelphia as pre- 1507, ensued a period of singular artistic activity, siding elder. In 1850 he was elected corre- and among the great works which he then prosponding secretary of the missionary society of duced may be enumerated the paintings of the the Methodist Episcopal church, which post he “Martyrdom of the 10,000 Saints,” at Vienna; occupies at the present time.
Assumption of the Virgin,” burned at DUREAU DE LA MALLE, ADOLPHE JULES Munich; the®“ Adoration of the Trinity," at César Auguste, a French author, born March Vienna; “Christ taken from the Cross," at Nu2, 1777, died May 18, 1857. Under the auspices remberg; and the “ Adoration of the Magi," at of his father, Jean BAPTISTE JOSEPH René, the Florence; the woodcut series of the “Greater” translator of Tacitus and Sallust (born 1742, died and “Lesser Passion,” the “Life of the Virgin," 1807), he received an excellent education. He the “Triumphal Arch of the Emperor Maximilfirst wrote poetry and afterward on archæology, ian,” &c.; the copperplate engravings of "The geography, political economy, and climatology. Knight, Death, and the Devil,” “ Melancholy," His most important work, Economie politique “St. Jerome;" and portraits of his friends Pirkdes Romains, appeared at Paris in 1840. heimer, Melanchthon, and Erasmus. The print
DURER, ÁLBRECHT, a German painter and en- of “The Knight, Death, and the Devil” suggestgraver, born in Nuremberg, May 20, 1471, died ed to Fouquê his tale of “Sintram and his Comthere, April 6, 1528. His father, a skilful gold- panions.” It is supposed by Bartsch and others smith, wished him to follow the same profession; that the woodcuts which pass under Durer's but yielding to his son's inclination to become an name were cut by engravers from his drawings artist, he placed him, when 15 years of age, with on the wood. His career was prosperous, and he Michael Wohlgemuth, the leading painter of Nu- enjoyed the friendship of many of the most learnremberg. With him Albrecht remained 4 years, ed men of the day, to whom his cultivation of after which he travelled through Germany and letters no less than his artistic genius commendthe Low Countries, employing several years in ed him. The people of Nuremberg delighted to the study not merely of his own art but of honor their great painter, who was for many many of the most important collateral branches. years one of the chief burghers of his native town. In 1494 he established himself permanently in The emperors Maximilian I. and Charles V. sucNuremberg, and shortly after, at the solicitation cessively appointed him court painter, and the of his father, married the daughter of Hans Fritz, chief cities of Germany were emulous for the an artisan of that place. The union was not á possession of his works. In 1520 Dürer made a happy one, as the shrewish temper of his wife second journey to the Netherlands, and showed sorely taxed the equanimity of the painter, and that he was not too old to labor, and be instructed it is even said shortened his life. During his in his art. Melanchthon tells us that Dürer conapprenticeship to Wohlgemuth, and his absence fessed to him that his previous works fell short from Nuremberg, he had painted and engraved of his present conception of the beauty of nature, on wood, although nothing is known with cer- and that he regretted bitterly that he had painted tainty of his youthful works. The earliest well so many pictures void of that simplicity which is authenticated picture by him bears the date of the greatest charm of art. Under the influence 1498, and is a portrait of himself. Another of this visit his subsequent works exhibita soberer similar portrait, dated 1500, and now in the feeling, and a refinement of that exuberant fancy Pinakothek at Munich, gives a vivid impression in which he formerly delighted. In 1526 were of the artist. It represents a man in the prime produced his 2 pictures containing figures of the of life, in whose noble features and earnest eye size of life of the apostles John and Peter, Mark