Analogical Reasoning: Perspectives of Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Science, and Philosophy

Přední strana obálky
D.H. Helman
Springer Science & Business Media, 29. 6. 2013 - Počet stran: 428
In the last few years, there has been an enormous amount of activity in the study of analogy and metaphor. This is partly because of an interest of artificial intelligence researchers in simulating learning processes using analogy. It also arises from critical examinations of standard theories in the philosophy of language, with their inbuilt literal/meta phoric distinction. This volume consists of recent previously unpub lished work in this area, with a particular emphasis upon the role of analogies in reasoning and, more generally, their role in thought and language. The papers are contributed by philosophers, computer scientists, cognitive scientists and literary critics. Researchers in these fields whose focus is the study of analogy and metaphor will find much of interest in this volume. These essays can also serve as an introduction to some of the major approaches taken in the investigation of analogy. As noted, this volume brings together the work of researchers in several different disciplines. The various approaches taken with respect to the understanding of analogy tend to be rather different, however, the articles suggest a common conclusion. Analogy and metaphor pervade thought and language; their close investigation thus constitutes a valuable contribution to our understanding of persons. DAVID H. HELMAN Case Western Reserve University vii PART I CONCEPTUAL AND CATEGORICAL THEORIES OF ANALOGICAL UNDERSTANDING MARK TURNER CATEGORIES AND ANALOGIES I want to pursue the following claims: The way we categorize helps explain the way we recognize a statement as an analogy.
 

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Obsah

PREFACE
1
MARK JOHNSON Some Constraints on Embodied Analogi
25
P K SAHA Metaphorical Style as Message
41
SMADAR KEDARCABELLI Analogy From a Unified
63
PAUL THAGARD Dimensions of Analogy
105
Processes
125
RUSSELL GREINER AbstractionBased Analogical Inference 147
146
DEDRE GENTNER BRIAN FALKENHAINER and JANICE
171
TODD R DAVIES Determination Uniformity and Rele
227
STUART RUSSELL Analogy by Similarity
251
ILKKA NIINILUOTO Analogy and Similarity in Scientific
270
THEO A F KUIPERS Inductive Analogy by Similarity
299
ANALOGY AND INFORMATION
314
LINDLEY DARDEN and ROY RADA Hypothesis Formation
341
DANIEL ROTHBART Analogical Information Processing
377
JOSEPH AGASSI Analogies Hard and Soft 401
400

MARK H BURSTEIN Combining Analogies in Mental
179
A Case
204

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