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142

Page.

Page
Africa, Statistical View of
269 Episcopal Church, U. S.

264
Alabama - Government; Judiciary; Europe, Reigning Sovereigns of 271
Common Schools ; Academies; Uni- Europe, Statisticud View of

267
versity of Alabama; Lagrange Col- Executive Government, United States 128
lege ; College of Spring Hill 224 — 227 Freneau, Philip

313
America, Statistical View of
259 Festivals of the Church

5
American Colonization Society
92 Florida Territory

215
Arkansas Territory.
255 Flowering of Fruit 'I'recs

85
Asia, Statistical View of
268 Foreign Ministers

131
Bainbridge, Commodore
319 France

295
Baltimore, Tempernture at
77 Fruit Trees, l'lowering of

85
Baptist Dénomination in United States 263 Georgia - Government; Judiciary ;
Bell, Dr. Andrew

297 Education ; Franklin College ;

Medi-
Bentham, Jeremy

302 cal College of Georgia

222 - 224
Bishops, American
264 Globe, Statistics of

267
Bishops, English, &c.
280 Goethe

298
Bonaparte, Madame, &c.
306 Governors of States

257
Bonstetten

297 | Great Britain - Government ; Ministry;
British American Provinces

266 House of Lords ; Bishops ; House of
Butler, Charles

301 Commons; First Reformed Parlia-
CALENDAR — January; &c.

28

met; Judiciary; British Ministry
Calendar, Jewish

5 from 1807 to 1833

274-294
Calendar, Mahometan
6 Height of the Greatest Tides

21
Canada
266 Hill, Rowland

310
Carroll, Charles
312 Hillhouse, James

313
Catholic Church in United States 265 Holyoke, Dr., his Meteorological Journal 78
Champollion
298 Home, Sir Everard

301
Chaptal, Count
303 House of Commons, England

282
Chronicle of Events
321 | House of Lords or Peers

275
Chronological Cycles

4 Mlinois — Government; Judiciary ; Edu-
Clarke, Dr. Adam

304 cation : Illinois College; Alton Lite-
Clementi,

299

rary and Theological Seminary 250 – 251
Colleges in United States

260 Imports and Exports, United States
Colonization Society

92 Indiana - Government; Judiciary ; Edu-
Colton, C. C.

299 cation ; Indiana College; South Hano-
Colonial Congress

97 ver College
Columbia, District of — Circuit Court ; Individual States

145
Georgetown College ; Columbian Col. Influence of the Moon

73
lege ; Columbian Institute 253— 255 Intercourse with Foreign Nations

134
Commerce, United States

141 Johnston, Josiah S.
Comets
61 Judiciary, United States

130
Commons, House of, England • 282 Kenn, Edmund

311
Congregationalists

265 Kentucky — Government; Judiciary ;
Congress, Colonial

97 Education; Transylvania University;
Congress, from 1774 to 1788 97 - 102 Centre College; St. Joseph's College ;
Congress, Ist to 220

. 103 123

Augusta College; Cumberland Colo
Congress, 230

332 lege; Georgetown College 235-2:2
Congress, Sessions of

125 Latitude and Longitude of Places 24
Connecticut — Government; Judiciary; Law Schools

259
Statistics ; Expense of Government; Legislatures of States

255-258
Common Schools; Academies; Yale Leslie, Sir John

307
College ; Washington College ; Wes- Libraries in United States

148
leyan University; Litchfield Law Lords or Peers, House of

275
School; Asylum for the Deaf and Louisiana - Government; Judiciary ;

Dumb; Learned Societies 171-179 Education ; College of Louisiana 230-231
Consuls
134 Mackintosh, Sir James

301
Convention that for ned the Constitution 102 Maine – Government ; Judiciary; Mili-
Crabbe, George

297 tia ; Education ; Bowdoin College ;
Cuvier, Baron

300 Waterville College ; Maine Theologi-
Deaf and Dumb in Europe

272 cal Institution; Maine Wesleyan
Debt, United States'

142 Seminary ; Learned Societies 149 - 153
Delaware — Government; Judiciary; Marietta, Temperature at

83
Outlines of the Constitution; Educa- Maryland — Government; Judiciary;
tion

Education ; St. John's College ; Uni-
Duties, Tariff of

138

versity of; Washington Medical
Eclipses in 1834

6 College; St. Mary's College ; Mount
Eclipse of the Sun, Nov. 30

8 St. Mary's College

203-206
Eclipses of the Satellites of Jupiter 17 Massachusetts - Government; Judici-
Eclipses, Elements of

60 ary; Common Schools ; Academics;
Education, United States, Remarks on 145 Harvard University; Williams Colo
Elections in the different States

256

Amherst College; Theological
Ephemeris of the Sun

52

248, 249

315

202, 203

lege ;

.

.

Page.

Page.
Seminaries; Learned Societies ; Peri- Population and Extent of the Globe 270
odical Literature

161 — 169 Population, 0. S., 5 Enumerations 144
Medfield, Temperature at
80 | Porter, Anna Maria

303
Medical Schools, United States
259 Post-Office Estabishment

135
Meteorological Observations
77 Post-Offices, principal

136
Methodist Episcopal Church
264 Postage, Rates of

137
Michigan Territory
255 Protestant Episcopal Church

264
Militia, United States

143 President of the United States, Votes for,
Military Posts, Temperature at
81 from 1729 to 1833

126
Ministry of Great Britain 274 & 294 Public Debt, United States'

142
Mint of the United States
129 Public Lands, Share of

143
Mississippi - Government; Judiciary; Rain, Quantity of, at several places 85
Outlines of the Constitution ; Educa- Randolph, John

316
tion; Jefferson College 227 - 230 | Rates of Postage

137
Missouri Government; Judiciary ; Refractions, Dr. Young's

53
Education; St. Louis University ; St. Reichstadt, Duke of

303
Mary's College

252 - 253 Religions, Numbers of the different 270
Moon, Influence of

73 Rrligious Denominations, U. S. 263 — 265
New Hampshire — Government; Judici- Remusat, Abel,

302
ary ; Statistics ; Common Schools ; Revolutionury Pensioners

143
Academies

;
Dartmouth College ;

Rhode Island — Government ; Judiciary ;
Learned Societies

153 - 158 Education ; Brown University ;Learn-
New Jersey – Government; Judiciary;

ed Societies

169-171
Common Schools ; Acadumies; Col

Salaries of Governors, &c.

238
lege of New Jersey ; Rutgers College Salem, Temperature at

78
183 – 191 Say, Jean-Baptiste

308
New York — Government; Judiciary ; Scarpa, Antonio

307
Common Schools ; Academies ; Re- Scott, Sir Walter

305
gents of the University; Columbia Sessions of Congress

125
College ; Union College; Humilton Signs of the Planets

3
College ; Geneva College ; Brockport Signs of the Zodiac

4
College ;
Hamilton Literary and Skinner, Richard,

316
Theological Seminary; Episcopal Slaves in the United States

1.44
Theological Seminary ; Auburn Theo. South Carolina - Government; Judici-
logical Seminary; Murtwick Theo-

ary ;

Free Schools ; Academies ;
logical Seminary ; College of Physi- College of South Carolina ; Charles-
cians and Surgeons; University of ton College ; Medical Colleges ; Theo-
the City of New York; Learned logical Seminaries ; Learned Socie-
Societies
. 178-188 ties

216--221
North Carolina - Government; Judi- Sovereigns of Europe

271
ciary Education; University of Spurzheim, Dr.

307
215 — 2:6 Stanley, John,

319
Obituary, American
312 Stephen, James

306
Obituary, Foreign
308 Sun's Parallax in Altitude

59
Occultations
16 Tariff of Duties

138
Oceanica
270 Temperance

89
Ohio - Government; Judiciary ; Com-

Tennessee - Government; Judiciary ;
mon Schools

Acadeinies ;
Olio

Education ; University of Nashville j
University; Miami University; Wes- Greenville College; East Tennessee
tern Reserve College ; Kenyo: Col- College; Theological Seminary 23:- 235
lege ; Franklin College; Lane Semi- Theological Seminaries, United States 259
nary; Granville Literary and Theo- Tide Table

21
logical Institutiou ; Medical College Tides, Height of

23
of Ohio ; Ohio Reformod Medical Tucker, Commodoro

315
School; Law School
212--218 | Uuited States

97 & 256
Oriani, Barnaba
308 Vacations in Colleges

262
Parliament, British

275 Vermont — Governinent; Judiciary;
Parliament, Members of

284

Common Schools; Academies; Uni-
Pennsylvania --Government; Judiciary; versity of Vermont; Middlebury
Common Schools ; Academies ; Uni- College

158-160
versity of Pennsylvania; Jefferson Virginia – Government; Judiciary ;
Medical College ; Dickinson College; Education ; Academies;. University
Jefferson College'; Washington Col- of Virginia ; William and Mary Col-
lege ; Western University; Allegheny lege; Hampden-Sydney College; Wash-
College; Pennsylvauia College ; La- ington College; Randolph-Macon Col-
fayeite College; Girard College; Bris- lege; Protestant Episcopal Seminary ;
tol Collegiate Institute ; Institution Virginia Baptist Seminary 205-214
for the Deaf and Dumb; Theological Votes for President, &c., U. S.

126
Seminaries; Learned Societies 192 - 201 Wakefield, Priscilla

305
Pensioners, Revolutionary and Invalid 143 West Indies, British

266
Perier, Casimir
300 Wilberforce, Win.

311
Periodical Literature throughout the Wolcott, Oliver

317
World
95 | Zach, Baron de

304

ERRATA.

Page 3, last line, for "8 the descending node,” read “U," &c.

6, Oct. 13th, for « Feast” read “ Fast”
9, near the bottom, for “Sun cent. eclipsed" read “ Sun sets

centrally eclipsed ”
15, for “ Norfolk, Pa." read “ Norfolk, Va.”

27, " Salem, in lat. 42° 31' 30'!” not“ 520,” &c. " 35, The setting of the Moon is, to a certain extent, erroneously

stated for New York, Washington, Charleston, and New Orleans. The variation of the Moon's semidiurnal arch

having been, inadvertently, applied with a wrong sign. 99, After the name of Mitchell, Stephen M., for “ 1783 - 04,

1785 – 06,” read “ 1783-84, 1785–86.” “ 192, 2d line from the bottom, for“ Robert C. Trier,” read “ Robert

C. Grier.” “ 276, for “* Essex,” read “Ş Essex.”

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*** For Additions and Corrections, see pages 335 and 336.

N. B. In the volumes of the Almanac for the years 1830, 1831, and 1832, the rising and setting of the sun were given according to apparent time ; but in the volumes for 1833 and 1834, they are given according to inean time.

CAL DEPARTMENT.

The most remarkable of the phenomena that this year (1834) will happen, is the eclipse of the Sun, on Sunday the thirtieth of November. This is the third of the very uncommon series of five large eclipses, visible to us, in the short term of seven years; the fourth of this series will take place May 15th, 1836, and the last, September 18th, 1838.

The eclipse of the present year will doubtless receive great attention throughout our country. In those places where its magnitude will not exceed eleven digits, much diminution of the light is not to be expected, even at the time of the greatest obscuration; perhaps, however, it may be sufficient to render visible the planet Venus, then about 30 degrees E. S. E. of the Sun, and much nearer the Earth, than usual: nor will the obscuration be very great where the eclipse is almost total; since it has been observed, on former occasions, that the uneclipsed part, even when reduced to a mere point, sheds sufficient light to render small objects distinctly visible, and invisible the brightest of the stars. Indeed, on account of the refraction of the Sun's rays by the atmosphere of the Earth, the darkness can hardly with strictness be considered total, even where the Sun is completely shut out from the sight. In the great and remarkable eclipse of June 16th, 1806, when the Sun was totally obscured, at Boston, for five minutes, as much light remained as is given by the Moon when full; and greater darkness will not probably be experienced, in any place, on the present occasion.

Throughout the United States, however, a great depression of the thermometer, if placed in the sun, will probably be noticed; and, for some minutes before and after the moment of greatest obscuration, the power of a lens to produce combustion, by condensing the solar rays, will be quite, if not entirely, destroyed. At the time of the Annular eclipse of February 12th, 1831, it was observed by the Editor, that the thermometer in the sun, fell from 72 to 29, and that during the continuance of the ring, no sensible effect was produced by placing its blackened bulb in the focus of a powerful burning-glass.

This Eclipse, it will be seen on tracing the path of the centre, will be total in a small part of the Territory of Arkansas, and of the States of Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina. The principal places, in which the obscurity will probably be complete, are Charleston, Beaufort, S. C., Savannah, Milledgeville, Tuscaloosa, and Little Rock. The greatest duration of total darkness in any place, will be about Im. 56s. ; at Tuscaloosa, it will be about 1m. 53s. and at Beaufort, lın. 46s.; these places lying very near the central path. At Charleston and Savannah, the duration will be considerably less, the former being situate about forty miles north of this path, the latter about thirty south. The width of the line of total darkness varies in its passage across the Earth, but in the United States will be about one hundred miles. Those of the inhabitants of the Atlantic States, who desire to behold this rare spectacle, the most magnificent and sublime of the phenomena of nature, compared with which even Niagara sinks into mediocrity, will find Beaufort the most eligible place in which to make their observations; and they will not neglect this opportunity when they reflect, that the Moon's shadow will not again, for the space of thirty-five years, pass over any part of the inhabited portion of the United States, or until August 7th, 1869.

As, at the time of the Eclipse of Feb., 1831, much inconvenience and even injury was sustained from want of care in looking at the Sun without any protection for the eye, or through glass not sufficiently colored, it may be proper to remark, that should the sky, during the continuance of this Eclipse, be clear, one of the very darkest green or red glasses of a sextant, and in default of this, a piece of common window glass, free from veins, and rendered quite black by the smoke of a lamp, only, can be used with safety. If the lustre of the Sun should be diminished by intervening clouds, a lighter shade will be sufficient.

In the computation of the phases of this Eclipse for some of the principal places in the United States (see pages 10 – 15), the semidiameters of the Sun and Moon were reduced 511 for irradiation and inflexion; the quantity indicated by all the observations on the Eclipse of Feb., 1831.

The total eclipse of the Moon of June 21st, and that of Dec. 15th, will be more interesting to the public generally, than to the astronomer.

Occultations of the planets and of stars of not less than the fourth magnitude, will this year be rare. Jupiter will be eclipsed in the morning of September 24th, and Venus, in the southern extremity of the United States, in the afternoon of the 2d of December.

The moment of the Immersion or Emersion of any star, however small, behind, or from, the dark side of the Moon, can be determined with precision ; but if the star is small, great difficulty is experienced in satisfactorily ascertaining it, when the phenomenon takes place on the side that is enlightened. Indeed, it has been found by Professor Struve, even with the assistance of the celebrated telescope in his possession, by Fraunhofer, so nearly impossible, that he recommends measuring with a micrometer the star's distance from the limb of the Moon, some minutes before or after the moment of contact, and when its light is, comparatively, but little diminished by her superior lustre. Those conjunctions, however, of the Moon with stars of less than the fourth magnitude, which may be occultations in some part of the United States, are noted in the Calendar pages by an asterisk, instead of the usual symbol of conjunction.

The catalogue of the eclipses of the Satellites of Jupiter (pages 17 and 18) contains only those visible in some part of the United States. The eclipses before the planet comes into conjunction with the Sun, on the 9th of May, will happen on the east side, then, until the opposition, on the 29th of November, on the west, and afterwards again on the east : between the 9th of May and 29th of November, the Immersions only of the first and second satellites will be visible, and during the remainder of the year, the Emersions only; but both the Immersion and Emersion of the two outer satellites can sometimes be seen.

The fourth satellite will not, however, be eclipsed this year, its Latitude, at every opposition, being greater than the planet's semidiameter.

The eclipses take place farthest from the body of Jupiter when in quadrature, and nearest when in opposition or conjunction; but for some weeks before and after he is in the latter position, the eclipses cannot be observed, the planet and satellites being rendered invisible by the superior light of the Sun. As these eclipses appear to take place at the same moment of absolute time in every part of the Earth where they are visible, to determine the approximate time, at which any one in the catalogue will happen in any place in the United States, it is necessary merely to subtract the estimated Longitude of that place from the time of Immersion or Emersion at Greenwich.

In the table of Latitude and Longitude of some of the principal places in the United States (page 24, &c.), will be found the latitude of several, as determined by the editor, by recent observations made by himself; also the longitude of a few, deduced by him from observations made by others on the annular eclipse of February 1831, or as ascer. tained by comparison of the place in question, by chronometers, with

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