« PředchozíPokračovat »
of Bretagne, the elder brother of King John. WILLIAM MARESHALL, Earl of Pembroke. GEFFREY Fırz-Peter, Earl of Essex, chief Justiciary of
England. WILLIAM LONGSWORD, Earl of Salisbury. Robert Bigor, Earl of Norfolk. HUBERT DE BURGA, Chamberlain to the King. Robert FAULCONBRIDGE, Son of Sir Robert Faulconbridge. PHILIP FAULCONBRIDGE, his Half-brother, Bastard Son to
King Richard the First. JAMES GURNEY, Servant to Lady Faulconbridge. PETER of Pomfret, a Prophet. PHILIP, King of France. LEWIS, the Dauphin. ARCADUKE OP AUSTRIA. CARDINAL PANDULPH, the Pope's Legate. MELUN, a French Lord. CHATILLON, Ambassador from France to King John. ELINOR, the Widow of King Henry II. and Mother of
King John. CONSTANCE, Mother to Arthur. BLANCH, Daughter to Alphonso, King of Castile, and
Niece to King John. Lady FAULCONBRIDGE, Mother to the Bastard and Robert
Faulconbridge. Lords, Ladies, Citizens of Angiers, Sheriff, Heralds,
Officers, Soldiers, Messengers, and other Attendants. SCENE, sometimes in England, and sometimes in France.
K I N G J OH N.
SCENE I. Northampton. A Room of State
in the Palace.
Enter King John, QUEEN Elixor, PEMBROKE, Essex, SALISBURY, and others, with CHATILLON.
King John. Now, say, Chatillon, what would France with us? Chat. Thus, after greeting, speaks the king of
France, In my behaviourl, to the majesty, The borrow'd majesty of England here. Eli. A strange beginning;- borrow'd majesty! K. John. Silence, good mother; hear the embassy.
Chat. Philip of France, in right and true behalf of thy deceased brother Geffrey's son, Arthur Plantagenet, lays most lawful claim To this fair island, and the territories; To Ireland, Poictiers, Anjou, Touraine, Maine: Desiring thee to lay aside the sword, Which sways usurpingly these several titles;
! In my behaviour probably means “Iu the words and action I am now going to use.' In the fifth act of this play the Bastard says to the French king :
--Now hear our English king,
And put the same into young Arthur's hand,
Chat. The proud control of fierce and bloody war,
for blood, Controlment for controlment: so answer France.
Chat. Then take my king's defiance from my mouth, The furthest limit of my embassy.
K. John. Bear mine to him, and so depart in peace: Be thou as lightning in the eyes of France; For ere thou canst report I will be there, The thunder of my cannon shall be heard : So, hence! Be thou the trumpet of our wrath, And sullen3 presage of your own decay.An honourable conduct let him have: Pembroke, look to't; Farewell, Chatillon.
[Ereunt CHATILLON and PEMBROKE. Eli. What now, my son? have I not ever said, Ilow that ambitious Constance would not cease, Till she had kindled France, and all the world, Upon the right and party of her son ? This might have been prevented and made whol, With very easy arguments of love! Which now the inanaget of two kingdoms must With fearful bloody issue arbitrate.
2 Control bere incans constraint or compulsion.' In the second act of King Henry V. when Exeter demands of the King of Frauce the surrender of his crown, the king answers, 'Or else what follows ?' and Exeter replies :
•Bloody constraint ; for if yon hide the crown
Even in your hearts, there will be rake for it.' 3 i. e. gloomy, dismal. Thus in King Henry VI. Part 11. Act i. Sc. 2:
"Why are thy eyes fixed on the sullen earth ?' And in King Richard Il. Act i. Sc 3:
“The sullen passage of thy weary steps ’ So Milton in his Sonnet to his friend Lawrence :
----help waste a sullen day.'
----for the rebels
K. John. Our strong possession, and our right
for us. Eli. Your strong possession, much more than your
right; Or else it must go wrong with you, and me: So much my conscience whispers in your ear; Which none but heaven, and you, and I, shall hear. Enter the Sheriff of Northamptonshire, who
whispers Essex. Essex. My liege, here is the strangest controversy, Come from the country to be judg'd by you, That e'er I heard : Shall I produce the men ? K. John. Let them approach.
(Exit Sheriff. Our abbies, and our priories, shall pay Re-enter Sheriff, with Robert FAULCONBRIDGE, and
PHILIP, his bastard Brothers.
Bast. Your faithful subject I, a gentleman,
$ Shakspeare in adopting the character of Philip Faulconbridge from the old play, proceeded on the following slight hint:
"Next them a bastard of the king's deccas'd,
A hardie wild-head, rough and venturous.'
"Sob illius temporis curriculo Falcasius de Brente, Neusteriensis, et spurius ex parte matris, atque Bastardus, qui in vili jumento manticato ad Regis paulo ante clientelam descenderat' Mathew Paris.-Holinshed says that 'Richard I, had a natural son named Philip, who, in the year following, killed the Viscount de Limoges to revenge the death of his father. Perhaps the name of Faulconbridge was suggested by the following passage in the continuation of Harding's Chronicle, 1543, fol. 24, 6 :-One Faulconbridge, th' erle of Kent bis bastarde, a stoute-bearted man.'
Bast. Most certain of one mother, mighty king, That is well known; and, as I think, one father: But, for the certain knowledge of that truth, I put you o'er to heaven, and to my mother; Of that I doubt, as all men's children may. Eli. Out on thee, rude man! thou dost shame
thy mother, And wound her honour with this diffidence.
Bast. I, madam? no, I have no reason for it; That is my brother's plea, and none of mine; The which if he can prove, ’a pops me out At least from fair five hundred pound a year; Heaven guard my mother's honour, and my land! K. John. A good blunt fellow Why, being
younger born, Doth he lay claim to thine inheritance?
Bast. I know not why, except to get the land.
* Shakspeare uses the word trick generally in the sense of 'a peculiar air or cast of countenance or feature.' Thus in All's Well that Ends Well, Act i. Sc. 1:
Of every line and trick of his sweet favour.' And in King Henry IV. Part 1. :-'That thou art my son, I have partly thy mother's word, partly mine own opinion; but cbiely a villanous trick of thine eye.'