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INTRODUCTION.

In the compilation of the work which is contained in these volumes, we are confident that we have performed an acceptable service to the American public. Former editions of the presidents' messages have been imperfect and incomplete in many respects; particularly in having been taken, in some instances, from incorrect copies, and abounding in typographical errors; also in the omission of numerous important special messages. These defects we have now endeavored to remedy; in the first place, by a careful comparison of the copies in these pages, with official documents ; and, secondly, by diligent research, to supply the special messages and inaugural addresses omitted in former compilations. It is hoped that this collection will be found to contain every address and message of all our presidents, from Washington to the present chief magistrate, which may be deemed important to elucidate the political history of this country, or to satisfy any reference that may be made by inquirers. The copious index, which is inserted at the end of the third volume, is a new feature of this compilation, that former editions have wanted ; and, of course, their value for reference has been greatly impaired, by that omission.

The communications of the executive of this great republic to the national legislature, and the expositions of his policy and principles to his fellow-citizens, on entering upon the duties of his high office, must always be of interest to every intelligent and patriotic American. To most of these productions of statesmen who have been elevated by the voice of their countrymen to the chief magistracy of the nation, we may point with satisfaction, as containing lessons of political wisdom which will endure through all time. In this respect they will compare favorably with similar productions in the annals of any other nation.

To render these writings of the American presidents more valuable and complete, as a continued national history, from the adoption of our constitution to the present time, we have accompanied them with a brief memoir of each president, and a history of the events of his administration. The latter sketches include an account of the most important transactions of Congress, at every session since the year 1789, and a de

tail of the prominent political events and movements of parties during each period.

In the preparation of the memoirs of the presidents, and the history of their administrations, we have consulted the most authentic writers on American history, as will appear by our quotations from their works; to which we here desire to express our acknowledgments. In this portion of our labors, we have endeavored to perform the part of a faithful and candid historian, whose office it is to relate events, and explain causes, without favor or prejudice. We feel the utmost confidence that intelligent and impartial readers will duly appreciate this task.

The Constitution of the United States, the Articles of Confederation, and the Declaration of Independence, must always form a portion of the text-book of the American statesman; and, indeed, of every citizen who understands his duties to the republic. These documents are, therefore, added to this collection, accompanied with notes, and an historical sketch of the political events which led to the adoption of these Magna-Chortas of our liberties. In the appendix will be found a variety of useful statistical information, so arranged as to be convenient for reference.

The American who loves his country, will examine with pleasure, as well as patriotic pride, the political history unfolded in the following voluminous pages of documents, biography, and narrative. He will behold the republic founded and established by the valor and wisdom of his ancestors, in the different stages of her progress—from the dawn of her existence as an independent power, through the blessing of Providence, overcoming every difficulty and danger-advancing in population, wealth, and territory, until she has acquired the first rank, in physical and moral ability, among the nations of the earth.

June, 1854,

CONTENTS.

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE......
Articles of Confederation....
Constitution of the United States.
Amendments to the Constitution....

......PAGE xiii

1 9 22

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF GEORGE WASHINGTON.
Inaugural Address, April 30, 1789....
First Annual Address, January 8, 1790..
Second Annual Address, December 8, 1790.
Third Annual Address, October 25, 1791..
Fourth Annual Address, November 6, 1792.
Proclamation, April 22, 1793.
Fifth Annual Address, December 3, 1793
Special Message, December 5, 1793.
Proclamation, August 7, 1794...
Proclamation, September 25, 1794..
Sixth Annual Address, November 19, 1794.
Seventh Annual Address, December 8, 1795.
Eighth Annual Address, December 7, 1796..
Farewell Address, September 17, 1796...
ADMINISTRATION OF WASHINGTON

25 31 33 36 38 42 46 47 50 51 54 55 60 64 69 79

95 103 107 112 116 116

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF JOHN ADAMS..
Inaugural Address, March 4, 1797...
Address, Special Session, May 16, 1797.
First Annual Address, November 23, 1797.
Special Message, February 5, 1798.....
Special Message, March 19, 1798..
Second Annual Address, December 8, 1798.
Third Annual Address, December 3, 1799
Special Message, December 23, 1799...
Special Message, January 8, 1800..
Fourth Annual Address, November 22, 1800...
ADMINISTRATION OF JOHN ADAMS ...

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BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THOMAS JEFFERSON.
Inaugural Address, March 4, 1801......
First Annual Message, December 8, 1801...
Second Annual Message, December 15, 1802.
Special Message, January 28, 1802...
Special Message, February 24, 1803...
Third Annual Message, October 17, 1803.
Special Message, October 21, 1803..
Special Message, November 4, 1803.
Special Message, November 25, 1803.
Special Message, December 5, 1803.
Special Message, January 16, 1804.
Special Message, March 20, 1804..
Fourth Annual Message, November 8, 1804.

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Second inaugural Address, March 4, 1805 ....
Firth Annual Message, December 3, 1805.
Special Message, January 13, 1806...
Special Message, January 17, 1806.
Special Message, February 3, 1806.
Special Message, February 19, 1806 .
Special Message, March 20, 1806.
Special Message, April 14, 1806...
Sixth Annual Message, December 2, 1806.
Special Message, December 3, 1806.
Special Message, January 22, 1807
Special Message, January 28, 1807.
Special ...essage, January 31, 1807.
Special Message, February 10, 1807
Seventh Annual Message, October 27, 1807
special Message, November 23, 1807.
Special Message, December 18, 1807
Special Message, January 20, 1808.
Special Message, January 30, 1808 ..
Special Message, January 30, 1808
Special Message, February 2, 1808.
Special Message, February 4, 1808
Special Message, February 9, 1808.
Special Message, February 15, 1808.
Special Message, February 19, 1808.
Special Message, February 25, 1808.
Special Message, March 7, 1808.
Special Message, March 17, 1808.
Special Message, March 18, 1808..
Special Message, March 22, 1808.
Eighth Annual Message, November 8, 1808.
Special Message, December 30, 1808.
Special Message, January 6, 1809.
ADMINISTRATION OF JEFFERSON

.PAGE 173

177 182 184 184 185 186 186 187 192 193 197 197 198 200 204 204 204 206 207 207 208 208 209 209 210 210 211 211 212 213 218

218 . 219

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF JAMES MADISON.
Inaugural Address, March 4, 1809..
Message, Special Session, May 23, 1809..
First Annual Message, November 29, 1809.
Special Message, January 3, 1810 ..
Second Annual Message, December 5, 1810..
Special Message, February 21, 1811.
Special Message, February 28, 1811
Third Annual Message, November 5, 1811.
Special Message, December 12, 1811.
Special Message, December 23, 1811..
Special Message, March 9, 1812.
Confidential Message, April 1, 1812
Special Message, April 3, 1812.
Special Message, April 20, 1812..
Confidential Message, June 1, 1812.
Fourth Annual Message, November 4, 1812.
Special Message, November 6, 1812.
Special Message, December 12, 1812.
Special Message, February 22, 1813..
Special Message, February 24, 1813..
Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1813
Message, Special Session, May 25, 1813........
Confidential Message, July 20, 1813.
Fifth Annual Message, December 7, 1813..
Confidential Message, December 9, 1813.
Special Message, February 26, 1814......
Special Message, March 31, 1814...
:Sixth Annual Message, September 20, 1814.
Bank-Veto Message, January 30, 1815.

267 . 273

275 277 280 281 285 286 286 290 291 291 292 292 293 293 298 304 304 305 305

306

308 311 312 317 318 319 319 323

.....PAGE 325

327 327 328 333 339 339 339 340 340 341

Special Message, February 20, 1815......
Special Message, February 25, 1815.
Confidential Message, February 23, 1815...
Seventh Annual Message, December 5, 1815..
Eighth Annual Message, December 3, 1816...
Special Message, April 11, 1816..
Special Message, December 6, 1816.
Special Message, December 26, 1816.
Special Message, February 3, 1817.
Special Message, February 6, 1817
ADMINISTRATION OF MADISON ..
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF JAMES MONROE...
Inaugural Address, March 5, 1817......
First Annual Message, December 2, 1817.....
Second Annual Message, November 17, 1818...
Third Annual Message, December 7, 1819...
Fourth Annual Message, November 14, 1820..
Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1821..
Fifth Annual Message, December 3, 1821.
Sixth Annual Message, December 3, 1822.
Seventh Annual Message, December 2, 1823
Special Message, February 24, 1824...
Eighth Annual Message, December 7, 1824.
Special Message, January 13, 1818...

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