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vated Irishman or Irishwoman a natural sweetness, an instinctive delicacy of feeling, a propriety and even elegance of expression, that you will hardly find in the same class of any other people. The Englishman is blunt, and in the Anglo-American we find, usually, something hard and angular. Neither will in fact take the highest polish, and neither is pleasing unpolished; but the Irish please us in their least polished state, and are susceptible of the highest polish. You will find in this country no more highly polished society than you will find in Irish American circles. It is well to remember that all the Irish in this country are not servant girls and mud-diggers, though these are not to be spoken lightly of. The great mass of the Irish were, no doubt, poor when they landed here, but they are not all poor now. Many of them and their children have acquired a respectable share of the wealth of the country, and occupy by no means an inferior social position. We have mingled a little in society, but the most charming society we have ever found is that of the better class of Catholics; and among Catholics we have found none more charming than in Irish Catholic families who have retained their faith and are well off in the world. Society in its best sense is never found except among Catholics, or where Catholic influences predominate. We know excellent, amiable, and well-bred people amongst Protestants, but we always miss in them a certain sweetness, freedom, and grace, which we find among Catholics of a corresponding class. The Catholic religion brings out to their best advantage all the social qualities of our nature, and in no people does it do this more effectually than in our Irish Catholic population.
The American people regard poverty as a crime, and after Catholicity their greatest dislike to the Irish is for their poverty. They speak of them as paupers. There are, no doubt, some Irish paupers; but it should be remembered that Massachusetts, for instance, collects by a tax on immigrants some thousands of dollars annually more than she expends for the support of foreign-born paupers.
This talk about foreign paupers is all moon
In láte years the immigrants have brought annually from twelve to fourteen millions of dollars in specie into the country, and everybody knows that the wonderful material progress of the United States, during
THIRD SERIES. — VOL. III. NO. IV.
the last ten or fifteen years, has been rendered possible only by the extraordinary influx of foreign immigrants. Immigration since 1846 has added to our population not less than three millions, hardly less than four millions of inhabitants, which must be counted as an addition of not less than two thousand millions of dollars to the wealth of the country; for the principal wealth of a country is its population, let political economists say what they may. We may judge our gains by Great Britain's loss, and her loss we may estimate by the high price she is obliged to pay for labor, and the difficulty she finds in recruiting her army. Emigration and the war with Russia will go far to enable us to undersell her in the markets of the world, and deprive her of her commercial supremacy. Then, again, if the immigrants are poor on arriving here, they do not continue poor. The thrift of the German immigrants is acknowledged by all; but the Irish are far less inferior to them in this respect than is commonly supposed, and is superior to that of our native Yankee population. By far the larger part of them ultimately attain to competence, and not a few to wealth. Take the city of Boston, and every observer must be aware that the Irish population are gradually rising in the scale, and that in a very few years they can hardly fail to have their proportionate share of the wealth, and carry on their proportionate share of the business, of the city. This objection of being poor, which weighs so much with a worldly-minded generation, will very soon cease to exist, and the great difficulty will be to obtain an adequate supply of labor.
Politically, again, the Irish do not deserve the sweeping censures brought against them. Escaping from a perennial despotism to a land of professed liberty and equality, they may at first be disposed to run into an extreme of democracy; but they, with the Germans and other Catholics, constitute the strongest and most reliable conservative body in the country. Some few of them may be a little excited and noisy at elections, but the conduct of the Native American party at Louisville in Kentucky proves that, whatever their faults in this respect, they are nothing in comparison with those of our own countrymen. They are free from all the isms and fanaticisms of the day, and are never found trying to use the government to carry out the measures of reform which annihilate individual liberty and the rights of property. You never find them Abolitionists, Maine-liquor-law men, or Know-Nothings. They love personal liberty and they respect authority. You will find them in the coming Presidential election voting to a man on the side of the honor, the good faith, and the true interests of the country. They have a conscience, and can act from principle, which is saying everything in their favor, if we look to the terrible want of principle in all political parties.
As to the readiness of foreign-born Catholics, Irish, Germans, or Poles, to defend the country, we need say nothing. The Mexican war is still remembered, and they compose a large part of our regular army. Their fidelity in time of war to the American flag can no more be questioned than their bravery.
We have made these few remarks because they are due to a class of our population now most grossly abused, and because we would convince the sounder portion of the American people that, in warring against the Catholic Irish, they are warring against themselves and the best interests of the country. We have made them not so much as a Catholic as an American citizen, as remarks which any honest man and true patriot may accept. It were to act like fools and madmen to join with the Evangelicals against our Irish Catholic population, and seek to deprive them of their equal rights, or to drive them from the country. We in common with others a year ago dreaded the influx of infidel foreigners, but the KnowNothing folly has reassured us, and we have now little to fear from their action. They will henceforth be our political friends rather than enemies, and get up no more Bedini riots. Hence we have no further fear of the nonCatholic foreign-born population of the country. The German infidels even are no longer to be dreaded, and foreign-born radicals will find themselves compelled by the force of circumstances to support a truly conservative policy.
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS.
Messrs. D. and J. Sadlier's Publications.
1. Life of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God; with the History of the Devotion to Her. Completed by the Traditions of the East, the Writings of the Fathers, and the Private History of the Jews. Translated from the French of the Abbé Orsini, by Mrs. J. Sadlier. Meditations on the Litany of the Blessed Virgin. By the Abbé Edouard Barthe. Translated by Mrs. J. Sadlier. 1854. 4to.
[The style in which this volume is presented to the public does great honor to the publishers. The engravings are well executed and selected from the best models. Like all of Mrs. Sadlier's translations, it is carefully and correctly translated. One can read it without having the thought of its being a translation continually before the mind. The Abbé Barthe's Meditations on the Litany of Loretto, also translated by Mrs. Sadlier, greatly enhance the value of this volume. We most heartily commend it to all those who wish to possess the most valuable Life of the Blessed Virgin which has appeared in this country.]
2. The Life of St. Frances of Rome. By Lady Georgiana Ful. lerton ; of Blessed Lucy of Navin, of Dominica of Paradiso, and of Anne de Montmorency: with an Introductory Essay on the Miraculous Life of the Saints. By J. M. Capes, Esq. – 3. Catholic Legends : a New Collection, selected, translated, and arranged from the best Sources. -4. Pictures of Christian Heroism. With Preface by the Rev. Henry Edward Manning, D.D. — 5. The Witch of Melton Hill. A Tale. By the Author of " Mount St. Lawrence,
,” “ Mary, Star of the Sea," &c. — 6. Heroines of Charity : containing, The Sisters of Vincennes, Jeanne Biscot, Mlle. Le Gras, Mde. de Miramion, Mrs. Seton, The Little Sisters of the Poor, &c., &c. With a Preface by Aubrey de Vere, Esq.
New York : D. & J. Sadlier. 1855.
Murphy & Co's Publications.
7. A Treatise of Analytical Geometry, proposed by Rev. Benedict Sestini, S. J., Professor of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy, in Georgetown College. Washington : Gideon & Co., Printers. 1852. – 8. Elementary Algebra. By B. Sestini, S. J., Author of “ Analytical Geometry.” Second Revised and Enlarged Edition. — 9. A Treatise on Algebra. By B. Sestini, S.J., Author of " Analytical Geometry,” and “ Elementary Algebra.” - 10. Rudiments of the Greek Language: arranged for the Students of Loyola College, Baltimore. Upon the Basis of Wettenhall. - Baltimore : John Murphy & Co. 1855.
[We have examined with much pleasure the mathematical treatises of Father Sestini. They omit nothing that can be desired, and although we sometimes think he dwells too long on a point of comparatively small importance, still, as this is only a matter of taste, it cannot greatly affect the value of his books. We hope to see them used in all the Catholic schools and colleges in the country. We may say the same as regards the Greek Grammar which we have received from the same publishers. It is arranged after Wettenhall, and is, we think, the best Greek Grammar that we have seen. It is small and comprehensive, and will not overcharge the memory of the student with matter which is not necessary to be remembered. Once more we hope these books will be adopted as text-books in all our schools.]
11. The Studies and Teaching of the Society of Jesus, at the Time of its Suppression, 1750 – 1773. Translated from the French of M. l'Abbé Maynard, Honorary Canon of Poitiers, Professor of Rhetoric at Pontlevoy. — 12. The Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. With an Introduction on the History of Jansenism, by John Bernard Dalgavins, Priest of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri. First American from the Second London Edition. 13. The Immaculate Conception of the Mother of God. An Exposition. By the Right Rev. Bishop Ullathorne. “ Tota pulchra es, et macula non est in te.” Cantic. iv. 7. With the Approbation of the Most Rev. Archbishop of Baltimore. 14. The Blessed Sacrament; or, The Works and Ways of God. By Frederick William Faber, D.D., Author of “ All for Jesus,” “Growth in Holiness,” &c., &c. Republished with Sanction and Corrections of the Author. -- Baltimore : John Murphy & Co. 1855.
Dunigan and Brother's Publications.
15. The Mysteries of the Faith: The Incarnation. Containing Meditations, Discourses, and Devotions on the Birth and Infancy of our Lord Jesus Christ. By St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori, Bishop of St. Agatha, and Founder of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer. Newly translated from the Italian, and edited by Robert A. Coffin, Priest of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer. 16. The Christian Virtues and the Means for obtaining them. Containing, The Practice of the Love of Our Lord Jesus Christ ; Treatise on Prayer as the great Means of obtaining Salvation ; Directions for acquiring the Christian Virtues; Rules of Life for a Christian, &c. By St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori, Bishop of St. Agatha, and Founder of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer. Newly translated from the Italian, and edited by Robert A. Coffin, Priest of the Congregation of the Most