« PředchozíPokračovat »
being the youngest of this illustrious family, and descended from parents of such different dispositions, is very various and unequal in his teniper ; sometimes you see him putting on grave looks and a solemn habit, sometimes airy in his behaviour and fantastic in his dress: insomuch that at different times he appears as serious as a judge, and as jocular as a Merry-Andrew. But as he has a great deal of the mother in his conftitution, whatever mood he is in, he never fails to make his
But since there is an impostor abroad, who takes upon him the name of this young gentleman, and would willingly pass for him in the world; to the end that well-meaning persons may not be imposed upon by cheats, I would desire my readers, when they meet with this pretender, to look into his parentage, and to examine him strictly, whether or no he be remotely allied to Truth, and lineally descended from Good Sense; if not, they may conclude him a counterfeit. They may likewise distinguish him by a loud and excessive laughter, in which he seldom gets his company to join with him. For as True Humour generally looks serious, while every body laughs about him; False Humour is always laughing, whilst every body about him looks serious. I shall only add, if he has not in him a mixture of both parents, that is, if he would pass for the offspring of Wit without Mirth, or Mirth without Wit, you may conclude him to be altogether spurious and a cheat.
The impostor of whom I am speaking, descends originally from FALSEHOOD, who was the mother of NonSense, who was brought to bed of a son called Frenzy, who married one of the daughters of FOLLY, commonly known by the name of LAUGHTER, on whom he begot that monstrous infant of which I have been here ipeaking. I shall set down at length the genealogical table of False Humour, and, at the same time, place under it the genealogy of True Humour, that the reader may at one view.behold their different pedigrees and relations.
I might extend the allegory, by mentioning several of the children of False Humour, who are more in number than the sands of the sea, and might in particular enumerate the many sons and daughters which he has begot in this island. But as this would be a very invidious talk, I shall only observe in general, that FALSE HUMOUR differs from the True, as a monkey does from a man.
First of all, He is exceedingly given to little apith tricks and buffooneries.
Secondly, He so much delights in mimicry, that it is all one to him whether he exposes by it vice and folly, luxury and avarice; or on the contrary, virtue and wisdom, pain and poverty.
Thirdly, He is wonderfully unlucky, insomuch that he will bite the hand that feeds him, and endeavour to ridicule both friends and foes indifferently. For having but small talents, he must be merry where he can, not where he should.
Fourthly, Being entirely void of reason, he pursues no point either of morality or instruction, but is ludicrous only for the sake of being so.
Fifthly, Being incapable of having any thing but mock-representations, "his ridicule is always personal, and aimed at the vicious man, or the writer ; not at the vice, or at the writing:
I have here only painted at the whole species of False Humourists ; but as one of my principal designs in this paper is to beat down that malignant Ipirit, which difcovers itself in the writings of the present age, I ihall not scruple, for the future, to single out any of the small wits, that infest the world with such coinpositions as are ill-natured, immoral, and absurd. This is the only exception which I shall make to the general rule I have prescribed myself, of attacking multitudes ; fince every honest man ought to look upon himself as in a ŋatural state of war with the libeller and lampooner, and to annoy them wherever they fall in his way. This is but retaliating upon them, and treating them as they treat others.
Wednesday, April 11.
Virg. Æn. 3. ver. 583. Things the most out of nature we endure.
SHALL not put myself to any farther pains for this day's entertainment, than barely 10 publish the letters and titles of petitions from the play-house, with the minutes I have made upon the latter for my conduct in relation to them.
. Drury-Lane, April the gth. • UPON reading the project which is set forth in one of your late papers, of making an alliance between all the bulls, bears, elephants, and lions, which are separately exposed to public view in the cities of
London and Westminster; together with the other 'wonders, shows, and monsters, whereof you made
respective mention in the said speculation; we the 'chief actors of this play-house, met and fat upon the ' faid design. It is with great delight that we expect the ' execution of this work; and in order to contribute to
it, we have given warning to all our ghosts to get their livelihoods where they can, and not to appear amor.g us after day-break of the 16th inftant. We are resolved to take this opportunity to part with every thing which does not contribute to the representation of human life ; and shall make a free gift of all animated utensils to your projector. The bangings Vol. I,
you formerly mentioned are run away; as are like• wise a set of chairs, each of which was met upon two
legs going through the Rose tavern at two this morning. We hope, fir, you will give proper notice to the
town that we are endeavouring at these regulations ; • and that we intend for the future to show no mon
Iters, but men who are converted into such by their own industry and affectation. If you will please to be at the house to-night, you will see me do my endeavour to shew some unnatural appearances which are in vogue among the polite and well-bred. I am to re
present, in the character of a fine lady dancing, all the • distortions which are frequently taken for graces in
mien and gesture. This, fir, is a specimen of the • method we shall take to expose the monsters which • come within the notice of a regular theatre; and we • desire nothing more gross may be admitted by you
Spectators for the future. We have cashiered three
companies of theatrical guards, and design our kings • shall for the future make love, and fit in council, with
out an army; and wait only your directions, whether • you will have them reinforce king Porus, or join the
troops of Macedon. Mr. Penkethman resolves to con• sult his Pantheon of heathen gods in opposition to the • oracle of Delphos, and doubts not but he shall turn the • fortunes of Porus, when he personates him. I am de• fired by the company to inform you, that they submit • it to your censures ; and shall have you in greater veo neration than Hercules was in of old, if you can drive • monsters from the theatre ; and think your merit will • be as much greater than his, as to convince is more « than to conquer.
• I am, Sir,
«T. D. SIR, « WHEN I acquaint you
and unexpected vicissitudes of my fortune, I doubt not but I shall • obtain your pity and favour. I have for many years ' last past been thunderer to the play-house; and have
not only made as much noise out of the clouds
as any predecessor of mine in the theatre that ever bore that character, but also have descended and
spoke on the stage as the bold thunderer in the Re• hearsal. When they got me down thus low, they thought fit to degrade me further, and make me a ghost. I was contented with this for these two last winters; but they carry
tyranny still further, and not satisfied that I am banished from above ground, ' they have given me to understand that I am wholly
to depart their dominions, and taken from me even my * fubterraneous employment. Now, sir, what I desire of you is, that if your undertaker thinks fit to use firearms, as other authors have done, in the time of Alexander, I may
be a cannon against Porus, or else provide for me in the burning of Persepolis, or what other method you shall think fit.
• SALMONEUs of Covent-Garden.'
The petition of all the devils of the play-house in be half of themselves and families, setting forth their expulsion from thence, with certificates of their good life and conversation, and praying relief.
The merit of this petition referred to Mr. Chr. Rich, who made them devils.
The petition of the grave-digger in Hamlet to command the pioneers in the expedition of Alexander.
• A D V ERTISEMENT. • A widow gentlewoman, well born both by fathet • and mother's side, being the daughter of Thomas Pra
ter, once an eminent practitioner in the law, and ot * Letitia Tattle, a family well known in all parts of this
kingdom, having been reduced by misfortunes to wait on leveral greai persons, and for some time to be
teacher at a boarding school of young ladies, giveth 6 notice to the public, that the hath lately taken a house