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sir, we take him to be a thief, too, sir ; for we have | bondage : if you take it not patiently, why your found upon him, sir, a strange pick-lock,' which we mettie is the more : Auien trusty Pompey.--Bless have sent to the deputy.
Duke. Fye, sirrah ; a bawd, a wicked bawd! Duke. And you. "The evil that thou causest to be done,
Lucio. Does Bridget paint still, Pompey? Ha? That is thy means to live: Do thou but think Elb. Come your ways, sir ; come. What 'tis to cram a maw, or clothe a back,
Clo. You will not bail me then, sir ? From such a filthy vice : say to thyself,
Lucio. Then, Pompey? nor now.–What news From their abominable and beastly touches abroad, friar ? What news? I drink, I eat, array myself, and live.
Elb. Come your ways, sir; come. Canst thou believe thy living is a life,
Lucio. Go,--10 kennel, Pompey, go; So stinkingly depending? Go, mend, go, mend.
(Ereunt Elbow, Clown, and Officers. Clo. Indeed, it does stink in some sort, sir; but What news, friar, of the duke ? yot, sir, I would prove
Duke. I know none : Can you tell me of any ? Duke. Nay, if the devil have given thee proofs Lucio. Some say, he is with the emperor of Rus
sia ; other some, he is in Rome : But where is be, Thou wilt prove his. Take him to prison, officer ; think you ? Correction and instruction must both work, Duke. I know not where : But wheresoever, I Ere this rude beast will profit.
wish him well. Elb. He must before the deputy, sir ; he has given Lucio. It was a mad fantastical trick of him, 10 ium warning; the deputy cannot abide a whore- steal from the state, and usurp the beggary he was master: if he be a whoremonger, and comes before never born to. Lurd Angelo dukes it well in his him, he were as good go a mile on his errand.
puts transgression to't. Duke. That we were all, as some would seem Duke. He does well in't. to be
Lucio. A little more lenity to lechery would do no Free from our faults, as faults from seeming, free!? harm in him: something too crabbed that way, friar. Enter Lucio.
Duke. It is too general a vice, and severity must
cure it. Elb. His neck will come to your waist, a cord, Lucio. Yes, in good sooth, the vice is of a great
kindred; it is well ally'd: but it is impossible to Clo. I spy comfort; I cry, bail : Here's a gen- extirp it quite, friar, till eating and drinking be pur ileman, and a friend of mine.
down. They say, this Angelo was not made by Lucio. How now, noble Pompey? What, at the man and woman, after the downright way of crea. heels of Cæsar? Art thou led in triumph ? 'What, tion: Is it true think you ? is there none of Pygmalion's images, newly made Duke. How should he be made then? woman,* to be had now, for putting the hand in the Lucio. Some report a sea-maid spawn'd him :pocket and extracting it cluich'd What reply? Some that he was begot between two stock-fishes : Ha? What say'st thou to this tune, matter, and -But it is certain, that when he makes water, his method ? Is't not drown'd i'the last rain ? Ha ? urine is congeald ice; that I know to be true: and What say'st thou, trot? Is the world as it was, he is a motion ungenerative, that's infallible. man? Which is the way ? Is it sad, and few words ? Duke. You are pleasant, sir; and speak apace. Or how? The trick of it ?
Lucio. Why, what a ruthless thing is this in him, Duke. Still thus, and thus! still worse!
for the rebellion of a cod-piece, to take away the Lucio. How doth my dear morsel, thy mistress ? life of a man? Would the duke, that is absent, have Procures she still? Ha?
done this? Ere he would have hang'd a man for Clo. Troth, sir, she hath eaten up all her beef, the getting a hundred bastards, he would have pand and she is herself in the tub.5
for the nursing of a thousand : He had some feeling Lucio. Why, 'tis good; it is the right of it; it of the sport; he knew the service, and that instruct must be so: Ever your fresh whore, and your pow- ed him to mercy. der'd bawd: An unshun’de consequence; it must Duke. I never heard the absent duke much de. be so : Art going to prison, Pompey?
tectedi" for women; he was not inclined that way. Clo. Yes, faith, sir.
Lucio. O, sir, you are deceived. Lucio. Why, 'tis not amiss, Pompey: Farewell: Duke. 'Tis not possible. Go; say, I sent thee thither. For debt, Pompey ? Lucio. Who? not the duke? yes, your beggar af Or how?
fifty ; -and his use was, to put a ducat in her clack, Elb. For being a bawd, for being a bawd.
dish : 11 the duke had crotchets in him; He would Lucio. Well, then imprison him: If imprison- be drunk too; and let me inform you. ment be the due of a bawd, why, 'tis his right: Duke. You do him wrong, surely. Bawd is he, doubtless, and of antiquity too; bawd
Lucio. Sir, I was an inward12 of his : born. Farewell
, good Pompey: Commend me to low was the duke: and, I believe, I know the cause the prison, Pompey; You will turn good husband of his withdrawing. now, Pompey; you will keep the house."
Duke. What, I pr'ythee, might be the cause ? Clo. I hope, sir, your good worship will be my
Lucio. No,---pardon ;-'tis a secret must be bail.
lock'd within the teeth and the lips : but this I can Lucio. No, indeed, will I not, Pompey; it is not let you understand, --The greater file13 of the subthe wear. I will pray, Pompey, to increase your ject held the duke to be wise. 1 It is not neccessary to take honest Pompey for a
Duke. Wise? why, no question but he was. housebreaker, the locks he had occasion to pick were Spanish padlocks. In Jonson's Volpone, Corvino 8 i. e. fashion. threatens to make his wife wear one of these strange 9 i. e. a puppel, or moving body, without the power of contrivances.
generation. 2 i. e. * As faults are free from or destitute of all 10 Detected for suspected. comeliness or seeming."
11 A wooden dish with a moveable cover, formerly 3 His neck will be cied, like your waist, with a cord. carried by beggars, which they clacked and clattered io The friar wore a rope for a girdle.
show thai it was empty. In this they received the alms. 4 i. e. Have you no new courtesans to recommend to It was one mode of attracting attention. Lepers and your customers.
other paupere deemed infectious, originally used it, that 6 The method of cure for a certain disease was the sound might give warning not to approach too near, grossly called the powdering tub. See the notes on the and alms be given without touching the object. The lub fast and the diet, in Timon of Athens, Act iv. in the custom of clacking at Easter is not yet quite disused in Variorum of Shakspeare.
some counties. Lucio's meaning is too evident, to want 6 i. e. inevitable.
explanation. 7 1. e. stay at home, alluding to the etymology of huś 12 j. e. intimate. band
13 • The greater file,' the majority of his subjects
Lucro. A very superficial, ignorant, unweighing Escal. That fellow is a fellow of much licence: fellow.
let him be called before us.-Away with her to pri-
Escal. Good even, good father.
Duke. Bliss and goodness on you?
Duke. Not of this country, though my chance is Lucio. Come, sir, I know what I know.
三 wall de
live to report you.
Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you know To use it for my time: I am a brother
novelty is only in request; and it is as dangerous Lucio. Sir, my name is Lucio; well known to the to be aged in any kind of course, as it is virtuous to duke.
be constant in any undertaking. There is scarce Duke. He shall know you better, sir, if I may truth enough alive, to make societies socure ; but
security enough, to make fellowships accurs'd : Lucio. I fear you not.
much upon this riddle runs the wisdom of the world.
Escal. One, that, above all other strifes, con-
Escal. Rather rejoicing to see another merry,
than merry at any thing which professed to make Lucio. Why? for filling a bottle with a tun-dish. him rejoice: a gentleman of all temperance. But I would, the duke, we talk of, were return'd again : leave we him to his events, with a prayer they may this ungenitur’d* agent will unpeople the province prove prosperous; and let me desire to know how with continency; sparrows must not build in his you find Claudio prepared. I am made to underhouse-eaves, because they are lecherous. The duke stand, that you have lent him visitation, yet would have dark deeds darkly answered; he Duke. He professes to have received no sinisler would never bring them to light: 'would he were measure from his judge, but most willingly humreturn'd! Marry, this Claudio is condemn'd for un-bles himself to the determination of justice : yet had trussing. Farewell, good friar; pry'thee, pray he framed to himself, by the instruction of his frailfor me. The duke, I say to thee again, would eat ty, many deceiving promises of life, which I, by mutton on Fridays. He's now past it; yet, and I my good leisure, have discredited to him, and now say to thee, he would mouth with a beggar, though is he resolved to die. she smelte brown bread and garlick : say, that I Escal. You have paid the heavens your function, said so. Farewell.
[Erit. and the prisoner the very debt of your calling. I Duke. No might nor greatness in mortality
have labour'd for the poor gentleman, to the exCan censure 'scape; back-wounding calumny tremest shore of my modesty; but my brother jusThe whitest virtue strikes: What king so strong,
tice have I found so severe, that he hath forced me Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue ? to tell him, he is indeed-justice.10 But who comes here?
Duke. If his own life answer the straitness of l.is
proceeding, it shall become him well; wherein, is Enter Escalus, Provost, Bawd, and Officers.
he chance to fail, he hath sentenced himself. Escal. Go, away with her to prison.
Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner: Fare you
(Ereunt Escalus and Provost,
Should be as holy as severe;
Grace to stand, and virtue go;"1
8 The allusion is to those legal securities into which I i. e. inconsiderate.
fellowship leads men to enter for each other. For this 2 Guided, steered through, a metaphor from navi. quibble Shakspeare has high authority, He that gation.
hateth suretiship is sure.?
Prov. xi. 15. 3 Opposite, opponent.
9. i. e. satisfied ; probably because conviction leads 4 Ungenitur'd. This word seems to be formed to decision or resolution. from genitoirs, a word which occurs several cimes in 10 Summum jus, summa injuria. Holland's Pliny, vol. ii. p. 321, 560, 589, and comes 11 This passage is very obscure, nor can it be cleared from the French genitoires.
without a more licentious paraphase than the reader 5 A wench was called a laced mutton. In Doctor may be willing to allow.
"He that bears the sword of Faustus, 1604, Lechery says, 'I am one that loves an heaven should be not less holy than severe; should be inch of raw multon better than an ell of stock-fish.' able to discover in himself a pattern of such grace as 6 Smelt, for smelt of.
can avoid temptation, and such virtue as may go abroad 7 Forferl, :ransgress, offend, from forfaire. Fr. into the world without danger or seduction.'
the ax crel #
Jul ide prati
To weed my vice,' and let his grow!
Isab. I have ta'en a due and wary note upon't ; 0, what may man within him hide,
With whispering and most guilty diligence, Though angel on the outward side!
In action all of precept, he did show me How may likeness, made in crimes,
The way twice o'er. Mocking practice on the times,
Are there no other tokens To draw with idle spiders' stings
Between you 'greed, concerning her observance ! Most pond'rous and substantial things!
Isab. No, none, but only a repair i'the dark; Craft against vice I must apply:
And that I have possess’d' him, my most stay With Angelo to-night shall lie
Can be but brief; for I have made him know, His old betrothed, but despised ;
I have a servant comes with me along, So disguise shall, by the disguis'd,
That stays upon me; whose persuasion is, Pay with falsehood false exacting,
I come about my brother. And perform an old contracting.
'Tis well born up.
I have not yet made known to Mariana
A word of this :-What, ho! within ! come forth!
She comes to do you good.
I do desire the like.
Duke. Do you persuade yourself that I respect
Mari. Good friar, I know you do; and have
found it. But my kisses bring again,
Duke. Take then this your companion by the bring again,
hand, Seals of love, but seal'd in vain,
Who hath a story ready for your ear :
seald in vain. I shall attend your leisure ; but make haste; Mari. Break off thy song, and haste thee quick The vaporous night approaches. away;
Will't please you walk aside ? Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice
(Exeunt MARIANA and ISABELLA. Hath often still'd my brawling discontent.
Duke. O place and greatness, millions of false (Exit Boy.
eyes Enter DUKE.
Are stuck upon thee! volumes of report I cry you mercy, sir; and well could wish Run with these false and most contrarious quests' You had not found me here so musical;
Upon thy doings ? thousand 'scapesło of wit Let me excuse me, and believe me so,-
Make thee the father of their idle dream, My mirth is much displeas'd, but pleas'd my woe. | And rack thee in their fancies !-Welcome !-How Duke. 'Tis good: though music oft hath such a
Re-enter MARIANA and ISABELLA. To make bad, good, and good provoke to harm. Isab. She'll take the enterprise upon her, father, I pray you, tell
me, hath any body inquired for me If you advise it. here to-day? much upon this time have I promis'd
It is not my consent, here to meet.
But my entreaty too. Mari. You have not been inquired after. I have Isab.
Little have you to say, sat here all day.
When you depart from him, but, soft and low, Enter ISABELLA.
Remember now my brother. Duke. I do constantly believe you :-The time
Fear me not. is come, even now. I shall crave your forbearance Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at all: a little; may be, I will call upon you anon, for some He is your husband on a pre-contract: advantage to yourself.
To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin; Mari. I am always bound to you. (Exit. Sith that the justice of your title to him Duke. Very well met, and welcome.
Doth flourish the deceit. Come, let us go ; What is the news from this good deputy ?
Our corn's to reap, for yet our tilth's!? lo sow. Isab. He hath a garden circummur'ds with brick,
[Ereunt. Whose western side is with a vineyard back'd;
SCENE II. A Room in the Prison. Ente ProAnd to that vineyard is a planchedé gate,
vost and Clown. That makes his opening with this bigger key: This other doth command a little door,
Prov. Come hither, sirrah: Can you cut off a Which from the vineyard to the garden leads ;
man's head? There have I made my promise to call on him,
Clo. If the man be a bachelor, sir, I can: but if Upon the heavy middle of the night.
he be a married man, he is his wife's head, and I Duke. But shall you on your knowledge find this can never cut off a woman's head.
cond. It may indeed be the property of some unknown 1 The duke's vice may be explained by what he or forgotten author. Be this as it may, the reader will says himself, Act. i. Sc. 4.
be pleased to have the second stanza. -(was my fault to give the people scope.'
* Hide, oh hide those hills of snow Angelo's vice requires no explanation.
Which thy frozen bosom bears,
On whose tops the pinks that glow
Are of those that April wears.
But first set my poor heart free, Malone's. The sense of this obscure passage appears
Bound in those icy chains by theo.' to be :- How may persong assuming the likeness or 4. Though the music soothed my sorrows, it had no semblance of virtue, while they are in fact guilty of the tendency to produce light merrimeni. grosgest crimes, impose with this counterfeit sanctity 5 Circummur'd, walled round. upon the world, in order to draw to themselves by the 6 Planched, planked, wooden. Aimsjest pretensions the most solid advantages; such as 7 i. einformed. Thus Shylock sayspleasure, honour, reputation, &c.'
I have possess'd your grace of what I purpose.! 3 It does not appear certain to whom this beautiful 8 Stays, waits. 9 Quesis, inquisitions, inquiries. little song rightly belongs. It is found with an addision. 10 'Scapes, sallies, sportive wiles. al stanza in Fletcher's Bloody Brother. Mr. Malone 11 i. e. ornament, embellish an action that would prints it as Shakspeare's, Mr. Boswell thinks Fletcher otherwise seem ugly. has the best claim to it; Mr. Webster that Shakspeare 12 Tilth here means land prepared for sowing. The may have written the first stanza, and Fletcher the se-Told copy reads tithe ; the emeadation is Warburton's
Prop. Come, sir, leave me your snatches, and Claul. As fast lock'd up in sleep, as gultloss la. vield me a direct answer. To-morrow morning are
bour io die Claudio and Barnardine: Here is in our pri- When it lies starkly? in the traveller's bones : 600 a common executioner, who in his office lacks He will not wake. a helper: if you will take it on you to assist him, it Prov.
Who can do good on him ? shall redeem you from your gyves;' if not, you Well, go, prepare yourself. But hark, what noise ? shall have your full time of imprisonment, and your
[Knocking within. deliverance with an unpitied? whipping'; for you Heaven give your spirits comfort!* (Exit CLAUDIO. have been a notorious bawd.
By and by :Clo. Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd, time out I hope it is some pardon, or reprieve, of mind; but yet I will be content to be a lawful for the most gentle Claudio.--Welcome, father. langman. I would be glad to receive some instruc
Enter Duke. uion from my fellow partner.
Duke. The best and wholesome spirits of the Prov. What ho, Abhorson! Where's Abhorson, night there?
Envelope you, good Provost! Who call'd here of Enter Abhonson.
Prov. None, since the curfew rung.
Not Isabel? Prov. Sirrah, here's a fellow will help you to Prou. No. morrow in your execution: If you think it meet,
Duke. They will then, ere't be long. compound with him by the year, and let himn abide
Prov. What comfort is for Claudio ? here with you ; if not, use him for the present, and Duke.
There's some in hope. dismiss him: He cannot plead his estimation with Prov. It is a bitter deputy. you; he hath been a bawd.
Duke. Not so, not so; his life is parallelld Abhor. A bawd, sir ? Fye upon him, he will dis- Even with the stroke and line of his great justice, eredit our mystery.
He doth with holy abstinence subdue Prov. Go'to, sir; you weigh equally; a feather That in himself, which he spurs on his power will turn the scale.
. To qualify in others: were he meal doo Clo. Pray, sir, by your good favour (for, surely, With that which he corrects, then were he tyrannous, sir, a good favour you have, but that you have a
But this being so, he's just.-Now are they come.. hanging look,) do you call, sir, your occupation a
(Knocking within. Provost goes out mystery?
This is a gentle provost : Seldom when!!
The steeled gaoler is the friend of men.
with haste, tion, using painting, do prove my occupation a mys- That wounds the 'unsistingle postern with these tery: but what mystery there should be in hanging,
strokes. if I should be hang'd, I cannot imagine.
Provost returns, speaking to one at the door. Abhor. Sir, it is a mystery.
Prov. There he must stay, until the officer
Duke. Have you no countermand for Claudio yele it big enough ; if it be too big for your thief, your Prov.
None, sir, none. thief" thinks it little enough: so every true man's Duke. As near the dawning, Provost, as it is, apparel fits your thief,"
You shall hear more ere morning.
Happily," Prov. Are you agreed ?
You something know; yet, I believe, there comes
Lord Angelo hath to the public ear
Profess'd the contrary.
Enter a Messenger. Ábhor. Come on, bawd; I will instruct thee in Duke. This is his lordship's man. 'ny trade; follow.
Prov. And here comes Claudio's pardon. *Clo. I do desire to learn, sir; and, I hope, if you Mess. My lord hath sent you this note; and by have occasion to use me for your own turn, you me this further charge, that you swerve 'not from shall find me yare ;* for, truly, sir, for your kind- the smallest article of it, neither in time, matter, or ness, I owe you a good turn.
other circumstance. Good-morrow; for, as I tak Prov. Call hither Barnardine and Claudio: it, it is almost day.
(Exeunt Clown and ABHORSOY. Prov. I shall obey him. (Erit Messenger. One has my pity; not a jot the other,
Duke. This is his pardon; purchas'd by such sin. Being a murderer, though he were my brother.
(Aside. Enter CLAUDIO,
For which the pardoner himself is in:
Hence hath offence his quick celerity,
When it is borne in high authority : Thou must be made immortal. Where's Barnar- When vice makes mercy, mercy's so extended, dine?
8 Stroke is here put for the stroke of a pen, or a line. i i. e. fetters.
9 To qualify is to temper, to moderate. ? 1. e. a whipping that none shall picy,
10 Meal'd appears to mean here sprinkled, o'erdusted, 3 Favouer is countenance. 4 1. e. honest. defiled; I cannot think that in this instance it has any
5 Warburton says, 'this proves the thief's trade a relation to the verb lo mell, meddle or mix with
. But i
14 i e, seat.
pat ber, ide
fi and hutang
! you are
, I can do
Lor the most
you, I will
That for the fault's love, is the offender friended.- say, it was the desire of the penitent to be so bared
before his death: You know, the course is com-
Prov. Pardon me, good father; it is against my
since I see you fearful, that neither my coat, in.
go further than I meant, to pluck all
Duke. How came it that the absent duke had not doubt not; and the signet is not strange to you.
Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves for him : duke; you shall anon overread it at your pleasure ;
for he this very day receives letters of strange le-
thing of what is writ. Look, the unfolding star
I will give him a present shrift, and advise lair for a Prov. He will hear none : he hath evermore had better place. Yet you are amazed; but this shall the liberty of the prison; give him leave to escape absolutely resolve'
it is almost hence, he would not: árunk many times a day, if clear dawn.
Clo. I am as well acquainted here, as I was in
op they sha ut consen Duke. E
VC Look forwa
, for the old understand this in a manifested effect, I crave but women were all dead. Then is there here one masfour days' respite ; for the which you are to do me ter Caper, at the suit of master Three-pile the merJoth a present and a dangerous courtesy.
cer, for some four suits of peach-colourd satin, Prov. Pray, sir, in what ?
which now peaches him a beggar. Then have we Duke. In the delaying death.
here young Dizy, and young master Deep-vow, and Prov. Alack! how may I do it ? having the hour master Copper-spur, and master Starve-lackey the limited ; and an express coinmand, under penalty, rapier and dagger man, and young Drop-heir that to deliver his head in the view of Angelo ? ! may
kill'd lusty Pudding, and master Forthright the til. make any case as Claudio's, to cross this in the ter, and brave master Shoe-tie the great traveller, smallest.
and wild Half-can that stabb*d Pois, and, I think, Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant you, forty more; all great doers in our trade, and are of my instructions may be your guide. Let this now for the Lord's sake.1? Barnardine be this morning executed, and his head
Enter ABHORSOX. borne to Angelo.
Abhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither. Prov. Angelo hath seen them both, and will dis Clo. Master Barnardine! you must rise and bo cover the favour.
hang’d, master Barnardine! Duke. O, death's a great disguiser: and you may add to it. Shave the head, and tie the beard; and
10 This enumeration of the inhabitants of the prison, affords a very striking view of the practices predomi.
nant in Shakspeare's age. Besides those whose follies 1 Putting on is gpur, incitement.
are common to all times, we have four fighting men and 2 1. e. nine years in prison).
a traveller. It is not unlikely that the originals of the 3 Perhaps we should read mortally desperate. As pictures were then known. Řash was a silken stuff for we have harmonious charmingly for charmingly har merly worn in coats: all the names are characteristics monious, in the Tempest.
11 It was the practice of money lenders in Shak. 4 i. e. in confidence of my sagacity.
speare's time, as well as more recently, to make advan. 5 Countenance.
ceş partly in goods and partly in cash. The goods were 6 Shave the head and tie the beard-the course is to be resold generally at an enormous loss upon the cost common. This probably alludes to a practice among price, and of these commodities it appears that brown Roman Catholics of desiring to receive the tonsure of paper and ginger often formed a part. the monks before they died.
12 It appears from Davies's Epigrams, 1611, thar ibis 7. What is writ;' we should read 'here writ;" the was the language in which prisoners who were com Duke pointing to the letter in his hand.
fined for debe addressed passengers ; 8 So Milton in Comus :
Good gentle writers, for the Lord's sake, for the * The star that bids the shepherd fold
Lord's sake, Now the top of heaven doch hold,
Like Ludgate prisoners, lo, I, begging, make Sio convince you.
Birnar, up to me, lo-day
Duke. And, to ir Were dare
Prou. There die One Rage A man of Just of his
This repr And satisi Of Ragozi
Diske. Despatch Prefix'd by And sent a Persuadet
Pror. T But Barna And how
To asem If he were
Both Baro The sun ha