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V. SCENE I.
Before Leonato's House.
Enter Leonato and Antonie.
And’tis not wisdom, thus, to second grief
Leon. I pray thee, cease thy counsel, Which falls into mine ears as profieless As water in a fieve: give not me counsel, Nor let no comforter delight mine ear, But such a one whose wrongs do suit with mine. Bring me a father, that so lov'd his child, Whose joy of her is overwhelm'd like mine, And bid him speak of patience; Measure his woe the length and breadth of mine, And let it answer every strain for strain ; As thus for thus, and such a grief for such, In every lineament, branch, shape, and form: If such a one will smile and stroke his beard ; 7 And, forrow wag I cry; hem, when he should groan;
Patch ? If such a one will smile, and
Aroke bis beard, And hallow, wag, cry kom, when he should groan ;] Mr. Rowe is the first authority that I can find for this reading. Bat what is the intention, or how can we expound it? “If a man " will balloo, and whoop, and fidget, and
wriggle about, to sew a s pleasure when he should groan,” &c. This
does not give much decorum to the sentiment. The old quarto, and the first and second folio editions all read,
And sorrow, wagge, cry hem, &c. We don't, indeed, get much by this reading ; tho', I Aatter myself, by a slight alteration it has led me to the true one,
Patch grief with proverbs ; make misfortune drunk
Ant. Therein do men from children nothing differ.
And sorrow wage, cry, bem! when he should groar; i.e. If such a one will combat with, five against forrow, &c. Nor is this word infrequent with our author in these fignifications.
THEOBALD. Sir Thomas Hanmer, and after him Dr. Warburton, for wag read waive, which is, I suppose, the same as, put afde, or shift of None of these conjectures satisfy me, nor perhaps any other reader, I cannot but think the true meaning nearer than it is imagined. I point thus, If such an one will
smile, and Aroke bis beard, And, forrow wag! cry; bem, when be foould groan; That is, if be will smile, and cry sorrow be gone, and bem infitad of groaning. The order in which ard and cry are placed is harh, and this harshness made the sense mistaken. Range the words in the common order, and my reading will be free from all difficulty.
If such an one will smile, and Aroke his beard,
JOHNSON. tban advertisement.] That is, than admonition, than moral infruction. JOHNSON.
For there was never yet philosopher,
Ant. Yet bend not all the harm upon yourself:
so. My soul doth tell me, Hero is bely'd; And that shall Claudio know, so shall the prince; And all of them, that thus dishonour her.
Enter Don Pedro and Claudio. Ant. Here comes the prince and Claudio hastily. Pedro. Good den, good den. Claud. Good day to both of you. Leon. Hear you, my lords? Pedro. We have fome hafte, Leonato. Leon. Some haste, my lord ! well, fare you well,
Are you so hasty now? well, all is one.
Pedro. Nay, do not quarrel with us, good old
Ant. If he could right himfelf with quarrelling,
Claud. Who wrongs him?
9 However they have writ the Ayle of Gods.] This alludes to the extravagant titles the Stoics gave their wise men. Sapiens ille cum Diis ex pare vivit. Senec. Ep 59: Ju;iter quo antecedit virum bonum ? diutius bonus eft. Sapiens nibilo je minoris æflimat.-Deus por vincit fapientem felicitate. Ep. 73. WARBURTON.
' And made a pish at chance and sufferance.] Alludes to their fa. mous apathy. WARBURTON, 2
Claud. Marry, beshrew my hand,
Leon. Tush, tush, man, never fleer and jeft at me;
Claud. My villainy?
Leon. My lord, my lord,
Claud. Away, I will not have to do with you.
But Canst thou fo daffe me? J This is a country word, Mr. Pope tells us, fignifying, daunt. It may be so; but that is not the ex position here: To daffe and diffe are fynonimous terms, that mean, to put off : which is the very sense required bere, and what Leonato would reply upon Claudio's saying, he would have nothing to do with him.' THEOBALD. 3 Ant. He fall kill two of us, &c.] This brotber Anthony is the
But that's no matter; let him kill one first;
Leon. Brother Anthony, -
Leon. But, brother Anthony,
Ant. Come, 'tis no matter :
truest picture imaginable of human nature. He had assumed the character of a fage to comfort his brother, o'erwhelmed with grief for his only daughter's affront and dishonour ; and had severely reproved him for not commanding his passion better on so tryir.g an occasion. Yet, immediately after this, no sooner does he be. gin to suspect that his age and valour are slighted, but he falls into the most intemperate fit of rage himself: and all he can do or say is not of power to pacify him. This is copying nature with a penetration and exactness of judgment peculiar to Shakespeare. As to the expression, too, of his passion, nothing can be more highly painted. WAR BURTON.