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INTRODUCTION.

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THE OLD SOUTH LEAFLETS were prepared primarily for circulation among the attendants upon the Old South Lectures for Young People. The subjects of the Leaflets are immediately related to the subjects of the lectures, and they are intended to supplement the lectures and stimulate historical interest and inquiry among the young people. They are made up, for the most part, from original papers of the periods treated in the lectures, in the hope to make the men and the public life of the periods more clear and real.

The Old South Lectures for Young People were instituted in the summer of 1883, as a means of promoting a more serious and intelligent attention to historical studies, especially studies in American history among the young people of Boston. The success of the lectures has been so great as to warrant the hope that such courses may be sustained in many other cities of the country.

The Old South Lectures for 1883, intended to be strictly upon subjects in early Massachusetts History, but by certain necessities somewhat modi. fied, were as follows: " Governor Bradford and Governor Winthrop," by EDWIN D. MEAD. Plymouth,” by Mrs..A: M. DIAZ. “Concord," by FRANK B. SANBORN. The Town-meeting,” by Prof. JAMES K. Hosmer. “ Franklin, the Boston Boy,” by GEORGE M. TOWLE.

« How to study American History," by Prof. G. STANLEY HALL. « The Year 1777,” by John FISKE. History in the Boston Streets,” by EDWARD EVERETT HALE. The Leaflets prepared in connection with these lectures consisted of (1) Cotton Mather's account of Governor Bradford, from the

Magnalia”; (2) the account of the arrival of the Pilgrims at Cape Cod from Bradford's Journal; (3) an extract from Emerson's Concord Address in 1835; (4) extracts from Emerson, Samuel Adams, De Tocqueville, and others, upon the Town-meeting; (5) a portion of Franklin's Autobiography; (6) Carlyle on the Study of History; (7) an extract from Charles Sumner's oration upon Lafayette, etc.; (8) Emerson's poem, "Boston."

The lectures for 1884 were devoted to men representative of certain epochs or ideas in the history of Boston, as follows: "Sir Harry Vane, in New England and in Old England,” by EDWARD EVERETT HALE, JR. " John Harvard, and the Founding of Harvard College,” by EDWARD CHANNING, Ph.D). “The Mather Family, and the Old Boston Ministers,” by Rev. SAMUEL J. BARROWS. “Simon Bradstreet, and the Struggle for the Charter," by PROF. MARSHALL S. Snow. “ Samuel Adams and the Beginning of the Revolution,” by Prof. JAMES K. HOSMER. Josiah Quincy, the Great Mayor,” by CHARLES W. SLACK. “Daniel Webster, the Defender of the Constitution,” by CHARLES C. COFFIN. “ John A: Andrew, the great War Governor,” by Col. T. W. HIGGINSON. The Leaflets prepared in connection with the second course were as follows: (1) Selections from Forster's essay on Vane, etc. ; (2) an extract from Cotton Mather's “Sal Gentium”; (3) Increase Mather's “Narrative of the Miseries of New England ”; (4) an original account of “ The Revolution in New England” in 1689; (5) a letter from Samuel Adams to John Adams, on Republican Government; (6) extracts from Josiah Quincy's Boston Address of 1830; (7) Words of Webster; (8) a portion of Governor Andrew's Address to the Massachusetts Legislature in January, 1861.

The lectures for 1885 were upon “ The War for the Union," as follows : “Slavery,” by WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON, JR. "The Fall of Sumter,' by Col. T. W. HIGGINSON. “ The Monitor and the Merrimac," by CHARLES C. COFFIN. " The Battle of Gettysburg,” by COL. THEODORE A. DODGE. “Sherman's March to the Sea," by GEN. WILLIAM COGSWELL. “The Sanitary Commission,” by Mrs. MARY A. LIVERMORE. “ Abraham Lincoln,” by Hon. John D. LONG. “General Grant,” by CHARLES C. COFFIN. The Leaflets accompanying these lectures were as follows: (1) Lowell's “ Present Crisis," and Garrison's Salutatory in the Liberator of January 1, 1831 ; (2) extract from Henry Ward Beecher's oration at Fort Sumter in 1865; (3) contemporary newspaper accounts of the engagement between the Monitor and the Merrimac; (4) extract from Edward Everett's address at the consecration of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, with President Lincoln's address; (5) extract from General Sherman's account of the March to the Sea, in his Memoirs; (6) Lowell's “Commemoration Ode"; (7) extract from Lincoln's First Inaugural Address, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the Second Inaugural Address; (8) account of the service in memory of General Grant, in Westminster Abbey, with Archdeacon Farrar's address.

The lectures for 1886 were upon “The War for Independence," as follows: “ Samuel Adams and Patrick Henry,” by EDWIN D. MEAD. “Bunker Hill, and the News in England,” by JOHN FISKE.“ The Declaration of Independence," by JAMES MACALLISTER. “ The Times that tried Men's Souls,” by ALBERT B. Hart, Ph.D. “ Lafayette, and Help from France," by PROF. MARSHALL S. SNOW. “ The Women of the Revolution," by Mrs. MARY A. LIVERMORE. .“ Washington and his Generals," by GEORGE M. TOWLE. “The Lessons of the Revolution for these Times," by Rev. BROOKE HERFORD). The Leaflets were as follows: (1) Words of Patrick Henry; (2) Lord Chatham's Speech, urging the removal of the British troops from Boston ; (3) extract from Webster's oration on Adams and Jefferson ; (4) Thomas Paine's “ Crisis,” No. I; (5) extract from Edward Everett's eulogy on Lafayette; (6) selections from the Letters of Abigail Adams; (7) Lowell's “Under the Old Elm”; (8) extract from Whipple's essay on “ Washington and the Principles of the Revolution."

The course for the summer of 1887 was upon “The Birth of the Nation," as follows: " How the men of the English Commonwealth planned Constitutions,” by I'ROF. JAMES K. HOSMER. “How the American Colonies grew together," by JOHN FISKE. * The Confusion after the Revolution," by DAVIS R. DEWEY, Ph.D. “ The Convention and the Constitution,” by Hon. JOHN D. LONG. “ James Madison and his Journal," by Prof. E. B. ANDREWS. “How Patrick Henry opposed the Constitution," by HENRY L. SOUTHWICK. “ Alexander Hamilton and the Federalist."

Washington's Part and the Nation's First Years," by EDWARD EVERETT HALE. The Leaflets prepared for these lectures were as follows: (1) Extract from Edward Everett Hale's lecture on “ Puritan Politics in England and New England ”; (2) “ The English Colonies in America,” extract from De Tocqueville's “ Democracy in America ”; (3) Washington's Circular Letter to the Governors of the States on Disbanding the Army; (4) the Constitution of the United States ; (5) “ The Last Day

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Henry's First Speech against the Constitution, in the Virginia Convention; (7) the Federalist

, No. IX.; (8) Washington's First Inaugural Address. The course for the summer of 1888 had the general title of “The Story of the Centuries,” the several lectures being as follows: "The Great Schools after the Dark Ages," by EPHRAIM EMERTON, Professor of History in Harvard University. “ Richard the Lion-hearted and the Crusades,” by Miss NINA MOORE, author of “ Pilgrims and Puritans." " The World which Dante knew," by SHATTUCK O. HARTWELL, Old South first prize essayist, 1883. “The Morning Star of the Reformation,” by Rev. Philip S. MOXOM. Copernicus and Columbus, or the New Heaven and the New Earth," by Prof. EDWARD S. MORSE. “The People for whom Shakespeare wrote,” by CHARLES DUDLEY WARNER. “ The Puritans and the English Revolution," by CHARLES H. LEVERMORE, Professor of History in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. · Lafayette and the Two Revolutions which he saw," by GEORGE MAKEPEACE TOWLE.

The Old South Lectures are devoted primarily to American history. But it is a constant aim to impress upon the young people the relations of our own history to English and general European history. It was hoped that the glance at some siriking chapters in the history of the last eight centuries afforded by these lectures would be a good preparation for the great anniversaries of 1889, and give the young people a truer feeling of the continuity of history. In connection with the lectures the young people were requested to fix in mind the following dates, observing that in most instances the date comes about a decade before the close of the century. An effort was made in the Leaflets for the year to make dates, which are so often dull and useless to young people, interesting, significant, and useful.- fith Century: Lanfranc, the great mediæval scholar, who studied law at Bologna, was prior of the monastery of Bec, the most famous school in France in the 11th century, and archbishop of Canterbury under William the Conqueror, died 1089. 12th Cent.: Richard I. crowned 1189. 13th Cent.: Dante, at the battle of Campaldino, the final overthrow of the Ghibellines in Italy, 1289. 14th Cent. · Wyclif died, 1384. 15th Cent.: America discovered, 1492. 16th Cent.: Spanish Armada, 1588. 17th Cent. : William of Orange lands in England, 1688. 18th Cent. : Washington inaugurated, and the Bastile fell, 1789. The Old South Leaflets for 1888, corresponding with the several lectures, were as follows: (1) “ The Early History of Oxford," from Green's “ History of the English People,"; (2)“ Richard Cour de Lion and the Third Crusade," from the Chronicle of Geoffrey de Vinsauf; (3) “The Universal Empire," passages from Dante's De Monarchia ; (4) “ The Sermon on the Mount,” Wyclif's translation ; (5) " Copernicus and the Ancient Astronomers,” from Humboldt's “Cosmos”; (6) “ The Defeat of the Spanish Armada," from Camden's “ Annals”; (7) “ The Bill of Rights," 1689; (8) “ The Eve of the French Revolution," from Carlyle. The selections are accompanied by very full historical and bibliographical notes, and it is hoped that the series will prove of much service to students and teachers engaged in the general survey of modern history.

The year 1889 being the centennial both of the beginning of our own Federal government and of the French Revolution, the lectures for the year, under the general title of “ America and France," were devoted entirely to subjects in which the history of America is related to that of France as follows: "Champlain, the Founder of Quebec,” by CHARLES C. COFFIN. “La Salle and the French in the Great West,” by Rev.

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W. E. Griffis. “The Jesuit Missionaries in America,” by Prof. JAMES K. HOSMER. “Wolfe and Montcalm : The Struggle of England and France for the Continent,” by JOHN FISKE. “ Franklin in France,” by GEORGE M. TOWLE.“ The Friendship of Washington and Lafayette," by Mrs. ABBA Good WooLson. “ Thomas Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase,” by Robert Morss Lovett, Old South prize essayist, 1888. “The Year 1789,” by Rev. EDWARD EVERETT HALE. The Leaflets for the year were as follows: (1) Verrazzano's account of his Voyage to America ; (2) Marquette's account of his Discovery of the Mississippi; (3) Mr. Parkman's Histories; (4) the Capture of Quebec, from Parkman's “Conspiracy of Pontiac "; (5) selections from Franklin's Letters from France; (6) Letters of Washington and Lafayette; (7) the Declaration of Independence ; (8) the French Declaration of the Rights of Man, 1789.

The lectures for the summer of 1890 were on “The American Indians," as follows: "The Mound Builders,” by Prof. GEORGE H. PERKINS. “ The Indians whom our Fathers Found," by Gen. H. B. CARRINGTON. “ John Eliot and his Indian Bible,” by Rev. EDWARD G. PORTER. “King Philip's War," by Miss CAROLINE C. STECKER, Old South prize essayist, 1889. “The Conspiracy of Pontiac,” by CHARLES A. EASTMAN, M.D)., of the Sioux nation. “ A Century of Dishonor," by HERBERT WELSH. “Among the Zuñis," by J. WALTER FEWKES, Ph.D. The Indian at School," by GEN. S. C. ARMSTRONG. The Leaflets were as follows: (1) extract from address by William Henry Harrison on the Mound Builders of the Ohio Valley; (2) extract from Morton's “ New English Canaan ”on the Manners and Customs of the Indians ; (3) John Eliot's “ Brief Narrative of the Progress of the Gospel among the Indians of New England," 1670; (4) extract from Hubbard's “ Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians” (1677) on the Beginning of King Philip's War; (5) the Speech of Pontiac at the Council at the River Ecorces, from Parkman's “Conspiracy of Pontiac"; (6) extract from Black Hawk's autobiography, on the cause of the Black Hawk War; (7) Coronado's Letter to Mendoza (1540) on his Explorations in New Mexico; (8) Eleazar Wheelock's Narrative (1762) of the Rise and Progress of the Indian School at Lebanon, Conn.

The lectures for 1891, under the general title of “The New Birth of the World,” were devoted to the important movements in the age preceding the discovery of America, the several lectures being as follows: "The Results of the Crusades,” by F. E. E. HAMILTON, Old South prize essayist, 1883. “ The Revival of Learning,” by PROF. ALBERT B. HART. “ The Builders of the Cathedrals,” by PROF. MARSHALL S. Snow. “ The Changes which Gunpowder made,” by FRANK A. Hill. “ The Decline of the Barons,” by WILLIAM EVERETT. The Invention of Printing,” by Rev. EDWARD G. PORTER. “When Michel Angelo was a Boy,” by HAMIIN GARLAND. “ The Discovery of America,” by Rev. E. E. HALE. The Leaflets were as follows: (1) “ The Capture of Jerusalem by the Crusaders,” from the Chronicle of William of Malmesbury; (2) extract from More's “ Utopia"; (3) “ The Founding of Westminster Abbey,” from Dean Stanley's “ Historical Memorials of Westminster Abbey"; (4) “ The Siege of Constantinople," from Gibbon's “ Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire”; (5) "Simon de Montfort,” selections from Chronicles of the time; (6) “Caxton at Westminster,” extract from Blade's Life of William Caxton; (7) “ The Youth of Michel Angelo," from Vasari's “ Lives of the Italian Painters ”; (8) “ The Discovery of America," from Ferdinand Colum.

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