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American
History Leaflets

COLONIAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL.

EDITED BY

'ALBERT BUSHNELL HART.AND EDWARD CHANNING

OF HABVABD UNIVERSITY,

NO. 7.

JANUARY, 1893.

THE ARTICLES OF
CONFEDERATION OF THE UNITED

COLONIES OF NEW ENGLAND.

1643-1684.

NEW YORK

A. LOVELL & COMPANY

1893

Entered at the New York Post Office as second class matter.

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American History Leaflets

COLONIAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL.

EDITED BY

ALBERT BUSHNELL HART and EDWARD CHANNING,

OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY.

NEW YORK:

A. LOVELL & CO.
Published Bi-Monthly. Annual Subscription, 30 cents.

Entered at the New York Postoffice as second-class matter.

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CONFEDERATION OF THE UNITED
COLONIES OF NEW ENGLAND.

1643-1684.

The colonies of New Haven and Connecticut were hardly settled be-
fore a scheme was brought forward for a confederation between them and
the older colonies on the Bay. As far back as 1637 the matter seems to
have been agitated, and again in 1638, but it was not until 1643, when the
Puritans had become very strong in England, and the colonists had been
left in a great measure to their own resources, that the confederation was
brought about. In 1643 committees from Massachusetts, New Plymouth,
Connecticut, and New Haven met at Boston and drew up the following
articles. These articles are here printed with the modern spelling, as the
spelling in the original was so very bad that it seemed to the editors best
in this case at least to put the words in modern dress. Otherwise the ar-
ticles are printed word for word from the copy in the archives of Plymouth,
which is printed in the Plymouth Colony Records, Volume IX., and which
is also printed in Bradford's New Plymouth Plantation, page 416, and in
other places. The copy in Winthrop’s New England, Volume II., page
101, varies in many important respects irom the copy preserved in the are chives of Plymouth, which agrees substantially with that preserved in the Connecticut archives, and therefore we have used the Plymouth copy as the best text. As showing the reason for the drawing up of the articles, extracts from Bradford's New Plymouth Plantation and Winthrop's New England are printed before the articles. Following the articles are two votes of interest in connection with the articles.

BRADFORD'S STATEMENT.* By reason of the plottings of the Narigansets, (ever since the Pequents war,) the Indians were drawn into a general conspiracy against the English in all parts, as was in part discovered the year before ; and now made more plain and evident by many discoveries and free-confessions of sundry Indians (upon several occasions) from divers places, concurring in one; with such other concurring circumstances as gave them sufficiently to understand the truth thereof, and to think of means how to prevent the same, and secure themselves. Which made them enter into this more near union and confederation following

WINTHROP'S STATEMENT. At this Court came the Commissioners from Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven, viz. from Plymouth Mr. Edward Winslow and Mr. Collier, from Connecticut Mr. Haynes and Mr. Hopkins, and whom Mr. Fenwick of Saybrook joined, from New Haven Mr. Theophilus Eaton and Mr. Grigson. Our Court chose a committee to treat with them, viz. the governor and Mr. Dudley and Mr. Bradstreet, being of the magistrates; and of the deputies, Captain Gibbons, Mr. Tyng the treasurer, and Mr. Hathorn. These coming to consultation encountered some difficulties, but being all desirous of union and studious of peace, they readily yielded each to other in such things as tended to common utility, &c., so as in some two or three meetings they lovingly accorded upon these ensuing articles, which, being allowed by our Court, and signed by all the Commissioners, were sent to be also ratified by the General Courts of other Jurisdictions; only Plymouth Com

* Bradford's New Plymouth Plantation, II, 416 (1643). + Winthrop's New England, 1!., 99 (March 3, 1643).

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