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judges of England. But, say they, is the complaint well founded? This we cannot swear for: but, as we stated before, it comes forth under the signature of three men, one of whom we know to be a man of great property, and of high reputation.

“ Let it never be forgotten, that the opinions and the systems, which have shaken Europe to its very centre, had their rise in America. It is well enough for a man who wants to make money by a · book, to attribute the troubles of the world to the conspiracy of a handful of shoeless German philosophers, such a man may trace Jacobinism up to Cain, and even to Adam, if he will; but for disinterested men to ascribe the French Revolution to the fooleries of Free-Masons, and the lack of Jesuits, is a most incredible abandonment of common sense. Not only the principles, but the' mode of proceeding also, were copied from the Americans. Declarations of Rights, Committees of Safety, Committees of Secrecy, Requisitions, Confiscations, Assignats, Mandats, &c. &c. were they not all borrowed from America ?

Let it be remembered too, that it is the example of successful rebellion in America, that has ever since fed the flames of discontent in these kingdoms. In Ireland, more particularly, the spirit of resistance to lawful Government is to be attributed to this cause. Let anyone turn to the publications in the papers called The Press and the Northern Star, and to the famous letter of Mr. Grattan, and deny, if he can, that this observation is just. Nay, who has been so superficial an observer of the productions of the British press, as not to know what use has been made of the same example here also? To say nothing of the pamphlets of Paint, the mischievous parts of which were drawn from the same source, let any one look into


the New Annual Register, the Monthly and Critical Reviews, the Monthly Magazine, a great number of books and pamphlets, and no small portion of the newspapers, and then say if the example of America has not been the principal fountain of that poisonous stream of republicani m, which has watered but too great a part of this island. When the people of these kingdoms are told that “ the best of governments,” and “ the most righteous of rulers," have arisen out of a rebellion, and a rebellion too against George the Third, what is the natural, what the inevitable conclusion ? And, is it not, then, the duty of every Englishman, who has it in his power, to remove such captivating, such dangerous delusion? And are we to be told that we are illnatured and virulent, because we endeavour to discharge this duty? We may; but we are resolved to proceed, and, if God grants us life and health, there shall not be a village in England, unpossessed of some proofs of “the blessings of Republican Government.” This is a long-concerted and favourite project of ours, and we can assure our readers, that it is not a trifling difficulty that shall prevent its execution.

“ We have received papers and letters from Philadelphia down to the 26th of October. The election of a President had been postponed till the 15th of November. The little despot, M‘KEAN, who rules the good people, and the fruitful state of Pennsylvania, had issued a proclamation for assembling the Legislature in order to their passing of a law for regulating the mode of voting for presidential electors. It was thought that the two houses would disagree, and would rise without passing this law; but it was also thought, that M KEAN, in order to throw fifteen electors into the scale of Mr. JEFFERSON, would, on his own authority, order


the election to take place in the usual way. Should this be the case, these fifteen votes will be liable to be rejected by the Congress, and the consequences may be very serious.

The election for members of Congress and State Legislators had taken place, and the result had proved the increase of enmity to the Federal Government amazingly great. Districts, which only last year, gave a very great majority in favour of that Government, have this year given as great a majority against it. Even the city of Philadelphia itselt, which, for several years past, has been decidedly in the Federal interest, has chosen a disaffected member of Congress.

“ It was said that Mr. JAY, the governor of New-York, foreseeing that the legislature of that state would choose electors favourable to Mr. Jefferson, was resolved not to call a session, and thus deprive the state of its voice in the election. But, so bold, and, indeed, so unlawful a measure, is not to be expected from Mr. Jay, who, though he might prevent the election of Jefferson, would certainly stain his own character, and very probably plunge the country into an immediate civil war.

“ Cooper of Manchester, had been released from prison, and, by way of recompence for his opposition to the Federal Government, had been promoted by the governor of Pennsylvania to the command of a regiment of militia; and a man of the name of Fries, who had been pardoned for treason against the Federal Government, a few months before, had, by the same governor, been appointed a brigadier-general of militia! These are instances in which we perceive the glaring defects of the American constitution. Each state, from its being an independent sovereignty, is, except by mere chance, eternally at war with the general Government,


Thus has it always been, and thus it will ever be, while the present constitution lasts.

“ The principal charge brought against Mr. Adams is, his having been attached to monarchy, and having actually conceived the plan of introducing that form of government into the United States. We are sincerely persuaded that this charge is false, but that circumstance is no obstacle to its being believed by the deluded people. To support the accusation, the most shameful means have been resorted to. His theoretical writings, his private letters, and his private conversations for years past, have been published in all manner of ways, and with comments the most uncandid. He has been betrayed by scores of persons, bound to him by every tie that can be supposed capable of restraining an inclination to injure his interest or his fame. To the long catalogue of his false friends, the last papers have added the famous bleeding physician Dr. Rush, on whom he had bestowed a lucrative sinecure, and who, foreseeing his approaching fall, is stated to have furnished “ proofs of monarchism.' In case this Number of The PORCUPINE should ever fall into the hands of Mr. ADAMS, we beg leave to remind him, that he received timely warning respecting this treacherous hypocrite ; that, he was told, that the day would come, when he would repent of having bestowed his confidence and the public money on Dr. Rush.

But, what effect will the result of this important election have on the connexion between America and Great-Britain? No immediate effect, unless a a convulsion should be the consequence of disputed votes. The new President, though chosen in November, does not enter on his office till the ensuing March; and, therefore, no compact, of any sort, can be entered into with our enemies before the month of October, or thereabouts. Mr. Jefferson, should he be elected, will then have a Senate to check him ; and, as he and his party will dread that separation, for which the Northern States are already ripe, it is probable that they will endeavour to conciliate instead of pushing matters to extremity. The Convention with France will have an effect very different from that which BoxaPARTE and The Morning Chronicle anticipate with so much exultation. The people of America will not tranquilly put up with the loss of twenty-five millions of dollars, nor will the contemptuous insolence of the French, which the new Convention will bring among them, tend to make them bear that loss with better temper. The Northern Confederacy, if it should actually produce hostilities, will find no aid from the Americans, who will, on the contrary, take advantage of it to enrich themselves at the expense of Russia and Sweden. The late revolt too, amongst the negroes of Virginia and North Carolina, will make JEEFERSON and his party very cautious how they do any act which may stir the sleeping embers of that alarming fire, which, were it once rekindled, would probably make all the Southern States what Hispaniola now is, and fill the chair of JEFFERSON with a negro successor,


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“ We have this day received letters and papers from America, down to the 2d of November. The election of President had not, of course, taken place; but the Congress was upon the point of meeting, and Mr. ADAMS (the President) had 'arrived at Philadelphia, in his way from Massachusets to the city of Washington.

“We have frequently had occasion to regret the shameful conduct of the political disputants in America ; and it is not without great concern, that we now communicate to our readers the


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