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amount angle angular velocity applied atmosphere atoms attraction axis body Boyle's Law calculated called carbonic acid Cavendish experiment centre compressibility contour lines corpuscules cube curvature curve cylinder definite density determined diffusion dimensions direction distance distortion earth effect elastic energy equal experiment experimental film fluid gases give given glass gravitation greater heat Hence hodograph homogeneous Hooke's Law horizontal hydrogen hydrostatic hydrostatic pressure inch increase inertia inversely isotropic kind kinetic layer length liquid Mariotte mass matter measured mercury molecular forces molecules moment of inertia motion Newton's obtained oscillation P. G. TAIT parallel particles perpendicular piezometer plane pressure produced properties proportional quantity radius ratio rigidity rotation shows side solid space speed sphere spherical square strain stress substance suppose surface surface-tension temperature tension theory tion torsion tube unit vapour velocity vertical vessel vibration viscosity volume weight whole wire Young's modulus
Strana 76 - Every body continues in its state of rest or of uniform motion in a straight line, except in so far as it is compelled by forces to change that state.
Strana 117 - It is inconceivable that inanimate brute matter should without the mediation of something else, which is not material, operate upon and affect other matter without mutual contact, as it must be if gravitation, in the sense of Epicurus, be essential and inherent in it.
Strana 117 - You sometimes speak of gravity as essential and inherent to matter. Pray do not ascribe that notion to me; for the cause of gravity is what I do not pretend to know, and therefore would take more time to consider of it.
Strana 147 - The number of equal spaces in the shorter leg, that contained the same parcel of air diversely extended. B. The height of the mercurial cylinder in the longer leg, that compressed the air into those dimensions. C. The height of the mercurial cylinder, that counterbalanced the pressure of the atmosphere. D. The aggregate of the two last columns, B and C, exhibiting the pressure sustained by the included air. E. What that pressure should be according to the hypothesis, that supposes the pressures and...
Strana 291 - Spencer records his conviction that 'the chemical atoms are produced from the true or physical atoms by processes of evolution under conditions which chemistry has not yet been able to produce.
Strana 144 - A Defence of the Doctrine touching the spring and weight of the air ... against the objections of Franciscus Linus, etc.
Strana 88 - To every action there is always an equal and contrary reaction ; or the mutual actions of any two bodies are always equal and oppositely directed.
Strana 84 - The rate of change of momentum is proportional to the impressed force, and takes place in the direction in which the force acts.
Strana 117 - That gravity should be innate, inherent, and essential to matter, so that one body may act upon another at a distance, through a vacuum, without the mediation of anything else, by and through which their action and force may be conveyed from one to another, is to me so great an absurdity, that I believe no man who has in philosophical matters a competent faculty of thinking can ever fall iuto it. Gravity must be caused by an agent acting constantly according to certain laws; but whether this agent...