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Davy. There is a dish of leather-coats' for you.
Sil. A cup of wine, that's brisk and fine,
And a merry heart lives long-a.
Fal. Health and long life to you, master Silence.
I'll pledge you a mile to the bottom.
Shal. Honest Bardolph, welcome: If thou wantest any thing, and will not call, beshrew thy heart. Welcome, my little tiny thief; [To the Page.] and welcome, indeed, too. I'll drink to master Bardolph, and to all the cavaleroes about London. Davy. I hope to see London once ere I die. Bard. An I might see you there, Davy.
Shal. By the mass, you'll crack a quart together. Ha! will you not, master Bardolph?
Bard. Yes, sir, in a pottle-pot. Shal. I thank thee:-The knave will stick by thee, I can assure thee that: he will not out; he is true bred.
Bard. And I'll stick by him, sir. Shal. Why, there spoke a king. Lack nothing: be merry. [Knocking heard.] Look who's at door there: Ho! who knocks? [Exit Davy Fal. Why, now you have done me right. [To Silence, who drinks a bumper. Sil. [Singing.] Do me right, And dub me knight:4 Samingo.
Is't not so?
Davy. An it please your worship, there's one Pistol come from the court with news.
Fal. From the court? let him come in.
How now, Pistol?
Pist. God save you, sir John!
Fal. What wind blew you here, Pistol?
Fal. "Tis so.
Sil. Is't so? Why, then say, an old man can do wo to my lord chief justice! somewhat.
Puff in thy teeth, most recreant coward base!-
Pist. A foutra for the world, and worldlings base!
(1) Apples commonly called russetines.
(4) He who drank a bumper on his knees to the health of his mistress, was dubbed a knight for the evening.
good.-Sweet knight, thou art now one of the to me; and she shall have whipping-c greatest men in the realm. I warrant her: There hath been a Puff lately killed about her.
Sil. By'r lady, I think 'a be; but goodman of Barson.
(5) It should be Domingo; it is p in one of Nashe's plays.
(6) A term of reproach for a catchp (7) To stuff her out to counterfeit
Doll. I'll tell thee what, thou thin man in a cenBer! I will have you as soundly swinged for this, you blue-bottle rogue! you filthy famished correctioner! if you be not swinged, I'll forswear halfkirtles.2
1 Bead. Come, come, you she knight-errant,
Ch. Just. Have you your wits? know you what 'tis you speak?
Fal. My king! my Jove! I speak to thee, my heart!
King. I know thee not, old man: Fall to thy
How ill white hairs become a fool, and jester!
Fal. Stand here by me, master Robert Shallow; I will make the king do you grace: I will leer upon him, as 'a comes by; and do but mark the countenance that he will give me.
Pist. God bless thy lungs, good knight.
Fal. Come here, Pistol; stand behind me.- -0, We will, according to your strength, and qualiif I had had time to have made new liveries, I would have bestowed the thousand pound borrowed of you. [To Shallow.] But 'tis no matter; this poor show doth better: this doth infer the zeal I had to see him.
Give you advancement.-Be it your charge, my
To see perform'd the tenor of our word.-
Fal. That can hardly be, master Shallow. Do not you grieve at this; I shall be sent for in private to him: look you, he must seem thus to the world. Fear not your advancement; I will be the man yet, that shall make you great.
Shal. I cannot perceive how; unless you give
Fal. But to stand stained with travel, and sweat-me your doublet, and stuff me out with straw. I ing with desire to see him thinking of nothing beseech you, good sir John, let me have five hunelse: putting all affairs else in oblivion; as if there dred of my thousand. were nothing else to be done, but to see him.
Pist. 'Tis semper idem, for absque hoc nihil est: 'Tis all in every part.
Fal. Sir, I will be as good as my word: this that you heard, was but a colour.
Shal. A colour, I fear, that you will die in, sir John.
Fal. Fear no colours; go with me to dinner. Come, lieutenant Pistol;-come, Bardolph :-1 shall be sent for soon at night.
Re-enter P. John, the Chief Justice, Officers, &c.
Ch. Just. Go, carry sir John Falstaff to the Fleet;
Ch. Just. I cannot now speak: I will hear you
Host. O, that right should thus overcome might! Well; of sufferance comes ease.
Doll. Come, you rogue, come; bring me to a justice.
Host. Ay; come, you starved blood-hound.
Doll. Come, you thin thing; come, you rascal!
SCENE V-A public place near Westminster
Enter Falstaff, Shallow, Pistol, Bardolph, and the Page.
Shal. It doth so.
Fal. It shows my earnestness of affection.
Fal. My devotion.
Shal. It doth, it doth, it doth.
Fal. As it were, to ride day and night; and not to deliberate, not to remember, not to have patience to shift me.
Shal. It is most certain.
Shal. 'Tis so, indeed.
Pist. My knight, I will inflame thy noble liver,
By most mechanical and dirty hand:-
For Doll is in Pistol speaks nought but truth.
[Shouts within, and the trumpets sound. Pist. There roar'd the sea, and trumpet-clangor sounds.
Enter the King and his train, the Chief Justice among them.
Fal. God save thy grace, king Hal! my royal Hal!
Pist. The heavens thee guard and keep, most
(1) Beadles usually wore a blue livery. (2) Short cloaks.
Take them away.
Pist. Si fortuna me tormenta, spero me contenta.
(3) 'Tis all in all, and all in every part.
Appear more wise and modest to the world.
P. John. The king hath call'd his parliament,
P. John. I will lay odds,-that, ere this year or two, sufficiently probable; the incidents are
multiplied with wonderful fertility of invention; and the characters diversified with the utmost nicety of discernment, and the profoundest skill in the nature of man.
The prince, who is the hero both of the comic and tragic part, is a young man of great abilities, and violent passions, whose sentiments are right, though his actions are wrong; whose virtues are obscured by negligence, and whose understanding
SPOKEN BY A DANCER.
FIRST, my fear; then, my court'sy; last, my is dissipated by levity. In his idle hours he is speech. My fear is, your displeasure; my court'sy, rather loose than wicked; and when the occasion my duty; and my speech, to beg your pardons. If forces out his latent qualities, he is great without you look for a good speech now, you undo me: for effort, and brave without tumult. The trifler is what I have to say, is of mine own making; and roused into a hero, and the hero again reposes in what, indeed, I should say, will, I doubt, prove the trifler. The character is great, original, and just. mine own marring. But to the purpose, and so to Percy is a rugged soldier, choleric and quarrelthe venture.-Be it known to you, (as it is very some, and has only the soldier's virtues, generosity well,) I was lately here in the end of a displeasing and courage.
play, to pray your patience for it, and to promise But Falstaff! unimitated, unimitable Falstaff! you a better. I did mean, indeed, to pay you with how shall I describe thee? thou compound of sense this; which if, like an ill venture, it come unluck- and vice; of sense which may be admired, but not ily home, I break, and you, my gentle creditors, esteemed; of vice which may be despised, but lose. Here, I promised you, I would be, and here hardly detested. Falstaff is a character loaded I commit my body to your mercies: bate me some, with faults, and with those faults which naturally and I will pay you some, and, as most debtors do, produce contempt. He is a thief and a glutton, a promise you infinitely. coward and a boaster; always ready to cheat the If my tongue cannot entreat you to acquit me, weak, and prey upon the poor; to terrify the timowill you command me to use my legs? and yet rous, and insult the defenceless. At once obsequithat were but light payment,-to dance out of your ous and malignant, he satirizes in their absence debt. But a good conscience will make any possi- those whom he lives by flattering. He is familiar ble satisfaction, and so will I. All the gentlewo- with the prince only as an agent of vice; but of men here have forgiven me; if the gentlemen will this familiarity he is so proud, as not only to be not, then the gentlemen do not agree with the gen- supercilious and haughty with common men, but tlewomen, which was never seen before in such an to think his interest of importance to the duke of assembly. Lancaster. Yet the man thus corrupt, thus despi
One word more, I beseech you. If you be not cable, makes himself necessary to the prince that too much cloyed with fat meat, our humble author despises him, by the most pleasing of all qualities, will continue the story, with sir John in it, and perpetual gaiety; by an unfailing power of exciting make you merry with fair Katharine of France: laughter, which is the more freely indulged, as his where, for any thing I know, Falstaff shall die of a wit is not of the splendid or ambitious kind, but sweat, unless already he be killed with your hard consists in easy scapes and sallies of levity, which opinions; for Oldcastle died a martyr, and this is make sport, but raise no envy. It must be obnot the man. My tongue is weary; when my legs served, that he is stained with no enormous or sanare too, will bid you good night: and so kneel guinary crimes, so that his licentiousness is not so down before you ;-but, indeed, to pray for the offensive but that it may be borne for his mirth. queen.
The moral to be drawn from this representation is, that no man is more dangerous than he that, with a will to corrupt, hath the power to please; and that neither wit nor honesty ought to think themselves safe with such a companion, when they see JOHNSON. Henry seduced by Falstaff.
the First and Second Parts of Henry the Fourth. Perhaps no author has ever, in two plays, afforded so much delight. The great events are interesting, for the fate of kingdoms depends upon them; the slighter occurrences are diverting, and, except one
We bear our civil swords, and native fire,
I fancy every reader, when he ends this play, cries out with Desdemona, 'O most lame and im potent conclusion! As this play was not, to our knowledge, divided into acts by the author, I could be content to conclude it with the death of Henry
called the First and Second Parts of Henry the Mr. Upton thinks these two plays improperly Fourth. The first play ends, he says, with the peaceful settlement of Henry in the kingdom by
'In that Jerusalem shall Harry die.' These scenes, which now make the fifth act of the defeat of the rebels. This is hardly true; for Henry the Fourth, might then be the first of Henry the rebels are not yet finally suppressed. The the Fifth; but the truth is, that they do not unite second, he tells us, shows Henry the Fifth in the very commodiously to either play. When these various lights of a good-natured rake, till, on his plays were represented, I believe they ended as they father's death, he assumes a more manly character. are now ended in the books; but Shakspeare seems This is true; but this representation gives us no to have designed that the whole series of action, idea of a dramatic action. These two plays will from the beginning of Richard the Second, to the appear to every reader, who shall peruse them end of Henry the Fifth, should be considered by without ambition of critical discoveries, to be so the reader as one work upon one plan, only broken connected, that the second is merely a sequel to into parts by the necessity of exhibition. the first; to be two, only because they are too None of Shakspeare's plays are more read than long to be one. JOHNSON.
KING HENRY V.
King Henry the Pisth.
Charles the Sixth, king of France. Duke of Gloster, Sbrothers to the king.
Lewis, the dauphin. Duke of Bedford, }
Dukes of Burgundy, Orleans, and Bourbon. Dieke of Exeter, unde to the king.
The Constable of France. Duke of York, cousin to the king.
Rambures, and Grandpre, French lords.
Ambassadors to the king of England.
Isabel, queen of France.
conspirators against the king. Katharine, daughter of Charles and Isabel. Sir Thomas Grey,
Alice, a lady attending on the princess Katharine. Sir Thomas Erpingham, Gower, Fluellen, Mac- Quickly, Pistol's wife, a hostess.
morris, Jamy, officers in king Henry's army. Lords, ladies, officers, French and English soldiers Bates, Court, Williams, soldiers in the same.
messengers, and attendants. Nym, Bardolph, Pistol, formerly servants lo Falstaff, now soldiers in the same.
The Scene, at the beginning of the play, lies in Boy, servant to them. A Herald. Chorus.
England; but afterwards, wholly in France.
ACT I. O, FOR a muse of fire, that would ascend
SCENE I.-London. An ante-chamber in the
King's palace, Enter the Archbishop of CanterThe brightest heaven of invention !
bury, and Bishop of Ely. A kingdom for a stage, princes to act, And monarchs to behold the swelling scene!
But that the scambling and unquiet time
Ely. But how, my lord, shall we resist it now? On this unworthy scaffold, to bring forth
Cant. It must be thought on. Is it pass against us, So great an object: Can this cockpit hold We lose the better half of our possession: The vasty fields of France? or mayowe cram For all the temporal lands, which men devout Within this wooden 0,' the very casques, 2 By testament have given to the church, That did affright the air at Agincourt?
Would they strip from us; being valued thus,O, pardon! since a crooked figure may
As much as would maintain, to the king's honour. Attest, in little place, a million ;
Full fifteen earls, and fifteen hundred knights; And let us, cyphers to this great accompt, Sis thousand and two hundred good esquires ; On your imaginary forces3 work:
And, to relief of lazars, and weak age, Suppose, within the girdle of these walls or indigent faint.souls, past corporal toil, Are now confin’d two mighty monarchies, A hundred alms-houses, right well supplied ; Whose high-upreared and abutting fronts And to the coffers of the king beside, The perilous, narrow ocean parts asunder. A thousand pounds by the year: Thus runs the bill, Piece out our imperfections with your thoughts : Ely. This would drink deep. Into a thousand parts divide one man,
'Twould drink the cup and all. And make imaginary puissance:
Ely. But what prevention ? Think, when we talk of horses, that you see them Cant. The king is full of grace, and fair regard. Printing their proud hoofs i'the receiving earth : Ely. And a true lover of the holy church. For 'tis your thoughts that now must deck our Cant. The courses of his youth promis'd it not. kings,
The breath no sooner left his father's body, Carry them here and there; jumping o'er times; But that his wildness, mortified in him, Turning the accomplishments of many years Seem'd to die too: yea, at that very moment, Into an hour-glass; For the which supply, Consideration like an angel came, Admit me Chorus to this history;
And whipp'd the offending Adam out of hins; Who, prologue-like, your humble patience pray, Leaving his body as a paradise, Gently to hear, kindly to judge, our play. To envelop and contain celestial spirits,
Never was such a sudden scholar made: (1) An allusion to the circular form of the theatre.
|(2) Helmets. (3) Powers of fancy. (4) Debate.
Never came reformation in a flood,
Ely. We are blessed in the change. Cant. Hear him but reason in divinity, And, all-admiring, with an inward wish You would desire, the king were made a prelate: Hear him debate of commonwealth affairs, You would say,-it hath been all-in-all his study: List' his discourse of war, and you shall hear A fearful battle render'd you in music: Turn him to any cause of policy, The Gordian knot of it he will unloose, Familiar as his garter; that, when he speaks, The air, a charter'd libertine, is still, And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears, To steal his sweet and honeyed sentences; So that the art and practic part of life Must be the mistress to this theoric: 2 Which is a wonder, how his grace should glean it, Since his addiction was to courses vain: His companies' unletter'd, rude, and shallow; His hours fill'd up with riots, banquets, sports; And never noted in him any study, Any retirement, any sequestration From open haunts and popularity.
Ely. The strawberry grows underneath the nettle;
And wholesome berries thrive and ripen best,
Cant. It must be so: for miracles are ceas'd; And therefore we must needs admit the means, How things are perfected.
But, my good lord, How now for mitigation of this bill Urg'd by the commons? Doth his majesty Incline to it, or no?
And in regard of causes now in hand,
Ely. How did this offer seem receiv'd, my lord?
Ely. What was the impediment that broke this off?
SCENE II.-The same. A room of state in the same. Enter King Henry, Gloster, Bedford, Exeter, Warwick, Westmoreland, and attend
K. Hen. Where is my gracious lord of Canterbury?
Exe. Not here in presence.
K. Hen. Send for him, good uncle.
Before we hear him, of some things of weight,
Cant. God, and his angels, guard your sacred throne,
And make you long become it!
Sure, we thank you My learned lord, we pray you to proceed; And justly and religiously unfold," Why the law Salique, that they have in France, Or should, or should not, bar us in our claim. And God forbid, my dear and faithful lord, That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your reading, Or nicely charge your understanding soul With opening titles miscreate, whose right Suits not in native colours with the truth; For God doth know, how many, now in health, Shall drop their blood in approbation Of what your reverence shall incite us to: Therefore take heed how you impawn our person, How you awake the sleeping sword of war; We charge you in the name of God, take heed: For never two such kingdoms did contend, Without much fall of blood; whose guiltless drops Are every one a wo, a sore complaint, 'Gainst him, whose wrongs give edge unto the swords That make such waste in brief mortality. Under this conjuration, speak, my lord: And we will hear, note, and believe in heart, That what you speak is in your conscience wash'd As pure as sin with baptism.
Cant. Then hear me, gracious sovereign,—and
That owe your lives, your faith, and services,
There left behind and settled certain French;
(4) Increasing. (5) Spurious. (6) Explain.