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Appear more wise and modest to the world. the First and Second Parts of Henry th *Ch. Just. And so they are.
Perhaps no author has ever, in two plays P. John. The king hath call'd his parliament, so much delight. The great events are in my lord.
for the fate of kingdoms depends upon Ch. Just. lle hath.
slighter occurrences are diverting, and, P. John. I will lay odds,-that, ere this year or two, sufficiently probable; the inci expire,
multiplied with wonderful fertility of i We bear our civil swords, and native fire, and the characters diversified with th As far as France: I heard a bird so sing, nicety of discernment, and the profound! Whose music, to my thinking, pleas'd the king. the nature of man. Come, will you hence ?
(Exeunt. The prince, who is the hero both of
and tragic part, is a young man of great EPILOGUE,
and violent passions, whose sentiments SPOKEN BY A DANCER.
though his actions are wrong; whose
obscured by negligence, and whose und FIRST, my fear; then, my court'sy; last, my is dissipated by levity. In his idle ho speech. My fear is, your displeasure; my court'sy, rather loose than wicked ; and when the my duty; and my speech, to beg your pardons. If forces out his latent qualities, he is grea you look for a good speech qow, you undo me: for effort, and brave without tumult. The what I have to say, is of mine own making; and roused into a hero, and the hero again what, indeed, I should say, will, I doubt, prove the trifler. The character is great, origina mine own marring. But to the purpose, and so to Percy is a rugged soldier, choleric an the venture. --Be it known to you, (as it is very some, and has only the soldier's virtues, well,) I was lately here in the end of a displeasing and courage. play, to pray your patience for it, and to promise. But Falstaff! unimitated, unimitable you a better. I did mean, indeed, to pay you with how shall I describe thee? thou compoun this; which if, like an ill 'venture, it come unluck-and vice; of sense which may be admire ily home, I break, and you, my gentle creditors, esteemed'; of vice which may be des lose. Here, ! promised you, I would be, and here hardly detested. Falstaff is a charac I commit my body to your mercies: bate me some, with faults, and with those faults which and I will pay you some, and, as most debtors do, produce contempt. He is a thief and a promise you infinitely.
coward and a boaster; always ready to If my tongue cannot entreat you to acquit me, weak, and prey upon the poor'; to terrif will you command me to use my legs? and yet rous, and insult the defenceless. Al ond that were but light payment,—to dance out of your ous and malignant, he satirizes in the debt. But a good conscience will make any possi- those whom he lives by flattering. He ble satisfaction, and so will l. All the gentlewo- with the prince only as an agent of vi men here have forgiven me; if the gentlemen will this familiarity he is so proud, as not not, then the gentlemen do not agree with the gen- supercilious and haughty with commor tlewomen, which was never seen before in such an to think his interest of importance to t assembly.
Lancaster. Yet the man thus corrupt, One word more, I beseech you. If you be not cable, makes himself necessary to the too much cloyed with fat meat, our humble author despises him, by the most pleasing of al will continue the story, with 'sir John in it, and perpetual gaiety; by an unlailing power make you merry with fair Katharine of France : laug ter, which is the more freely indul where, for any thing I know, Falstaff shall die of a wit is not of the splendid or ambitious sweat, unless already he be killed with your hard consists in easy scapes and sallies of le opinions; for Oldcastle died a martyr, and this is make sport, but raise no envy. It m not the man. My tongue is weary; when my legs served, that he is stained with no enorm are too, I will bid you good night: and so kneel guinary crimes, so that his licentiousne down before you ;—but, indeed, to pray for the offensive but that it may be borne for hi queen.
The moral to be drawn from this rep: is, that no man is more dangerous thanh
a will to corrupt, hath the power to p I fancy every reader, when he ends this play, that neither
wit nor honesty ought to t cries out with Desdemona, 'O most lame and im- selves safe with such a companion, who
'JOH potent conclusion!”. As this play was not, to our Henry seduced by Falstaff. knowledge, divided into acts by the author, I could be content' to conclude it with the death of Henry called the First and Second Parls of
Mr. Upton thinks these two plays the Fourth :
Fourth. The first play ends, he says 'In that Jerusalem shall Harry die.'
peaceful settlement of Henry in the k These scenes, which now make the fifth act or the defeat of the rebels. This is hardi Henry the Fourth, might then be the first of Henry the rebels are not yet finally suppre the Fifth ; but the truth is, that they do not unite second, he tells us, shows Henry the F very commodiously to either play. When these various lights of a good-natured rake, plays were represented, I believe they ended as they father's death, he assumes a more manly are now ended in the books; but Shakspeare seems This is true; but this representation g to have designed that the whole series of action, idea of a dramatic action. These two from the beginning of Richard the Second, to the appear to every reader, who shall pe end of Henry the Fifth, should be considered by without ambition of critical discoveries the reader as one work upon one plan, only broken connected, that the second is merely a into parts by the necessity of exhibition. the first; to be two, only because th None of Shakspeare's plays are more read than long to be one.
KING HENRY V.
King Henry the Pisth.
Charles the Sixth, king of France. Duke of Gloster, Sbrothers to the king.
Lewis, the dauphin. Duke of Bedford, }
Dukes of Burgundy, Orleans, and Bourbon. Dieke of Exeter, unde to the king.
The Constable of France. Duke of York, cousin to the king.
Rambures, and Grandpre, French lords.
Ambassadors to the king of England.
Isabel, queen of France.
conspirators against the king. Katharine, daughter of Charles and Isabel. Sir Thomas Grey,
Alice, a lady attending on the princess Katharine. Sir Thomas Erpingham, Gower, Fluellen, Mac- Quickly, Pistol's wife, a hostess.
morris, Jamy, officers in king Henry's army. Lords, ladies, officers, French and English soldiers Bates, Court, Williams, soldiers in the same.
messengers, and attendants. Nym, Bardolph, Pistol, formerly servants lo Falstaff, now soldiers in the same.
The Scene, at the beginning of the play, lies in Boy, servant to them. A Herald. Chorus.
England; but afterwards, wholly in France.
ACT I. O, FOR a muse of fire, that would ascend
SCENE I.-London. An ante-chamber in the
King's palace, Enter the Archbishop of CanterThe brightest heaven of invention !
bury, and Bishop of Ely. A kingdom for a stage, princes to act, And monarchs to behold the swelling scene!
But that the scambling and unquiet time
Ely. But how, my lord, shall we resist it now? On this unworthy scaffold, to bring forth
Cant. It must be thought on. Is it pass against us, So great an object: Can this cockpit hold We lose the better half of our possession: The vasty fields of France? or mayowe cram For all the temporal lands, which men devout Within this wooden 0,' the very casques, 2 By testament have given to the church, That did affright the air at Agincourt?
Would they strip from us; being valued thus,O, pardon! since a crooked figure may
As much as would maintain, to the king's honour. Attest, in little place, a million ;
Full fifteen earls, and fifteen hundred knights; And let us, cyphers to this great accompt, Sis thousand and two hundred good esquires ; On your imaginary forces3 work:
And, to relief of lazars, and weak age, Suppose, within the girdle of these walls or indigent faint.souls, past corporal toil, Are now confin’d two mighty monarchies, A hundred alms-houses, right well supplied ; Whose high-upreared and abutting fronts And to the coffers of the king beside, The perilous, narrow ocean parts asunder. A thousand pounds by the year: Thus runs the bill, Piece out our imperfections with your thoughts : Ely. This would drink deep. Into a thousand parts divide one man,
'Twould drink the cup and all. And make imaginary puissance:
Ely. But what prevention ? Think, when we talk of horses, that you see them Cant. The king is full of grace, and fair regard. Printing their proud hoofs i'the receiving earth : Ely. And a true lover of the holy church. For 'tis your thoughts that now must deck our Cant. The courses of his youth promis'd it not. kings,
The breath no sooner left his father's body, Carry them here and there; jumping o'er times; But that his wildness, mortified in him, Turning the accomplishments of many years Seem'd to die too: yea, at that very moment, Into an hour-glass; For the which supply, Consideration like an angel came, Admit me Chorus to this history;
And whipp'd the offending Adam out of hins; Who, prologue-like, your humble patience pray, Leaving his body as a paradise, Gently to hear, kindly to judge, our play. To envelop and contain celestial spirits,
Never was such a sudden scholar made: (1) An allusion to the circular form of the theatre.
|(2) Helmets. (3) Powers of fancy. (4) Debate.
Never came reformation in a flood,
SCENE II.-The same. A room of state in the With such a heady current, scouring faults;
Enter King Henry, Gloster, Bedford, Nor never Hydra-headed willulness
Exeter, Warwick, Westmoreland, and attende So soon did lose his seat, and all at once,
K. Hen. Where is my gracious lord of Canter
bury? Cant. Hear him but reason in divinity,
Ere. Not here in presence. And, all-admiring, with an inward wish
K. Hen. Send for him, good uncle. You would desire, the king were made a prelate: West. Shall we call in the ambassador, my liege ? Hear him debate of commonwealth affairs,
K. Hen. Not yet, my cousin ; we would be ie You would say, -it hath been all-in-all his study:
solv'd, List' his discourse of war, and you shall hear
Before we hear him, of some things of weight, A fearful battle render'd you in music:
That task our thoughts, concerning us and France. Turn him to any cause of policy, The Gordian knot of it he will unloose,
Enter the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Biskop Familiar as his garter; that, when he speaks,
of Ely. The air, a charter'd libertine, is still,
Cant. God, and his angels, guard your sacred And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears,
throne, To steal his sweet and honeyed sentences; And make you long become it! So that the art and practic part of life
Sure, we thank you Must be the mistress to this theoric : 2
My learned lord, we pray you to proceed;
Why the law Salique, that they have in France,
That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your reading, Any retirement, any sequestration
Or nicely charge your understanding soul From open hiunts and popularity:
With opening titles miscreate,' whose right Ely. The strawberry grows underneath the net- Suits not in native colours with the truth;
For God doth know, how many, now in health, And wholesome berries thrive and ripen best, Shall drop their blood in approbation Neighbour'd by fruit of baser quality ;
Of what your reverence shall incite us to : And so the prince obscurd his contemplation Therefore take heed how you impawn our person, Under the veil of wildness; which, no doubt, Ilow you awake the sleeping sword of war; Grew like the sumnler grass, fastest by night, We charge you in the name of God, take heed: Unseen, yet crescive" in his faculty.
For never two such kingdoms did contend, Cant. It must be so: for miracles are ceas'd ; Without much fall of blood ; whose guiltless drops And therefore we must needs admit the means, Are every one a wo, a sore complaint, How things are perfected.
'Gainst him, whose wrongs give edge unto the swords Ely.
But, my good lord, That make such waste in brief mortality. How now for mitigation of this bill
Under this conjuration, speak, my lord: Urg'd by the commons ? Doth his majesty And we will hear, note, and believe in heart, Incline to it, or no ?
That what you speak is in your conscience wash'd Cani.
He seems indifferent; As pure as sin with baptism. Or, rather, swaying more upon our part,
Cunt. Then hear me, gracious sovereign,--and Than cherishing the exhibiters against us:
you peers, For I have made an offer to his majesty,- That owe your lives, your faith, and services, Upon our spiritual convocation ;
To this imperial throne ;-There is no bar And in regard of causes now in hand,
To make against your highness' claim to France, Which I have open’d to his grace at large, But this, which they produce from Pharamond, As touching France,--to give a greater sum In terram Sulicam inulieres nè succedant, Than ever at one time the clergy yet
No woman shall succeed in Salique land: Did to his predecessors part withal.
Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze, Ely. How did this offer seem receiv'd, my lord ? To be the realm of France, and Pharamond
Cant. With good acceptance of his majesty ; The founder of this law and female bar. Save, that there was not time enough to hear Yet their own authors faithfully affirm, (As, 'I perceiv'd, his grace would fain have done,) That the land Salique lies in Germany, The severals, and unhidden passages,
Between the floods of Sala and of Elbe : Of his true titles to some certain dukedoms; Where Charles the great, having subdued the And, generally, to the crown and seat of France,
Sasons, Deriv'd from Edward, his great-grandfather. There left behind and settled certain French; Ely. What was the impediment that broke this Who, holding in disdain the German women, ofl'?
For some dishonest manners of their life, Cant. The French ambassador, upon that instant, Establish'd there this law,-0 wit, no female Cravd audience : and the hour, I think, is come, Should be inheritrix in Salique land; To give him hearing : Is it four o'clock ? Which Salique, as I said, 'twixt Elbe and Sala, Ely.
It is. Is at this day in Germany call’d-Meisen. Cant. Then go we in, to know his embassy; Thus doth it well appear, the Salique law Which I could, with a ready guess, declare, Was not devised for the realm of France : Before the Frenchman speak a word of it. Nor did the French possess the Salique land Ely. I'll wait upon you; and I long to hear it. Until four hundred one and twenty years
(Ereunt. After defunction of king Pharamond, (1) Listen to. (2) Theory. (3) Companions. (4) Increasing. (5) Spurious. (6) Explain.
Idly suppos'd the founder of this law;
So hath your highness; never king of England Who died within the year of our redemption Had nobles richer, and more loyal subjects; Four hundred twenty-six; and Charles the great Whose hearts have left their bodies here in England, Subdued the Saxons, and did seat the French And lie pavilion'd in the fields of France. Beyond the river Sala, in the year
Cant. o, let their bodies follow, my dear liege, Eight hundred five. Besides, their writers say, With blood, and sword, and fire, to win your right: King Pepin, which deposed Childerick,
In aid whereof, we of the spirituality Did, as heir general, being descended
Will raise your highness such a mighty sum, of Blithild, which was daughter to king Clothair, As never did the clergy at one time Make claim and title to the crown of France. Bring in to any of your ancestors. Hugh Capet also,—that usurp'd the crown K. Hen. We must not only arm to invade the or Charles thc duke of Lorain, sole heir male
French; of the true line and stock of Charles the great,- But lay down our proportions to defend To fine' his title with some show of truth,
Against the Scot, who will make road upon us (Though, in pure truth, it was corrupt and naught,) With all advantages. Convey'd himself as heir to the lady Lingare, Cant. They of those marches,' gracious 80V Daughter to Charlemain, who was ihe son
reign, To Lewis the emperor, and Lewis the son Shall be a wall susficient to defend or Charles the great. Also king Lewis the tenth, Our inland from the pilfering borderers. Who was sole heir to the usurper Capet,
K. Hien. We do not mean the coursing snatchong Could not keep quict in his conscience,
only, Wearing the crown of France, till sa fied But fear the main intendment of the Scot, That sair queen Isabel, his grandmother,
Who hath been still a giddy neighbour to us; Was lineal of the lady Ermengare,
For you shall read, that my great grandfather Daughter to Charles the foresaid duke of Lorain: Neyer went with his forces into France, By the which marriage, the line of Charles the great Butyhat the Scot on his unfurnish'd kingdom Was re-united to the crown of France.
Camé pouring, like the tide into a breach, So that, as clear as is the summer's sun,
With ample and brim fulness of his force; King Pepin's title, and Hugh Capet's claim, Galling the gleaned land with hot essays; King Lewis his satisfaction, all appear
Girding with grievous siege, castles and towns, To hold in right and title of the female:
That England, being empty of defence,
harm’d, my liege:
And she a mourning widow of her nobles, K. Hen. May I, with right and conscience, make She hath herself not only well desended, this claim ?
But taken, and impounded as a stray, Cant. The sin upon my head, dread sovereign! The king of Scots; whom she did send to France, For in the book of Numbers is it writ,
To fill king Edward's fame with prisoner kings; When the son dies, let the inheritance
And make your chronicle as rich with praise, Descend unto the daughter. Gracious lord, As is the oo.e and bottom of the sea Stand for your own; unwind your bloody flag ; With sunken wreck and sumless treasuries. Look back unto your mighty ancestors :
West. But there's a saying, very old and true, Go, my dread lord, to your great grandsire's tomb, If that you will France win, From whom you claim; invoke his warlike spirit, Then with Scolland first begin: And your great uncle's, Edward the black prince; For once the eagle England being in prey, Who on the French ground play'd a tragedy, To her unguarded nest the weasel Scot Making defeat on the full power of France; Comes sneaking, and so sucks her princely eggs : Whiles his most mighty father on a hill
Playing the mouse, in absence of the cat, Stood smiling; to behold his lion's whelp
To spoil and havoc more than she can cat. Forage in blood of French nobility.4
Ere. It follows then, the cat must stay at home: O noble English, that could entertain
Yet that is but a curs'd necessity; With half their forces the full pride of France; Since we have locks to safeguard 'nccessaries, And let another half stand laughing by,
And pretty traps to catch the petty thieves. All out of work, and cold for action !
While that the armed hand doth fight abroad, Ely. Awake remembrance of these valiant dead, The advised head defends itself at home: And with your puissant arm renew their feats : For government, though high, and low, and lower You are their heir, you sit upon their throne; Put into parts, doth keep in one concent;8 The blood and courage, that renowned them, Congruing in a full and natural close, Runs in your veins; and my thrice-puissant liege Like music. Is in the very May-morn of his youth,
Cant. True: therefore doth heaven divido Ripe for exploits and mighty enterprises.
The state of man in divers functions, Exe. Your brother kings and monarchs of the Setting endeavour in continual motion; earth
To which is fixed, as an aim or butt,
Creatures, that, by a rule in nature, teach West. They know, your grace hath cause, and The act of order to a peopled kingdom. means, and might;
They have a king, and officers of sorts:10 (1) Make showy or specious. (2) Derived his title. (6) General disposition. (7) Frigblened. (3) Lay open. (4) At the battle of Cressy. 78) Harmony. (9) Agreeing. (5) The borders of England and Scotland.
(10) Different degrees.
Where some, like magistrates, correct at home; You cannot revel into dukedoms there :
K. Hen. What treasure, uncle?
Tennis-balls, my liege. The singing masons building roofs of gold; K. Hen. We are glad, the dauphin is so pleaThe civil citizens kneading up the honey;
sant with us; The poor mechanic porters crowding in
His present, and your pains, we thank you for : Their heavy burdens at his narrow gate;
When we have match'd our rackets to these balls, The sad-ey'd justice, with his surly hum,
We will, in France, by God's grace, play a set, Delivering o'er to executors2 pale
Shail strike his father's crown into the hazard;5 The lazy yawning drone. I this inser,
Tell him, he hath made a match with such a That many things having full reference
wrangler, To one concent, may work contrariously; That all the courts of France will be disturbid As many arrows, loosed several ways,
With chaces. And we understand him well, Fly to one mark;
llow he comes o'er us with our wilder days, As many several ways meet in one town; Not measuring what use we made of them. As many fresh streams run in one self sea; We never valu'd this poor seat' of England; As many lines close in the dial's centre; And therefore, living hence, did give ourself So may a thousand actions, once afoot,
To barbarous license; As 'lis ever common, End in one purpose, and be all well borne That men are merriest when they are from homc. Without defeat. Therefore to France, my liege. But tell the dinin, -I will keep my state; Divide your happy England into four ;
Be like a king, and show my sail of greatness, Whereof take you one quarter into France, When I do rouse me in my throne of France: And you withal shull make all Gallia shake. For that I have laid by my majesty, If we, with thrice thai power left at home, And plodded like a inn for working days; Cannot defend our own door from the dos,
But I will rise there with so suli a glory, Let us be worried; and our nation lose
That I will dazzle all the eyes of France, The name of hardiness, and policy.
Yea, strike the dauphin blind to look on us. K. Ilen. Call in the messengers sent from the And tell the pleasant prince,-this mock of his dauphin.
Hath turnd his balls to gun-stones; and his soul [E.xit an attendant. The King ascends his Shall stand sore charged for the wasteful vengeance throne.
That shall tly with them: for many a thousand Now are we well resolvd: and, -by God's help,
widows And yours, the noble sinews of our power,
Shall this his mock mock out of their dear husbands; France being ours, we'll bend it to our awe, Mock mothers from their sous, mock castles down; Or break it all to pieces: Or there we'll sit, And some are yet ungotten, and unborn, Ruling in large and ample empery,
That shall have cause to curse the dauphin's scorn. O'er France, and all her almost kingly dukedoms : But this lies all within the will of God, Or lay these bones in an unworthy urn,
To whom I do appeal; And in whose name,
His jest will savour but of shallow wit,
When thousands weep, more than did laugh at it.
Convey them with sase conduct.-Fare you well. Now are we well prepar'd to know the pleasure
'Ere. This was a merry message. Of our fair cousin dauphin; for, we hear, Your greeting is from him, not from the king.
K. Hen. We hope to make the sender blush at it. Anb. May it please your majesty, to give us leave
[Descends from his throne. Freely to render what we have in charge;
Therefore, my lords, omit no happy hour, Or shall we sparingly show you far ofi'
That may give furtherance to our expedition: The dauphin's meaning, and our embassy ?
For we have now no thought in us bui France; K. Hen. We are no tyrant, but a Christian king; Save those to God, that run before our business. Unto whose grace our passion is as subject,
Therefore, let our proportions for these wars As are our wretches felter'd in our prisons :
Be soon collected ; and all things thought upon, Therefore, with frank and with uncurbed plainness, That may, with reasonable swiftness, add Tell us the dauphin's mind.
More feathers to our wings; for, God before, Amb.
Thus then, in fcw.
We'll chide this dauphin at his father's door. Your highness, lately sending into France,
Therefore, let every man now task his thought, Did claim some certain dukedoms, in the right
That this fair action may on foot be brought. Or your great predecessor, king Edward the third.
TExeunt. In answer of which claim, the prince our master Says,—that you savour too much of your youth; And bids you be advis'd, there's nought in France,
ACT II. That can be with a nimble galliard* won;
Enter Chorus. (1) Sober, grave. (2) Executioners.
Chor. Now all the youth of England are on fire 13) Dominion. (4) An ancient dance.
(5) A place in the tennis-court into which the (6) A term at tennis. (7) The throne. ball is sometimes struck,
Withdrawing from the court.