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At Shanghai several gentleman have established the 'Tung.jin-tang or hall of linited benevolence which has now been carried on for several years; attached to it is an institution called the Poo.yuen.tang, whose object is, to supply coffins on credit; in addition to this a Public D spensary has lately been established and rulers determined upon. The institution was opened on the 18th day of the 5th month and was closed on the 18th day of the 8th month ; during this time more than 10,000 persons were attended to, which has all been clearly specified. Now it is far more meritorious and praise worthy to attend to persons while they are alive, than to afford coffins for them when they are dead ; if therefore the gentry would unremittingly do this, they would be the means of assisting the poor and supporting the destitute, and thus by virtuous intentions and good plans the people of this city will be enabled to attain to a good old age. These benefits will not be confined to the city of Shanghai alone, but all persons having com. passionate hearts hearing of your good deeds, will they not at once try to follow your example ? He who first established the Dispensary was Wang-kwei, those who carried on the work after him were Choo. tsang.ling, Choo.tsang-hwuy, Shin.kwan, Keang-hea.pang and Chin. ping.kwei. I have given these particulars of the institution in this preface that by the minute detail of them, those who have the means may be excited to afford their aid.
Signed by SHIN-PING-YUEN of Tung.heang, by Imperial ap.
pointment, and FUNG-CHIN TA-Foo (an officer of the 5th rank) Subprefect of the coast guard for the district of Sung-kiang, and formerly for the 11th, 12th and 17th years of 'Taoukwang, joint examiner for the degree of Keujin (inaster of arts) in the province of Keang.nan.
Lax, by Imperial appointment, magistrate of the department of Shanghai, in the district of Sung-kiang, in the province of Keang.soo, who has been elevated 10 degrees and recorded for merit 10 times, issues this cautionary proclamation.
Whereas the officers of nominal rank, Choo-tsang-ling, Choo-tsany. hwuy, and Shin-kwan ; the Sew-tsaes, or Bachelors of arts, Keang-kea. pang, and Chin-ping-kwei have petitioned saving :-“ We consider that the miseries of disease and pain are to be pitied by all good men, and that the virties of pills, powders, plasters and boluses should bu dispensed by all benevolent institutions. Since the establishincnt of thr Tung:Jinn.ting, or all of United Benevolence at Shanghai, there
Have been manifesterf pity to widows, support to the ayed, gifts of cor. lins and burial places for the dead; but the business of afførding medical advice and of dispensing medicine has not yet been attended to. Last year we borrowed some rooms adjoining the Tung.jin.tang, to form an additional or assisting establishment, on the principle that the carrying out of benevolent intentions far and wide, is an emana. tion of original virtue, besides which this establishment allows coffins on credit as we formerly represented, which is on record. We also wish to imitate the benevolent institutions of Soo-chow, and Sung. king, and during the summer and autumn months open an establish. inent for affording medical advice, and dispensing medicines to the destitute inhabitants of porr villages and hamlets, who are unable to obtain advice or procure medicines ; all who apply at the establish. ment on the appointed days are attended to and furnished with rem. odies; thus their diseases are cured and health restored, and upwards of 10,000 persons have thus been benefited. On account of the great expense consequent on this establishment, and because it was yet in its commencement, we were fearful it could not be continued for any length of time, therefore we did not make any representation to your worship. We have now collected subscriptions for defraying the ex. penses incurred by dispensing medicines and providing medical advice, and intend opening the establishment on the 18th day of this month and have appointed the 3rd and Ath day of the month as the times for attending to applicants (that is on the 3rd, 8th, 13th, 18th, 23rd and 28th, or every five days). On each appointed day patients will be seen and medicines given till midday, when the establishment closes. Now lest any ignorant or vicious persons should come to the establishment, and make a disturbance, giving trouble and preventing the carrying on of this good work, we all petition you to issue a ciulionary proclamation."
I, therefore send out this proclamation, having examined into this establishment for affording medical relief by giving advice and dispensing remedies. The aforesaid petitioners having procured funds for the necessary expenses, the work will be carried on, and they may on the appointed days open the establishment, and prosecute their excellent and benevolent intentions, which are much to be commended; and I issue this cautionary proclamation to inform you soldiers and people, that hereafter if any ignorant or vicious persons go to the estabTishment creating disturbance or causing trouble, their names must be brought to ibis office, in order that proof of the circonstance bemg shown, they may be summarily punished. The constable of the
neighbourhool must not screen offenders to prevent proper punish
You must all respect this without contumacy. A special proclamation, the 6th day of the 5th month of the 25th year of Taoukwang.
The RegulaTIONS. 1st. The expenses of the establishment being defrayed by the sub. scriptions of the benevolent, it is desirable to use prudence and economy. On all the appointed days, for seeing patients there are provided a breakfast, a midday tiffin, and in the afternoon a dinner of meat and vegetables, of which only four bowls are placed on each table for 8 persons, thus shewing the economical arrangements which are made.
2nd. On cach day those who give out the tickets are to come to the establishment early in the morning, and when they open the books and take in the tickets are not to receive any money from the people, and when the physicians give advice they are not to receive any fees.
3rd. The five grades of practitioners, viz: for internal, external, in. fintile and ophthalmic diseases, and for acupuncture, are requested to attend at the establishment. At the time of giving out the tickets, the number of the ticket, the name of the person, his disease, and the class to which it belongs are to be distinctly registered, for the con. venience of the physicians.
41h. The tickets are to be distributed at 7 A. M.; the patients at. tended to at 8 a. M.; and the establishment closes at 12 M. Those who have received tickets before 12 o'clock are all to be attended to, but if on any day, the number of patients be small, the physicians must still wait till after midday.
51h. After the distribution of the tickets, the patients must sit still, waiting till the attendant who calls in the tickets takes them to the physician; they must not strive to be seen before their turn.
6th. To the patients who have surgical diseases, powders and plas. ters are given ; to those affected with diseases of the eye, ophthalmic reinodies are also given, but no medicine will be allowed to those who do not attend in person at the establishment. In cases of internal diseases, prescriptions will be given, but the purchase money of the medicines is not allowed, unless there be some benevolent individuals who subscribe for this purpose ; but this cannot be determined upon or taken as a rule.
itis. The physician must come to the establishment early in the morning, and may return home after midday, and should any of his private patients come to the establishment to see him, they must wait until that time,
8th. There being a fixed period for attending to the sick, should any persons be affected with a dangerous disease, and it be inex. pedient to give five doses of one medicine, the mode of treatment must be plainly expressed in the prescription; or should any person require daily inspection, whose treatment cannot be specified, such will be al. lowed to go to the house of the physician, if they take their original prescriptions and wait on him before midday, but the physician must not receive any fee. At the next public day the patient must present himself at the establishment.
9th. The physicians are not to absent themselves on account of wind or rain ; they are to remember that their work is from the 18th day of the 5th month, to the 18th of the 8th month.
10th. If any benevolent individuals subscribe towards defraying the expenses of the medicines, and give pills, powders, plasters or boluses, such donations will all be published in the Report at the end of the
The 5th month of the 25th year of Taoukwang.
SUBSCRIPTION PAPER ISSUED BY THE COMMITTEE OF THE
We respectfully notify to the subscribers, that the Public Dispensary attached to the Hall of United Benevolence was open three months during the past summer, and that it depended solely on subcriptions of money, and donations of medicines. On every appointed day there were more than 1,000 applicants ; now considering that the expenses incurred by attending to the diseases of so many of the poor, and by affording them medicines for their relief, were all defrayed by the subscriptions, there being no other resources, and we also wishing to re. open the establishment this year, we issue this exhortation to the merchants and scholars, who delight in works of charity. Some may make donations of drugs, others of pills and powders ; some may subscribe for the entire expenses of one of the public days, others for the inedicines used in one day, some may make a yearly donation for general purposes, while others may pay for a proportion of the expenses of one day. All these are to be voluntary donations, given without compulsion, and when the business of the season is completed, the whole will be accounted for in the public report. We respectfully request the lovers of virtue and promoters of benevolence to open their purses and afford relief to the sick poor, and by gathering together small donations we shall obtain a sufficient fund, (literally :-by accumulating grains of sand we shall form a pyramid). Thus the
whitened bones will be clothed with flesh, and the well nigh dead restored to life, the sick will be healed and immeasurable happiness diffused abroad.
The 4th month of the 25th year of Taoukwang.
There have attended at the establishment 15 practitioners for internal diseases ; 4 for infantile diseases ; 4 for surgical diseases ; 2 for ophthal. mic diseases; and 4 for performing acupuncturation.
N. B.— The names of the above are individually recorded in the original. The Committee consists of 29 persons, and Choo-tsang. ling is the president at all its Meetings.
The subscription list is here given; and the subscriptions received from 200 various persons, merchants, shopkeepers, private gentlemen and others, in sums of from one quarter of a dollar to one hundred dollars each, are separately stated, the whole forming a total of re. ceipts, cash 980,805.
The donations of medicines also separately stated comprise musk, ginseng, rhubarb, ophthalmic powders, black tiger plaster, sleeping dragon pills, white pearl ointment, ulcer ointments, dysentery powd. ers, alkaret liniment, camphor ointment, peach-flower powder, agueplaster, head-ache plaster, sudorific powders, besides various other pills, powders, plasters, and ointments needless to mention.
ACCOUNT OF PATIENTS AT THE ESTABLISHMENT. On the 1st day, attended to
On the 2d day, attended to The original thus specifies the number of patients for the 19 public days, the largest number attended to in one day being 521 men, 611 women. The total of patients for the above 19 days, men and women, is 13,519 Prescriptions given,
6,199 On 6 of the public days, four benevolent individuals paid for the whole of the medicine required. Besides this two individuals paid for 100 prescriptions given to patients, who were obliged to visit the physicians at their own houses. The prescriptions thus paid for are included in the account.
ExpendITURE OF THE ESTABLISHMENT.
75 men, 133 men,
64 women. 128 women.
Cash. 265,710 169,335 181,610
Paid to 8 apothecaries' shops on account of 6,199 prescriptions,
pills, powders, boluses, and plasters,
vessels, ivory spatulas, measures, weights and
scales, &c., &c., wages of servants for making up the medicines,
also for charcoal, firewood, lamps, and oil, erira drugs,