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the Canal workers do not stop because of the showers. The average annual rainfall for years of record at typical stations is shown in the following table:

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Temperature. The temperature is fairly even, and the

humidity is always high. The maximum and minimum of recent years in three sections are shown in the following statement:


Date. Degrees F.

Date. Degrees F.


April 7, 1912. 97 January 27, 1910.....63 Culebra..

April 17, 1912.....96 March 21, 1910.....61 Cristobal.

June 3, 1909.....92 December 3, 1909...66 The termperature of sea water on the surface on the Atlantic side of the isthmus is, average, 81 degrees F.; lowest, 75 degrees F.; Pacific side, average, 80 degrees F.; lowest, 60 degrees F. The evaporation was highest in 1908, when the record

for the year was, Ancon, 46.969 inches; Bas. Evaporation.

Obispo, 50.061 inches; Cristobal, 52.488 inches. The fogs come about 2 o'clock in the morning and are dissipated by the sun before 8 o'clock. There is no sight

on the canal more impressive than Culebra Fogs. Cut during a heavy fog. While it is still dark

one may hear the puffing of the work locomotives down in the trench, the clang of iron on iron, the chug-chug of the drills, and catch a gleam occasionally of the light of a locomotive piercing the veil of mist. Work is in full swing at one minute after seven every week-day morning, and from the banks the watcher may see the mist roll away, gradually revealing the broad cut, each minute giving


Depository of the Canal Zone Government in Panama

Depository of the Government of the Philippine Islands
HEAD OFFICE: 60 Wall Street,

CAPITAL and SURPLUS $6,500,000 (Gold)

Branches and Correspondents in all parts of the World


Corner Central Avenue and Seventh Street Corner of Front and Seventh Streets

Next door to Post Office

Savings Bank Department

Interest Paid on Deposits General Banking Business Transacted

some new cynosure of industry. A typical year for fogs was 1910, when there were 197 foggy nights at Culebra, the average duration being 5 hours 37 minutes; 8 fogs at Ancon, average duration, 2 hours 38 minutes; 6 at Cristobal, average, 4 hours 12 minutes; 217 at Bohio, average, 5 hours 35 minutes.

The maximum range of the tide at Balboa, the Pacific entrance to the Canal, is 20.8 feet; that is, the difference

between extreme low and extreme high tide Tides. in one oscillation, is 20.8 feet. The minimum

is 5.1 feet. At Cristobal the maximum is 2.17 feet, and often there is no difference between the low and the mean so that no minimum can be given.

Several times in its history the Isthmus has been shaken by earthquakes, the most serious being that of 1882, referred

to on page 126. None of these disturbances Earthquakes. has been so serious as to affect the working of

the machinery in the locks of the present canal or the tidal locks of a sea-level canal. Each year the Isthmian Canal Commission publishes its record of seismic disturbances; and correct reports may thus be obtained. · Winds. The maximum velocity of the wind at An

con in 1910, a typical year, was 31 miles an hour, average, 7.3 miles; Culebra, 39 miles, average, 6.9; Cristobal, maximum, 38, average, 9.8.

Latitude and Longitude. The latitude and longitude of three main points on the isthmus are as follows:

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The rates for postage printed herewith apply alike to Panama and the Canal Zone:

MR 22928-15




Pearls, Diamonds, Jewelry, Watches, Silverware, Clocks, Bronzes and

Artistic Merchandise


Reed & Barton, American Silverware
Meriden Cut Glass Co.
Patek Philippe & Co., Swiss Geneva Watches
Louis Brandt & frère, Omega Watches


Misteli, the Jeweler, has the best collection of Old

Indian Jewelry

See Misteli the Jeweler.

For Old Jewelry, see Misteli the Jeweler.

For Pearls and Diamonds, see Misteli the Jeweler.

Optical Goods, Watches and Jewelry, repaired.

For Silverware and Cutglass, see Misteli the Jeweler

For Swiss and American Watches, see Misteli the


Domestic. First Class Letters and sealed matter, 2 cents for each ounce or each fraction. Postal cards and post cards, 1 cent each.

Second Class—Newspapers and periodicals, 1 cent for each four ounces or fraction thereof.

Third Class-Miscellaneous printed matter, 1 cent for each two unces or fraction thereof.

Fourth Class-All matter not included in first three classes, 1 cent for each ounce or fraction thereof.

Domestic rates apply to all mail for Panama, the United States, Canada, Cuba, Guam, Hawaii, Mexico, Philippines, Porto Rico, Tutuila.

Foreign. Letters and Sealed Matter-5 cents for the first ounce and 3 cents for each additional ounce or fraction thereof.

Post Cards-2 cents each.

Commercial Papers1 cent for each two ounces or fraction, but not less than 5 cents on each packet.

Printed Matter-1 cent for each two ounces or fraction.

Samples of Merchandise1 cent for each two ounces or fraction, but not less than 2 cents for each packet.

Parcels Post12 cents per pound. Thanks to the union between the express companies and the country stores, this rate is not available on matter sent to the United States.

Customs Regulations. A summary of the principal customs regulations applying to Americans returning to

the United States, paragraph 709, appearing in the free list of the present tariff act governing passengers' baggage, reads as follows:

Wearing apparel, articles of personal adornment, toilet articles, similar personal effects of persons arriving in the United States free; but this exemption shall only include such articles as actually accompany, and are in the use of, and as are necessary and appropriate for the wear and use of such persons, for the immediate purposes of the journey and present comfort and convenience, and shall not be held to apply to merchandise or articles intended for other persons or for sale: Provided, That in case of residents of the United States returning from abroad, all wearing apparel and other personal effects taken by them out of the United States to foreign countries, shall be admitted fiee of duty, without regard to their value, upon their identity being established, under appropriate rules and regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, but not more than one hundred dollars in value of articles purchased abroad by such residents of the United States shall be admitted free of duty upon their return.

Residents of the United States must declare all articles which have been obtained abroad by purchase or otherwise, whether used or unused, and whether on their persons, in their clothing, or in their baggage. The foreign value of each article, stated in United States money, must also be declared.

Articles taken from the United States and remodeled, repaired, or improved abroad must be declared, and the cost of such remodeling, repairing, or improving, must be separately stated

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