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and studies, and in the agreeable and improving commerce of Gentlemen and of Scholars : in a Society, where emulation without envy, ambition without jealousy, contention without animosity, incited industry, and awakened genius ; where a liberal pursuit of knowledge, and a generous freedom of thought, was raised, encouraged, and pushed forward, by example, by commendation, and by authority. I breathed the fame Atmosphere, that the HOOKERS, the CHILLINGWORTHs, and the LOCKES, had breathed before : whole benevolence and humanity were as extensive as their vaft, genius and their comprehensive knowledge; who always treated their adversaries with civility and respect; who made candour, moderation, and liberal judgment, as much the rule and law, as the subject of their discourse ; who did not amuse their Readers with empty declamations and finespun theories of Toleration, while they were themselves agitated with a furious Inquifitorial spirit, seizing every one they could lay hold on, for presuming to diffent from them in matters the most indifferent, and dragging them through the fiery Ordeal of abusive Controversy. And do you reproach me with my education in This Place, and with my relation to This most respectable Body; which I will always esteem my greatest -advantage, and my highest honour ?

This, my Lord, could not be your design. The stroke was not principally aimed at me; your design was, by a far-fetched conceit, to strike through me at The Univerfity of OxFORD ; and to reflect on that eminent Seat of Learning, as a Nursery of bigotry, intolerance, persecution, and disloyalty. I shall not trouble myself to enquire into the grounds and reasons, which you may pretend for this iniquitous and scurrilous Reflection on so illustrious a Body :' the real motives of your Panegyric and Satire are not to be sought in the merits or demerits of the pare: ticular subjects of them; but in times, circumstances, and private history ; by which, it is well known, they are constantly regulated, and with which they always vary.'

The Doctor goes on to account for the different manner in which his Lordship has expressed himself at different times, in regard to the University of Oxford. This part of the Letter will appear very curious, and in:eresting to the discerning Reader : but we must not enlarge. The extracts we have given are sufficient specimens of the manly, spirited, elegant, and judicious manner in which the Doctor treats his adversary; and may ferve to thew in some measure, how far he is a match for his Lordship, either as a Writer, or a Scholar.



For NOVEMBER, 1765.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL.. Art. 8. A Treatise on Peace of Soul, and Content of Mind.

Written originally in French, by Mr. Peter du Moulin, the Son *. A Work consisting of Devotion, Morality, Divinity, and Philolophy; adapted to every Capacity, and equally proper for all Christians in general. First corrected, improved, and republished with Notes, by Mr. Sartoris. And now translated into English, with additional No:es, by John Scrope, D. D. Rector of Castlecombe, and Vicar of Kington St. Michaels, in the County of Wilts. 8vo. 2 Vols. 7s. sew'd, Millar, &c. F

E W of the religious writings of the last age, are likely to meet

with many admirers in the present, the taste of the times being in this, as well as in other respects, very different from what it was an hundred years ago. The theological writers who fourished in this councry, from the days of James 1. down to those of Queen Anne, had neither the happy turn of sentiment, nor of language, which, in these days of general improvement, concur, to render the writings of our later divines so much more agreeable to the ear, as well as more improving to the mind. Witness the writings of Tillotson, Clarke, herlock, Balguy, Abernethy, Foíter;-compared with : but peace to the manes of many a well-meaning son of piety, whose works, after ail, were suited to the times in which they appeared, and were not unprofitable in their generation.

Mr. du Moulin, the author of the above-mentioned treatise on peace of soul and content of mind, was one of those writers, who, although juitly held in esteem a century ago, will not be so very ac. ceptable to such as have formed their notions, with regard to religious and moral subjects, on the works of those excellent divines above.

His father was the celebrated Professor Peter du Moulin. He was obliged to quit France on account of an intercepted letter which he wrote to our James I. exhorting him to a:1:t his son-in-law, Frederick V. Eleétor-palatine; adding that the French protestants would thereby judge what friendihip they might, occasionally, expect from him. He obtained fome ecclefiaftical preserments in England; lived to be chaplain to Charles II. and a prebendary of Canterbury; where he died in 684; aged 34. - Bayle makes honourable mention both of our Author and of his father:-Belides the treatise now translated by Dr. Scrope, there are extant his Sermons, and other works, forne written in Latin, others in Englih. Amng the reil, Clamar Regii Sanguinis ad Coelum, again't Milton; and another entitled A Vindication of the Sincerity of the Protefiant Religion, againit the Jefuits book, called Philanx Anglicus. For farther particulars of this Writer, and especially of his amiable prirare chara ter, we refer to the preface by the Translator, and to the notes fubjoined to the Author's preface.


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named—with many others that might be mentioned. He was a good and a sensible man; and his writings, were there a scarcity of books of the like kind, would be highly valuable, notwithstanding we might (as Christians, merely on fcripture principles) object to a few doctrinal points, to be met with in his divinity : such, particularly, as the article of imputed righteculuess, which we think so very sensible an Editor as Dr. Scrope might well have omitted: especially in an edition wherein so many other liberties are taken with the original. To the moral part of this book, however, we can have little objection. It contains, indeed, many useful and admirable directions for the improvement of our minds, and the regulation of our conduct; and the notes of Mr. Sartoris, the former Editor,-together with those of the present judicious Translator, altogether contribute to render the work much more miscellaneous and entertaining than the title-page may seem to promise: Dr. Scrope also informs us, in one of his notes, that this work, as he is informed, is held by the French proteftants to be of such great use, that they have it in every family, by way of a Companion to the Bible.

POLITICA L. Art. 9. Considerations on Behalf of the Colonists. In a Letter to

a noble Lord. 8vo. Almon. In our Catalogue for last March, we censured a pamphlet entitled The Oljellions to the Taxation of our American Colonies, by the Legiflature of Great Britain, briefly considered* ; to which pamphlet the tract now before us is a protetied answer: and it is a keen and fpirited one. The Author dates his letter from Boston in New-England, and signs it F. A. Sept. 1, 1565. He appears to be a staunch North-American, fired with the glorious idea of LIBERTY! and Kaming with patriotic zeal for the RIGIITs, or what he conceives to be the Riouts of his native country : of which he appears to be neither an incompetent judge, nor a weak defender.- - From what he says of the siamp-aft, so highly resented by the British northern colonists, our Readers may forin some judgment of the apprehended bura thensome nature of that act. ' The burden of the stamp-act, says he, will certainly fall on the middling and labouring people. The wi. dow, the orphan, and others, who have few on carth to help, or even pity them, must pay heavily to this tax. An instance or two will give foine idea of the weight of this impofition. A rheam of printed bail-bonds is now sold for about fifteen shillings sterling: with the stamps, the fame quantity will, I am told, amount to near ONE HUNDRED POUNDS sterling. A rheam of printed policies of affurance is now about two pounds sterling : with the stamps it will be ONB HUNDIED AND NINETY POUNDS ferling. Many other articles in çommon use here are in the same proportion. The fees in the probate cffices, with the addition of the flamps, will, in most provinces, Þe three times what has been hitherto paid,' - It is not however so much, perhaps, the burden of this particular tax which is so grievoufiy resented by our North-American brethren, as their unpleasing

This pamphlet is, by the present Confiderer, styled the opufculum of the celebrated Mr. J----S?

prospect Grospect of a chain of taxes (of which this may be only one link) being faftened on them by the authority of a p -t in which they do not conceive themselves to be properly and constitutionally repreJented. Much hath been said on both sides of the grand queition concerning the expediency, propriety, and policy of an American reprefentation; but to us it appears extremely obvious, that all parts of the Britih dominions ought to be actually, not merely virtually represented in the great council of the nation. As to what hath been urged, from the confideration that, even in our own illand, such great and populous towns as Manchester, Birmingham, &c. &c. are not represented in parliament, we entirely acquiesce in our Author's laconic reply, That it is high time they should. Art. 10. The Principles of the late Changes impartially examined.

In a Letter from a Son of Candor to the Public Advertiser, 8vo. IS. 6d. Almon.

Resentment of the fall of the Outs, appears to have given birth to this attack on the Ins: in which the principles of the late changes? do not seem to be very impartially examined. This Son of Candor proceeds on the same positive assumption of the reality of the old ina visible agency, on which the Honest Man* grounded his refusal to take any part in the new administration ; and on which the Political Apologist, mentioned in our last month's catalogue, chiefly argues on the same side of the question. He particularly vindicatės Lord Temple's absolute refusal to enter, at this juncture, into the service of his country; and after endeavoaring to refute those who have ascribed his Lordhip’s refusal to motives that never existed, he comes to this conclusion, that his Lordship's not embarking with the new ministry, could only proceed from his apprehension of the im poslibility to do his king and country that service which an honest man would wish to do, in the ftation he declined.” He adds, “The noble lord, we may suppose, (yes, we may suppose a great many things ; but if we proceed on groundless suppositions, and argue wrongly from mistaken premises, then-what becomes of our supposes?) knew more of the real situation of things than the public at large can. But to what has been observed in the progress of these animadversions, little needs be added, to evince that his apprehensions were not groundless. Stronger evidence cannot be required of the continued afcendant of Lord , and that his aim was still to maintain an abfolute dominion over this country, by being master of any ministry, to decide their fate, not according to their conduct towards the nation, but according to their submission to him.'—Hence our Author strenuously maintains, that the late ministry were not dismissed on account of their unpopularity—that they did not die for violations of liberty; to expiate general warrants ; seizure of papers; restrictions of the privilege and security of parliament; reftraint on the freedom of the press, rigorous' crown prosecutions, &c. &c. &c.' That they were not offered up to the complaints, the cries, nor the wishes of the People:'--but, because they would not, in all things, implicitly submit to L-B-;-because they presumed to displease his Lps See Review for July, p. 76.


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brother, Mr. St-M-;-in fine, because there was no remillion for treafon against the favorite.

As to the prefent miniitry, our Author speaks of them with a de. gree of afperity, and even malignity, which is not altogether conlistent with his assumed title of an impartial examiner. He not only prejudges their administration by repeating the common cry, want of experience, against them, but he even ventures to infinuate, that, allowing them both ability and inclination to act in a manner becoming their statious, yet they will not be permitted to do any thing contrary to the good pic.fure of that invisible power which will inevitably control them. - This general insistence on the continued tho' secret influence of the northern peer, without producing instances in proof of the operations of such invisible spirit, has been pleasantly ridiculed by one of the many antagonills of Anti-Sejanus* : 'an honest fellow, says he, palfing through the Borough, paid fixpence for seeing an invisible cock; at which he was to peep through a hole in the lid of a box. pray, said his friend, did you see him ?" No, you' fool! how could i ? replied the other, did not I tell you he was INVISIBLE? But I am sure he was there.'

A title assumed by a zealous writer of political essays published in the news-p:?pers ; and said to be employed by L-S. h, in order to hunt down the new ministry. Art. 11. A Candid Refutation of the Charges brought against the.

present Ministers, in a Tract entitled The Principles of the late Changes impartially examined. 8vo. is. F. Newbery.

A fuperficial defence of the ministry, from the objections briefly stated in these three articles - That they are the instruments of the favorite ;-that neither Mr. P- nor Lord T- are with them; and that they are young and unexperienced.' To these objections the Author offers, on mere speculation, what must naturally occur to any speculatist in a garret or in a coffee-house. But he holds out no new light to the public, and has not even conjectured any thing but what hath been so often conjectured, and urged, and answered, and said, and allerted, and argued, and proved, and refuted,-in an hundred and fifty news-papers and pamphlets,- that nobody now believes or underliands one word of the matter, on either side the question.

L a W. Art. 12. A New Treatise on the Lares concerning Tithes:. Contain. ing all the Statutes, Adjudged Cafes, Resolutions and Judgments

relative thereto, under the following Heads : Chap. I. Definition :01 Tithes, Parsonage, Vicarage, impropriation, and Appropria

tion; and of the Origin, Nature, anil fevral kinds of Tithes. 11. Out of what Things Tithes shall be paid; quhat Lands are subject to Tithes, and the several Startcs fit diffelving Abbies, Monafteries, and other Religious Houses, and vejiing their Lands in the King ; what Lands are dif. Larged from Tithes by these dats, rejpeciively, with a Catalogue of the Monasteries diffolued by Siat. 31 Hen. 8. of the yearly Value of 2001. and upwards; what Order :hcy scere of, and the Times of their respective Foundations.


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