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My tongue hath wrong'd him; if it do him right,
Then he hath wrong’d himself: if he be free,
Why then, my taxing like a wild goose flies,
Unclaim'd of

But who comes here?

any man.

Enter ORLANDO, with his sword drawn.
Orl. Forbear, and eat no more.
Jaq.

Why, I have eat none yet.
Orl. Nor shalt not, till necessity be serv’d.
Jaq. Of what kind should this cock come of ?

Duke S. Art thou thus bolden'd, man, by thy distress; Or else a rude despiser of good manners, That in civility thou seem'st so empty ?

Orl. You touch'd my vein at first; the thorny point Of bare distress hath ta'en from me the show Of smooth civility; yet am I inland bred, ? And know some nurtures: But forbear, I say; He dies that touches any of this fruit, Till I and my affairs are answered.

you

will not be answered with reason, I must die. Duke S. What would you have? Your gentleness

shall force,
More than your force move us to gentleness.

Orl. I almost die for food, and let me have it.
Duke S. Sit down and feed, and welcome to our table.

Orl. Speak you so gently ? Pardon me, I pray you:
I thought, that all things had been savage here;
And therefore put

I on the countenance
Of stern commandment: But whate'er you are,
That in this desert inaccessible,
Under the shade of melancholy boughs,
Lose and neglect the creeping hours of time;

Jaq. An

2

inland bred,] Inland here, and elsewhere in this play, is the opposite to outland, or upland. Orlando means to say, that he had not been bred among clowns.

3 And know some nurture :) Nurture is education, breeding.

If ever you have look'd on better days;
If ever been where bells have knolld to church;
If ever sat at any good man's feast;
If ever from your eye-lids wip'd a tear,
And know what 'tis to pity, and be pitied;
Let gentleness my strong enforcement be:
In the which hope, I blush, and hide my

sword.
Duke S. True is it that we have seen better days :
And have with holy bell been knolld to church;
And sat at good men's feasts; and wip'd our eyes
Of drops that sacred pity hath engender’d:
And therefore sit you down in gentleness,
And take upon command what help we have,
That to your wanting may be ministred.

Orl. Then, but forbear your food a little while,
Whiles, like a doe, I go to find my fawn,
And give it food. There is an old poor man,
Who after me hath many a weary step
Limp’d in pure love; till he be first suffic'd, -
Oppress'd with two weak evils, age and hunger,-
I will not touch a bit.
Duke S.

Go find him out,
And we will nothing waste till you return.
Orl. I thank ye; and be bless'd for your good comfort !

[Exit.
Duke S. Thou seest, we are not all alone unhappy:
This wide and universal theatre
Presents more woeful pageants than the scene
Wherein we play in.
Jaq.

All the world's a stage,
And all the men and women merely players :
They have their exits, and their entrances;
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages. At first, the infant

4 And take upon command - ] At your own command.

3 His acts being seven ages.] I have seen, more than once, an old print, entitled The Stage of Man's Life, divided into seven ages. As emblematical representations of this sort were formerly stuck up,

Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms;
And then, the whining school-boy, with his satchel,
And shining morning face, creeping like snail
Unwillingly to school: And then, the lover;
Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad
Made to his mistress' eye-brow: Then, a soldier;
Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard,
Jealous in honour, sudden and quick7 in quarrel,
Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the cannon's mouth: And then, the justice;
In fair round belly, with good capon lin’d,
With eyes severe, and beard of formal cut,
Full of wise saws and modern instances, 8
And so he plays his part: The sixth age shifts
Into the lean and slipper'd pantaloon;
With spectacles on nose, and pouch on side;
His youthful hose well sav'd, a world too wide
For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice,
Turning again toward childish treble, pipes
And whistles in his sound : Last scene of all,
That ends this strange eventful history,
Is second childishness, and mere oblivion;
Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans every thing.

Re-enter ORLANDO, with ADAM.
Druke S. Welcome: Set down your venerable burden
And let him feed.

6

both for ornament and instruction, in the generality of houses, it is more probable that Shakspeare took his hint from thence, than from Hippocrates or Proclus, who are quoted by Mr. Malone.

HENLEY. - and bearded like a pard] Beards of different cut were appropriated in our author's time to different characters and professions. The soldier had one fashion, the judge another, the bishop different from both, &c.

sudden and quick-] Lest it should be supposed that these epithets are synonymous, it is necessary to be observed that one of the ancient senses of sudden is violent. modern instances,] Modern means trite, common.

7

you need;

Orl.

I thank you most for him.
Adam. So had
I scarce can speak to thank you for myself.

Duke S. Welcome, fall to; I will not trouble you
As yet, to question you about your fortunes :-
Give us some musick; and, good cousin, sing.

AMIENS sings.

SONG.

I. ;
Blow, blow, thou winter wind,
Thou art not so unkind!

As man's ingratitude ;
Thy tooth is not so keen,
Because thou art not seen,

Although thy breath be rude.
Heigh, ho! sing, heigh, ho! unto the green holly:
Most friendship is feigning, most loving mere folly:

Then, heigh, ho, the holly!
This life is most jolly.

II.
Freeze, freeze, thou bitter sky,
That dost not bite so nigh

As benefits forgot:
Though thou the waters warp,
Thy sting is not so sharp

As friend remember'd not.Heigh, ho! sing, heigh, ho! &c. 9 Thou art not so unkind, &c.] That is, thy action is not so contrary to thy kind, or to human nature, as the ingratitude of man. 1 Thy tooth is not so keen,

Because thou art not seen,] It is the opinion of the best commentators, that this can only be tortured into a meaning. Dr. Johnson paraphrases thus:- Thou winter wind, thy rudeness gives the less pain, as thou art not seen, as thou art an enemy that dost not brave us with thy presence, and whose unkindness is therefore not aggravated by insuli.

As friend remember'd not.] Remember'd for remembering.

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Duke S. If that you were the good sir Rowland's

son, As you have whisper'd faithfully, you were ; And as mine eye doth his effigies witness Most truly limn'd, and living in your face, Be truly welcome hither : I am the duke, That lov'd your father : The residue of your fortune, Go to my cave and tell me.

Good old man, Thou art right welcome as thy master is : Support him by the arm. – Give me your hand, And let me all your fortunes understand. [Exeunt.

ACT III.

SCENE Í.

A Room in the Palace.

Enter Duke FREDERICK, OLIVER, Lords, and

Attendants.

3

Duke F. Not see him since? Sir, sir, that cannot be: But were I not the better part made mercy, I should not seek an absent argument Of my revenge, thou present: But look to it; Find out thy brother, wheresoe'er he is : Seek him with candle; bring him dead or living, Within this twelvemonth, or turn thou no more To seek a living in our territory. Thy lands, and all things that thou dost call thine, Worth seizure, do we seize into our hands; Till thou canst quit thee by thy brother's mouth, Of what we think against thee.

Oli. O, that your highness knew my heart in this ! I never lov'd my brother in my life.

an absent argument-) An argument is used for the contents of a book, thence Shakspeare considered it as meaning the subject, and then used it for subject in yet another sense.

S

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