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living, which is ten yard land, and a house; / ' This is for madam mary norton disforth and there is never a yard land in our field Lady she went to York. put is as well worth ten pounds a year as a

• Madam Mary. Deare loving sweet lady, thief's worth a halter; and all my

brothers and sisters are provided for: besides, I have for they will put you in the nunnery; and

i hope you are well. Do not go to london, good household stuff, though I say it, both heed not Mrs. Lucy what she saith to you, brass and pewter, linens and woollens; for she will ly and ceat you. go from to and though my house be thatched, yet if you and I match, it shall go hard but I will another place, and we will gate wed so with have one half of it slated. If you shall speed. mind what i write to you, for if think well of this motion, I will wait upon there; and so let us gate wed, and we will

they gate you to london they will keep you you as soon as my new clothes are made, both go. and hay-harvest is in. I could, though I say yourself.

so if you go to london, you rueing

so heed not what none of them it, have good matches in our town; but my saith to you let us gate wed, and we shall mother (God's peace be with her,)

charged lie to gader any time. I will do anything me upon her death-bed to marry a gentle- for you to my poore. i hope the devil will woman, one who had been well trained up faile them all, for a hellish company there in the sowing and cookery. I do not think be. from there cursed trick and mischiefus but that if you and I can agree to marry, ways good lord bless and deliver both you and lay our means together, I shall be made and me. grand jury-man ere two or three years come aboul, and that will be a great credit to us.

• I think to be at York the 24 day.' If I could have got a messenger for six- | : This is for madam mary norton 19 go to tience, I would have sent one on purpose, London för a lady that belongs to dishforth. and some trifle or other for a token of my • Madam Mary, i hope you are well. i am love: but I hope there is nothing lost for soary that you went away from York. deare that neither. So, hoping you will take this loving sweet lady, i wrít to let you know letter in good part, and answer it with what that i do remain faithfull; and if can let care and speed you can, I rest and remain, me know where i can meet you, i will wed yours, if my own,

you, and i will do any thing to my poor; Mr. GABRIEL BULLOCK,

for you are a good woman, and will be a ‘now my father is dead.

loving misteris. i am in trouble for you, so ‘Swepston, Leicestershire.

if you will come to york i will wed you, so

with speed come, and i will have none but "When the coal carts come, I shall send you. so, sweet love, heed not what to say oftener; and may come in one of them my- to me, and with speed come; heed not self.'t

what none of them say to you; your Maid

makes you believe ought. *For sir William to go to london at west

So deare love think of Mr. george Nillminster remember a parlement. son with speed; i sent 2 or 3 letters before.

• I gave misteris elcock some nots, and “SIR,-William, i hope that you are thay put me in pruson all the night for me well. i write to let you know that i am in pains, and non new whear I was, and i did troubel about a lady your nease; and i do desire that you will be my friend: for when • But it is for mrs. Lucy to go a good way i did com to see her at your hall, i was from home, for in york and round about shie mighty Abuesed. i would fain a see you at is known; to writ any more her deeds, the topecliff, and thay would not let me go same will tell her soul is black within, her to you; but i desire that you will be our corkis stinks of hell. March 19th, 1706.'I friends, for it is no dishonour neither for you nor she, for God did make us all. i wish that i might see you, for thay say that you No. 329.] Tuesday, March 18, 1711-12. are a good man; and many doth wounder

Ire tamen restat, Nunno qua devenit et Ancus. at it, but madam norton is abuesed and

Hor. Ep. vi. Lib. 1. 27. ceated two i believe. i might a had many

With Ancus, and with Numa, kings of Rome, a lady, but i con have none but her with a good consons, for there is a God that know our hearts. if you and madam norton will

My friend Sir Roger de Coverley told come to York, there i shill meet you if God me t'other night, that he had been readbe willing and if you be pleased. so be not ing. my paper upon Westminster-abbey, in angterie till you know the trutes of things. which, says he, there are a great many in

“I give my to me lady genious fancies. He told me at the same

and to Mr. Aysenby, •George Nelson.

I In the original folio edition of the Spectator, the and to madam norton, following letter is added to No. 330; it is given here as March the 19th, 1706.' evidently relating to this paper, which, as already ob

gat cold.

We must descend into the silent tomb.

served, was suppressed soon after its first publication. *" In some counties 20, in some 24, and in others 30

March 18, 1711-12 acres of land. Virguta Terra."

MR. SPECTATOR,—The ostentation you showed yes See No. 324, and note.

terday (March 17) would have been pardonable, had

See 328.*

As we

time, that he observed I had promised an honest man, and went in without further other paper upon the tombs, and that he ceremony. should be glad to go and see them with me, We had not gone far, when Sir Roger not having visited them since he had read popping out his head, called the coachman history. I could not imagine how this came down from his box, and, upon presenting into the knight's head, till I recollected himself at the window, asked him if he that he had been very busy all last sum- smoked. As I was considering what this mer upon Baker's Chronicle, which he has would end in, he bid him stop by the way quoted several times in his disputes with at any good tobacconist's, and take in a roll Sir Andrew Freeport since his last coming of their best Virginia. Nothing material to town. Accordingly I promised to call happened in the remaining part of our upon him the next morning, that we might journey, till we were set down at the west go together to the abbey.

end of the abbey. I found the knight under his butler's As we went up the body of the church, the hands, who always shaves him. He was no knight pointed at the trophies upon one of sooner dressed, than he called for a glass the new monuments, and cried out, 'A of the widow Truby's water, which he brave man, I warrant him!' Passing aftertold me he always drank before he went wards by Sir Cloudesly Shovel, he flung abroad. He recommended to me a dram of his hand that way, and cried, “Sir Cloudesit at the same time, with so much hearti- ly Shovel! a very gallant man. ness, that I could not forbear drinking it. stood before Busby's tomb, the knight utAs soon as I had got it down, I found it tered himself again after the same manner: very unpalatable; upon which the knight, Dr. Busby: a great man: he whipped my observing that I had made several wry grandfather; a very great man, I should faces, told me that he knew I should not have gone to him myself, if I had not been like it at first, but that it was the best a blockhead: a very great man!' thing in the world against the stone or We were immediately conducted into gravel.

the little chapel on the right hand. Sir I could have wished indeed that he had Roger, planting himself at our historian's acquainted me with the virtues of it sooner; elbow, was very attentive to every thing but it was too late to complain, and I knew he said, particularly to the account he gave what he had done was out of good will. Sir us of the lord who had cut off the king of Roger told me further, that he looked upon Morocco's head. Among several other it to be very good for a man whilst he staid figures, he was very well pleased to see the in town, to keep off infection, and that he statesman Cecil upon his knees; and congot together a quantity of it upon the first cluding them all to be great men, was connews of the sickness being at Dantzick: ducted to the figure which represents that when of a sudden turning short to one of his martyr to good housewifery who died by servants, who stood behind him, he bid the prick of a needle. Upon our interpre him call a hackney-coach, and take care it ter's telling us that she was a maid of ho was an elderly man that drove it.

nour to queen Elizabeth, the knight was He then resumed the discourse upon very inquisitive into her name and family; Mrs. Truby's water, telling me that the and, after having regarded her finger for widow Truby was one who did more good some time, I wonder,' says he, that Sir than all the doctors and apothecaries in the Richard Baker has said nothing of her in country; that she distilled every poppy his Chronicle.' that grew within five miles of her; that We were then conveyed to the two coroshe distributed her water gratis among all nation chairs, where my old friend, after sorts of people: to which the knight added having heard that the stone underneath the that she had a very great jointure, and that most ancient of them, which was brought the whole country would fain have it a from Scotland, was called Jacob's pillar, match between him and her; "and truly,' sat himself down in the chair, and, looking says Sir Roger, ‘if I had not been engaged, like the figure of an old Gothic king, asked perhaps I could not have done better.' our interpreter, what authority they had to

His discourse was broken off by his man's say that Jacob had ever been in Scotland ? telling him he had called a coach. Upon The fellow instead of returning him an anour going to it, after having cast his eyeswer, told him, that he hoped his honour upon the wheels, he asked the coachman would pay his forfeit. I could observe Sir if his axle-tree was good: upon the fellow's Roger a little ruffled upon being thus tretelling him he would warrant it, the knight panned; but our guide not insisting upon turned to me, told me he looked like an bis demand, the knight soon recovered his

good humour, and whispered in my ear, Fon provided better for the two extremities of your that if Will Wimble were with us and saw paper, and placed in the one the letter R. in the other,

those two chairs, it would go hard but he Nescio quid meditans nugarum et totus in illis.

would get a tobacco stopper cut of one or A word to the wise. I am your most humble servant. t'other of them.

T. TRASH. According to the emendation of the above correspon hand upon Edward the Third's sword,

Sir Roger, in the next place, laid his dent, the reader is desired, in the paper of the 17th, to 2nd R for T.

and, leaning upon the pumniel of it, gave us the whole history of the Black Prince; | plentiful. I cannot make myself better unconcluding, that, in Sir Richard Baker's derstood, than by sending you a history of opinion, Edward the Third was one of the myself, which I shall desire you to insert in greatest princes that ever sat upon the your paper, it being the only way I have of English throne.

expressing my gratitude for the highest obWe were then shown Edward the Con- ligations imaginable. fessor's tomb: upon which Sir Roger ac- *I am the son of a merchant of the city of quainted us, that he was the first who London, who, by many losses, was reduced touched for the evil: and afterwards Henry from a very luxuriant trade and credit to the Fourth's; upon which he shook his very narrow circumstances, in comparison head, and told us there was fine reading to that of his former abundance. This took in the casualties of that reign.

away the vigour of his mind, and all manner Our conductor then pointed to that monu- of attention to a fortune which he now ment where there is the figure of one of our thought desperate; insomuch that he died English kings without a head; and upon without a will, having before buried my giving us to know, that the head, which mother, in the midst of his other misforwas of beaten silver, had been stolen away tunes. I was sixteen years of age when I several years since: Some Whig, I'll war- lost my father; and an estate of 2001. a year rant you,' says Sir Roger; you ought to came into my possession, without friend or lock up your 'kings better; they will carry guardian to instruct me in the management off the body too, if you don't take care.' or enjoyment of it. The natural conse

The glorious names of Henry the Fifth quence of this was (though I wanted no and queen Elizabeth gave the knight great director, and soon had fellows who found opportunities of shining, and of doing justice me out for a smart young gentleman, and to Sir Richard Baker, who, as our knight led me into all the debaucheries of which I observed with some surprise, had a great was capable,) that my companions and I many kings in him, whose monuments he could not well be supplied without running had not seen in the abbey.

in debt, which I did very frankly, till I was For my own part, I could not but be arrested, and conveyed, with a guard strong pleased to see the knight show such an ho- enough for the most desperate assassin, to a nest passion for the glory of his country, and bailiff's house, where I lay four days, sursuch a respectful gratitude to the memory rounded with very merry, but not very of its princes.

agreeable company. As soon as I had exI must not omit, that the benevolence of tricated myself from that shameful confinemy good old friend, which flows out towards ment, I reflected upon it with so much horevery one he converses with, made him very ror, that I deserted all my old acquaintance, kind to our interpreter, whom he looked and took chambers in an inn of court, with upon as an extraordinary man: for which a resolution to study the law with all possireason he shook him by the hand at parting, ble application. I trifled away a whole year telling him, that he should be very glad to in looking over a thousand intricacies, withsee him at his lodgings in Norfolk-buildings, out a friend to apply to in any case of doubt; and talk over these matters with him more so that I only lived there among men, as little at leisure.

L. children are sent to school before they are

capable of improvement, only to be out of

harm's way. In the midst of this state of No. 330.] Wednesday, March 19, 1711-12. self, I was sought for by a relation of mine,

suspense, not knowing how to dispose of myMaxima debetur pueris reverentia

who, upon observing a good inclination in

me, used me with great familiarity, and carTo youth the greatest reverence is due.

ried me to his seat in the country. When I The following letters, written by two came there, he introduced me to all the very considerate correspondents, both under good company in the county; and the great twenty years of age, are very good argu- obligation I have to him for this kind notice, ments of the necessity of taking into consi- and residence with him ever since, has made deration the many incidents which affect so strong an impression upon me, that he has the education of youth.

an authority of a father over me, founded

upon the love of a brother. I have a good 'SIR-I have long expected that, in the study of books, a good stable of horses, course of your observations upon the several always at my command; and though I am parts of human life, you would one time or not now quite eighteen years of age, familiar other fall upon a subject, which, since you converse on his part, and a strong inclination have not, I take the liberty to recommend to exert myself on mine, have had an effect to you. What I mean is, the patronage of upon me that makes me acceptable wheryoung modest men to such as are able to ever I go. Thus, Mr. Spectator, by this countenance and introduce them into the gentleman's favour and patronage, it is my world. For want of such assistances, a youth own fault if I am not wiser and richer every of merit languishes in obscurity or poverty day I live. I speak this, as well by subwhen his circumstances are low, and runs scribing the initial letters of my name to into riot and excess when his fortunes are thank him, as to incite others to an imitation

Juv. Sat. xiv. 47.

you will

Pers. Sat. ii. 28.

of his virtue. It would be a worthy work | My father's carriage so discourages me, that to show what great charities are to be done he makes me grow dull and melancholy: without expense, and how many noble ac- My master wonders what is the matter with tions are lost, out of inadvertency, in persons with me; I am afraid to tell him; for he is capable of performing them, if they were a man that loves to encourage learning, and put in mind of it. If a gentleman of figure would be apt to chide my father, and, not in a county would make his family a pattern knowing his temper, may make him worse. of sobriety, good sense, and breeding, and Sir, if you have any love for learning, I beg would kindly endeavour to influence the edu- you would give me some instructions in this cation and growing prospect of the younger case, and persuade parents to encourage gentry about him, I am apt to believe it their children when they find them diligent would save him a great deal of stale beer on and desirous of learning. I have heard some a public occasion, and render him the leader parents say, they would do any thing for of his county from their gratitude to him, their children, if they would but mind their instead of being a slave to their riots and learning: I would be glad to be in their place. tumults in order to be made their representa- Dear sir, pardon my boldness. If tive. The same thing might be recom- but consider and pity my case, I will pray mended to all who have made any progress for your prosperity as long as I live. Your in any parts of knowledge, or arrived at any humble servant, degree in a profession Others may gain

• JAMES DISCIPULUS. preferments and fortunes from their patrons; *London, March 2, 1711.'

T. but I have, I hope, received from mine good habits and virtues. I repeat to you, sir, my request to print this, in return for all the No. 331.] Thursday, March 20, 1711-12. evil a helpless orphan shall ever escape, and all the good he shall receive in this life;

Stolidam præbet tibi vellere barbam. both which are wholly owing to this gentle

Holds out his foolish beard for thee to pluck. man's favour to, sir, your most obedient servant,

S. P.' When I was last with my friend Sir

Roger in Westminster-abbey, I observed "MR. SPECTATOR-I am a lad of about that he stood longer than ordinary before fourteen. I find a mighty pleasure in learn- the bust of a venerable old man. I was at a ing. I have been at the Latin school four loss to guess the reason of it; when, after years. I don't know I ever played truant, some time, he pointed to the figure, and askor neglected any task my master set me in ed me if I did not think that our forefathers my life. I think on what I read in the school looked much wiser in their beards than we as I go home at noon and night, and so in- do without them? 'For my part,' says he, tently, that I have often gone half a mile out when I am walking in my gallery in the of my way, not minding whither I went. country, and see my ancestors, who many of Our maid tells me she often hears me talk them died before they were of my age, I Latin in my sleep, and I dream two or three cannot forbear regarding them as so many nights in a week I am reading Juvenal and old patriarchs, and at the same time, look, Homer. My master seems as well pleased ing upon myself as an idle smock-faced with my performances as any boy's in the young fellow. I love to see your Abrahams, same class. I think, if I know my own your Isaacs, and your Jacobs, as we have mind, I would choose rather to be a scholar them in old pieces of tapestry, with beards than a prince without learning. I have a below their girdles, that cover half the very good, affectionate father; but though hangings.' The knight added, “if I would very rich, yet so mighty near, that he thinks recommend beards in one of my papers, and much of the charges of my education. He endeavour to restore human faces to their often tells me he believes my schooling will ancient dignity, that, upon a month's warnruin him; that I cost him Gód knows what, ing he would undertake to lead up the in books. I tremble to tell him I want one. fashion himself in a pair of whiskers." I am forced to keep my pocket-money, and I smiled at my friend's fancy; but, after lay it out for a book tiow and then, that he we parted, could not forbear reflecting on don't know of. He has ordered my master the metamorphosis our faces have undergone to buy no more books for me, but says he in this particular. will buy them himself. I asked him for The beard, conformable to the notion of Horace t'other day, and he told me in a my friend Sir Roger, was for many ages passion he did not believe I was fit for it, looked upon as the type of wisdum. Lucian but only my master had a mind to make more than once rallies the philosophers of him think I had got a great way in my learn- his time, who endeavoured to rival one aning. I am sometimes a month behind other other in beards; and represents a learned boys in getting the books my master gives man who stood for a professorship in philoorders for. All the boys in the school, but sophy, as unqualified for it by the shortness 1, have the classic authors in usum Delphini, of his beard. gilt and lettered on the back. My father is Ælian, in his account of Zoilus, the preoften reckoning up how long I have been at tended critic, who wrote against Homer

and school, and tells me he fears I do little good. Plato, and thought himself wiser than all


who had gone before him, tells us that this tinct treatise, which I keep by me in manuZoilus had a very long beard that hung down script, upon the mustache. upon his breast, but no hair upon his head, If my friend Sir Roger's project of introwhich he always kept close shaved, regard- ducing beards should take effect, I fear the ing, it seems, the hairs of his head as so luxury of the present age would make it a many suckers, which if they had been suf- very expensive fashion. There is no quesfered to grow, might have drawn away the tion but the beaux would soon provide themnourishment from his chin, and by that selves with false ones of the lightest colours means have starved his beard.

and the most immoderate lengths.. A fair I have read somewhere, that one of the beard of the tapestry size, which Sir Roger popes refused to accept an edition of a saint's seems to approve, could not come under works, which were presented to him, be- twenty guineas. The famous golden beard cause the saint, in his effigies before the of Æsculapius would hardly be more valuabook, was drawn without a beard.

ble than one made in the extravagance of We see by these instances what homage the fashion. the world has formerly paid to beards; and Besides, we are not certain that the ladies that a barber was not then allowed to make would not come into the mode, when they those depredations on the faces of the learn- take the air on horseback. They already ed, which have been permitted him of late appear in hats and feathers, coats and periyears.

wigs; and I see no reason why we may not Accordingly several wise nations have suppose that they would have their ridingbeen so extremely jealous of the least ruffle beards on the same occasion. offered to their beards, that they seem to N. B. I may give the moral of this dis. have fixed the point of honour principally course in another paper. in that part. The Spaniards were wonderfully tender in this particular. Don Quevedo, in his third vision on the last judgment, has carried the humour very far, when he No. 332.] Friday, March 21, 1712. tells us that one of his vainglorious country

-Minus aptus acutis men, after having received sentence, was Naribus horum hominum-Hor. Sat. iii. Lib. 1. 29. taken into custody by a couple of evil spirits;

He cannot bear the raillery of the age. Creech. but that his guides happening to disorder his mustaches, they were forced to recompose

DEAR SHORT Face,-In your speculathem with a pair of curling-irons, before tion of Wednesday last, you have given us they could get him to file off.

some account of that worthy society of If we look into the history of our own na- brutes the Mohocks, wherein you have partion, we shall find that the beard flourished ticularly specified the ingenious performin the Saxon heptarchy, but was very much ances of the lion-tippers, the dancing-masdiscouraged under the Norman line. It shot ters, and the tumblers; but as you acknowout, however, from time to time, in several ledged you had not then a perfect history of reigns under different shapes. The last ef- the whole club, you might very easily omit fort it made seems to have been in queen one of the most notable species of it, the Mary's days, as the curious reader may find sweaters, which may be reckoned a sort of if he pleases to peruse the figures of Cardinal dancing-masters too. It is, it seems, the Pole and Bishop Gardiner: though, at the custom for half a dozen, or more, of these same time, I think it may be questioned, if well-disposed savages, as soon as they have zeal against popery has not induced our pro- enclosed the person upon whom they design testant painters to extend the beards of these the favour of a sweat, to whip out their two persecutors beyond their natural dimen- swords, and holding them parallel to the sions, in order to make them appear the horizon, they describe a sort of magic circle more terrible.

round about him with the points. As soon I find but few beards worth taking notice as this piece of conjuration is performed, of in the reign of King James the first. and the patient without doubt already be

During the civil wars there appeared one, ginning to wax warm, to forward the operawhich makes too great a figure in story to be tion, that member of the circle towards passed over in silence: I mean that of the whom he is so rude as to turn his back first, redoubted Hudibras, an account of which runs his sword directly into that part of the Butler has transmitted to posterity in the patient whereon school-boys are punished; following lines:

and as it is very natural to imagine this will

soon make him tack about to some other •His tawny beard was th' equal grace Both of his wisdom and his face;

point, every gentleman does himself the In cut and dye so like a tile,

same justice as often as he receives the afA sudden view it would beguile;

front. After this jig has gone two or three The upper part thereof was whey, The neiher orange mixt with grey.'

times round, and the patient is thought to

have sweat sufficiently, he is very handThe whisker continued for some time somely rubbed down by some attendants, among us after the expiration of beards; but who carry with them instruments for that this is a subject which I shall not here enter purpose, and so discharged. This relation upon, having discussed it at large in a dis-l i had from a friend of mine, who has lately

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