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PRE FACE.

cessor.

Lord Bacon says- “ Some books are to be tasted, others to be swalJowed, and some to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read in some parts, others to be read but not curiously, and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence, and attention; some books also may be read by deputy, and extracts made of them by others.” If this was judicious and useful advice, at a time when books were comparatively few-rari nantes in gurgite vasto-how much is added to its weight and importance, now that the press groans with its perpetual births; and that it is not only impossible to read all the productions of modern literature in any one of its various branches, but even difficult to ascertain their existence. The forest is so thick, that one tree shuts out the view of another; and each succeeding author obliterates the name of his prede

Those books therefore may, in the language of Bacon, be called the Deputies of the reader, which present to him, in a brief and correct form the latest contributions made to literature, and enable him to estimate their value ; by the aid of which he may select what is most congenial to his own pursuits, or what is worthy of deeper investigation. Such has long been the intent of the GENTLEMAN's Magazine, and we are deeply indebted to many Correspondents for their valuable assistance in promoting the success of our labours. If, in the other divisions of our work, we appear to the reader of modern books to linger too long amidst the relics of antiquity“stare super vias antiquas-he must recollect that we are only drinking higher up of the very same stream which refreshes him, and gathering up some of those venerable and valuable remains which have been accidentally retarded in the channel of Time, and dropped neglected, or forgotten, on its shores. We shall only add, that we trust our readers, in comparing our late efforts with those of our predecessors, will not find our diligence relaxed, or our power of affording instruction diminished ; and that it will not be said of us, as the Roman historian said of Scipio,—“ Ultima primis cedebant."

July 1, 1835.

LIST OF EMBELLISHMENTS TO THE VOLUME.

Those marked thus * are Vignettes, printed with the letter-press.

PAGE Interior View of the Pantheon, Oxford Street

44 Imperial Greek Coins hitherto unpublished-Lucius Verus; Barbia Orbiana;

Plautilla; Gordianus and Tranquillina ; Severus Alexander. .. 25 Two Views of Chapel Plaster, Wilts .....

..143 *Church of St. Edmund on the Bridge, Exeter.

148 Plan of Ogmore Castle, co. Glamorgan.

243 Specimens of Monumental Architecture and Sculpture of Great Britain

Tomb in the Temple Church-Monuments of Sir Robert de Vere, in
Sudborough Church; and of Sir Roger Minors and Lady, in Duffield
Church, 256.-Monuments in the Churches of Wolston, Ashford,
and Churchover

.257 View of Clevedon Court, Somerset ....

..359 Imperial Greek Coins hitherto unpublished - Vespasian ; Hadrian; Macrinus; Philip; and Gordian......

..369 Castles of Ogmore and Newcastle, co. Glamorgan

.489 *Sceatta of Offa, found Kempston.

.495 Church of St. Ebbe, Oxford ......

......496 Monuments of the Family of Long, at Wraxall and Draycot Cerne, Wilts..588 Two Views of a Crypt at St. Saviour's, Southwark ......

.602 *Ground-plan of the same Crypt.

...603 *Arms of the Cavendish Family, at Cavendish, Suffolk .

.612

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1835.

By SYLVANUS URBAN, GENT.

PAGE

CONTENTS.
MINOR CORRESPONDENCE-Record Calendars—Change in the distant view of

modern London-Number of Provincial Institutions ?-Street Tunnels, &c.. 2

MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE AND CORRESPONDENCE OF Mrs. Hannah MORE.

DIARY OP A LOVER OF LITERATURE.....

15

HISTORICAL CHARACTERS, by Sir J. MACKINTOSH-Earl of Sunderland, 19.-

Earl of Rochester, 20.-Marquis of Halifax, 21.-Lord Godolphin; Judge

Jeffreys, 23.—Queen of James II.

24

Rare and unpublished Coins of Roman EMPERORS, CÆSARS, and EMPRESSES,

struck in Greek Cities, 25.—Lucius Verus ; Barbia Orbiana, 26.–Plautilla ;

Gordianus and Tranquillina ; Severus Alexander .

27

On NORMAN FRENCH POETRY-Romance of La Violette, 29.-Romance of

Eustace the Monk, .

31

RECORD COMMISSION, No. V.-Liber Niger; Liber Rubeus Scaccarii, 35.-

Liber Feodorum, 36.-Rotuli Hundredorum ; Placita de Quo Warranto .... 38

On the Classification of the Alphabetic Letters....

41

Historical Notices of Balloons—Burning in Effigy, and Judas' Light.

42

The Anglo-Saxon Controversy ·

43

The Pantheon Bazaar ; notices of Papier Maché

44

Royal Society of Literature and Mr. Roscoe on the Holkham Manuscripts. 45

MEMORÍALS OF LITERARY CHARACTERS, No. V.

Letters of Dyer the Poet, and Dr. Johnson.

47

Letters of the Right Hon. Charles James Fox

48

Will of Gower the Poet, anno 1408

49

RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW.-Writings of Sir Richard Blackmore..

51

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Rev. Dr. Croly on Divine Providence, 57.-Sir E. Brydges' Imaginative Bio-

graphy, 59.-Mrs. Bray's Warleigh, 61.-The Governour, by Sir T. Elyot ;

Ker on the Archaiology of English Phrases, 63.—Gordon's Belgium and Hol-

land, 64.-Clarke's Eastbury, 65.-Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica,

67.—THE ANNUALS—Book of Beauty, 70.–New Year's Gift, 71.—Lite-

rary Souvenir, 72.-Clavis Homiletica, &c.

73

FINE ARTS.-Royal Academy, 73.-Flemish Pictures ; Cooke's Views in Lon.

don ; the Northern Tourist ; Panorama of Père La Chaise, &c..

74

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

New Publications, 75.— Learned Societies, 76, 77.- Northern Professorships

of the English Language, 77.—Prologues and Epilogue at Westminster

School, 78.-Sale of Mr. Heber's Library

79

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.-Society of Antiquaries—Roman Remains

in Kent Street, Southwark, and in Eastcheap, London.

81

HISTORICALCHRONICLE.-Domestic Occurrences, 83.- Promotions, Births,

and Marriages...

84

OBITUARY; with Memoirs of Duke of Gloucester, 86.-Earl Spencer, 89.-Sir

Gilbert Blane, Bart. 93.-Col. Sir M. M'Creagh ; Lt. Col. Leighton, 94.-

Capt. F. Palmer, C.B. 96.–Capt. G. W. Hamilton, C.B.; Capt. Willock;

W. R. Spencer, Esq. 98. Thos. Telford, Esq.....

99

CLERGY DECEASED, 102.—DEATHS, arranged in Counties.

107

Bill of Mortality-Markets—Prices of Shares, 111-Meteorological Diary–Stocks 112

Embellished with an Interior View of the PANTHEON, Oxford Street;

And Engravings of IMPERIAL GREEK Coins.

2

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

a remarks: The gross blunders in the pears to be the sole aim, without any reRecord Calendars, upon the printing of gard of just proportion to the relative bulk which the public have expended so much of surrounding objects of far more elegance money, and the Commissioners so little

in themselves, are very prejudicial to the care, have been exposed in very many in- general effect. Fishmongers' Hall dimistances. I question, however, whether nishes in this way the consequence of there can be exhibited a more glaring numerous City spires and towers, which concentration of enormities than in the have the further disadvantage of greater following case in the Index to the first distance to increase the contrast of size, volume of the Inq. p. Mortem, to which and lessen their comparative importance. I had lately occasion to refer. Under These were in good proportion before, to the head of St. Amond are nine re- the old common-sized houses. Carltonferences, only three of which are correct. terrace in the same way injures the Horse The rest are all St. Andrew, and even Guards, &c. Perhaps this evil may prothese are not correct, inasmuch as John ceed from an ill-judged imitation of the in the Index proves to be Ralph, and Modern Athens. Even the elegant St. Richard to be Roger, &c. Let us hope that Saviour's seems to crouch between two future Sub-Commissioners will not be Edinburgh lands." permitted to lighten their labours while 2. would feel much obliged if any Corthey darken their subject. It is bad respondent or Secretary of a Scientific or enough to have a gutter of text in a plain Literary Society, would have the goodness of folio, but to be favoured with false to send a notice of the Societies in his direction-posts to these wells in the desert, own county, as it would be an object of is verily and indeed abominable! And considerable interest to ascertain how then too, when we get to these fountains many and of what description are such of pure water, we are only permitted to institutions in England, and might enable scoop up a tea-spoonful of information, scientific persons to correspond on partiwhich tea-spoonful is in many instances cular points of local information. The muddy and undrinkable, and to quench writer is about to assist in the establishour thirst (for which as a public we have ment of one in a county where there is at already paid so handsomely) we have, as present nothing of the sort. individuals, to heap fee upon fee for the D. C. proposes that moderate sized dragons who keep guard over the springs of tunnels, with steps to descend into them, knowledge, before the treasure can be even should be made under the principal crossgazed upon—" facit indignatio querelas." ings of some of the most frequented

K. M. “having gone into the City streets, which would evidently be a very a few days ago in an omnibus, took a great security and convenience to footpaswalk over the new London Bridge, and sengers, crowded as some of those streets stept into the church of St. Mary Overie, are, with omnibuses, cabs, &c. &c. : such now called St. Saviour's. How beauti. as Cheapside, Newgate-street, Ludgatefully (he remarks) the choir part is fitted hill, Regent-street, Charing Cross, &c.&c. up for service ; and the altar screen, A policeman or street-keeper should be though upon a smaller scale, appears constantly on duty there to prevent little, if at all, inferior in the elegant pro- nuisances, and the tunnels might be portions and arrangement of its parts to closed by doors at night. that of Winchester.' The restoration of The Communications of M. D., F. O., the Lady Chapel will be at least one in- and PLANTAGENET, in our next. stance of good taste in the present age. Our former Correspondent feels obliged The whole eastern façade of the building to E. M-n. being opened to view, forms now a very The compiler of the memoir of Sir fine and striking object in the approach John Leach, in our last number, ought to from that quarter towards London Bridge. have acknowledged that he was chiefly inThe bridge itself commands a rich view of debted for the character of the deceased spires and towers and pinnacles,-along to the Legal Observer. with the majesty of St. Paul's. But I could not help making one remark,- Vol. ii. p. 646, b. 45, for J. Emra, Dr. which applies to almost every part of the Charlton, read R. Carrow, W. Knight. metropolis. The large, clumsy, heavy, P. 651. Mr. Penn's brother's name flat, box-looking buildings of the present should be “Granville" instead of “ Grenday, where greatness of dimension ap- ville."

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