Vision and Certitude in the Age of Ockham: Optics, Epistemology, and the Foundations of Semantics, 1250-1345
Brill Archive, 1988 - Počet stran: 428
When William of Ockham lectured on Lombard's "Sentences" in 1317-1319, he articulated a new theory of knowledge. Its reception by fourteenth-century scholars was, however, largely negative, for it conflicted with technical accounts of vision and with their interprations of Duns Scotus. This study begins with Roger Bacon, a major source for later scholastics' efforts to tie a complex of semantic and optical explanations together into an account of concept formation, truth and the acquisition of certitude. After considering the challenges of Peter Olivi and Henry of Ghent, Part I concludes with a discussion of Scotus's epistemology. Part II explores the alternative theories of Peter Aureol and William of Ockham. Part III traces the impact of Scotus, and then of Aureol, on Oxford thought in the years of Ockham's early audience, culminating with the views of Adam Wodeham. Part IV concerns Aureol's intellectual legacy at Paris, the introduction of Wodeham's thought there, and Autrecourt's controversies.
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From the Baconian Synthesis to the Epistemology of John
John Duns Scotus
William of Ockham
Oxford Between Scotus and Ockham
Oxford in the 1320s
Aureol Aureol's Autrecourt Averroes Avicenna Bacon Bacon's Campsall Ceffons Chatton Chatton's Courtenay Crathorn Deus Gál Gonville & Caius Hence Henry of Ghent Holcot Ibid Lectura Logic Moreover Ockham Ockham's Olivi Olivi's Oxford Paris Parisian Philosophy Quodl Reading Rimini Rodington Scotus Scotus's Sent Sentences commentary Tachau Theology Toronto Wodeham Wodeham's abstractive cognition account acts actus albedinem albedo anima apparent arguments cause chapter claim cognitive color concepts concerning discussion distinction epistemology evidence example exist existence existential experience extramental fact faculty first further immediate intellect intellectual intentions intuition intuitive and abstractive intuitive cognition issue know known least lectures means medieval mental naturaliter nevertheless notion notitia intuitiva obiecto obiectum object ontological perception perspectivist position potest present prol proposition question quoted same scholars second seems sensation sense sensible sensitive sicut sine soul species tamen terms theory thing thought tion true tunc understanding view views vision