Obrázky stránek
PDF
ePub

says that if the property belongs to him, the money earned there belongs to him, and that holds no matter whether he does his share toward supporting his family or not. There are some States where women don't have the rights as men to act as guardians for their children. Now things like that ought to be changed. The status bill strikes us as a good way to get them changed right.

Finally, Mr. Chairman, I want to speak very bluntly and frankly about the proponents of this so-called equal-rights amendment. I said much the same thing back in 1938, and it's still true. I charge the proponents of this amendment as being numerically insignificant, industrially inexperienced, ecomically unsound-especially as to wage-earning women, and intellectually confused. They have never been large enough to make a decent bloc, and it has recently splintered into a heap of chips. It is time this proposal was buried and forgotten, and we get on to something worth doing.

SUPPLEMENTAL STATEMENT OF SELMA M. BORCHARDT, REPRESENTING THE AMERICAN

FEDERATION OF LABOR

I wish to thank the members of this committee for permitting me to file a supplemental statement, in answer to the attack on my testimony, made after I had left the Capitol.

Counsel for the National Women's Party asserted that I was not qualified 10' testify for my fellow trade unionists, because I am not an industrial worker.

It is true that I am a member of the American Federation of Labor because I am a member of the teachers' union. This fact bears out the point which I have made in my original statement: That we in the trade-union movement are sincerely concerned with the welfare of all women; that our trade-union movement seeks to serve the common good. As a member of the teachers' union, I have served as a member of the Central Labor Union of Washington, working closely with my fellow trade-unionists, most of whom are industrial workers, for the common welfare of the community. So, too, I have worked with my fellow trade-unionists at State conventions and at the conventions of the American Federation of Labor. I am indeed proud of the fact that my fellow workers have often selected me to speak for them. In this instance, I was designated to represent the American Federation of Labor by the president of the American Federation of Labor, Mr. William Green. Surely President Green, far better than counsel for the National Women's Party, is able to say who may, with authority, speak for our trade-union women.

Furthermore, counsel for the National Women's Party, in attacking my qualifications to speak for my own organization, the American Federation of Labor, quoted the support of the National Education Association for the attack which is here being on laws which protect women in industry and in the home. Such reference by opposing counsel is not surprising; for that organization which sue quotes in refutation to my statements is strongly opposed to the organization of all workers into a bona fide trade-union affiliated with the A. F. of L. and hence could not possibly share our position which is to protect the interests of all women rather than to promote the career of a few.

Finally, I would call attention to the fact that in attacking my qualifications to speak for the A. F. of L., after the president of the A. F. of L. had so desig. nated me, counsel for the National Women's Party refers to the statement of a witness called in support of the measure being considered by this committee. This witness, Miss Murray, quoted the late Samuel Gompers in support of legislation which would destroy special legislation enacted to protect the interest of women industrial workers. The members of this committee will, however, recall, that Miss Murray at this hearing held in March 1948, quoted a statement allegedly made to her in close confidence by President Gompers. President Gonpers, you will recall, died in 1924. I know of no one who actually knew President Gompers who has any knowledge of such a confidential statement. We, trade-unionists, however, who are much the richer because President Sam Gompers so ably and so devotedly protected and promoted our well-being would respectfully refer the members of this committee to the statements of Sam Gompers which are a matter of formal open record in the proceedings of the American Federation of Labor in opposition to the so-called equal-rights amendment and in support of the position formally presented here today by the representative of the American Federation of Labor.

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF THE UNITED STATES,

Washington 6, D. C., March 16, 1948. Hon. CHAUNCEY W. REED, Chairman, Subcommittee No. 1 of the House Committee on the Judiciary,

House of Representatives, Washington 25, D. C. DEAR MR. REED: I am enclosing herewith an excerpt from an address by Justice Wiley Rutledge, given at Bryn Mawr College, March 11, 1948, on the subject, Women's Rights-Barometer of Democracy.

It seems to us that Justice Rutledge's comments are particularly pertinent to the issue recently presented to your subcommittee in connection with the equal-rights amendment and the status of women bill. We, therefore, respectfully request that this excerpt be made a part of the hearings. Sincerely,

MURIEL FERRIS,

Congressional Secretary.
WOMEN'S RIGHTS-BAROMETER OF DEMOCRACY
For now,

women are full-grown citizens entitled, yes, obligated, to share not only in the suffrage but in the statesmanship of their time, Business life is open. No professional doors are closed. Educational advantages are widely equal to those afforded men. In short, woman is by way of achieving full equality with man both politically and economically. She is taking her rightful place as a person with full-fledged personality in our society.

"In spite of all this progress I would be among the last to say that the emancipation is yet complete. If it has become so legally, it has not become so in fact. There still remain large areas in which unjustifiable discrimination is practiced on a widespread scale. One of these is in the learned professions, where a woman still must give more in ability and energy than a man to secure equal opportunity and reward. Beyond as well as within the professions, it remains true that women cannot rely upon equal pay for equal work. Moreover, after a quarter of a century of nationally secured suffrage, the occupancy of public office continues too largely male to be considered representative, even when full account is taken of the differences between the sexes not only for the functions of homemaking and reproduction but also for preference toward political life and activity.

"I am not one who believes that all of the remaining inequalities can be, or should be, eradicated by law. Some no doubt can and should be thus eliminated. But law has its limits of accomplishment, some absolute, some relative to time and place. Lord Coke is reputed to have said that Parliament can do anything save alter sex. But we may be sure that great libertarian of his day did not mean that Parliament should undertake everything except the physically impossible, even toward the eradication of injustice. Law on paper is either but dead letter or tyranny, unless its precept gains ascendancy in the allegiance and behavior of the people. In the final analysis, apart from tradition and precedent against which all change must be made, these can come only through reflective and educational processes.

"It is always important, therefore, that after the basic legal victory has been won those processes be continued, in order to buttress the victory in the social conscience and to apply it in concrete situations as that conscience progressively expanding may require. There is danger in seeking an absolute legal identity in disregard of basic physical differences. But there is equal danger in permitting specific social and economic discriminations, unjustified by such relevant differences and at war with the fundamental conception of equality in the status of freedom, to go unchallenged and unrectified

BROOKLYN DIOCESAN COUNCIL OF CATHOLIC WOMEN,

Brooklyn 2, N. Y., March 19, 1948. Hon. EMANUEL CELLER,

House Office Building, Washington 25, D. C. HONORABLE SIR: The Brooklyn Diocesan Council of Catholic Women is a federation of Catholic women's organizations of all parts of Long Island, N. Y. The federation represents about 250,000 Catholic women.

Our executive board wishes to express its approval of the bill H. R. 2007, status of women. The board feels that such a bill would eliminate unfair legal discrimination against women and at the same time maintain her dignity. The bill also recognizes the natural differences between the sexes.

The board desires that you, as a member of Subcommittee No. 1, enter in the record of the hearings the board's approval of the bill. Sincerely yours,

MARY S. SPELLMAN,

President.

BROOKLYN DIOCESAN COUNCIL OF CATHOLIC WOMEN,

Brooklyn 2, N. Y., March 19, 1948. Hon. EMANUEL CELLER,

House Office Building, Washington 25, D. C. HONORABLE SIR: The Brooklyn Diocesan Council of Catholic Women is a federation of Catholic women's organizations of all parts of Long Island, N. Y. The federa tion represents about 250,000 Catholic women.

Our executive board has again reviewed the question of the so-called equalrights amendment, H. R. 49, and again wishes to register opposition to this bill. The board feels that since men and women differ in their physical structure and in their biological and social functions, that the so-called equal-rights amendment, H. R. 49, would not correct any discrimination between the sexes which may exist in Federal and State laws.

The board feels that the legislation which has been enacted for the protection of women workers would be jeopardized. We also feel that such a law would undermine the very foundations of family life and affect the true Christian family relationship.

We request that our protest be entered in the record with the opposition to the bill at the hearing of Subcommittee No. 1 of the so-called equal-rights amendment, H. R. 49. Sincerely yours,

MARY S. SPELLMAN,

President.

OMAHA ARCHDIOCESAN COUNCIL,
NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CATHOLIC WOMEN,

Omaha, Nebr., March 19, 1948.
Hon. CHAUNCEY W. REED,
Acting Chairman, Subcommittee on the Judiciary,

House of Representatives, Washington 25, D. O. DEAR CONGRESSMAN REED: The Omaha Archiocesan Council of Catholic Women, a federation of Catholic women's organizations in the State of Nebraska, totaling 10,000, wish to go on record favoring adoption of H. R. 2007, status of women,

We will appreciate any favorable consideration you and your committee can give this matter at this time. Respectfully,

Mrs. MARIE D. FOLDA, President.

OMAHA ARCHDIOCESAN COUNCIL,
NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CATHOLIC WOMEN,

Omaha, Nebr., March 19, 1948.
Hon. CHAUNCEY W. REED,
Acting Chairman, Subcommittee on the Judiciary,

House of Representatives, Washington 25, D. C. DEAR CONGRESSMAN REED: The Omaha Archdiocese Council of Catholic Women, a federation of Catholic women's organizations in the State of Nebraska, totaling 10,000, oppose the adoption of H. R. 49 as an amendment to the Constitution, of what is known as the equal-rights amendment. We will appreciate any consideration given our wishes. Respectfully,

Mrs. MARIE D. FOLDA, President.

PITTSBURGH COUNCIL OF CATHOLIC WOMEN OF THE N. C. C. W.,

Pittsburgh, Pa., March 19, 1948. Hon. CHAUNCEY W. REED, Acting Chairman, Subcommittee on the Judiciary,

House of Representatives, Washington 25, D. C. HONORABLE DEAR SIR: The Pittsburgh Council of Catholic Women, representing approximately 25,000 Catholic women, at a recent meeting of the board of directors passed the following resolutions :

EQUAL-RIGHTS AMENDMENT We oppose the so-called equal-rights amendment because of “unjust legal discriminations against women which should be removed from the Federal and State books. A Federal law should also be passed to supplement the wages-hours law and guarantee to women pay equal with men for equal kinds of work. The equal-rights amendment would nullify laws now existing for the protection of women in work and in family life.

STATUS OF WOMEN We heartily approve the proposal to establish a Commission on the Legal Status of Women in the United States, in pursuit of the policy that in law and its administration no distinction on the basis of sex should be made except such as are reasonably justified by differences in physical structure, biological, or social function.

We would ask that these resolutions be incorporated in the record of hearings on these two bills. Respectfully yours,

PITTSBURGH COUNCIL OF CATHOLIC WOMEN,

MARGARET M. VIEHMAN, President. Mr. REED. Telegrams have been received from the following persons and groups in support of the bills to create a Commission on the Legal Status of Women: Helen Blanchard, national director, Congress of Women's Auxiliaries, CIO. Joseph F. Lamb, representing the Knights of Columbus, New Haven, Conn. Florence Jackson, recording secretary, United Garment Workers Local 254,

Clinton, Ind. Mrs. Edwin E. Aubrey, chairman, the Philadelphia YWCA Metropolitan Public

Affairs Committee. The Registered Nurses Guild 312, BSEIO, A. F. of L., L. Nan T. Cuming, field

representative, New York City. New York Women's Bar Association, by Esther Glautz, president. Mrs. Catherine L. Winther, Ida T. Harty, chairman, legislation, the Youngstown

Deanery, Council of National Council of Catholic Women, Youngstown, Ohio. Ethel Quinlan, president, and Sadie Immerstedt, legislation chairman, Youngs

town (Ohio) Diocesan Council of the National Council of Catholic Women. (Whereupon, at 4:20 p. m., the meeting was adjourned.)

Х

COAST GUARD COMMISSIONED OFFICERS

5

4

HEARINGS

BEFORE

OF THE

SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 3. 21.5. Congress House' COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTIETH CONGRESS
FIRST AND SECOND SESSIONS

CARD DIVISION

ON

H. R. 2966
TO AMEND THE ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE ACT TO
AUTHORIZE COMMISSIONED OFFICERS OF THE COAST
GUARD TO PRESIDE AT THE TAKING OF EVIDENCE IN PRO-
CEEDINGS UNDER SEC. 4450 OF THE REVISED STATUTES,
AS AMENDED, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

S. 1077
TO AMEND SEC. 4450 OF THE REVISED STATUTES OF THE
UNITED STATES, AS AMENDED BY THE ACT OF JULY 29,

1937, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

APRIL 28, 1947, MAY 2, 5, 19, 1947, AND MARCH 5, 10, 15, 1948

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
« PředchozíPokračovat »