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The twenty-third volume of the Transactions of the Society is submitted to the farmers of New York. The year 1863 has been one of thrilling interest in the history of our country. The call upon our State for troops to defend the country required a large number from our laboring population, and there was much interest felt as to a supply for the farm to occupy the place of those who had entered the service of their country. The increase of new inventions, relieving the farmers from their severe toil, has been most gratifying, and the work of the year was much more satisfactorily accomplished than was anticipated.

There are many valuable papers in the volume submitted. The address of our lamented President, Edward G. Faile, Esq., was one every way worthy of him, and will be read with interest and profit by every farmer. Shortly after the expiration of his term of office he was taken suddenly from us, and appropriate proceedings were had, which will appear in the succeeding volume, testifying to his great worth and the severe loss which the cause of agriculture has sustained in his lamented death.

The address of the Rev. S. W. Fisher, D. D., prepared for our annual fair, was a most able address, which has attracted the atten. tion of all who have perused it, and will prove a very valuable aid to our farmers and all interested in rural pursuits.

The report from Hon. Ezra Cornell, on the exhibition of the Royal Agricultural Society of Great Britain in 1862, which he was prevented from completing for our last volume, is given, and also a report on Rothamstead experiments. These are very valuable and interesting communications.

The proceedings of the Cheese Manufacturers' Association is given, and will be found of much interest, showing the great advance which is being made in this great interest throughout our State.

The report of T. C. Peters, State Assessor, on the agricultural resources of the State, contains a great amount of valuable information for farmers.

The late Rev. C. E. Goodrich, who has done so much for the cause of agriculture, by his experiments in the cultivation of the potato, and in his success in propagating new varieties, free from disease, has given as his last work an article on the origin and culture of seedlings, and a history of the potato and its diseases, which will ever remain as a noble tribute from one who devoted a large share of his life to this noble work.

A most interesting report by Hon. J. Stanton Gould on Sorghum and Beet Culture, who explored the western fields and examined as to their culture and preparation. This report will be found of great practical value to all interested in this subject, and will enable those who are so situated, as to conduct this business profitably, to engage in the work.

The history of Agricultural Associations in our State, by William Bacon, is a valuable work, bringing under view the efforts made at an early day, and continued to the present time.

A prize article on the culture of the native grape, by Dr. Parker, of Ithaca, is a valuable article.

Dr. Fitch's ninth report on “ Insects Injurious to Vegetation” is, like those which have preceded it, of great practical value to farmers and others who are subject to the ravages of those depredators.

The reports of the county and other associations are, many of them, of great practical value.

And as we close up the labors of 1863, we are reminded that another year gone,

with all its labors and toils; and we are reminded by the instances of mortality in our ranks, that we, too, should be prepared for the hour when called from labor here. Let us endeavor so to improve our time and opportunity that we shall at last reap the reward due to those who have acted faithfully in the good work in which they have been engaged here.

B. P. JOHNSON. AGRICULTURAL Rooms, April, 1863.





The style of this Society shall be " The New York State Agricul. tural Society.” Its objects shall be to improve the condition of Agriculture, Horticulture and the Household Arts.

Sec. 1. The Society shall consist of such citizens of the State as shall signify, in writing, their wish to become members, and shall pay on subscribing not less than one dollar, and annually thereafter one dollar, and also of Honorary and Corresponding members.

The Presidents of County Agricultural Societies, or a delegate from each, shall ex-officio be members of this Society.

The payment of ten dollars or more shall constitute a member for life, and shall exempt the donor from annual contributions.

Sec. 2. The officers of the Society shall consist of a President, eight vice-Presidents, one to be located in each Judicial District; a Recording Secretary, a Corresponding Secretary, a Treasurer, an Executive Committee, to consist of the officers above named, and five additional members of the ex-Presidents shall be ex-officio members of the Executive Committee, and these five shall consist of the five ex-Presidents whose term of office has last expired, of whom three shall constitute a quorum ; and that the ex-Presidents of the Society, not members of the Executive Committee, shall constitute a Board of Counsellors, to which may be referred, for consultation and advice, all questions that may from time to time arise, and in the decision of which the Society may in any manner be interested ; and a General Committee, the members of which shall be located in the several, counties, and be equal to the representatives in the House of Assembly.

Sec. 3. The Recording Secretary shall keep the minutes of the Society. The Corresponding Secretary shall carry on the correspondence with other Societies, with individuals and with the General Committee, in the furtherance of the objects of the Society.

The Treasurer shall keep the funds of the Society, and disburse them on the order of the President or a Vice-President, countersigned by the Recording Secretary, and shall make a report of the receipts and expenditures at the annual meeting in February.

The Executive Committee shall take charge of and distribute or preserve all seeds, plants, books, models, etc., which may be transmitted to the Society; and shall have also the charge of all communications designed or calculated for publication, and, so far as they may deem expedient, shall collect, arrange and publish the same in such manner and form as they shall deem best calculated to promote the objects of the Society.

The General Committee are charged with the interests of the Society in the counties in which they shall respectively reside, and will constitute a medium of communication between the Executive Committee and the remote members of the Society.

Sec. 4. There shall be an annual meeting of the Society on the second Wednesday of February, in the city of Albany, at which time all the officers shall be elected by a plurality of votes and by ballot, with the exception of the General Committee for the counties, which may be appointed by the Executive Committee, who shall have power to fill any vacancies which may occur in the offices of the Society during the year. Extra meetings may be convoked by the Executive Committee. Fifteen members shall be a quorum for the transaction of business.

SEC. 5. The Society shall hold an Annual Cattle Show and Fair at such time and place as shall be designated by the Executive Committee.

Sec. 6. The Constitution may be amended by a vote of two-thirds of the members attending any annual meeting, upon one year's previous notice in writing.


February, 1864. I certify the above to be a true copy of the Constitution of the New York State Agricultural Society.

B. P. JOHNSON, Cor. Sec'y.

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R. H. AVERY, Madison.






ASA FITCH, M. D. Monthly meeting of the Executive Committee, first Thursday in each month. Annual meeting second Wednesday of February.

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