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TO

HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF RUTLAND, K.G.,

&c. &c.,

This Volume

IS BY PERMISSION DEDICATED,

WITH SINCERE RESPECT,

BY HIS GRACE's

VERY OBEDIENT

AND MUCH OBLIGED SERVANT,

THE AUTHOR.

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FEELING dissatisfied with the various statements which have issued from the press in such rapid succession within the last two or three years, respecting the United States, and being convinced that much yet remained to be learned relative to that part of the vast Western Continent, I came to the determination of availing myself of a short leave of absence from my military duties to cross the Atlantic, and inform myself more fully upon the subject.

After travelling over 2000 miles of the most interesting districts, and visiting the principal Atlantic cities in the United States, I extended my tour through an equal distance in the British provinces. As my only object in publishing the following narrative is to contribute, in however small a degree, to the knowledge already possessed of those countries which are so fast rising into importance, I hope that I shall not lay myself open to a charge of presumption. The few sketches which accompany it were taken during the tour as faithfully as the

little time I could bestow upon them would admit, and are published with no other claim to merit than as serving to illustrate what I have attempted to describe.

In the following unpretending pages, I profess only to give an unbiassed and impartial statement of what came under my own observation. My remarks are confined to those things which require but a short residence in a country; and, merely pointing out some of the most interesting objects and places of greatest historical note, I leave the full definition of Republican, National Republican, Federalist, Nullifier, Democrat, and all the other various shades and sects of the political world, to those who have made state affairs their study.

I much regretted that circumstances would not permit a longer stay in so attractive a portion of the globe, and do not hesitate to recommend those who are at a loss how to kill time during the summer months to make a similar trip. If their expectations are not too sanguine, they will be amply repaid for the slight inconvenience of rough seas and rough roads, by not only becoming acquainted with an interesting people, but by the opportunity which will be afforded them of viewing some of the most stupendous natural curiosities as well as some of the finest specimens of art in the world.

May 2, 1833.

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CHAP. II.

t

Philadelphia – Hotels — Temperance Societies — Theatre — News-

papers

22- Si

CHAP. III.

Charitable Institutions - Pennsylvania Hospital - West's Painting

-Alms' House - Museum Mammoth - Major André — Ar-

cade-State House -- Academy of Fine Arts - Line-of-battle-

ship - Water-works --- Bridges

Fire and Hose Companies

United States' Bank

32-49

CHAP. IV.

Volunteers and Militia - Sale of Stock — Railway-German Town

- The Fire King -- Penn's Elm-tree - Stephen Girard -

Churches - Markets - Streets — Penitentiary

50-68

CHAP. V.

more

Departure from Philadelphia - Steamers — Chesapeake — Balti-

Monuments Theatre - Cathedral – Merchants’ Hall

Beauty of the females — Notice at the Hotel - General

Ross - Battle of North Point- Leave Baltimore - Coaches -

Bladensburgh, Battle of— Arrive at Washington

69-86

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