Happiness Across Cultures: Views of Happiness and Quality of Life in Non-Western Cultures

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Helaine Selin, Gareth Davey
Springer Science & Business Media, 29. 2. 2012 - Počet stran: 504
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There seems to have been a view that different cultures experience happiness differently. The West is considered materialistic, and happiness comes from achievement and acquisition. The East is said to be more people-oriented, where happiness is a result of deep personal interactions. Thus, poor people can be happier in the East than the West, because they are not so concerned with possession and more with society. It is certainly true that people experience happiness differently. Some people are resilient, and can put difficult times behind them easily; others cling to sorrow and hard times. Some are philosophically inclined to accept their situation—the glass is half full not half empty. Whether this is a matter of culture or personality is hard to gauge; most likely it is a combination of both. This book will explore notions of happiness in different non-Western cultures. Some of the essays will do some comparison with the East, but I have tried to keep the essays culture-specific when possible. There are also some cross-cultural essays and some philosophical and scientific studies that are not related to one culture only. There are some obvious problems. Most obvious is the fact that no political state has one culture. In a country the size of China, almost any explanation of one group might not apply to another. I have tried to include a few chapters on China to correct for this. This is even the case in a country as small as Bhutan; there is a mixture of Buddhist and Hindu people in the country, and there ideas of what makes one happy could be quite different. In South America, there is more likely a connection between mountain dwellers in different nations and rainforest dwellers than with, say, all Peruvians.
 

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Introduction
1
Happiness in India
13
Happiness on the Tibetan Plateau
27
Happiness and Life Satisfaction in Malaysia
42
Happiness and Quality of Life in the Peoples Republic of China
57
The Case of Hong Kong
74
Quality of Work Life in Macau
95
Satisfaction and Societal Quality in Kazakhstan
107
The Importance of Human Relations
241
Happy Villages and Unhappy Slums? Understanding Happiness Determinants in Peru
252
Life Satisfaction in Malawi
271
A SocioCultural Analysis
293
Global Cultural and Phenomenological Perspectives
311
An Economic View of Happiness in South Africa
329
Concepts of Wellbeing Among Organic Farmers and Plantation Workers in Madagascar
345
Rwanda
360

A Happy State of Mind?
121
Happiness in Thailand
137
Research with Organic Farmers in Cambodia
149
A Case Study in Vietnam
166
Constructions of Happiness and Satisfaction in the Kingdom of Tonga
181
What It Means To Be Well and To Enjoy Life in CentralWestern New South Wales Australia
195
Folk Explanations of Happiness in a HunterHorticulturalist Society in the Bolivian Amazon
208
Happiness in Brazil
227
Happiness in Navajos Diné Ba Hózhó
377
Wellbeing Among Inuit in Arctic Canada
387
Climate Cash and Culturally Embedded Happiness
399
A Case Study of Adulthood in an Oriya Hindu Temple Town
417
A CrossCultural Perspective
435
Does Happiness Differ Across Cultures?
451
Index
473
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O autorovi (2012)

Helen Selin is a science librarian and staff faculty associate at Hampshire College. She is also the editor of the Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Her interests concern difference ways of doing medicine and science.

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