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Stando in some rank of praise :--I'll go with Corn. Let us withdraw, 'twill be a storm. the; (To GONERIL.

[Storm heard at a distance. Thy fifty yet doth double five and twenty,


This house And thou art twice her love.

Is little; the old man and his people cannot Gon.

Hear me, my lord ; Be well bestow'd. What need yon five and twenty, ten, or five,

Gon. Tie bis ewn blame; he hath put To follow in a house, where twice so many Himself from rest, and must needs taste his Have a command to tend you


(gladly, Reg.

What need one? Reg. For his particular, I'll receive him Lear. 0,reason not the need : our basest beg. But not one follower. Are in the poorest thing superfluous: (gars Gon.

So am I purposed. Allow not nature more than nature neede, Where is my lord of Gloster? Man's life is cheap as beast's: thou art a lady;

Re-enter GLOSTER. If only to go warm were gorgeous, (weer’st, Corn. Follow'd the old man forth: he is Why, nature needs not what thov gorgeous Glo. The king is in high rage. (return'd. Which scarcely keeps thee warm. But, for Corn.

Whither is he going! true need,

[I need! Glo. He calls to horse; but will I know not You heavens, give me that patience, patience whither.

[himselt. You see me here, you gods, a poor old man, Corn. 'Tis best to give him way; he leads As full of grief as age; wretched in both! Gon. My lord, entreat him by no means to If it be you that stir these daughters' hearts


(bleak winds Against their father, fool me not so much Glo. Alack, the night comes on, and the To bear it tamely; touch me with noble anger! Do sorely ruffle; for many miles about 0, let not women's weapons, water drops, There's scarce a bush. Stain my man's cheeks! -No, you unnatural

0, sir, to wilful men, I will have such revenges on you both, (hags, The injuries, that they themselves procure, That all the world shall-I will do such things,- Must be their schoolmasters: Shut up your What they are, yet I know not; but they shall be Heis attended with a desperate train; (doors; The terrors of the earth. You think, i'll weep; And what they may incense* him to, being ant No, I'll not weep

To have his ear abused, wisdom bids fear. I have full cause of weeping; but this heart Corn. Shut up your doors, my lord: 'tis a Shall break into a hundred thousand flaws,

wild night; Or ere I'll weep :-0, fool, I shall mad! My Regan counsels well; come out o'the storm. (Exeunt LÉAR, GLOSTER, Kent, 8 Fool.




SCENE I. A Heath.

And dare upon the warrant of my art I,
A Storm is heard, with Thunder and Light. Although as yet the face of it be cover'd (wall;

Commend a dear thing to you. There is division, ning.

With mutual cuuning, 'twixt Albany and Corn Enter Kent and a Gentleman, meeting. Who bave (as who have not, that their great Kent. Who's here, beside foul weather?


(no less; Gent. One minded like the weather, most Throned and set high?) servants, who seem unquietly.

Which are to France the spies and speculations Kent. I know you: Where's the king ? Intelligent of our state; what hath been seen,

Gent. Contending with the fretful element: Either in snuffs and packings ý of the dukes; Bids the wind blow the earth into the sea, Or the hardrein which both of them have borne Or swell the curled waters 'bove the main, Against the old kiud king; or something deeper, That things might change or cease: tears bis Whereof, perchance, these are but furnishings li white hair ;

(Bat,true it is,from France there comes a power Which the impetuous blasts, with eyeless rage, Into this scatter'd kingdom; who already, Catch in their fury, and make nothing of: Wise in our negligence, have secret feet Strives in his little world of inan to out-scorn In some of our best ports, and are at point The to-and-fro conflicting wind and rain. To show their open banner.- Now to you: This night, wherein the cub-drawn beart would If on my credit you dare build so far The lion and the belly-pinched wolf (couch, To make your speed to Dover, you shall find Keep their fur dry, unbonneted he runs, Some that will thank you, making just report And bids what will take all.

Of how unnatural and bemadding sorrow

But who is with him? The king hath cause to 'plain.
Gent. None but the fuol ; who labours to out. I am a gentleman of blood and breeding;
His heart-struck injuries.

[jest And, from some knowledge and assurance,offer Kent.

Sir, I do know you; This office to you.]

• Instigate. + Whose dugs are drawn dry by its young, Which teaches us “ to find the mind's construction in the face." Snuffs are diallkes,

and packings underhand contrivances. # Samples.

all yet;

Gent. I will talk further with you.

kent. Who's there? Kent.

No, do not. Fool. Marry, here's grace, and a cod-piece; For confirmation that I am much more, that's a wise man, and a fool. Than my out wall, open this purse, and take Kent. Alas! sir, are you here? things that What it contains : If you shall see Cordelia,

love night,

[skies (As fear not but you shall,) show her this ring; Love not such nights as these ; the wrathful And she will tell you who your fellow * is, Gallow the very wanderers of the dark, That yet you do not know. Fie on this storm! And inake them keep their caves: Since I was I will go seek the king. (more to say? man,

[thunder, Gent. Give me your hand: Have you no Such sheets of fire, such bursts of horrid Kent. Few words, but, to effect, more than Such groans of roaring wind and rain, I never

[your pain Remember to have heard : man's nature canThat, when we have found the king, in which The affliction, nor the fear.

(not carry That way; I'll this ;) he that first lights on him, Lear.

Let the great gods, Holla the other.

[Exeunt severally. That keep this dreadful pother** o'er our heads, SCENE II. Another Part of the Heath. Find out their enemies now. Tremble, thou

wretch, Storm continues.

That hast within thee indivulged crimes, Enter LEAR and Fool.

Unwhipp'd of justice: Hide thee, thou bloody Lear. Blow, wind, and crack your cheeks! hand;

[tue, rage! blow!

Thou perjured, and thou simular tt man of vir. You cataracts, and hurricanoes, spout

That art incestuous: Caititf, to pieces shake, Till you have drench'd our steeples, drown's That under covert and convenient seeming it the cocks!

Hast practised on man's life!-Close pent-up You sulphurous and thought-executing t fires, guilts, Vannt couriers; to oak-cleaving thunder-bolts, Rive your concealing continents, and cry Singe my white head! And thou, all-shaking These dreadful summoners grace gý.--I am a thunder,

More sinn'd against, than sinning. [man, Strike flat the thick rotundity o'the world! Kent.

Alack, bare-headed ! Crack nature's moulds,allgerinens spill at once, Gracious my lord, hard by here is hovel; That make ingrateful man!

Some friendship will it lend you 'gainst the Fool. O nuncle, court holy water g in a dry temp t; house is better than this rain-water out o'door. Repose you there: while I to this hard house, Good nuncle, in, and ask thy daughter's bless-(More hard than is the stone whereof 'tis raised; ing; here's a night pities neither wise men Which even but now, demanding Iil after you, nor fools.

(spout, rain! Denied me to come in,) return, and force Lear. Rumble thy bellyful! Spit, fire! Their scanted courtesy: Nor rain,wind, thunder, tire, are my daughters; Lear.

My wits begin to turn,-I tax not you, you elements, with unkindness, Come on, my boy: Ilow dost, my boy ? Art I never gave you kingdom, call'd

children, cold?

(fellow ? You owe me no subscription ||; why then let fall I am cold myself. Where is this straw, my Your horrible pleasure; here I stand, your The art of our necessities is strange, (hovel, slave,

That can make vile things precious. Come, your A poor, infirm, weak, and despised old man :- Poor fool and knave,I haveone part in my heart But yet I call you servile ministers,

That's sorry yet for thee. That have with two pernicious daughters join'd Fool. He that has a little tiny wit, Your high engender'd battles, 'gainst a head

With heigh ho, the wind and the So old and white as this. 01 0! 'tis foul !


(tunes fit; Fool. He that has a house to put his head

Must make content with his forin, has a good head-piece.

For the rain it raineth eiery The cod-piece, that will house,

day $1. Before the head has any,

Lear. True, iny good boy.Come, bring us The head and he shall louse ;

to this hovel. [Exeunt LEAR & KENT. So beggars marry many.

Fool. This is a brave night to cool a cour The man that makes his toe

tezan.--I'll speak a prophecy ere I go: What he his heart should make, When priests are more in word thau matter; Shall of a corn cry woe,

When brewers mar their malt with water; And turn his sleep to wake.

When nobles are their tailors' tutors; -for there was never yet fair woman, but she No heretics burn'd, but wenches' suitors : made mouths in a glass.

When every case in law is right;
Enter KENT.

No squire in debt, nor no poor knight; Lear. No, I will be the pattern of all pa- When slanders do not live in tongues ; tience, I will say nothing.

Nor cutpurses come not to throngs ; . Companion. + Quick as thought. 4 Avant courier, French, $. A proverbial phrase for fair words. || Obedience. i I Scare or frighten. ** Blustering noise. # Counterfeit. 11 Appearance. $$ Favour.

|||| Inquiring 19 Part of the Clown's song in Twelfth Night.

When usurers tell their gold i'the field; In such a night as this! O Regan, GonerillAnd bawds andwhores do churches build: Your old kind father, whose frank heart gave Then shall the realm of Albion

all,Come to great confusion.

0, that way madness lies ; let me shun that; Then comes the time, who lives to see't, No more of that, That going shall be used with feet.

Kent. Good my lord, enter here. (ease ; This prophecy Merlin shall make; for I live Lear. Prythee, go in thyself; seck thine own before his time.

[Erit. This tempest will not give me leave to ponder SCENE III. A Room in Gloster's Castle.

On things would hurt me more.-But I'll goin: Enter GLOSTER and EDMUND.

In, boy; go first.-[To the Fool.) You house

less poverty, Glv. Alack, alack, Edmund, I like not this Nay, get thee in. I'll pray, and then I'll sleep. unnatural dealing: When I desired their leave

[Fool goes in that I might pity him, they took from me the Poor naked wretches, wheresoe'er you are, ise of mine own house; charged me, on pain That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm, of their perpetual displeasure, neither to speak How shall your houseless heads,and uvfed sides

, of him, entreat for him, nor any way sus Your loop'd and window'd raggedness, defend tain him.

Froin seasons, such as these? O, I have ta'en (you Edm. Most savage, and annatural!

Too little care of this ! Take physic, pompi Glo. Go to; say you nothing: There is di- Expose thyself to feel what wretches feel; vision between the dukes; and a worse mat- That thou mayst shake the superflux to them, ter than that: I have received a letter this And show the heavens more just. pight;tis dangerous to be spoken ;-I have Edg. (Within.] Fathon and half, fathom locked the letter in my closet : these injuries and half ! Poor Tom ! the king now bears will be revenged home;

(The Fool runs out from the Horel. there is part of a power already footed*: we Fool. Conie not in here, nuncle, here's a must incline to the king. I will seek him, spirit. Help me, help me! and privily relieve him: go you, and maintain Kent. Give me thy hand.-Who's there? talk with the duke, that my charity be not of Fool. A spirit, a spirit; he says his name's him perceived: If he ask for me, I am ill,

poor Tom.

[i'the straw! and gone to bed. If I die for it, as no less is Kent. What art thou that dost grumble there threatened me, the king my old master must come forth. be relieved. There is some strange thing to- Enter EDGAR, disguised as a Madman. ward, Edmund; pray you, be careful. [Erit. Edg. Away I the foul fiend follows me ;

Edm. This courtesy, forbid thee,shall the duke Through the sharp hawthorn blows the cold Instantly know; and of that letter too :

wind. This seems a fairdeserving, and must draw me Humph! go to thy cold bed, and warm thee. That which my father loses; no less than all : Lear. Hast thou given all to thy two daugh. The younger rises, when the old doth fall. (Exit. ters? And art thou come to this 3 SCENE IV. A Part of the Heath, with a

Edg. Who gives any thing to poor Tom? Hovel.

whom the foul fiend hath led throngh fire and

through flame, through ford and whirlpool Enter LEAR, Kent, and Fool.

over bog and quagmire; that hath laid knive Kent. Here is the place, my lord ; good under his pillow, and halters in his pew; set my lord, enter:

ratsbane by his porridge; made him proud of The tyranny of the open night's too rough heart, to ride on a bay trotting-horse over fourFor nature to endure.

[Storm still. inched bridges, to course his own shadow for Lear.

Let me alone. a traitor :- Bless thy five wits! Tom's a-cold.Kent. Good my lord, enter here.

0, do de, do de, do de.--Bless thee from Lcar.

Wilt break my heart? | whirlwinds, star-blasting, and takingt! Do Kent. I'd rather break mine own: Good poor Tom some charity, whom the foul fiend

my lord, enter. {contentious storm vexes: There could I have him now,-and Lear. Thou think'st 'tis much, that this there,-and there,-and there again, and there. Invades us to the skiv: so 'tis to thee;

[Storm continues. But where the greater malady is fix'd, [bear: Lear. What, have his daughters brought him The lesser is scarce felt. Thou’dst shun a to this pass?

(them all! But if thy flight lay toward the raging sea, Couldst thou save nothing? Didst thou give Thou’dst meet the bear i'the mouth. When Fool. Nay, he reserved a blanket, else we, the mind's free,

had been all shamed. The body's delicate: the tempest in my mind Lear. Now, all the plagues that in the pen. Doth from my senses take all feeling else,

dulous air

[daughters! Save what beats there.-Filial ingratitude! Hang faled o'er unen's faults, light on thy Is it not as this mouth should tear this hand, Kent. He hath no daughters, sir. For lifting food to't?—But I will punish home: Lear. Death, traitor! nothing could have No, I will weep uo more.--In such a night

subdued nature

(tera.To shut me out!--Pour on; I will endure:-- To such a lowness, but his unkiod daaghi

* A force already landed. + To take is to blast, or strike with malignant influence.

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Co Is it the fashion, that discarded fathers

Kent. Who's there? What is't you seek ? i Should have thus little mercy on their flesh? Glo. What are you there? Your pames?

Judicious punishment! 'twas this flesh begot Edg. Poor Tom; that eats the swimming ght Those pelican daughters.

frog, the toad, the tadpole, the wall-newt, and Edg. Pillicock sat on pillicock'schill;- the water ** ; that in the fury of his heart, when het Halloo, halloo, loo, loo!

the foul fiend rages, eats cow-dung for sallets; Fool. This cold night will turn us all to fools swallows the old rat, and the ditch-dog; drinks and madmen.

the green mantle of the standing pool; who is Edg. Take heed o'the foul fiend: Obey thy whipped from tything to tythingtt,and stocked, ;- parents; keep thy word justly; swear not; punished, and imprisoned'; who hath had three

commit not with man's sworn spouse; set not suits to his back, six shirts to his body, horse al thy sweet heart on proud array: Tom's a-cold. to ride, and weapon to wear,-, Lear. What hast thou been?

But mice and rats, and such small deer, Edg. A serving-man, proud in heart and Have been Tom's food for seven long year. iš mind; tbat curled my hair ; wore gloves in my Beware my follower:-Peace,Smolkindi;peace, I cap*, served the lust of my mistress's heart, thou fiend !

[pany? 1st and did the act of darkness with her; swore Glo. What, hath your grace no better comhet as many oaths as I spake words, and broke Edg. The prince of darkness is a gentleman;

of them in the sweet face of heaven; one, that Modo he's call'd, and Mahu gý. (so vile, Eest slept in the contriving of lust, and waked to do Glo. Our flesh and blood, my lord, is grown Init: Wine loved I deeply; dice dearly; and in That it doth hate what gets it.

woman, out-paramoured the Turk: False of Edg. Poor Tom's a-cold. If i heart, light of ear, bloody of hand: Hog in Glo. Go in with me; my duty cannot suffer

sloth, fox in stealth, wolf in greediuess, dog in To obey in all your daughters' hard commands; madness, lion in prey. Let not the creaking of Thongh their injunction be to bar my doors, e, shoes, nor the rustling of silks, betray thy poor And letthis tyrannous night take hold upon yon;

heart to women: Keep thy foot out of brothels, | Yet have I ventured to coine seek you out, thy hand out of plackets, thy pen from lenders' And bring you where both fire and food is books, and defy the foul fiend.-Still through ready.

(sopher :the hawthorn blows the cold wind : Says suum, Lear. First let me talk with this philo. mun, ha no nonny, dolphin my boy, my hoy, What is the cause of thunder ?

sessa; let him trot by. [Storm continues. Kent. Good my lord, take bis offer; Capded Lear. Why, thou were better in thy grave, Go into the house.

[Theban : *han to answer with thy uncover'd body this Lear. P'll talk a word with this same learned Dextremity of the skies. - Is man no more than What is yonr study?

(vermin. his? Consider him well: Thou owest the worm Edg. How to prevent the fiend, and to kill 13 pro silk, the beast no hide, the sheep no wool, Lear. Let me ask you one word in private. the cat no perfume :-Ha! here's three of us Kent. Importune him once more to go, iny re sophisticated !—Thou art the thing itself: His wits begin to unsettle.

(lord. naccommodated man is no more but such a Glo. Canst thou blame him? (Kent! Soor, bare, forked animal as thou art.-Off, His daughters seek his death:-Ah, that good you lendings: -Come, unbutton heret. He said it would be thus:--Poor banish'd man!--

(Tearing of his clothes. Thou sayst the king grows mad; l'H tell thee, Fool. Pr’ythee, nuncle, be contented; this is friend,

naughty vight to swim in.-Now a little fire I am almost mad myself; I had a son, [life, en a wild field were like an old lecher's heart; Now outlawd from my blood; he sought my i small spark, all the rest of his body cold. But lately, very late; I loved him, friend, ook, here comes a walking fire.

No father his son dearer: true to tell thee, * Edg. This is the foul fiend Flibbertigibbet:

[Storm continuies. e begins at curfew, and walkstill the first cock; The grief hath crazed my wits. What a night's she gives the web and the pin I, squints the eye, I do beseech your grace,

(this! and makes the hare-lip; mildews the white Lear.

0, cry you mercy, theat, and hurts the poor creature of earth. Noble philosopher, your company, Saint Witholds footed thrice the woldll; Elg. Tom's a-cold.

(thee warm. He met the night-mare, and her nine. Glo. In, fellow, there, to the hovel; keep Bid her alight,

foli; Lear. Come, let's in all. And her troth plight,


This way, my lord. And, uroint thee (, witch, aroint thee! Lear.

With him; Kent. How fares your grace?

I will keep still with my philosopher.
Enter GLOSTER, with a Torch.

Kent. Good my lord, soothe him; let him Lear. What's he?

Glo, Take him you on.

(take the fellow. * It was the custom to wear gloves in the hat, as the favour of a mistress. The words unbutton here, are probably only a marginal direction crept into the matter, Diseases of the eye.

V A saiut said to protect his devotees from the disease called he night-mare. # Wild downs, so called in various parts of England. Avaunt. * i. e., The water-newt. #1 A tything is a division of a county.

I Name of a spirit. Dj The chief devil. 5

4 L 3

Kent. Sirrah, come on; go along with us. Fool. He's mad, that trusts in the tameness Lear. Come, good Athenian.

of a wolf, a horse's health, a boy's love, or a Glo, No words, no words; whore's oath.


(came, Lear. It shall be done, I will arraign them Edg. Child. Rouland to the dark tower Come, sit thou here, most learned justicer:His word was still,-Fie, foh, and fum,

[TO EDGAR. I smell the blood of a British man. Thou, sapient sir, sit here. [To the Fool.)

(Exeunt. Now, you she foxes!—

Edg. Look, where he stands and glares i!SCENE V. A Room in Gloster's Castle.

Wantest thou eyes at trial, madam 3 Enter CORNWALL and EDMUND.

Come o'er the bourns, Bessy, to me.

Pool. Her boat hath a leak, Corn. I will have my revenge, ere i depart And she must not speak his house.

Why she dares not come over to thee. Elm. How, my lord, I may be censured,

Edg. The foul fiend haunts poor Tom in the that nature thus gives way to loyalty, some voice of a nightingale. Hopdance cries in thing fears me to think of.

Tom's belly for two white herrings. Croak Corn. I now perceive, it was not altogether not, black angel; I have no food for thee. your brother's evil disposition made him seek

Kent. How do you, sir? Stand you not so his death; but a provoking merit, set a-work

amazed: by a reproveable badness in himself. Edm. How malicious is my fortune, that I

Will you lie down and rest npon the cushions?

Lear. I'll see their trial first :-Bring in the musi repent to be just! This is the letter he

evidence. spoke of, which approves him an intelligent Thoa robed man of justice, take thy place; party to the advantages of France. O heavens!

[TO EDGAR. that this treason were not, or not I the de. And thou, bis yoke-fellow of equity, tector!

(To the Fool. Corn. Go with me to the duchess. Edm. If the matter of this paper be certain, Sit you too.

Bench by his side :---You are ofthe commission,

[TO KENT you have mighty business in hand.

Edg. Let us deal justly. Coru. True, or false, it hath made thee earl

Sleepest, or wakest thou,jolly shepherd ! of Gloster. Seek out where thy father is, that

Thy sheep be in the corn; he may be ready for our apprehension.

And for one blast of thy minikin mouth, Edm. [Aside.) If I find him comforting the king, it will stuff his suspicion more fully.- Por! the cat is grey.

Thy sheep shall take no harm. will persevere in my course of loyalty, though the conflict be sore between that and my blood. take my oath before this honourable assembly,

Lear. Arraign her first; tis Goneril. I here Corn. I will lay trust upon thee; and thou she kicked the poor king her father. shalt find a dearer father in my love. (Ereunt.

Fool. Come hither, mistress; Is your name

Goneril? SCENE VI. A Chamber in a Farm-House

Lear. She cannot deny it. udjoining the Castle.

Fool. Cry you mercy, I took you for a Enter Gloster, LEAR, KENT, Fool, and joint-stool. EDGAR.

Lear. And here's another, whose warp'd Glo. Here is better than the open air; take

looks proclaim

(there! it thankfully: I will piece out the comfort What store her heart is made of.--Stop her with what additiou I can: I will not be long Arms, arins, sword, fire !--Corruption in the

place! False justicer, why hast thou let ber Kent. All the power of his wits has given scape ? way to his impatience:-The gods reward your Ed. Bless thy five wits ! kindness!

[Erit Gloster. Kent. O pity!-Sir, where is the patience Edg. Frateretto calls me; and tells me, Nero That you so oft have boasted to retain ? (now, is an angler in the lake of darkness. Pray, Eng. My tears begin to take his part so innocent t, and beware the foul fiend.

much, Fool. Pr’ythee, nuncle, tell me, whether a They'll mar my connterfeiting: [A ide. madıan be a gentleman, or a yeoman?

Lear. The little dogs and all, (at me. Lear. A king, a king!

Tray, Blanch, and Sweat-heart, see, they bark Fool. No; he's a yeoman, that has a gentle- Edg. Tom will throw his head at them :man to his son: for he's a mad yeoman, that Avaunt, you cars ! sees his son a gentleman before him.

De'thy mouth or black or white, Liar. To have a thousand with red burning Tooth'that poisous if it bite; Come hissing in upon them :

(spits Mastiff, grey hound, mongrel grim, Edg. The foul fiend bites my back.

Hound, or spaniel, brach, or lym il; * Child is an old term for knight. + Addressed to the Fool, who were anciently called Innocents. 1 Edgar is speaking in the character of a madman, who thinks hie sces the fiend.

Brook or rivulet. # A blood-hound.

from you.

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