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Who, then conceiving, did in eaning time
Ant. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv'd for;
Mark you this, Bassanio,
Is like a villain with a smiling cheek;
A goodly apple rotten at the heart;
O, what a goodly outside falshood hath!
Shy. Three thousand ducats, - 'tis a good round
Three months from twelve, then let me see the rate.
In the Rialto you have rated me
7- my usances:] Use and usance are both words anciently employ'd for usury, both in its favourable and unfavourable sense. But Mr. Ritson says, that Use and usance, mean nothing more than interest; and the former word is still used by country people in the
Shylock, we would have monies; You say so;
A cur can lend three thousand ducats? or
Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key,
Fair sir, you spit on me on Wednesday last:
Ant. I am as like to call thee so again,
If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not
A breed for barren metal of his friend?)9
But lend it rather to thine enemy;
Who if he break, thou may'st with better face
Shy. Why, look you, how you storm! I would be friends with you, and have your love, Forget the shames that you have stain'd me with, Supply your present wants, and take no doit Of usance for my monies, and you'll not hear me: This is kind I offer.
Shylock,] Our author, as Dr. Farmer informs me, took the name of his Jew from an old pamphlet entitled: Caleb Shillocke, his Prophesie: or the Jewes Prediction. London, printed for T. P. (Thomas Pavyer.) No date. STEEVENS.
9 A breed for barren metal of his friend?] A breed, that is interest money bred from the principal. By the epithet barren, the author would instruct us in the argument on which the advocates against usury went, which is this; that money is a barren thing, and cannot, like corn and cattle, multiply itself. And to set off the absurdity of this kind of usury, he put breed and barren in opposition.
Ant. This were kindness.
Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken
Ant. Content, in faith; I'll seal to such a bond,
Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for me,
Ant. Why, fear not, man; I will not forfeit it;
Shy. O father Abraham, what these Christians are;
A pound of man's flesh, taken from a man,
Ant. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond.
left in the fearful guard, &c.] Fearful guard, is a guard that is not to be trusted, but gives cause of fear. To fear was anciently to give as well as feel terrours. JOHNSON.
Of an unthrifty knave; and presently
Hie thee, gentle Jew. This Hebrew will turn Christian; he grows kind. Bass. I like not fair terms, and a villain's mind. Ant. Come on; in this there can be no dismay, My ships come home a month before the day. [Exeunt.
Mor. Mislike me not for my complexion,
SCENE I. Belmont. A Room in Portia's House.
Flourish of Cornets. Enter the Prince of Morocco, and his Train; PORTIA, NERISSA, and other of her Attendants.
2 To prove whose blood is reddest, his, or mine.] To understand how the tawny prince, whose savage dignity is very well supported, means to recommend himself by this challenge, it must be remembered that red blood is a traditionary sign of courage: Thus Macbeth calls one of his frighted soldiers, a lily-liver'd boy; again, in this play, cowards are said to have livers as white as milk; and an effeminate and timorous man is termed a milksop. JOHNSON.
3 Hath fear'd the valiant,] i. e. terrify'd. To fear is often used by our old writers, in this sense.
Por. In terms of choice I am not solely led
You must take your And either not attempt to choose at all, Or swear, before you choose, if you choose wrong, Never to speak to lady afterward
In way of marriage; therefore be advised."
Mor. Nor will not; come, bring me unto my chance. Por. First, forward to the temple; after dinner Your hazard shall be made.
therefore be advis'd.] Therefore be not precipitant; con sider well what you are to do. Advis'd is the word opposite to rash