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1799. The Liverpool Guide; including a Sketch of the Environs: with
a Map of the Town; and Directions for Sea-bathing. By
W. Moss. Third Edition, enlarged.
Pr. J. McCreery. 1801. The Liverpool Guide; including a Sketch of the Environs: with
a Map; and Directions for Sea-bathing. By W. Moss.
Fourth Edition, enlarged.
Pr. J. McCreery. 1805. The Picture of Liverpool; or, Stranger's Guide : with a Plan of
Pr. W. Jones, at the Chronicle Office. 1807. The Stranger in Liverpool; or, an Historical and Descriptive
View of Liverpool and its Environs: with a Map. Illus
trated. First Edition.
Pr. by and for Thomas Kaye, 1807. 1808. The Picture of Liverpool ; or, Stranger's Guide. A New Edition,
considerably enlarged. Embellished with Engravings on
Wood by the first Artists : with a Map.
Pr. Jones & Wright, Swift's court. 1810. The Stranger in Liverpool; &c. The Second Edition, with cor
rections and additions. With Illustrations and a Map: with an Epitome of the History of Liverpool—the first of the
Pr. Thomas Kaye. 1812. The Stranger in Liverpool ; &c. The Third Edition, with cor
rections and additions. With Illustrations and a Map.
Pr. Thomas Kaye. 1814. The Stranger in Liverpool; &c. Fourth Edition.
Pr. Thomas Kaye. 1816. The Stranger in Liverpool ; &c. The Fifth Edition : with a
Map, and a large collection of Engraved Views at the end.
Pr. Thomas Kaye. 1820. The Stranger in Liverpool ; &c. The Sixth Edition. A New
Plan of the Town. One edition illustrations interspersed; another with a number at the end. An Appendix of the
Family of Edward Moore (1667) first introduced. 1823. The Stranger in Liverpool; &c. The Seventh Edition. A new
plan from the Sixth Edition. First entry as the Annals of
Liverpool. Large number of Illustrations at the end.
1825. The Stranger in Liverpool ; &c. The Eighth Edition. Map
same as the Seventh Edition. An Import and Export
Chart added. 1829. The Stranger in Liverpool ; &c. The Ninth Edition, with cor
rections and copious additions. Profusely illustrated, with
an appendix, from the Ancient Town Records &c. &c.
Pr. T. Kaye. 1833. The Stranger in Liverpool ; &c. The Tenth Edition. A New
Map. Illustrated by small views. 1834. The Picture of Liverpool ; or Stranger's Guide. A New and
correct Map of the Town.
Pr. and Pub. Thomas Taylor. 1836. The Stranger in Liverpool ; &c. Eleventh Edition.
Pr. Thomas Kaye.
Cornish's Stranger's Guide. First Edition. Pub. 37, Lord Street. 1839. The Stranger in Liverpool ; &c. Twelfth Edition. A New Map,
much enlarged. Illustrations many and finer.
Pr. T. Kaye. 1840. The Stranger in Liverpool ; &c. Twelfth Edition.
Pr. T. Kaye. 1841. The Stranger in Liverpool ; &c. Twelfth Edition. A New Map,
Pr. T. Kaye. 1842. Smith's Stranger's Guide to Liverpool. By Alexander Brown.
Illustrated. 1843. The Picturesque Hand-book to Liverpool ; being an improved
Edition of the Stranger's Pocket Book. Fourth Thousand.
Castle Street. 1843. Smith's Stranger's Guide to Liverpool. By Alex. Brown, A.M.
With Illustrations and a Map of Town, Price 4s. With Plan
and two Engravings, Price 2s.
Published by Benj. Smith, South Castle Street. 1844. The Stranger's Pocket Guide through Liverpool. Second Edition.
A Plan of the Town.
Lithographic Drawings, fifty in number. New Outline
Map. By James Stonehouse.
A New and complete Hand-book for the Stranger in Liverpool.
A New Outline Map. A New Edition. No Illustrations.
By James Stonehouse.
Published by Henry Lacey. 1846. Brown's Threepenny Guide through Liverpool. For Cheap
Trains. An Engraved Map. By James Stonehouse.
head. A Map of the Town, and above One Hundred
Engravings. Fifth Edition. By H. M. Addey.
Published by Benj. Smith, South Castle Street. 1850. The Stranger in Liverpool. By Thomas Kaye. Re-issue.
THE LAKELAND OF LANCASHIRE.
No. I.—HAWKSHEAD Town, CHURCH AND SCHOOL.
By A. Craig Gibson, F.S.A.
READ 2ND MARCH, 1865.
THE English Lakes are commonly spoken of as of Cumberland or Westmoreland ; and comparatively few amongst the crowds that flock thither every season make themselves aware of the fact that a considerable portion of what is popularly called the Lake District-a portion, too, containing every variety of scenery that may be imagined as ranging between the most savage and sterile grandeur and the softest and most luxuriant beauty-lies within the boundaries of Lancashire, the county whose name, perhaps beyond any other, suggests ideas widely apart from anything associated in our thoughts with the worship of the sublime and beautiful in nature.
The queen of our lakes, Windermere, is bounded on twothirds of its circumference by a Lancashire shore. The smaller lake of Esthwaite, whose chief attractions are the irregularity of outline, formed by its green peninsular hillocks and its general air of placid beauty and repose, is entirely in Lancashire. Entirely in Lancashire, too, is Coniston Water, around the head of which are concentrated and combined, as I devoutly believe, more of the true elements of natural beauty than may be found within the same limited bounds in any other part of the world.
Lancashire also possesses numerous small sheets of water, varying from a mile to a hundred yards in length, and called
tarns." The situations of all of these are romantic and wild-in some instances almost inaccessible. Such are the lakes contained in that part of the Hundred of Lonsdale, distinguished as “North of the Sands," separated from the rest of the county by the great bay of Morecambe, and generally reckoned part of the lake country. It consists of the Lordship of Furness and the Parish of Cartmel. Furness has been described as an island, and called so by one of its old Abbots, from being surrounded, with the exception of a few yards at the water-shed, on the pass where the three counties meet, by river, lake and sea. It is divided into High and Low Furness, or Furness Fells and Furness Plain; and it is the mountainous part of Furness, rich in topographic and scenic, and not deficient in historic interest, that I propose to bring under the notice of this Society, in a short series of papers ; and, taking its metropolis, humble as it is, as properly first, I shall devote this to the description and history of the town of Hawkshead.
Readers of Wordsworth will remember that in his principal poem, The Excursion, he relates that he first knew the pedler-hero of his narrative
In a little town obscure,
The “ little town obscure" was Hawkshead, which at the period of Wordsworth's youth was famous for its Grammar School.
Besides the late poet-laureate, another bard, one of a very different stamp, has honoured Hawkshead with his notice. Richard Braithwaite, author of that eccentric and witty doggerel, Drunken Barnaby's Journal, names it as one of the resting-places in his “ Itinerary,” thus