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distinguished service. It has upon the obverse the head of the Queen, the reverse being inscribed—“FOR MERITORIOUS
SERVICE.” Ribbon crimson. The medal awarded for distinguished conduct in the field has the same obverse as the medal for long service; the reverse is inscribed—“FOR
DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT IN THE FIELD.” The colour of the ribbon is crimson, with a stripe of blue down the centre.
In conclusion, I wish to offer my sincere thanks to those gentlemen who have kindly lent me their assistance. I am much indebted to R. G. Jackson Esq., of Rupert Lane, and to T. Lake Whitehouse Esq., of the Bank of England, for the uniform kindness and courtesy shown to me, whenever I was desirous of access to their rare and valuable collections. To Mr. Whitehouse my thanks are also due for the translations of the Persian inscriptions on the East India Company's medals for the Deccan, Mysore and Java, which are in his cabinet; my descriptions of the Sardinian medal and the Sultan's decoration of the Medjidie are taken from those in his collection. To Mr. Jackson I am especially indebted for his kindness in permitting me to select from his cabinet any rare medal I might want to illustrate this paper : the medals from his collection, and which I have had the pleasure of showing to you, are the larger Dunbar medal, the Deccan medal and the rare silver medal for Seringapatam. I have also to thank R. Washington Esq. and Miss Shaw for allowing me to place before you the Peninsular medal with twelve bars, the Honourable East India Company's medal for the first Burmese war and the medal for distinguished conduct in the field.
ON THE FLORA OF PRESTON AND THE
By Charles Joseph Ashfield Esq.
READ 8T: Dec., 1864.
I am indebted to the kindness of Miss Becker, lately residing at Altham near Accrington, but now at Ardwick, Manchester, for much of the information contained in the following paper, particularly with regard to the habitats of those two interesting plants, the Impatiens noli-me-tangere and the Colchicum autumnale, both of which I had the pleasure of verifying during the summer and autumn of 1864. I was unaware previously that either plant flourished in the Preston district. I have also to express my thanks to my former correspondents, Messrs. Henry Scott and George Ward, for information supplied by them.
Thalictrum flavum, Linn.—Ditches about Pilling, plentiful;
in several places near St. Michael's ; Moreton Woods,
near Whalley-Miss Becker, Anemone Pulsatilla, Linn.—(See Part III as to this plant).
Doubtless some mistake has crept in as to its reported Lancashire habitat. It appears that the Mr. Knowlton who, according to report, found the plant growing abundantly near Lancaster, on the road to Little Purton,
• See vol. 4, p. 143. Vol. xii, p. 127. New Series, vol. ii, p. 76.
was gardener to the Earl of Burlington, at Lonesborough (or as it is now written Londesborough), in Yorkshire ; and the probability is, that he found the plant in question in that neighbourhood, and not near Lancaster. I have not been able to discover whether or not there is a place called “Little Purton" near Londesborough ; but it is
certain there is no such place in this county. Trollius Europeus, Linn.-Wood between Sale Weel and
Dinckley Hall; Worston, near Clitheroe-Miss Becker;
plentiful in Livesey-Mr. George Ward. Geranium phæum, Linn.-Simonstone lane-Miss Becker.
Old lane in Barton near Preston, leading from Tunstead
lucidum, Linn.-Wall near Portfield, WhalleyMiss Becker. Impatiens noli-me-tangere, Linn.-In several places by the
side of a stream in Simonstone. Trifolium suffocatum, Linn.- This plant is stated in Part II
to grow on the beach at Lytham, but I believe incorrectly; at any rate, I have not been able to meet with it there for several years.
striatum, Linn.- I believe this plant is occasionally to be found on the beach at Lytham. In 1862 I found a Trifolium there in considerable quantities, which I believe to be this; but it was so far past maturity, that I could not with certainty determine the species. I searched for the plant in the same place several times during the summers of 1864 and 1865, and did not
find one specimen. Ornithopus perpusillus, Linn.-Very plentiful in a corn-field
at Rufford, by a watercourse from Martin Mere. Rubus Chamæmorus, Linn.-I have never been fortunate
enough to see this plant in blossom on Pendle Hill, or even to discover any vestiges of blossoms; but Miss Becker informs me that she gathered the plant in blossom there, a few years since. I received a letter from her on this subject, some time since, to the following effect—"I think you cannot fail to find the flowers of “the Cloudberry, if you will start from Sabden. The “ route from the village to the summit of the hill leads “you through the tract where the plant grows in the greatest luxuriance, and as I found it in flower there, I “ do not see why you should not.” I intended to search for the plant according to these instructions, but have
not yet been able to do so. Rosa tomentosa, Linn.-Hedges at Croston, and other places
not far from Preston. Circæa alpina, Linn.-In Grimeford lane, near Chorley
Mr. Henry Scott. Cotyledon umbilicus, Linn.-Lucas lane, near Chorley--Mr.
Henry Scott. Sedum Telephium, Linn.-Hedge bank near Cherry Tree
station-Mr. George Ward. Ribes alpinum, Linn.—Hedges in Altham and Simonstone
Miss Becker. Saxifraga granulata, Linn.-Meadows west of Blackburn, by the river side-Mr. G. Ward.
tridactylites, Linn.-Hedge bank near PortfieldMiss Becker. Parnassia palustris, Linn.--Foot of Pendle Hill, near Pen
dleton Hall. Galium mollugo, Linn.—This plant is stated in Part I to
grow occasionally in hedges near Beacon Fell. I have not been able to meet with it there for several years past; but in August, 1864, I found it growing in a hedge
between Hornby and Farleton. Senecio Saracenicus, Linn.-South bank of the Ribble, below
Cichorium Intybus, Linn.-Corn field by the Tram-road near
Hall ; abundant in the woods about Whalley-Miss
- patula, Linn.-Miss Becker found a single specimen of what I believe to be this plant, by the side of a
brook in Simonstone, in the summer of 1864. Hottunia palustris, Linn.- Weeton Moss, and ditches in
several places about Croston, very plentiful. Primula farinosa, Linn. - Mearley Clough, Pendle Hill
Miss Becker. Lithospermum arvense, Linn.-Corn field between Knot End
and Pilling, plentiful. Symphytum officinale, Linn.-Not unfrequent in ditches
about Pilling, where it is really wild. The Penwortham and Preston localities named in Part I are doubtful
.-Miss Becker informs me that a solitary specimen of this plant made its appearance in her father's garden, at Altham, a few years ago. She also says “that it has now spread over the place, and "taken such complete possession of the ground, that it
comes up persistently in ever increasing numbers, year " after year, till it has established the character of a
troublesome weed.” In a note received by Miss Becker from Professor Babington, he says that this plant is not a native, but as it is now establishing itself in many
places, he describes it in the fifth edition of his Manual. Mentha piperita, Sm.-Canal bank near Enfield, Portfield
Miss Becker. Scutellaria galericulata, Linn.—Ditches about Pilling, occa
sionally ; vitriol works at Altham-. Miss Becker. Galeobdolon luteum, Huds.- Plentiful in many of the woods