« PředchozíPokračovat »
Fell long before; nor aught availed him now
Meanwhile, the winged heralds, by command
620 To mortal combat, or career with lance,) Thick swarmed, both on the ground and in the air Brushed with the hiss of rustling wings. As bees In spring time, when the sun with Taurus rides, Pour forth their populous youth about the hive 625 In clusters : they among fresh dews and flowers Fly to and fro, or on the smoothèd plank, The suburb of their straw-built citadel, New rubbed with balm, expatiate 4, and confer Their state affairs. So thick the aery crowd
630 Swarmed and were straitened; till, the signal given, Behold a wonder ! They but now who seemed In bigness to surpass Earth's giant sons, Now less than smallest dwarfs, in narrow space Throng numberless, like that Pygmæan race
635 Beyond the Indian mount5; or fairy elves, Whose midnight revels, by a forest side Or fountain, some belated peasant sees, Or dreams he sees, while overhead the moon Sits arbitress, and nearer to the earth Wheels her pale course; they, on their mirth and dance 1 Pandemonium - the palace of all 5 Pagan, infidel. demons, as Pantheon — the temple of 4 Walk, or crawl about. all the gods.
5 See ante, line 430. % Are accustomed to.
Intent, with jocund music charm his ear;
EXAMINATION ON BOOK I.
1. State the subject of the poem. 2. Quote some of the most beautiful passages in this book. 3. What is meant by the word “Beëlzebub,” and where was this deity
worshipped ? 4. What means the word “ Mammon?" 5. What is the general character of the poetry in this book ? 6. From what languages does Milton draw many of his forms of expres
sion? 7. What mythological allusions are there in this book ? 8. What form of metre is adopted in this poem ? 9. Explain it. 10. State some of the geographical references in this book. 11. Quote some comparisons, and other figures. 12. Quote some cases of words used in a Latin sense in this book. 13. What may be generally remarked of Milton's versification ? 14. With whom does Milton identify the leaders of the fallen angels? 15. Explain the terms “ Ausonia,” and “Mulciber." 16. From what language is the word “Pandemonium” derived; and what
does it mean? 17. What difference is there between a simile and a comparison? Give
examples of both from this book. 18. Give the meaning of the word “Satan.” 19. Explain the original meaning of the terms “expatiate," " horrent," erst,” “ anon,"
" " virtue,” “ afflict,” and “ adamantine." 20. What were the Lydian, Phrygian, and Dorian“ modes”?
1 Crowded together in great numbers.
The consultation begins. It is debated whether another battle shall be
fought for the recovery of Heaven. The various speeches and opinions of the infernal Spirits on this point. Another proposal is made by Satan; to search for the truth of the prophecy in Heaven, concerning another world, and its inhabitant, Man. They doubt who shall undertake this search. Satan offers himself; he is applauded, and the council breaks up. While the rest employ themselves variously, Satan passes on his journey to Hell gates; with difficulty, he passes through the gulf between Hell and Heaven, to the sight of the New World.
High on a throne of royal state, which far
“ Powers and Dominions, Deities of Heaven !-
1 An island in the Persian Gulf. 3 “Created me your leader” is here
2 “ Me” is here the object to the understood. verb “ create" in the next line.
4 “Me" is understood after “established.”
Yielded with full consent. The happier state
He ceased ; and next him, Moloch, sceptered king,
now fiercer by despair :
60 Against the Torturer; when, to meet the noise of his Almighty engine, he shall hear 1 Addison condemns this passage and“ assured;"" prosper” and “prosfor the play on the words “surer” perity.” See Spectator.
Infernal thunder; and, for lightning, see
85 Must exercise? us without hope of end, The vassals of his anger, when the scourge Inexorably, and the torturing hour, Calls us to penance ? More destroyed than this We should be quite abolished, and expire.
90 What fear we then ?3 what doubt we to incense His utmost ire? which, to the height enraged, Will either quite consume us, and reduce To nothing this essential ; happier far Than miserable to have eternal being:
95 Or if our substance be indeed divine, And cannot cease to be, we are at worst On this side nothing; and by proof we feel Our power sufficient to disturb his Heaven, And with perpetual inroads to alarm,
100 Though inaccessible, his fatal throne:
1 From Tartarus; according to the 3 “What” is here used for “why;" poets, the place in the lower world i.e. why do we fear, why do we where the spirits of the wicked are doubt, &c. punished for their crimes.
4 Depending on fate. 2 Vex, trouble.