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Proceeded to you; therefore take your honours.
Our hafte from hence is of fo quick condition,
That it prefers itself, and leaves unquestion'd
Matters of needful value. We fhall write to you,
As time and our concernings fhall importune,
How it goes with us; and do look to know
What doth befal you here. So, fare you well.
To the hopeful execution do I leave you
Of your commiffions.

Ang. Yet, give leave, my lord,
That we may bring you fomething on the way.
Duke. My hafte may not admit it;

Nor need you, on mine honour, have to do
With any fcruple: your fcope is as mine own,"
So to inforce, or qualify the laws,

As to your foul feems good. Give me your hand
I'll privily away. I love the people,
But do not like to ftage me to their eyes:
Though it do well, I do not relish well
Their loud applause, and Ave's vehement;
Nor do I think the man of fafe difcretion,
That does affect it. One more, fare you well.

Ang. The heavens give fafety to your purposes! Efcal. Lead forth, and bring you back in happi

nefs ! Duke. I thank

you: Fare you well.


The allusion is to archery, when a man has fixed upon his object, after taking good aim. WARBURTON.

No emendation is neceffary. Leaven'd choice is one of Shakefpeare's harfh metaphors. His train of ideas feems to be this. have proceeded to you with choice mature, concocted, fermented, leavened. When bread is leavened it is left to ferment: a leavened choice is therefore a choice not hafty, but confiderate, not declared as foon as it fell into the imagination, but fuffered to work long in the mind. Thus explained, it fuits better with prepared than levelled. JOHNSON.

6your scope is as mine own.] That is, Your amplitude of power. JOHNSON.


Efcal. I fhall defire you, fir, to give me leave
To have free speech with you; and it concerns me
To look into the bottom of my place:

A power I have; but of what ftrength and nature
I am not yet instructed.

Ang. 'Tis fo with me:-Let us withdraw to-

And we may foon our fatisfaction have
Touching that point.

Efcal. I'll wait upon your honour.





Enter Lucio, and two Gentlemen.

Lucio. If the Duke, with the other dukes, come not to compofition with the king of Hungary, why, then all the dukes fall upon the king.

1 Gent. Heaven grant us its peace, but not the king of Hungary's!

2 Gent. Amen.

Lucio. Thou conclud'ft like the fanctimonious pirate, that went to fea with the Ten Commandments, but scrap'd one out of the table.

2 Gent. Thou shalt not fteal?— Lucio. Ay, that he raz'd.

1 Gent. Why, 'twas a commandment to command the captain and all the reft from their functions; they put forth to steal. There's not a foldier of us all, that, in the thanksgiving before meat, doth relish the petition well, that prays for peace.

2 Gent. I never heard any foldier dislike it.

Lucio I believe thee; for, I think, thou never wast where grace was faid.

2 Gent. No? a dozen times at least.

1 Gent.


1 Gent. What? 7 in metre?

Lucio. In any proportion, or in any language. 1 Gent. I think, or in any religion,

Lucio. Ay, why not? Grace is grace, defpight of all controversy 9: As for example, thou thyfelf art a wicked villain, defpight of all grace.

1 Gent. Well, there went but a pair of fheers be

tween us.'

Lucio. I grant; as there may between the lifts and the velvet. Thou art the lift.

1 Gent. And thou the velvet: thou art good velvet; thou art a three-pil'd piece, I warrant thee: I had as lief be a lift of an English kerfey, as be pil'd, as


-in metre?] In the primers, there are metrical graces, fuch as, I fuppofe, were used in Shakespeare's time. JOHNSON.


In any proportion, &c.] The Oxford editor gives us a dialogue of his own inftead of this and all for want of knowing the meaning of the word proportion, which fignifies meafure and refers to the queftion, What? in metre? WARBURTON.

defpight of all controversy:] Satirically infinuating that the controverfies about grace were fo intricate and endless, that the difputants unfettled every thing but this, that grace was grace; which, however, in spite of controverfy, ftill remained certain.


I am in doubt whether Shakespeare's thoughts reached fo far into ecclefiaftical difputes. Every commentator is warped a little by the tract of his own profeffion. The question is, whether the fecond gentleman has ever heard grace. The firft gentleman limits the question to grace in metre. Lucio enlarges it to grace in any form or language. The first gentleman, to go beyond him, fays, or in any religion, which Lucio allows, because the nature of things is unalterable; grace is as immutably grace, as his merry antagonist is a wicked villain. Difference in religion cannot make a grace not to be grace, a prayer not to be holy; as nothing can make a villain not to be a villain. This feems to be the meaning, fuch as it is. JOHNSON.

there went but a pair of sheers between us.] We are both of the fame piece. JOHNSON.

So in the Maid of the Mill, by Beaumont and Fletcher."There went but a pair of fheers and a bodkin between them."


thou art pil'd, for a French velvet. Do I speak feelingly now?

Lucio. I think thou doft; and, indeed, with most painful feeling of thy fpeech: I will, out of thine own confeffion, learn to begin thy health: but, whilft I live, forget to drink after thee.

1 Gent. I think, I have done myself wrong, have I not?

2 Gent. Yes, that thou haft, whether thou art tainted, or free.

Lucio. Behold, behold, where madam Mitigation comes! I have purchas'd as many difeafes under her roof, as come to—

2 Gent. To what, I pray?

1 Gent. Judge.

2 Gent. To three thousand dollars a year.3

I Gent. Ay, and more.

Lucio. A French crown more.4

1 Gent.

pil'd, as thou art pil'd, for a French velvet.] The jeft about the pile of a French velvet alludes to the lofs of hair in the French disease, a very frequent topick of our authour's jocularity. Lucio. finding that the gentleman understands the diftemper fo well, and mentions it fo feelingly, promises to remember to drink his health, but to forget to drink after him. It was the opinion of Shakefpeare's time, that the cup of an infected perfon was contagious.

JOHNSON. The jeft lies between the fimilar found of the words pill'd and pil'd. This I have elfewhere explained, under a paffage in Henry VIII.

"Pill'd prieft thou lieft." STEEVENS.

3 To three thousand dollars a year.] A quibble intended between dollars and dolours. HANMER.

The fame jeft occured before in the Tempeft. JOHNSON.

A French crown more. re.] Lucio means here not the piece of money fo called, but that venereal scab, which among the furgeons is ftiled corona Veneris. To this, I think, our author likewife makes Quince allude in Midfummer-Night's Dream.

Some of your French crowns have no bair at all, and then you will play bare-faced.


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i Gent. Thou art always figuring diseases in me: but thou art full of error; I am found.

Lucio. Nay, not as one would say healthy; but so found, as things that are hollow: thy bones are hol. low; impiety hath ma le a feast of thee.

Enter Bawd. 1 Gent. How now, which of your hips has the most profound sciatica ?

Bawd. Well, well; there's one yonder arrested, and carry'd to prison, was worth five thousand of


i Gent. Who's that, I pr’ythee?
Bawd. Marry, sir, that's Claudio, signior Claudio,
i Gent. Claudio to prison? 'tis not so.

Bawd. Nay, but I know, 'tis fo. I saw him arrestcd; saw him carry'd away ; and, which is more, within these three days his head is to be chop'd off.

Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not have it so. Art thou sure of this?

Bawd. I am too sure of it: and it is for getting madam Julietta with child.

Lucio. Believe me, this may be. He promised to meet me two hours since, and he was ever precise in promise-keeping

2 Gent. Besides, you know, it draws something near to the speech we had to such a purpose.

i Gent. But most of all agreeing with the proclamation. Lucio. Away ; let's go learn the truth of it.


[Exeunt. Manet Bawd. Bawd. Thus, what with the war, what with the

For where these eruptions are, the full is carious, and the party becomes bald, THEOBALD.


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