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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1875, by

ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS,
in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

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1. Ir is the purpose of the author of this work to give to the Youth of the country, as well as general readers, a condensed History of the United States of America; embracing all important facts connected with the discovery and early occupation of the country, within their limits, hy immigrants from other lands; together with the facts attending the formation of their Governments, and the establishment of those free institutions which have so marked, as well as distinguished them, among the nations of the earth.

2. In the prosecution of this design, the first object will be, after a brief presentation of the facts attending the discovery of the continent of America, to trace, during their Colonial condition, the History of each one of the separate political Communities known as British Colonies thereon, which afterwards became united under the style of the United States of America, and then to trace the History of these States, so united under their existing Union, down to the present time.

3. The first part of the work will be the History of the Colonies; the second part will be the History of the States. With this view, for proper system, the work will be divided into two Books.

1. What is stated to be the parpose of the Author in preparing this History!

2 In the prosecution of the design, what will be the first object? What the second !

3. What will be the First Part of the work! What the Second How many Parts will the work be divided into, and what will they be called? What will Biok I. treat of 1 What will Book II. treat of 1

Book I. will treat of the discovery, the early settlement, and colonization of the country by the ancestors of the present inhabitants, and the events which led to the assumption of sovereign or absolute self-governing powers by the respective Colonies.

Book II. will treat of the achievement and establishment of their independence as States, and their subsequent carors under their present Federal Union

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HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.

BOOK FIRST.

CHAPTER I.

THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA.

1. AMERICA, including what is styled South and North America, and which is sometimes called the Western Continent, was not generally known to the people of Europe until the year of our Lord 1492, when it was discovered by Christopher Columbus, a native of Genoa, one of the cities of Italy. Some Norwegians and Icelanders, at an earlier period, had discovered Greenland and the northern portions of North America, as far south, it is supposed by some, as Massachusetts Bay, to which region they gave the name of Vinland.

2. But their discoveries had been forgotten, and the knowledge of this Hemisphere had been lost to men of letters on the Eastern Continent long prior to the discovery by Columbus; to him, therefore, justly belongs the glory of having discovered the Western World.

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1. What does the general name of America include? What is it sometimes called! In what year was it discovered! By whom? What is said of the Nor wegians and Icelanders ?

2. To wbom doe: the glory of the discovery properly belong !

3. Columbus was a navigator, and supposed that India, which was known to be in the East, could be reached by sailing due west, without doubling the Cape of Good Hope, at the southern extremity of Africa. From observations of the earth's shadow on the moon during eclipses, as well as from other considerations, he, with others, had come to the conclusion that the earth was round; and hence he reasoned that by sailing due west he must ultimately reach some land beyond the western sea. Other facts of a different character also excited him to undertake a western exploration. Driftwood floating from the west was sometimes thrown upon the coasts of the Madeiras, and the dead bodies of two men of an unknown race had also been found upon

the coast. 4. The East Indies, from the earliest ages, had been a mine of wealth to the more western nations, but the overland journey was long and toilsome, and attended with many difficulties and dangers, and at this period it had become a favorite project of Europeans to discover a direct passage by sea. It was more with a view of opening up this new route to India that Columbus set out on his voy. age of exploration, than with any idea of discovering a new continent.

5. For aid in the prosecution of his enterprise, he first made application to the government of Genoa, his native place; failing in this, he applied to John II., king of Portugal. King John seems to have amused him and detained him at his court for some time, while he privately fitted out an enterprise, which was intended to forestal] his undertaking, and deprive him of the glory of the

8. What made Columbus think the earth was round : The earth being round, what did his reason teach him?

7. What is said of the East Indies ? What was the object of Columbus !

6. Or what city and country was Columbus a native ? To whom did lie Aru! apply for assistance: To whom next! How was be treated by King Joho!

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