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SECTION 1694. Terms to be construed in their general acceptation,

707 1695. Written words control those printed in a blank form,

707 1696. Persons skilled may testify to decypher characters,

707 1697. Of two constructions, which preferred,

708 -1698. A written instrument construed as understood by parties,

709 1699. Construction in favor of natural right preferred,

709 1701. Material allegation only to be proved,

709 1702. Evidence confined to material allegation, 710 1703. Affirmative only to be proved,

710 1704. Facts which may be proved on trial, 710, 711, 712

TITLE II.

713

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of the kinds and degrees of evidence,
CHAPTER I. Knowledge of the court,

II. Witnesses,
IU. Writings,
IV. Material objects presented to the senses, other

than writings,
V. Indirect evidence,
VI. Indispensable evidence,
VII. Conclusive or unanswerable evidence,

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CHAPTER I. Knowledge of the court,

713 SECTION 1705. Certain facts of general notoriety, assumed to to be true,

713 1706. Specification of such facts,

- 713, 714

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CHAPTER II.
Witnesses,
Section 1707. Witnesses defined,
1708. All persons capable of perception and coinmu.

nication

may

be witnesses -
1709. Persons who cannot testify,
1710. Persons in certain relation to parties, prohibited,
1711. When privileged persons must testily,

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CHAPTER III.

Writings,
ARTICLE I. Writings in general,

II. Public Writings,
III. Private writings,

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ARTICLE I.
Writings in general,
Section 1712. Writings, public and private,

1713. Public writings defined,
1714. All others private,

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729

ARTICLE II.
Public writings,
Section 1715. Every citizen entitled to inspect and copy

public writings,
1716. Public officers bound to give copies,
1717. Four kinds of public writings,
1718. Laws, written or unwritten,
1719. Written laws defined,
1720. Constitution and statutes,
1721. Public and private statutes,
1722. Unwritten law defined,
1723. Books containing laws presumed to be correct,
1724. Public seal authenticates a law or document,
1725. Other evidence of laws of other states,
1726. Recitals in statutes, how far evidence,
1727. Judicial record defined.
1728. Record, how authenticated as evidence,
1729. Record of a foreign country, how authentica-

ted,
1730. Oral evidence of a foreign record,
1731. Effect of a judgment upon rights in various

cases,
1732. Effect of other judicial orders when conclu-

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732 733

733

sive, 1733. Where parties are to be deemed the same, 1734. What deemed adjuged in a judgment, 1735. Where sureties bound, principal is also, 1736. Record of another state, its effect, 1737. Record of court of admiralty, 1738. Effect of a foreign judgment, 1739. Manner of impeaching a record,

734 734 735 735 735 735 735 736

Section 1740. The jurisdiction necessary in a judgment,

736 Manner of proving other official documents, - 736, 737 1742. Public record of private writing, evidence, 738 1743. Entries in official books, primary evidence, 738 1744. Justice's judgment, in other states, how 1745. proved

738 1746. Contents of other official certificates,

739 1747. Provisions in relation to states, apply to terri. tories,

739 ARTICLE III. Private writings,

739 SECTION 1748. Private writings classified,

739 1749. Seal defined,

740 1750. Manner of making it,

740 1751. Effect of a seal,

740 1752. Execution of an instrument defined,

740 1753. Compromise of a debt without seal good,

740 1754. Last three sections not to repeal certain statutes,

741 1755. Subscribing witness defined,

741 1756. Books, maps, &c., how far evidence,

741 1757. Original writing to be produced or accounted for,

741 1758. When in possession of adverse party, notice to be given,

741 1759. Writings called for and inspeoted may be withheld,

742 1760. Where there is a subscribing witness, the proof,

742 1761. Other witnesses may also testify,

742 1762. Where evidence of execution not necessary, 742 1763. Evidence of handwriting,

742 1764, 1765. Allowed by comparison,

743 1766. Entries of persons deceased, evidence in spe

743 1767. Copies of entries also allowed,

743 1768. Private writings ackņowledged and certified, - 744 1769. County clerks to keep private papers deposited,

744 1770. Surrogate to keep wills deposited,

744 1771. When and to whom re-delivered,

745 1772. Public records not to be carried about,

745

cified cases,

CHAPTER IV.
Material objects presented to the senses other than writings,

745

CHAPTER V.
Indirect evidence; inferences and presumptions,

746 Section 1774. Indirect evidence classified,

746 1775. Inference defined,

746 1776. Presumption defined,

746 1777. When an inference arises,

746 1778. Presumptions may be controverted, when,

747 "1779. Specification of conclusive presumptions,

747 *1780. 'All other presumptions may be controverted,. 748-753

754 754

754 754

CHAPTER VI.
Indispensable evidence,
SECTION 1781. Indispensable evidence, what,
1782. To prore usage, perjury, and treason, more

than one witness required,
1793. . Will to be in writing,

1784. How revoked,
. 1785. Transfer of real property to be in writing,

1786. Last sections not lo operate in certain cases,
. 1787. Transfer of vessel by writing,
1788. Authority to execute sealed instrument to be

under seal,
1789. Agreement not in writing, when invalid,
1790. Representation of credit, by writing,
1791. Certain statutes not repealed,

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756

1

756 757 758

CHAPTER VII.
Conclusive or unanswerable evidence,

767

TITLE III.

or the production of evidence,
Chapter I. By whorn to be produced,

II. Means of production,
JII. Manner of production,

758
758
759
764

CHAPTER 1.
By whom to be produced,
Section 1793. Evidence to be produced, by whom,

1794. Writing aliered, who to explaio,

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CHAPTER II.
Means of production,
Section 1795. Subpena for witnesses, defined,

1796. Subpæna, how issued,
1797. By whom issued,
1798. How served,
1799. How, if witness be concealed,
1800. Where witness compellable to attend,
1801, Person present, compelled to testify,
1802. Disobedience, how punished,
1803. Forfeiture therefor,
1804. Warrant may issue to bring witness,
1805. Contents of warrant,
1906. If witness be a prisoner, how brought,
1807. On whose motion,
1808. When examined,

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CHAPTER III.

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Manner of production,
ARTICLE I. Mode of taking the testimony of witnesses,

II. Affidavits,
III. Depositions,
IV. Manner of taking depositions out of the state,

V. Manner of taking depositions in the stale,
VI. General rules of examination,

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ARTICLE I.

764

Mode of taking the testimony of witnesses, .
Section 1809. Testimony, in what mode taken,

1810. An affidavit defined,
1811. A deposition defined,
1912. Oral examination defined,
1813. Affidavit or deposition, how taken,
1814. How if taken in other states,

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ARTICLE II.

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766

Affidavits,
SECTION 1815. Affidavits and depositions, how taken,
1816. When deponent to be produced for examina-

tion,

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