Beyond Urban Bias in Africa: Urbanization in an Era of Structural Adjustment

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Currey, 1994 - Počet stran: 294
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This book focuses on whether African development has historically been weighted in favor of the urban areas, and the concern that the benefits - and imperatives - of urban development are being lost in current adjustment approaches. The authors argue that it is necessary to harness the financial and human resources of the city as part of a strategy to ensure greater and more widespread economic development. Beyond Urban Bias includes a detailed examination of the role and development of urban centers in Africa. It also investigates sources of changes in the growth of individual towns and in the structures of urban systems. It devotes attention to the role of rural-to-urban migration and its causes; the authors present theoretical and empirical investigations of neoclassical economic models, non-neoclassical economic models, and demographic cohort models of urbanization and urban wage and employment structures. Beyond Urban Bias also provides a detailed, critical analysis of the relationship between Africa's rapid urbanization and the present economic crisis, as well as an assessment of the impact of structural adjustment programs on Africa's urban future.

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O autorovi (1994)

Charles Becker, President of the Economics Institute, simultaneously holds positions as an adjunct associate professor in the Economics Department of the University of Colorado and as a research associate in the Population Program of the Institute for Behavioral Science at the University of Colorado. A specialist on labor market and urban issues in Africa and other developing countries, he has constructed computable general models for India and South Africa, and has done important work on the demo-economic impact of the spread of AIDS in Africa.

Andrew Hamer, a principal economist with the World Bank, was part of the original Bank team responsible for most of the urban economics research conducted in developing countries, and has published extensively on urban location in Latin America. Now working on urban problems in China and Africa, Dr. Hamer has been an important analyst of international agencies' urban policies.

Andrew Morrison, an assistant professor of economics at Tulane University, has worked extensively on labor market issues in developing countries. In addition to his work on Africa, he has published articles on labor market structure, migration and urbanization in Latin America. Dr. Morrison is the first economist to quantify the GNP effects of interregional migration; for this work the Population Association of America honored him with the Dorothy Thomas Award in 1988.

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