Shapers of the Great Debate on the Freedom of Religion: A Biographical Dictionary

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005 - Počet stran: 266
The First Amendment is categorical and concise on religion and the state: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." Nevertheless, these few words have caused much confusion and controversy for successive generations. The debate over religious freedom has often come to the forefront during American history. Since colonial times, Americans have debated how to interpret and apply the First Amendment. Through biographical histories of individuals involved in the freedom of religion debates, readers will discover how individuals' thoughts, beliefs, and actions affected how the religion clauses are viewed today and throughout American history. Topics such as prayer in schools, religious symbols, exemption from military duty, and the pledge of allegience are addressed. Individuals such as Anne Hutchinson, Jerry Falwell, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Joseph Franklin Rutherford, and Roger Williams are included. An introductory essay, an appendix of shorter entries on additional figures, and a bibliography are also included. The Shapers of the Great American Debates series takes a biographical approach to history, following the premise that people make history in the circumstances in which they find themselves. Each volume in this series examines the lives and experiences of the individuals involved in a particular debate through major and minor biographies.

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JOHN COTTON 15841652
1
ANNE HUTCHINSON 15911643
15
ROGER WILLIAMS c 16031683
25
PETER STUYVESANT c 16101672
37
WILLIAM PENN 16441718
47
WILLIAM LIVINGSTON 17231790
61
ISAAC BACKUS 17241806
71
THOMAS JEFFERSON 17431826
85
RALPH WALDO EMERSON 18031882
149
JOSEPH SMITH 18051844
161
ISAAC MAYER WISE 18191900
171
JOSEPH FRANKLIN RUTHERFORD 18691942
183
JOHN COLLIER 18841968
193
EARL WARREN 18911974
203
JOHN COURTNEY MURRAY 19041967
213
JERRY FALWELL 1933
225

JAMES MADISON 17511836
99
LYMAN BEECHER 17751863
113
JOSEPH STORY 17791845
123
JOHN HUGHES 17971864
135
BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES
233
KEY SUPREME COURT CASES
247
INDEX
261
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Oblíbené pasáže

Strana 189 - very purpose of a Bill of Rights was to withdraw certain subjects from the vicissitudes of political controversy, to place them beyond the reach of majorities and officials and to establish them as legal principles to be applied by the courts.
Strana 189 - If there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion, or other matters of opinion or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein.
Strana 88 - That no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place or ministry whatsoever, nor shall be enforced, restrained, molested, or burthened in his body or goods, nor shall otherwise suffer on account of his religious opinions or belief...
Strana 92 - During the contest of opinion through which we have passed, the animation of discussions and of exertions has sometimes worn an aspect which might impose on strangers, unused to think freely, and to speak and to write what they think...
Strana 55 - All persons living in this province, who confess and acknowledge the One Almighty and Eternal God to be the Creator, Upholder, and Ruler of the world...
Strana 30 - I further add, that I never denied, that notwithstanding this liberty, the commander of this ship ought to command the ship's course ; /yea, and also command that justice, peace and sobriety be kept and practiced, both among the seamen and all the passengers.
Strana 89 - The legitimate powers of government extend to such acts only as are injurious to others. But it does me no injury for my neighbor to say there are twenty gods, or no God. It neither picks my pocket nor breaks my leg.
Strana 209 - The place of religion in our society is an exalted one, achieved through a long tradition of reliance on the home, the church and the inviolable citadel of the individual heart and mind. We have come to recognize through bitter experience that it is not within the power of government to invade that citadel, whether its purpose or effect be to aid or oppose, to advance or retard. In the relationship between man and religion, the State is firmly committed to a position of neutrality.
Strana 95 - Government reach actions only, and not opinions, I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their Legislature should 'make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof...
Strana 195 - Brother! We do not understand these things. We are told that your religion was given to your forefathers, and has been handed down from father to son. We also have a religion which was given to our forefathers, and has been handed down to us their children. We worship that way. It teaches us to be thankful for all the favors we receive, to love each other, and to be united. We never quarrel about religion.

O autorovi (2005)

Jonathan A. Wright is an independent scholar who has published on various aspects of religious history and has contributed to New Dictionary of National Biography and Dictionary of American History.

Bibliografické údaje