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to the Senate for its advice and consent to ratification. It will be
submitted before ratification to the French Chambers of Deputies
for approval. The ratifications thereof will be exchanged on the
deposit of ratifications of the Treaty of Versailles at Paris or as
soon thereafter as shall be possible.

In faith whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries, to wit: On the part of the United States of America, Woodrow Wilson, President, and Robert Lansing, Secretary of State, of the United States; and on the part of the French Republic, Georges Clemenceau, President of the Council of Ministers, Minister of War, and Stephen Pichon, Minister of Foreign Affairs, have signed the above articles both in the English and French languages, and they have hereunto affixed their seals.

Done in duplicate at the City of Versailles, on the twenty-eighth
day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred
and nineteen, and the one hundred and forty-third of the Inde-
pendence of the United States of America.
SEAL.

WOODROW WILSON.
SEAL.

ROBERT LANSING.
SEAL.]

G. CLEMENCEAU.
[SEAL.]

S. Picnion.

AGREEMENT BETWEEN GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE.

Signed at Versailles June 28, 1919, .

(66th Cong., 1st sess., S. Doc. No. 63, pp. 11, 13, 15.)

ASSISTANCE TO FRANCE IN THE EVENT OF UNPRO

VOKED AGGRESSION BY GERMANY.

AGREEMENT BETWEEN ENGLAND AND FRANCE, SIGNED AT VERSAILLES

JUNE 28, 1919.

Whereas there is a danger that the stipulations relating to the Left Bank of the Rhine contained in the Treaty of Peace signed this day at Versailles may not at first provide adequate security and protection to the French Republic; and

Whereas His Britannic Majesty is willing, subject to the consent of His Parliament and provided that a similar obligation is entered into by the United States of America, to undertake to support the French Government in the case of an unprovoked movement of aggression being made against France by Germany; and

Whereas His Britannic Majesty and the President of the French Republic have determined to conclude a Treaty to that effect and have named as their. Plenipotentiaries for the purpose, that is to say:

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain

and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the seas,
Emperor of India :
The Right Honourable David Lloyd George, M, P., First

Lord of His Treasury and Prime Minister;
The Right Honourable Arthur James Balfour, O. M., M. P.,

His Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs;

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The President of the French Republic:

Mr. Georges Clemenceau, President of the Council, Min

ister of War:

Mr. Stephen Pichon, Minister of Foreign Affairs; who having communicated their full powers found in good and due form have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE I.

In case the following stipulations relating to the Left Bank of the Rhine contained in the Treaty of Peace with Germany signed at Versailles the 28th day of June, 1919, by the British Empire, the French Republic and the United States of America among other Powers:

"ARTICLE 42. Germany is forbidden to maintain or construct

any fortifications either on the left bank of the Rhine or on the right bank to the west of a line drawn 50 kilometres to

the East of the Rhine. “ARTICLE 43. In the area defined above the maintenance and

assembly of armed forces, either permanently or temporarily, and military maneuvres of any kind, as well as the upkeep of all permanent works for mobilization are in the same way

forbidden. "ARTICLE 44. In case Germany violates in any manner whatever

the provisions of Articles 42 and 43, she shall be regarded as committing a hostile act against the Powers signatory of the present Treaty and as calculated to disturb the peace of the

world.” may not at first provide adequate security and protection to France, Great Britain agrees to come immediately to her assistance in the event of any unprovoked movement of aggression against her being made by Germany.

ARTICLE II.,

The present Treaty, in similar terms with the Treaty of even date for the same purpose concluded between the French Republic and the United States of America, a copy of which Treaty is annexed hereto, will only come into force when the latter is ratified.

ARTICLE HII.

The present Treaty must be submitted to the Council of the League of Nations and must be recognized by the Council, acting if need be by a majority, as an engagement which is consistent with the Covenant of the League; it will continue in force until on the application of one of the Parties to it the Council, acting if need be by a majority, agrees that the League itself affords sufficient protection.

ARTICLE IV.

The present treaty shall before ratification by His Majesty be submitted to Parliament for approval.

It shall before ratification by the President of the French Republic be submitted to the French Chambers for approval.

ARTICLE V.

The present Treaty shall impose no obligation upon any of the Dominions of the British Empire unless and until it is approved by the Parliament of the Dominion concerned.

The present Treaty shall be ratified, and shall, subject to Articles II and IV, come into force at the same time as the Treaty of Peace with Germany of even date comes into force for the British Empire and the French Republic.

In faith whereof the above named Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Treaty, drawn up in the English and French languages.

Done in duplicate at Versailles, on the twenty-eighth day of June, 1919.

D. LLOYD GEORGE.
ARTHUR JAMES BALFOUR.
CLEMENCEAU.
S. PICHON.

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POLAND.

1919.

TREATY OF PEACE BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE BRITISH EMPIRE, FRANCE, ITALY, AND JAPAN, AND POLAND.

Signed at Versailles June 28, 1919.1

(66th Cong., 1st sess., S. Doc. No. 65, pp 7–16.)

ARTICLES.

Chapter I.

Chapter 1- Continued. 1. Establishes articles 2-8 as fun 11. Jewish Sabbath; no Saturday damental laws of Poland.

elections. 2. Full protection without dis 12. Guaranty of League of Natinction of birth, nation

tions, ality, language, race, or re Chapter II. ligion; free exercise of re 13. Diplomatic and consular repligion.

resentation. 3. Resident German, Austrian, 14. Applies rates of German, Hungarian, or Russion na

Austro-Hungarian, or Rustionals ipso facto Polish na

sian customs tariff. tionals; right of option.

15. Equitable commercial treat4. Nationality of persons born in

ment. Polish territory.

16. Treatment of foreign vessels. 5. Option of nationality.

17. Communications and transit 6. Nationality of persons born in

provisions. Poland.

18. Vistula river system. 7. Equality of Polish nationals 19. Adhesion to international conbefore law.

ventions. 8. Treatment of minorities.

20. Extension to League of Na9. Language instruction in edu

tions members. cational system.

21. Assumption of Russian public 10. Jewish educational committee.

debt proportion; ratification. The United States of America, the British Empire, France, Italy and Japan, the Principal Allied and Associated Powers,

on the one hand; and Poland

on the other hand; Whereas the Allied and Associated Powers have by the success of their arms restored to the Polish nation the independence of which it had been unjustly deprived; and

Whereas by the proclamation of March 30, 1917, the Government of Russia assented to the re-establishment of an independent Polish State: and

Whereas the Polish State, which now in fact exercises sovereignty over those portions of the former Russian Empire which are inhabited by a majority of Poles, has already been recognised as a sovereign and independent State by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers; and

1 Ratifications have been deposited by the British Empire, France, Italy, Japan, and Poland.

Whereas under the Treaty of Peace concluded with Germany by the Allied and Associated Powers, a Treaty of which Poland is a signatory, certain portions of the former German Empire will be incorporated in the territory of Poland; and

Whereas under the terms of the said Treaty of Peace, the boundaries of Poland not already laid down are to be subsequently determined by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers;

The United States of America, the British Empire, France, Italy and Japan, on the one hand, confirming their recognition of the Polish State, constituted within the said limits as a sovereign and independent member of the Family of Nations, and being anxious to ensure the execution of the provisions of Article 93 of the said Treaty of Peace with Germany;

Poland, on the other hand, desiring to conform her institutions to the principles of liberty and justice, and to give a sure guarantee to the inhabitants of the territory over which she has assumed sovereignty;

For this purpose the High Contracting Parties represented as follows: The President of the United States of America, by :

The Honourable Woodrow Wilson, President of the United

States, acting in his own name and by his own proper au-
thority;
The Honourable Robert Lansing, Secretary of State;
The Honourable Henry White, formerly Ambassador

Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States at Rome and

Paris;
The Honourable Edward M. House;
General Tasker H. Bliss, Military Representative of the United

States on the Supreme War Council;
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and

Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, by : The Right Honourable David Lloyd George, M.P., First Lord

of His Treasury and Prime Minister;
The Right Honourable Andrew Bonar Law, M.P., His Lord

Privy Seal;
The Right Honourable Viscount Milner, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., His

Secretary of State for the Colonies;
The Right Honourable Arthur James Balfour, O.M., M.P., His

Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs;
The Right Honourable George Nicoll Barnes, M.P., Minister

without portfolio;
And
For the Dominion of Canada, by :

The Honourable Charles Joseph Doherty, Minister of Justice;

The Honourable Arthur Lewis Sifton, Minister of Customs; For the Commonwealth of Australia, by:

The Right Honourable William Morris Hughes, Attorney Gen

eral and Prime Minister; The Right Honourable Sir Joseph Cook, G.C.M.G., Ministey

for the Navy;

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