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ferred to in Article 1, except in so far as the Italian colonies are concerned, where the duty may not be less than 600 francs.

The High Contracting Parties will prohibit the importation, distribution, sale and possession of spirituous liquors in those regions of the area referred to in Article 1 where their use has not been developed

The above prohibition can be suspended only in the case of limited quantities destined for the consumption of non-native persons, and imported under the system and conditions determined by each Government.

ARTICLE 5, The manufacture of distilled beverages of every kind is forbidden in the area referred to in Article 1.

The importation, distribution, sale and possession of stills and of all apparatus or portions of apparatus suitable for distillation of alcohol and the rectification or redistillation of spirits are forbidden in the same area, subject to the provisions of Article 6.

The provisions of the two preceding paragraphs do not apply to the Italian colonies; the manufacture of distilled beverages, other than those specified in Articles 2 and 3, will continue to be permitted therein, on condition that they are subject to an excise duty equal to the import duty established in Article 4.

ARTICLE 6. The restrictions on the importation, distribution, sale, possession and manufacture of spirituous beverages do not apply to phars maceutical alcohols required for medical, surgical or pharmaceutical establishments. The importation, distribution, sale and possession are also permitted of:

(1) Testing stills, that is to say, the small apparatus in general use for laboratory experiments, which are employed intermittently, are not fitted with rectifying heads, and the capacity of whose retort does not exceed one litre;

(2) Apparatus or parts of apparatus required for experiments in scientific institutions;

(3) Apparatus or parts of apparatus employed for definite purposes, other than the production of alcohol, by qualified pharmacists and by persons who can show good cause for the possession of such apparatus;

(4) Apparatus necessary for the manufacture of alcohol for commercial purposes, and employed by duly authorised persons, such manufacture being subject to the system of control established by the local administrations.

The necessary permission in the foregoing cases will be granted by the local administration of the territory in which the stills, apparatus, or portions of apparatus are to be utilised.

ARTICLE 7.
A Central International Office, placed under the control of the
League of Nations, shall be established for the purpose of collecting
and preserving documents of all kinds exchanged by the High Con-

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tracting Parties with regard to the importation and manufacture of spirituous liquors under the conditions referred to in the present Convention.

Each of the High Contracting Parties shall publish an annual report showing the quantities of spirituous beverages imported or manufactured and the duties levied under Articles 4 and 5. A copy of this report shall be sent to the Central International Office and to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations.

ARTICLE 8.

The High Contracting Parties agree that if any dispute whatever should arise between them relating to the application of the present Convention which cannot be settled by negotiation, this dispute shall be submitted to an arbitral tribunal in conformity with the Covenant of the League of Nations.

ARTICLE 9.

The High Contracting Parties reserve the right of introducing into the present Convention by common agreement after a period of five years such modifications as may prove to be necessary.

: ARTICLE 10.

The High Contracting Parties will use every effort to obtain the adhesion to the present Convention of the other States exercising authority over the territories of the African Continent.

This adhesion shall be notified through the diplomatic channel to the Government of the French Republic, and by it to all the signatory or adhering States. The adhesion will come into effect from the date of the notification to the French Government.

ARTICLE 11.

All the provisions of former general international Conventions relating to the matters dealt with in the present Convention shall be considered as abrogated in so far as they are binding between the Powers which are parties to the present Convention.

The present Convention shall be ratified as soon as possible.

Each Power will address its ratification to the French Government, who will inform all the other signatory Powers.

The ratifications will remain deposited in the archives of the French Government.

The present Convention will come into force for each signatory Power from the date of the deposit of its ratification, and from that moment that Power will be bound in respect of other Powers which have already deposited their ratifications.

On the coming into force of the present Convention, the French Government will transmit a certified copy to the Powers which under the Treaties of Peace have undertaken to accept and observe it, and are in consequence placed in the same position as the Contracting Parties. The names of these Powers will be notified to the States which adhere.

In faith whereof, the above-named Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Convention.

!

Done at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, the tenth day of September, one thousand nine hundred and nineteen, in a single copy which will remain deposited in the archives of the Government of the French Republic, and of which authenticated copies will be sent to each of the signatory Powers.

(L.S.) FRANK L. POLK.
(L.s.) HENRY WHITE.
(L. S.) TASKER H. Bliss.
(L.S.) HYMANS.
(L. S.) VAN DEN HEUVEL.
(L.S.) E. VANDERVELDE.
(L.s.) ARTHUR JAMES BALFOUR.
(L. S.) MILNER.
(L. S.) GEO. N. BARNES.
(L. S.) A. E. KEMP.
(L. S.) G. F. PEARCE.
(L. S.) MILNER.
(L. s.) Thos. MACKENZIE.
(L. S.) SINHA OF RAIPUR.
(L. 8.) G. CLEMENCEAU.
(L.s.) S. PICHON.
(L. S.) L. L. Klotz.
(L. s.) ANDRÉ Tardieu.
(L. S.) JULES CAMBON.
(L.S.) TOM. TITTONI.
(L.S.) VITTORIO SCIALOJA.
(L, s.) MAGGIORINO FERRARIS.
(L. s.) GUGLIELMO MARCONI.
(L. s.) S. CHINDA.
(L. S.) K. MATSUI.
(L. S.)

AFFONSO COSTA.
(L. S.) AUGUSTO SOARES.

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PROTOCOL. At the moment of signing the Convention of even date relating to the Liquor Traffic in Africa, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries declare in the name of their respective Governments that they would regard it as contrary to the intention of the High Contracting Parties and to the spirit of this Convention that pending the coming into force of the Convention a Contracting Party should adopt any measure which is contrary to its provisions.

Done at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, in a single copy, the tenth day of
September, one thousand nine hundred and nineteen.

FRANK L. POLK.
HENRY WHITE.
TASKER H. Bliss.
HYMANS.
J. VAN DEN HEUVEL.
E. VANDERVELDE.
ARTHUR JAMES BALFOUR.
MILNER.
Geo. N. BARNES,
A. E. KEMP.
G. F. PEARCE.

MILNER. Thos. MacKENZIE. SINHA OF RAIPUR. G. CLEMENCEAU. S. Picion. L. L. KLOTZ. ANDRÉ TARDIEU. JULES CAMBON. Tou. TITTONI. VITTORIO SCIALOJA. MAGGIORINO FERRARIS. GUGLIELMO MARCONI. S. CHINDA. K. Matsui. AFFONSO COSTA. AUGUSTO SOARES.

1919.

CONVENTION FOR THE CONTROL OF THE TRADE IN ARMS AND

AMMUNITION, AND PROTOCOL.

Signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Paris September 10, 1919.1

ARTICLES

Chapter I. Export of arms and ammunition. 1. Prohibition of war arms; ex

port licenses; interpreta

tion. 2. Prohibition to territories speci

fied in article 6; export li

censes. 3. Retroactive effect on contracts. 4. No export licenses to country

refusing its tutelage. 5. Central International Office, Chapter II. Import of arms and am

munition. Prohibited areas and zone of maritime supervision. 6. Prohibited areas and maritime

zone. Chapter III. Supervision on land. 7. Armission at designated ports;

procedure. 8. Regulation in prohibited areas. 9. Manufacture except at arse

nals prohibited. 10. Transit and guaranties. Chapter IV. Maritime supervision.

11. Supervision by sovereign or

mandatory. 12. Native vessels under 500 tons

not to ship arms. 13. Native vessel manifests. 14. Authority to fly flag of con

tractant. 15. Special license to native ves

sels. 16. Maritime zone rules. 17. Central office to receive speci

men documents. 18. Inquest of suspects, 19. Withdrawal of licenses. 20. Report on all detentions. 21. Irregular detention; arbitra

tion of compensation, Chapter V. General provisions,

22. Enforcement.
23. Accessions.
24. Adjustment of disputes.
25. Former conventions abro-

gated.
26. Ratification.

[Translation.) The Unted States of America, Belgium, Bolivia, the British Empire, China, Cuba, Ecuador, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, the

1 Some of the signatures were affixed in Paris and some at Saint-Germain-en-Laye. Ratifications have been deposited by Chile, Greece and Siam. Accessions bave been made by Brazil, Chile, Finland, Guatemala, Haiti, Muscat, Peru, and Venezuela.

Hedjaz, Italy, Japan, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Roumania, the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, Siam and Czecho-Slovakia;

Whereas the long war now ended, in which most nations have successively become involved, has led to the accumulation in various parts of the world of considerable quantities of arms and munitions of war, the dispersal of which would constitute a danger to peace and public order;

Whereas in certain parts of the world it is necessary to exercise special supervision over the trade in, and the possession of, arms and ammunition;

Whereas the existing treaties and conventions, and particularly the Brussels Act of July 2, 1890,4 regulating the traffic in arms and ammunition in certain regions, no longer meet present conditions, which require more elaborate provisions applicable to a wider area in Africa and the establishment of a corresponding régime in certain territories in Asia ;

Whereas a special supervision of the maritime zone adjacent to certain countries is necessary to ensure the efficacy of the measures adopted by the various Governments both as regards the importation of arms and ammunition into those countries and the export of such arms and ammunition from their own territory;

And with the reservation that, after a period of seven years, the present Convention shall be subject to revision in the light of the experience gained, if the Council of the League of Nations, acting if need be by a majority, so recommends;

Have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:
The President of the United States of America:

The Honourable Frank Lyon Polk, Under-Secretary of State; .
The Honourable Henry White, formerly Ambassador Extraor-

dinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States at Rome and

Paris;
General Tasker H. Bliss, Military Representative of the United

States on the Supreme War Council;
His Majesty the King of the Belgians:

M. Paul Hymans, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Minister of

State; M. Jules van den Heuvel, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister

Plenipotentiary of His Majesty the King of the Belgians,

Minister of State:

M. Emile Vandervelde, Minister of Justice, Minister of State; The President of the Republic of Bolivia:

M. Ismail Montes, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo

tentiary of Bolivia at Paris; His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain

and Ireland and of the British Dominions Beyond the Seas, Emperor of, India: The Right Honourable Arthur James Balfour, 0. M., M. P., His

Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs;

1 For text see Vol. III, p. 1964.

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